Gabon's Bongo dies after 41 years in power
Gabon President Omar Bongo Ondimba, whose reign as Africa's longest-serving leader was overshadowed by allegations of massive corruption, has died aged 73, a source close to the French government said.
Bongo, who had ruled the former French colony in west Africa since 1967, had been in a clinic in Barcelona, Spain for a medical check-up and several sources said he was being treated for advanced cancer.
Also reported on the Internet site of French weekly newspaper Le Point, Bongo's death was not officially confirmed by either Gabon or France's foreign ministry.
Shops, restaurants and bars in Libreville closed as news of Bongo's passing, after a rule of more than 41 years, reached the Gabonese capital on French radio and television channels.
"We closed the restaurant since the announcement," said one employee, adding on condition of anonymity, "People are scared."
Gabon Prime Minister Jean Eyeghe Ndong expressed his shock at hearing the reports but did not confirm them.
"I was very surprised, like many of my compatriots, to learn of the death of of the Gabonese president via French television. There are procedures: to begin with, the president has a family," he said.
Bongo came to power in 1967 with French support and ruled over a state that grew rich on its abundant oil while most of the 1.5 million population remained poor.
"He was a great figure of Africa," a "man who had influence," said French Defence Minister Herve Morin when told of his death.
Bongo's last months were marked by a row with Paris over a French inquiry into luxury properties he had bought in the country and claims by anti-corruption activists they were acquired with embezzled state funds.
A French court decision in February to freeze Bongo's bank accounts added fuel to the fire and his government accused France of waging a "campaign to destabilise" the country.
The assets freeze was part of a probe to find out if Bongo, his ally President Denis Sassou Nguesso of Congo-Brazzaville and Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema had plundered state coffers.
The leaders denied any wrongdoing.
Gabon had also been angered by French media coverage of the hospitalisation of its president, accusing French broadcasters of reporting "non-official and alarmist" information on his condition.
Bongo announced on Friday that he was temporarily suspending his duties in order to rest and mourn the death in March of his 45-year-old wife Edith Lucie Bongo Ondimba.
His wife, who was the daughter of Congo President Nguesso, died in Morocco in March after a long illness.
Gabon was the first African country to host French oil giant Elf in the 1960s, from where it operated as a state within a state, serving as a base for French military and espionage activities.
The Paris trial in 2003 of former Elf chairman Loik Le Floch-Prigent revealed the extent of the corruption and shady dealings in Gabon's booming oil business under Bongo.
"Gabon without France is like a car with no driver. France without Gabon is a like a car with no fuel," is how Bongo described the relationship between France and its former colony.
But relations deteriorated due to the French court decision to probe Bongo's Paris properties.
President Nicolas Sarkozy's government is also considering dismantling its 1,000-strong army base in Libreville as part of a broad shake-up of its military presence in Africa.
Bongo opted to seek medical care in Spain instead of Paris, where his predecessor Leon M'Ba died in 1967.
Favourite to succeed him is his 50-year-old son Ali Ben Bongo, although observers said nothing was certain after such a long rule and in a country with many ethnic groups to satisfy.
Ali Ben Bongo, a former foreign minister, was reshuffled by his father in 1999 to head the crucial defence ministry, a move seen as an attempt to snuff out any would-be coups but also to sure up his possible succession.