Back to Basics ~ tips and techniques to create a great loaf in 5 minutes a day.


Note that there is an updated version of this post, click here to view.

Recently we have seen lots of new readers on the website who are asking wonderful questions about how to perfect their loaves. First I’d like to say welcome to the site and thank you for trying the bread. As I bake through the basic Master recipe from ABin5 I will try to answer some of the most frequently asked questions and also introduce you to a few new pieces of equipment I’ve recently started to use that make the whole experience just a little easier.  The goal is to create a large batch of dough that stores in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. That’s why our method saves  you so much time– all the mixing and prep is divided over four one-pound loaves.

Master Recipe from The New Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day: The Discovery That Revolutionizes Home Baking:

3 cups lukewarm water (you can use cold water, but it will take the dough longer to rise. Just don’t use hot water or you may kill the yeast)

1 tablespoon granulated yeast ( you can use any kind of yeast including: instant, “quick,” rapid rise, bread machine, active dry, or fresh cake yeast*. We’ve always tested with Red Star Yeast and they have a new premium product called PLATINUM, which has worked beautifully in our recipes. You can also decrease the amount of yeast in the recipe by following the directions here. Or you can bake with a sour dough starter, see instructions here.)

*If you use cake yeast you will need 1.3 ounces.

1 to 1 1/2 tablespoons Morton Kosher Salt (adjust to suit your taste or eliminate it all together. Find more information here)

6 1/2 cups (2-pounds) all-purpose flour (we tested the recipes with Gold Medal flour. If you use a higher protein flour check here)

Mixing the dough:

Platinum Yeast | Breadin5


In a 5 or 6 quart bowl or lidded Food Storage Container, dump in the water and add the yeast and salt. Because we are mixing in the flour so quickly it doesn’t matter that the salt and yeast are thrown in together.


(If you are using the fresh cake yeast break it up with a spoon)


Dump in the flour all at once and stir with a long handled wooden spoon or a Danish Dough Whisk, which is one of the tools that makes the job so much easier!


Stir it until all of the flour is incorporated into the dough, as you can see it will be a wet rough dough.


Put the lid on the container, but do not snap it shut. You want the gases from the yeast to escape. (I had my husband put a little hole in the top of the lids so that I could close the lids and still allow the gases to get out. As you can see it doesn’t take much of a hole to accomplish this.)


Allow the dough to sit at room temperature for about 2 hours to rise. When you first mix the dough it will not occupy much of the container.


But, after the initial 2 hour rise it will pretty much fill it. (If you have decreased the yeast you will have to let it go longer than 2 hours.)  DO NOT PUNCH DOWN THE DOUGH! Just let it settle by itself.


The dough will be flat on the top and some of the bubbles may even appear to be popping. (If you intend to refrigerate the dough after this stage it can be placed in the refrigerator even if the dough is not perfectly flat. The yeast will continue to work even in the refrigerator.) The dough can be used right after the initial 2 hour rise, but it is much easier to handle when it is chilledIt is intended for refrigeration and use over the next two weeks, ready for you anytime.  The flavor will deepen over that time, developing sourdough characteristics.


The next day when you pull the dough out of the refrigerator you will notice that it has collapsed and this is totally normal for our dough. It will never rise up again in the container.


Dust the surface of the dough with a little flour, just enough to prevent it from sticking to your hands when you reach in to pull a piece out.


You should notice that the dough has a lot of stretch once it has rested. (If your dough breaks off instead of stretching like this your dough is probably too dry and you can just add a few tablespoons of water and let it sit again until the dough absorbs the additional water.)


Cut off a 1-pound piece of dough using kitchen shears* and form it into a ball. For instructions on how to form the ball watch one of our videos.  Place the ball on a sheet of parchment paper… (or rest it on a generous layer of corn meal on top of a pizza peel.)

*I actually use a pair of Sewing Shears because I like the long blade. I just dedicated a pair to the kitchen.


Let the dough rest for at least 40 minutes, (although letting it go 60 or even 90 minutes will give you a more open hole structure in the interior of the loaf. This may also improve the look of your loaf and prevent it from splitting on the bottom. ) You will notice that the loaf does not rise much during this rest, in fact it may just spread sideways, this is normal for our dough.

You can also try our “refrigerator rise trick,” shaping the loaves and then immediately refrigerating them overnight.  By morning, they’ll have risen and are ready for the oven after a brief room-temp rest while the oven preheats (click for instructions).

Preheat the oven to 450 degrees with a Baking Stone* on the center rack, with a metal broiler tray on the bottom (never use a glass vessel for this or it will shatter), which will be used to produce steam. (The tray needs to be at least 4 or 5 inches away from your stone to prevent it from cracking.)

*(or Cast Iron Pizza Pan- which will never crack and conducts heat really well. Be careful to dry it after rinsing with water or it will rust)


Cut the loaf with 1/4-inch slashes using a serrated knife. (If your slashes are too shallow you will end up with an oddly shaped loaf and also prevent it from splitting on the bottom.)


Slide the loaf into the oven onto the preheated stone (the one I’m using is the cast iron) and add a cup of hot water to the broiler tray. Bake the bread for 30-35 minutes or until a deep brown color. As the bread bakes you should notice a nice oven spring in the dough. This is where the dough rises. To insure that you get the best results it is crucial to have an Oven Thermometer to make sure your oven is accurate.


If you used parchment paper you will want to remove it after about 20-25 minutes to crisp up the bottom crust. Continue baking the loaf directly on the stone for the last 5-10 minutes.


Allow the loaf to cool on a rack until it is room temperature. If you cut into a loaf before it is cooled you will have a tough crust and a gummy interior. It is hard to wait, but you will be happy you did! Make sure you have a nice sharp Bread Knife that will not crush the bread as you cut. Or you can tear it apart as they do in most of Europe.


If you have any leftover bread just let it sit, uncovered on the cutting board or counter with the cut side down. If you cover a bread that has a crust it will get soggy.

Enjoy and have fun baking. Bread that is made with love and joy tastes better!

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1,241 thoughts on “Back to Basics ~ tips and techniques to create a great loaf in 5 minutes a day.

  1. Hi saw on a video that you put your dough in the crockpot, I tried reading through posts to find the details, but couldn’t find anything about the crockpot. Did you put it in the crockpot for an hour AFTER you let it rise for 2 hours? Or tell me when I should. I have my dough proofing now, but love the idea of being able to put my dough in the crockpot. Thanks. Can’t wait to eat it!

  2. Hi,
    My daughter is allergic to barley an rye. I use King Arthur white whole wheat flour however, I find that the taste is not as good as it could be. Which flour do your suggest to add to improve the taste without flours that include malted barley or rye (such as all purpose flour). I also need to understand the proportions of water with the flour, as in the master recipe of both books.

    Thank you,


    • Hi Stephanie,

      I am sorry, but I am not familiar with all the options that are available to you. Have you tried Bob’s Red Mill or Hodson Mills for other flours that might meet your needs?

      Are you trying to replace white whole wheat for the all-purpose flour in our recipes? If so, you are going to need to add more vital wheat gluten and more water. You are best using our recipes written for 100% whole wheat to start.

      Thanks, Zoë

    • Try this for amazing whole wheat flavor. Get yourself a small hand mill for less than $50 and some wheat berries. We use ours daily for amazing bread and pancakes. We have a Victorio brand and it’s been great.

  3. I have an old recipe for Nut Rolls. It calls for a large cake of yeast. How much granulated yeast would I have to use to be the same as a large cake of yeast? Thank you.

  4. Hey Zoe/Jeff,
    Love the posts, and great pictures and illustrations. But HELP….lol

    I followed the above to a T,…I did this about 7 days ago, and today Im going to pull a pound of dough out and make some bread. My dough had a little bit of water/liquid on top, but beautiful dough underneath. I pulled upward on the dough and it didnt stretch,..and just broke off, and not in a strong way…just almost runny. Should I add more flour at this point ? I took pictures, but not sure how to attach. Any help would be appreciated. Happy Holidays, Merry Christmas.

    • I guess I’d say just bake it off and see what happens. Try a 90 min rest after shaping. And go through the Tips and Techniques sections of the books, or our FAQs tab (click above).

      After you bake it off, let me know how it turned out. Use lots of flour to shape. What kind of flour are you using?

      • Wow,..thanks for the quick response. I’m using White Lily- All Purpose Flour. I added a little flour and incorporated with my hand, very little mixing. Will try and form a loaf, and let it rest 90 minutes, and then bake. I just watched the video of you and Zoe making this bread/dough. I may start over and see. But this I have, has such a wonderful smell. Thanks Again.

      • to salvage the White Lilly batch, just add as much flour as you need to so it looks like our videos, hate to waste good food!

      • i tried forming a ball, and the dough just would not form into a ball,…was too runny. I tried adding some flour and doing a simple knead in the kitchen aid with the dough hook. I hate to say it, but im going to start over, and try again. Thanks for your help, and Ill post after this batch. :-)

  5. I love this bread and it has always worked amazing for me but I have not had luck with it lasting as long as you say. If I leave mine any more than a week it starts to sour and tastes like really strong sour yeast dough. It is not a big deal because I usually use it quicker then that but thought I would ask if you knew why. Thanks if you have time!

  6. This bread is delicious. I was wondering if I can add ingredients to a shrinking batch, or if it’s intended to simply use it up and start fresh. It certainly never lasts two days; never mind weeks!

    • A very few folks have reported that in older ovens without tempered glass, water dripping onto the glass can actually cause it to shatter. By covering the glass surface of the open door with a towel, you prevent that. Remove the towel before shutting the door.

  7. My daughter has egg and soy allergies so for the past several months I have been perfecting my baking skills (breads, bagels and pizza dough mainly). I ran across this “master recipe” and immediately purchased a 6 quart container and a Danish dough hook. I used bread flour and accidentally forgot that last 1/2 cup….I did remember to increase the water as suggested. The dough was wet, but not overly wet. I let it rise to just past the 4 qt mark on the tub (took about 3 hours). Regardless of my mistakes, the first loaf (2 days in fridge) turned out amazing!! I was so proud of myself…my husband and daughter were completely in love with the bread. I made my second loaf today (5 days in the fridge) and for some reason, the crust didn’t get crispy like the first loaf. The taste was there and everyone is fighting over it but I am stumped about the softer crust (I did the steam and the preheat of the stone). I am only going to get three loaves out of this first container. I mixed up my second container full tonight with AP flour and am so excited to see how this one turns out. It is an incredible feeling knowing that I can give my daughter delicious breads (which she missed) that don’t have soy in them! I cannot begin to thank you enough! Have a Happy 2014! P.S. Can’t wait to receive my book from Amazon!!

    • Hi Michelle,

      Thank you for the wonderful note, we’re thrilled you and your family enjoyed the bread!

      Is it possible that you didn’t preheat the oven as long on the 3rd loaf? That can make a big differnce in the crust.

      Cheers, Zoë

      • Yes, it is possible….I have made several since then :-)…and they seem nice and crusty when I pull it out, but quickly gets soft (within about 10 minutes of taking it out). I am in the south and right now with the cold, our humidity indoors is about 29% (because of the heating). I am thinking that might have something to do with it? Either way, we don’t complain…we are just so happy to have safe bread our daughter can eat anytime she wants! I was so eager to mix up that second batch (with the AP flour) that I accidentally put four cups of water instead of three (and you can imagine what a mess that was when I tried to pull some out to make dough). We are still over the top excited about this recipe and method! Thanks for responding and Happy New Year!

  8. Hi there! I love this recipe. I had made it a few times a couple years back and just tried again this week. The bottom of my loaf is not browning or crisping up. Any suggestions? I use a pizza stone – first time on parchment except last 10 mins, second time straight on e stone. What should I do differently?
    Thanks for your help!!

    • Hi Jessica,

      It sounds like you just need to preheat your stone longer. If you have a thick stone it can take 45 to 60 minutes to really get preheated. Thinner stones will take less time.

      Thanks, Zoë

  9. For Michael C.- White Lily is very soft wheat flour with an extra low gluten and protein content. Great for pie crust, not so good for bread.

  10. Can I make the rolls and freeze them? That way I can use them as needed? Can I use wheat flour for a healthier dough?

    • Sure, though I usually just keep dough in the fridge and bake it off as needed. Which of the books do you have, I can direct you to a whole-wheat recipe?

  11. Hello! This is the first bread I’ve ever tried to make and it sort of changed my life. As a college student living alone, my store bread always went stale before I could finish it. Now I deliver it to my friends and they think I’m some sort of bread magician.
    Two questions – my bread has always turned out fairly decent on my cookie sheets, which is all I have. Are baking stones a worthwhile investment?
    Also, can multiple loaves be cooked at once, or do you suggest baking them one at a time?

  12. I may have read this wrong but what happened to the left-over dough in the tub? Does this method allow for you to keep dough on hand for fresh loaves as and when you need it?

    Thanks all!

  13. Hi, I’m ready to try this put for the first time, but don’t have a baking stone and broiler tray. What can i use as substitues for these materials? Can i use a non_glass cookie sheet or pan instead of broiler tray, and a cookie sheet or alum foil instead of baking stone?

  14. I bought your book for my husband for Christmas and he has made many delicious loaves from it. However, they are always a little damp/moist inside. Tried cooling longer, baking longer to no effect. We use parchment on a baking stone. Any other ideas?

    • Any chance you’re varying anything? Using different ingredients than what we recommend? In particular, what kind of flour are you using? Some brands have too little protein, usually brands from the Southern U.S. In particular, White Lily. In that case, you need to increase the flour a little or it’s too wet.

      If we can’t come up with an explanation, you should just do that anyway.

      • Nope. Using Gold Medal unbleached all purpose flour; bought new yeast just in case; bought an oven thermometer. We’re baffled.

    • Have you tried taking the temperature of the bread before removing from the oven? I use a digital instant read thermometer. Some say an internal temp of 190 or above, I use 198 to 205.

      • Not crazy about internal instant read thermometers, because the reasonably-priced ones aren’t instant, and the temperature depends on your hitting the very center of the loaf. I like 205 for lean dough, 185 for egg-enriched, but again, I rarely use it.

      • As to the instant read, yes they still take about 10 seconds to finalize but I never go more than 3 to 5 seconds. Still gives a reasonable if not precise measure. As far as expense, I bought a Taylor digital probe style instant read for less than $15 at my local supermarket. I use it all the time and it works great.

  15. I was just wondering how you can bake this bread if you have not a stone or cast iron pizza pan? Is there a tip you can share so that I can bake my bread with out these things. I will eventually get on but until then any suggestions?

    • Hi Jean,

      You can bake the bread right on a cookie sheet. The stone creates a crisper crust, but the results are still great on a cookie sheet.

      Cheers, Zoë

      • I use a baking stone. I have been brushing my bread with oil since my family prefers a softer crust. Problem is my stone is now oil soaked and the house is starting to get smoky when I bake bread. If I switch to using a cooking sheet would you leave the stone in and place the cookie sheet directly on the stone? Should I transfer the loaf directly to the stone after 20 or so minutes similar to using parchment paper? Do you preheat the stone and then place the bread on the preheated cookie sheet?

      • Hi Joe,

        I think your solution is exactly right. I would put the baking sheet right on top of the preheated baking stone and at the end transfer the loaf directly to the stone to crisp up the bottom crust.

        Enjoy, Zoë

      • Terra cotta planter base plates work well as baking stones. Cheap and can be put into the oven while pre-heating. If it breaks, easy to replace.

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