The Diana Coins of Gallienus' "Zoo"



Diana
Diana
Two coins showing Diana
as goddess of the hunt.
Diana Felix = Happy Diana

Diana's coins (with the possible exception of the goat) refer to her role as goddess of the hunt, though she was also the goddess of fertility, childbirth, and nature. Diana and Apollo were also often honored as protectors of health. Perhaps their appearance on the majority of the coins in the Zoo series refers to a plague? It's also possible that pleas for health would have been references to the wound Gallienus received during one of the battles against Postumus. Diana is often portrayed in statues, paintings and mosaics as a huntress accompanied by a deer.


Census Information


Type Legend Obverse Cunetio G&#246bl</th> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#AntelopeGamma"><b>Antelope walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>246</td> <td>239</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#AntelopeGammaBust"><b>Antelope walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>cuir bust</td> <td></td> <td>3</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#AntelopeRightGamma"><b>Antelope walking right</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>4</td> <td>11</td> </tr> <tr></tr><tr></tr> <tr> <td><a href="#DoeLeft"><b>Doe walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>21</td> <td>20</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Doe walking left</b></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>cuir bust</td> <td></td> <td>2</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#DoeLeftImp"><b>Doe walking left</b></a></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>24</td> <td>14</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#DoeRight"><b>Doe walking right</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>118</td> <td>122</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#DoeRightCuir"><b>Doe walking right</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>cuir bust</td> <td>1</td> <td>?</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#DoeRightImp"><b>Doe walking right</b></a></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>126</td> <td>106</td> </tr> <tr></tr><tr></tr> <tr> <td><a href="#StagLeft"><b>Stag walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>137</td> <td>157</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#StagSiscia"><b>Stag walking left (Siscia)</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td></td> <td>1</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#StagLeftImp"><b>Stag walking left</b></a></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>1</td> <td>1</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#StagRight"><b>Stag walking right</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>50</td> <td>69</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Stag walking right</b></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td></td> <td>1</td> </tr> <tr></tr><tr></tr> <tr> <td><a href="#GazelleXI"><b>Gazelle XI walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>8</td> <td>50</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#GazelleXIbust"><b>Gazelle XI walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>cuir bust</td> <td></td> <td>6</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XI walking left</b></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td></td> <td>2</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XI walking right</b></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>227</td> <td>221</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XI walking right</b></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>dr & cuir bust</td> <td>1</td> <td>2</td> </tr> <tr></tr><tr></tr> <tr> <td><a href="#GazelleXII"><b>Gazelle XII walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>184</td> <td>194</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#GazelleXIIBust"><b>Gazelle XII walking left</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>cuir bust</td> <td>22</td> <td>33</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XII walking left</b></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>dr & cuir bust</td> <td>2</td> <td>1</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XII walking left</b></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td></td> <td>4</td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="#GazelleXIIRight"><b>Gazelle XII walking right</b></a></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td>6</td> <td>26</td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XII walking right</b></td> <td>GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>dr & cuir bust</td> <td>1</td> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td><b>Gazelle XII walking right</b></td> <td>IMP GALLIENUS AVG</td> <td>head</td> <td></td> <td>7</td> </tr> </table> <p>The Diana coins were by far the most numerous type in the "Zoo" series represented in the Cunetio Hoard, accounting for almost half of this series. Of these, 251 (21%) were the antelope type, 293 (25%) were the doe type, 188 (16%) were stags, and 456 (38%) were the gazelles. Two other coins were of an uncertain animal type.</p> <br clear="right"> <br> <a name="AntelopeGamma"> <hr><center><h3>Antelope/Gazelle</h3></center><hr><br> <p>In <b>The Cunetio Treasure</b>, the "Antelope" coins are broken down into Gazelle and Antelope coins. I'm going to lump them all together since the other references do so, but will differentiate between them in the coin descriptions. The gazelle coins typically have either "XI" (gazelle usually right) or "XII" (gazelle usually left) in the exergue, with the animal having horns facing back from either the top or the back of the head. The actual antelope coins usually have much more upright horns and a gamma in the exergue.</p> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_2.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_2sm.jpg" width=250 height=129></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_3.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_3sm.jpg" width=250 height=125></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_4.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_4sm.jpg" width=250 height=124></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_6.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_6sm.jpg" width=250 height=119></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_7.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_7sm.jpg" width=250 height=137></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Antelope walking left. Gamma (Greek G) in exergue.<br> <cite>RIC.180sim (legend 8), VM.49/7 or 49/5, SR.2953, RSC.165, CT.1344, G&#246bl.716b (239 examples)</cite><br><br><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_5.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_5sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=138></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVS[AVG]</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAE[CONSA]VG</b> - Antelope walking left. Gamma (Greek G) in exergue.<br> Antelope appears to have a beard, like a goat! Very low relief on the beard, and it more-or-less lines up with a wave in the flan that starts below, but it definitely appears that the anomalous beard is actually in the die, and not just a flaw.<br> <cite>RIC.180sim (legend 8), VM.49/7 or 49/5, SR.2953, RSC.165, CT.1344, G&#246bl.716b</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="AntelopeRightGamma"> <a href="Gallien-140.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-140sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=138></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVS[AVG]</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAE[CONSA]VG</b> - Antelope walking right. Gamma (Greek G) in exergue.<br> The right-facing antelope is much less common that the variety walking or standing left..<br> <cite>RIC.180sim (legend 8), VM.49/6, SR.2952, RSC.---, CT.1347, G&#246bl.717b (11)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="AntelopeGammaBust"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_1.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_antelope_1sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=133></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Draped bust right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Antelope walking left. Gamma (Greek G) in exergue.<br> Higher silver content than usual for these issues. Also an unusual obverse - draped bust rather than just his head. Apparently not recorded in the Cunetio Hoard, making this quite rare!<br> <cite>RIC.--- (no antelope/gamma/obv.legend 8 combination), VM.49/7, SR.2953, RSC.167a, CT.----, G&#246bl.716p (1 example)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="GazelleXI"> <hr width="30%"><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_1.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_1sm.jpg" width=250 height=122></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_3.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_3sm.jpg" width=250 height=129></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_7.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_7sm.jpg" width=250 height=128></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking right. <b>XI</b> in exergue.<br> Nearer hind leg is advanced, rather than the far one. This is a subtle, yet consistent difference between officina XI and XII.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/6, SR.2952, RSC.162, CT.1401, G&#246bl.747b (221 examples)</cite><br><br> <a name="GazelleXIbust"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_13.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_13sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=137></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>G[ALLIEN]VSAVG</b> - Cuirassed bust right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAE[CONSAVG]</b> - Antelope walking left. XI in exergue.<br> Very uncommon with this obverse - only 1 in the Cunetio Treasure. Reverse also appears to be double-struck, noticable in the legend.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/6, SR.2953, RSC.---, CT.1402, G&#246bl.747m (0 examples!)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="GazelleXII"> <hr width="30%"><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_5.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_5sm.jpg" width=250 height=123></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_6.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_6sm.jpg" width=250 height=120></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_10.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_10sm.jpg" width=250 height=122></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_11.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_11sm.jpg" width=250 height=132></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_12.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_12sm.jpg" width=250 height=118></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking left. <b>XII</b> in exergue.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/7, SR.2953, RSC.165, CT.1408, G&#246bl.750b (194 examples)</cite><br><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_8.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_8sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=128></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIE[NV]SAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking left. <b>XII</b> in exergue.<br> Interesting style, long legs, a long body, and long, sweeping, branched horns. Looks like a cross between the stag and gazelle types. Quite a bit of silvering left on bust and on reverse. Reverse is double-struck, especially evident towards the top.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/7, SR.2953, RSC.165, CT.1408, G&#246bl.750b</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a href="Gallien-187.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-187sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=117></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Cuirassed bust left wearing a radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking left. <b>XII</b> in exergue.<br> Fairly typical reverse, but the obverse bust type is very rare for the Zoo series.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.-, SR.-, RSC.166, CT.-, G&#246bl.750t (1)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="GazelleXIIBust"> <a href="Gallien-181.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-181sm.jpg" width=250 height=127></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_4.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_4sm.jpg" width=250 height=126></a> <a href="Gallien-147.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-147sm.jpg" width=250 height=124></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Cuirassed bust right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking left. <b>XII</b> in exergue.<br> The cuirassed bust obverse is much less common that just his head being portrayed.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/7, SR.2953, RSC.167a, CT.1410, G&#246bl.750u (29)</cite><br><br> <a name="GazelleXIIRight"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_2.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_2sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=128></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking right. <b>XII</b> in exergue.<br> The right-facing gazelle on an "XII" is much less common than left-facing.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/6, SR.2952, RSC.162, CT.1415, G&#246bl.751b (26 examples)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_9.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_gazelle_9sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=124></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Gazelle walking right. <b>XII</b> in exergue.<br> Rare reverse several times over! The right-facing gazelle on an XII-officina coin is uncommon, but the long wavy horns growing straight back are uncommon for any of the gazelles. Plus, the gazelle's nearer hind leg is advanced, rather than the far one. This is a feature that ONLY appears in officina XI and was totally unknown in the Cunetio Hoard.<br> <cite>RIC.181, VM.49/6, SR.2952, RSC.162, CT.1415v, G&#246bl.751b</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="DoeRight"> <hr><center><h3>Doe</h3></center><hr><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_1.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_1sm.jpg" width=250 height=125></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_2.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_2sm.jpg" width=250 height=131></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_5.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_5sm.jpg" width=250 height=117></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking right, looking left. Epsilon (Greek E) in exergue.<br> <cite>RIC.177, VM.49/1, SR.----, RSC.154, CT.1361, G&#246bl.728b (122 examples)</cite><br><br><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_7.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_7sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=124></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>[DIA]NAECONSAV[G]</b> - Doe walking right, looking left.<br> Double-struck reverse, with the strikes rotated and very separated. Both reverse strikes very clear, but they resulted in a rather mushy obverse bust.<br> <cite>RIC.177, VM.49/1, SR.----, RSC.154, CT.1361, G&#246bl.728b</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a href="Gallienus_barbarous_Diana_doe_1.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_barbarous_Diana_doe_1sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=113></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALL...</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIIIO</b> - Crude doe right.<br> I acquired this in a group of uncleaned coins from England.<br> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="DoeRightImp"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_3.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_3sm.jpg" width=250 height=122></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_4.jpg"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_4sm.jpg" width=250 height=117></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>IMPGALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking right, looking left. Epsilon (Greek e) in exergue.<br> <cite>RIC.176, VM.49/1, SR.2950, RSC.153, CT.1357, G&#246bl.728v (106 examples)</cite><br><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_8.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_8sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=124></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>IMPGALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking right, looking left. Epsilon (Greek e) in exergue.<br> An extrordinary specimen, at 6.34g it is almost twice the normal weight for this type. Struck on a broad, very thick flan. Also, an unusual orange patina.<br> <cite>RIC.176, VM.49/1, SR.2950, RSC.153, CT.1357, G&#246bl.728v</cite><br> <br clear="left"><br> <a href="Gallien-185.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-185sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=128></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>IMPGALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right wearing a radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking right, looking left. <b>XI</b> in exergue.<br> Officina 11 (XI) is known to have struck gazelle-right and bull coins in the Zoo period. In this coin we have a right-facing doe looking back, with the common obverse legend, but the "wrong" workshop. Was this an engraver's error, or perhaps a case of another workshop helping to keep this series on schedule, or ...?<br> <cite>RIC.-, VM.49/1, SR.2950, RSC.-, CT.-, G&#246bl.-</cite><br> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="DoeRightCuir"> <a href="Gallien-144.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-144sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=119></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Cuirassed bust right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking right, looking left. Epsilon (Greek e) in exergue.<br> Very rare with the cuirassed bust. Only one example of this type in Cunetio.<br> <cite>RIC.---, VM.49/1, SR.2950, RSC.---, CT.1362, G&#246bl.728m (0 examples!)</cite><br> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="DoeLeftImp"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_6.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_6sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=134></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>IMPGALLIENVS[AVG]</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking left, looking right. Epsilon (Greek e) in exergue.<br> Less common obverse legend for this series, plus the doe is walking left, rather than right. Not often seen.<br> <cite>RIC.176, VM.49/2, SR.----, RSC.155, CT.1359, G&#246bl.727z (14)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="DoeLeft"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_doe_9.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_doe_9sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=129></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Doe walking left, looking right. Epsilon (Greek e) in exergue.<br> <cite>RIC.177, VM.49/2, SR.----, RSC.156, CT.1365, G&#246bl.727b (20)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="StagRight"> <hr><center><h3>Stag</h3></center><hr><br> <p>The stag coins were minted in both Rome and <a href="#StagSiscia">Siscia.</a></p> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_1.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_1sm.jpg" width=250 height=137></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_5.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_5sm.jpg" width=250 height=122></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_6.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_6sm.jpg" width=250 height=125></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_7.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_7sm.jpg" width=250 height=136></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Stag standing right. <b>X</b> in exergue.<br> <cite>RIC.179, VM.49/3, SR.2951, RSC.157, CT.1400, G&#246bl.745b (69)</cite><br><br><br> <a name="StagLeft"> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_2.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_2sm.jpg" width=250 height=143></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_3.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_3sm.jpg" width=250 height=128></a> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_8.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_8sm.jpg" width=250 height=123></a> <br> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Stag walking left. <b>X</b> in exergue.<br> Note that the left-facing stags have their heads turned sideways showing the full spread of antlers, rather than the side-on view from the right-facing stags. <cite>RIC.179, VM.--, SR.----, RSC.158, CT.1397, G&#246bl.744b (157)</cite><br><br><br> <a name="StagLeftImp"> <a href="Gallien-165.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-165sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=126></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>IMPGALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Stag walking left. <b>X</b> in exergue.<br> Very rare with the longer obverse legend.<br> <cite>RIC.---, VM.--, SR.----, RSC.---, CT.1396 (1), G&#246bl.744z</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a href="Gallienus_Diana_stag_4.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallienus_Diana_stag_4sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=133></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Stag walking left. Gamma (Greek G) with wreath (?) below in exergue.<br> I can't quite decide about this one. The Diana/gamma combination is usually an antelope, but there appears to be a trace of an antler rack above. Plus, the "wreath" MIGHT be just a die break, but seems much too regular and deliberate in shape. A fascinating piece!<br> <cite>RIC.--- (No stag with gamma, let alone wreath!), VM.--, SR.----, RSC.---</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <a name="StagSiscia"> <a href="Gallien-160.jpg" target="_blank"> <img src="Gallien-160sm.jpg" align="left" width=250 height=120></a> <i>Obv:</i> <b>GALLIENVSAVG</b> - Head right with radiate crown.<br> <i>Rev:</i> <b>DIANAECONSAVG</b> - Stag walking left. <b>SI</b> in exergue.<br> Though certain Zoo coins were known from Siscia, the Siscian stag is only found in G&#246bl. Quite rare.<br> <cite>RIC.---, VM.--, SR.----, RSC.---, G&#246bl.1517b (only 1 example)</cite> <br clear="left"><br> <hr><br><br> <p><font size=2>If you have an comments, questions, or corrections, please email me.<br> All coins from the author's collection. Not a commercial site, these coins are not for sale.</p> <a href="MAILTO:coins@ruark.org">E-mail Jim</a> </font> <hr> <address> <a href="index.html"><b>Coins of Gallienus' Zoo</b></a><br> <TT>last modified: 7 Mar 2006</TT> </address> </body> </html>