Money for new military equipment guaranteed
Polish Armed Forces will spend 91,5 bln PLN for new equipment and armament till 2022. On 17th September 2013 Polish government adopted a plan related to this subject, prepared by Ministry of National Defence.
Thanks to the document the money that will not be spent on modernizing Polish army in particular fiscal year will not be lost but it will be available in the following year.
- "Today Council of Ministers established long-term program "Priority tasks of technical modernization of the Armed Forces of Republic of Poland under operational programs." The bill confirms, at the governmental level, the particular priorities of armed forces modernization, included in 14 operational programs. The programs will be executed till 2022" - Defence Minister Tomasz Siemoniak wrote on Twitter.
For the last few years Ministry of National Defence, which thanks to the Law on the reform and technical modernization of Polish Armed Forces has the guarantee that every year 1,95% of GDP is allocated for the needs of PAF, has to give back the money which has not been spent on purchasing equipment and armament.
- It happens so because the regulations oblige every ministry including MOD to reset its budget at the end of the year and to give back the money not spent on assets, among other things on purchasing armament, to the state's budget - Navy Capt. Janusz Walczak, Director of Public Information Department of MOD explains.
Ministry of National Defence, which prepared the long-term "Program of development of Polish Armed Forces in years 2013-2022" (this document comprises the schedule of purchase of equipment and armament, among other things helicopters, vessels for Polish Navy, air and missile defence systems, unmanned systems etc.) for a long time has been making efforts to gain permission for managing its budget in a more elastic way.
On 12th September the Council of Ministers Committee approved the planks of the program "Priority tasks of technical modernization of the Armed Forces of Republic of Poland under operational programs", which not only determines the key operational (modernization) programs for our Armed Forces but also specifies their budget task till 2022. On 17th September the government approved that document.
For the Ministry of National Defence and Polish Armed Forces putting the technical modernization in the shape of a governmental program has two advantages. Firstly, it will be possible to move the financial means from a particular modernization program, which will not be spent in a particular fiscal year, to consecutive years. Secondly, according to the bill on public finances that is currently in force, putting the operational programs in the frames of the governmental program guarantees that money allocated to it will not be spent on something else (article 173). As means from the state budget assigned for financing the long-term programs cannot be, with condition of section 2, used for other purposes.
"The priority tasks of technical modernization of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland within operational programs" will be included in the project of Budgetary Bill for 2014.
Among the priorities defined by the President Bronisław Komorowski and Prime Minister Donald Tusk in November 2011, written in "Technical Modernization Plan for 2013-2022" the following key operational programs are listed:
1. Air defence system - among other things the following items will be procured under this program:
- air defence medium-range missile systems WISŁA;
- air defence short-range missile systems NAREW;
- self-propelled air defence missile systems POPRAD;
- mobile air defence missile system GROM/PIORUN;
- air defence short-range artillery-missile systems PILICA;
- mobile three-coordinates radio stations SOŁA/BYSTRA.
2. Helicopters - among other things the following items will be procured under the program:
- multipurpose-transport helicopters;
- search and rescue (SAR) helicopters;
- anti-submarine helicopters;
- attack helicopters;
- VIP-transport helicopters.
3. C4ISR - Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance systems - among other things the following will be procured under the program:
- Integrated Systems of Command and Warfare Means Guidance, integrating reconnaissance, fire and logistics systems;
- Mobile Command Posts;
- command vehicles and command-combat vehicles as well as force tracking systems, in subunits equipped with KTO ROSOMAK;
- tactical data transmission systems;
- development and modernization of cyber defence system.
4. Modernisation of armour and mechanised forces.
5. Combating threats at sea - among other things the following items will be procured under the program:
- submarines of new type;
- minehunters KORMORAN II;
- patrol vessel in basic version ŚLĄZAK;
- coastal defence ships MIECZNIK;
- patrol vessels with counter-mine function CZAPLA;
- electronic reconnaissance vessel DELFIN;
- combined support vessel MARLIN;
- rescue vessel RATOWNIK;
- demagnetizing floating station MAGNETO;
- coastal missile defence unit of Polish Navy (NDR MW);
- NSM missiles for coastal missile defence unit of Polish Navy (NDR MW);
6. Image and satellite reconnaissance - among other things the following items will be procured under the program:
- mini UAVs and vertical take-off mini UAVs;
- short-range UAVs and short-range vertical take-off UAVs;
- medium-range UAVs;
- MALE UAV;
7. Individual soldier's equipment and weapon - TYTAN.
8. Modernization of missile and artillery forces - among other things the following items will be procured under the program:
- modules of division 155-mm self-propelled howitzers KRAB with intelligent ammunition;
- modules of division multi-rocket launchers HOMAR;
- modules of 120-mm self-propelled fire mortars KTO-M120 RAK;
- radiolocation artillery reconnaissance systems LIWIEC;
- automated guidance set "TOPAZ" for fire module of rocket launcher WR-40 LANGUSTA.
10. Trainer aircraft AJT
11. Transport aircraft - under the program more items of transport aircraft C-295M and M-28 will be procured.
12. Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier KTO ROSOMAK.
13. Anti-armour guided missile SPIKE.
14. Patrol reconnaissance - among other things the following will be procured under the program:
- light reconnaissance armoured personnel carriers;
- reconnaissance vehicles for long-range reconnaissance units;
- mobile unmanned reconnaissance vehicles;
- IT system of collecting, analyzing and distributing information;
- automated system of collecting, storing, processing and distribution.
By: Krzysztof Wilewski, www.polska-zbrojna.pl
Photo: Capt. Janusz Błaszczak