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Lantana scabiosiflora

Description

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Family Verbenaceae

Shrubs or trees , sometimes climbing shrubs, rarely herbs. Indumentum of simple , stellate , and/or other complex hairs . Leaves opposite or rarely whorled , without stipules, simple or 3-foliolate, less often palmately [or pinnately] compound . Inflorescences terminal or axillary , racemose, cymose , spicate , or thyrses . Flowers bisexual or polygamous by abortion , zygomorphic or rarely actinomorphic . Calyx persistent . Corolla 4- or 5- or more lobed ; lobes usually spreading , aestivation overlapping. Fertile stamens inserted on corolla tube , alternate with lobes; filaments free ; anthers dorsifixed , 1- or 2-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or sometimes a circular pore . Ovary entire or 4-grooved, 2-8-locular; ovules 1 or 2 per locule, erect or pendulous. Style terminal, simple, entire or 2-cleft. Fruit a drupe or indehiscent capsule, sometimes breaking up into nutlets . Seeds (1 or) 2-4, endosperm usually absent, seed coat thin; embryo straight, as long as seed; radicle short, inferior.

Some 91 genera and ca. 2000 species: primarily tropical and subtropical , 20 genera and 182 species in China.

The classification of Verbenaceae is in a state of flux, especially regarding its relationship to Lamiaceae. There is evidence to suggest a significant division between members of subfamily Verbenoideae, genera 1-5 in this account, and the remaining genera, including genera 6-20, which for convenience are here referred to as subfamily Viticoideae s.l. The latter are more closely allied to each other and to genera traditionally kept within Lamiaceae (including genera 1-8 in this Flora ) . Avicennia is often placed in a family of its own, but its affinities are clearly with Viticoideae, especially genera 17-19 in this account which have traditionally been placed in a separate subfamily, Symphorematoideae.[1]

Genus Lantana

Shrubs , climbing , aromatic , pubescent or glabrous . Branches 4-angled, sometimes prickly. Leaves petiolate ; leaf blade simple , crenate , often rugose . Inflorescences dense capitula, pedunculate ; bracts exceeding calyx. Calyx small, membranous, truncate or sinuate dentate . Corolla nearly actinomorphic or slightly 2-lipped, tube slender; lobes 4 or 5, spreading . Stamens 4, didynamous , included . Ovary 2-locular. Style shorter than corolla tube; stigma obliquely subcapitate . Drupes with 2 1-seeded pyrenes.

About 150 species: tropical and subtropical America, one species naturalized in China.

Additional species grown as ornamentals .[2]

Taxonomy

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Notes

Publishing author : Kunth Publication : Nov. Gen. Sp. [H.B.K.] 2(ed. qu.): 261 1818 [Feb 1818]

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Lantana

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 99 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

L. achyranthifolia (Brushland Shrub-Verbena) · L. camara (Bush Lantana) · L. camara var. alba (Lantana) · L. camara 'American Red' (American Red Bush Lantana) · L. camara 'Anne Marie' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Bandana Cherry' (Bandana Cherry Lantana) · L. camara 'Confetti' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Cream Carpet' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Dallas Red' (Dallas Red Lantana) · L. camara 'Denholm' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Dwarf Yellow' (Dwarf Yellow Bush Lantana) · L. camara 'Goldsonne' (Goldsonne Lantana) · L. camara 'Gold Mound' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Irene' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Landmark Flame' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Landmark Gold' (Gold Lantana) · L. camara 'Landmark Rose Glow' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Landmark White' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Landmark Yellow' (Landmark Yellow Lantana) · L. camara 'Lucky Peach' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Lucky Red Hot Improved' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Lucky White' (Lucky White Lantana) · L. camara 'Lucky Yellow' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Miss Huff' (Miss Huff Hardy Lantana) · L. camara 'Monol' (Gold Rush" Bush Lantana) · L. camara 'Mozelle' (Mozelle Lantana) · L. camara 'New Gold' (New Gold Shrub Verbena) · L. camara 'Patriot Cherry' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Cowboy' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Desert Sunset' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Dove Wings' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Firewagon' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Hallelujah' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Honeylove' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Hot Country' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Parasol' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Passion' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Petticoat' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Rainbow' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Patriot Sunbeam' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Pink Caprice' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Pink Dawn' (Pink Dawn Lantana) · L. camara 'Radiation' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Red Spread' (Red Lantana) · L. camara 'Robpatche' (Patriot" Cherry Mounding Lantana) · L. camara 'Robpatcow' (Patriot" Cowboy Compact Lantana) · L. camara 'Robpatfir' (Patriot" Firewagon Mounding Lantana) · L. camara 'Robpathon' (Patriot" Honeylove Semi-Weeping Lantana) · L. camara 'Robpathot' (Patriot" Hot Country Mounding Lantana) · L. camara 'Robpatrai' (Patriot" Rainbow Compact Lantana) · L. camara 'Samantha' (Variegated Lantana) · L. camara 'Sonrise' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Sonset' (Lantana) · L. camara 'Variegata' (Lemon Swirl® Bush Lantana) · L. canescens (Hammock Shrub-Verbena) · L. cujabensis (Lantana) · L. depressa (Depressed Shrub Verbena) · L. depressa var. depressa (Rockland Shrub Verbena) · L. depressa var. depressa Small (Depressed Shrubverbena) · L. depressa var. floridana (Florida Shrubverbena) · L. depressa var. sanibelensis (Sanibel Shrubverbena) · L. depressa var. sanibelensis R.W.Sanders (Sanibel Shrubverbena) · L. exarata (Caribbean Shrubverbena) · L. insularis (Island Lantana) · L. involucrata (Button-Sage) · L. involucrata var. involucrata (Buttonsage) · L. involucrata var. odorata (Fragrant Buttonsage) · L. montevidensis (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Lavender Swirl' (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Loneweep' (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Peaches & Cream' (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Pot O' Gold' (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Silver Mound' (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Trailing Lavender' (Trailing Lavender Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'Trailing White' (Trailing Lantana) · L. montevidensis 'White Lightning' (Trailing Lantana) · L. reticulata (Netted Shrubverbena) · L. sellowiana 'Mongen' (Sunny Daze® Trailing Lantana) · L. sellowiana 'Monma' (White Lightnin'® Trailing Lantana) · L. sellowiana 'Monswee' (Lavender Swirl® Trailing Lantana) · L. sellowiana 'White' (White Trailing Lantana) · L. strigosa (Rough Shrubverbena) · L. trifolia (Three-Leaf Lantana) · L. trifolia 'Lavender Popcorn' (Lantana) · L. urticifolia (Nettleleaf Shrubverbena) · L. urticifolia moldenkei (Nettleleaf Shrubverbena) · L. urticifolia subsp. moldenkei (Nettleleaf Shrubverbena) · L. urticoides (Texas Lantana) · L. velutina (Velvet Shrub-Verbena) · L. x 'Monet' (Spreading Sunset" Lantana) · L. x 'Mone' (Tangerine" Spreading Lantana) · L. x 'Monine' (Spreading Sunshine® Lantana) · L. x 'Moni' (Confetti" Spreading Lantana) · L. x 'New Gold' (New Gold Lantana) · L. x 'Sunburst' (Sunburst" Spreading Lantana) · L. 'Grandma's Hardy' (Grandma's Hardy Lantana) · L. 'Landmark Pink Dawn' (Landmark Pink Dawn Lantana) · L.'Lucky Lemon Cream' (Lemon Cream Lantana) · L. 'New Gold' (Gold Lantana)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 25, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Shou-liang Chen & Michael G. Gilbert "Verbenaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 1. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Lantana". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 2. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-10