Roy Fielding

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Roy Fielding speaking at OSCON08

Roy Thomas Fielding (born 1965) is an American computer scientist,[1] one of the principal authors of the HTTP specification, an authority on computer network architecture[2] and co-founder of the Apache HTTP Server project.

In 1999, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100 as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[3] He received a doctorate from the University of California, Irvine in 2000.


Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures, Fielding's doctoral dissertation, describes Representational State Transfer (REST) as a key architectural principle of the World Wide Web, and received a large amount of attention. People now frequently hold up REST as an approach to developing Web services,[4] as an alternative to other distributed-computing specifications such as SOAP. Fielding has also been heavily involved in the development of HTML and Uniform Resource Identifiers. Fielding was a co-founder of the Apache HTTP Server project[5][6] and was a member of the interim OpenSolaris Boards until he resigned from the community in 2008, disappointed that Sun would not let the community influence development decisions.[7] He was the chair of the Apache Software Foundation for its first three years and was a member of its board of directors until May 2014.[8] Currently he works as a Principal Scientist at Adobe Systems in San Jose, California.[9]

In September 2012, he came under fire[clarification needed] when he committed a patch[10] to the Apache HTTP Server that would disable the ability to set the Do Not Track setting of IE10 in response to the news that Microsoft would make this the default option.[citation needed]

Waka protocol[edit]

Between 2001 and 2006 Fielding worked on 'Waka, an application protocol intended as "a binary, token-based replacement for HTTP."[11] It was "designed to match the efficiency of the REST architectural style."[12] The waka protocol is named after a type of Maori canoe.

Waka was described in a 2001 ApacheCon presentation.[12] As of August 2006, waka was "all done in my head, it's not on paper though. ... I'm almost to the point where I can make it an open project."[11]

Some of waka's features include:[12]

  • New request semantics (new methods for monitoring and authoring resources)
  • Self-descriptive (explicit type, scope, binding of response to request)
  • Allow unsolicited responses
  • Uniform syntax regardless of type and direction
  • Extensible via URIs
  • Client-side macros


He describes himself as "part Maori, Kiwi, Yank, Irish, Scottish, British, and California beach bum."[13] [14] [15] Fielding was born in Laguna Beach, California.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Roy T. Fielding's personal Web site". 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  2. ^ "Roy Fielding's publications in Google Scholar". Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  3. ^ "1999 Young Innovators Under 35". Technology Review. 1999. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  4. ^ Fielding, R. T.; Taylor, R. N. (2000). Principled design of the modern Web architecture. pp. 407–416. doi:10.1145/337180.337228.  edit
  5. ^ Mockus, A.; Fielding, R. T.; Herbsleb, J. (2000). "A case study of open source software development". Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on Software engineering - ICSE '00. pp. 263–272. doi:10.1145/337180.337209. ISBN 1581132069.  edit
  6. ^ Mockus, A.; Fielding, R. T.; Herbsleb, J. D. (2002). "Two case studies of open source software development: Apache and Mozilla". ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology 11 (3): 309–346. doi:10.1145/567793.567795.  edit
  7. ^ Roy T. Fielding (2008-02-14). "Sun's Responses to the OpenSolaris Trademark Questions". ogb-discuss. 
  8. ^ "Apache Software Foundation Board of Directors Meeting Minutes". 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  9. ^ "Roy T. Fielding". LinkedIn. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  10. ^ Roy T. Fielding (2012-08-11). "Apache does not tolerate deliberate abuse of open standards". 
  11. ^ a b "A conversation with Roy Fielding about HTTP, REST, WebDAV, JSR 170, and Waka". 2006-08-25. 
  12. ^ a b c Roy T. Fielding, Ph.D. (2002-11-19). "waka: A replacement for HTTP" (PPT). 
  13. ^ "Roy T. Fielding: Life story". University of California, Irvine. 
  14. ^ Roy T. Fielding (2011-07-27). "Re: branding". www-legal-discuss. 
  15. ^ Roy T. Fielding (1999-07-02). "Re: Kiwi Fruit". FoRK mailing list. 

External links[edit]