Ultimate Guide to Middle Back Pain

July 25, 2014

A lot of people complain about getting back pain. Some people experience the pain in their upper backs; others experience the pain on their lower backs while other people experience middle back pain. There are a lot of studies about lower back pain but not so much about middle back pain. Why is this so? This is probably because more people complain more about lower back pain than other types of pain.

If you are experiencing back pain, do you think that this is serious? Studies show that those people who experience middle back pain are usually caused by spinal or neck problems or it can also be because of other conditions or diseases that people have. Middle back pain can be very uncomfortable. In fact, there are some people who are barely able to do their tasks because it hurts for them to sit up or stand up. Some people cannot even sleep because of all the pain that they are feeling.

Causes of Middle Back Pain

Ultimate Guide to Middle Back Pain

Ultimate Guide to Middle Back Pain

Since it has already been mentioned earlier that there are some causes of middle back pain, here are just some of the possible things that might be causing your middle back to hurt:

  • Sudden Injury – There are times when people get into accidents. It can be vehicular accidents or anything that involves falling from another place. The pain may center on the middle back rather than the upper and lower back.
  • Poor posture – Poor posture will not cause middle back pain immediately. Rather, it can be a slow agonizing process caused by strain. The good news is that posture can still be changed by people.
  • Other Conditions – Like mentioned earlier, some people experience middle back pain because they are going through other serious conditions.
  • Sitting Too Much – Yes, you have read correctly. A lot of people right now work in offices and more often than not, people spend time just sitting down on their chairs, cramped in small cubicles that barely give them enough space to stretch or at least do some exercises. When people sit too much, this can strain the muscles on the middle back and in turn can cause pain.
  • Being Overweight – There are some people who are carrying too much weight around. This can be related to not moving too much and avoiding any form of exercise designed for people to lose weight. The numbers of people who are overweight all over the world are growing but this can be stopped if people would develop a better lifestyle.
  • Odd Shaped Spine – There are some people who have odd shaped spines because of other conditions or because of scoliosis. An odd shaped spine can cause strain on people’s backs depending on the curve of the spine.

Middle Back Pain – A Red Flag?

For some medical practitioners, they take middle back pain as something serious because this may mean that the cancer condition has already spread to the spine which is a very difficult thing to cure. Usually though for healthy adults or individuals, this can be a less serious condition such as rib fractures. Do remember that it can also be caused by spinal tumors which as we all know can be malignant or benign.

Some Home Remedies for Middle Back Pain

If you are looking for short term relief against middle back pain, these are just some of the things that you can do:

  • Hot and Cold Compress – For muscle strain caused by doing physical activities, the hot or cold compress may work well but for other conditions that are causing the back pain, this may only cause a short relief.
  • Pain Killers – Taking medications are not always that recommended depending on people’s condition because taking too much medication may sometimes lead to addiction. There are also some people who become immune to the medications so they would have to take higher dosages for the pain killers to work.
  • Stretches – When people stretch this can make the back feel good for a certain period of time. People may even go to some extensive yoga routines in order to improve the condition of their backs but this may not last for a long while.

Other Forms of Management of Middle Back Pain

If you are looking into a more long term solution to your middle back pain, remember that here are some things that you can try out:

  • Exercise – At this point you may be wondering what the difference is of exercising and stretching. When you stretch you simply pull your muscles so that they may be relieved for a while but when you are exercising, you are moving different parts of your body. This might also cause some pain in the while but it will help your body get used to the pain. The movement can also help the pain concentrated on your middle back to go away.
  • Massage Therapy – It seems that some people still do not realize the power of the massage. A lot of people get massages every single day. When people get massages, they tend to release the pent up stress all concentrated on the middle back. Some people get massages to prevent the onset of back pain but when you are already experiencing back pain, getting massage therapies may be administered by professionals to correct the possible causes of your back pain.

  • Joint Manipulation – This is the type of therapy usually done by health professionals like physical therapists or chiropractors. Do remember that choosing the right therapist or chiropractor will play a huge role in how effective this treatment is going to be.

Do remember that if all else fails, a medical doctor may be able to prescribe other solutions that will make the pain go away. There are instances when the pain can go away with the help of other forms of therapy and even undergoing operation. Sometimes undergoing operation is crucial to prevent more serious conditions from emerging later on.

What causes brown vaginal discharge?

June 3, 2014

Vaginal discharge is actually a very normal occurrence. Most of the cases it is a natural process and absolutely harmless. Vaginal discharge normally goes away within 2 to 3 days. However; in case of dark brown discharge, the condition can be serious. A discharge is that the excess mucus as well as fluid that’s created by vagina cervix and wall. Basically it is a way of the body to clean up the area of vagina and keeps the surroundings healthy. The vaginal discharge removes different kinds of dead skin cells and bacterium from the area of vagina. This type of self-cleaning methodology is important for preventing vaginal infections.

A simple interaction between hormones referred to as estrogen as well as progestogen is essentially liable for the bodily changes of a female throughout various stages of oscillation. It’s common for the color, texture, and therefore the quantity of vaginal discharge to vary, simply depending on the stages of a certain cycle. As an example, throughout the biological process stage you’ll notice a rise within the discharge. Additionally, light brown discharge isn’t typically a reason for too much concern. However; if you start to face some other problems related to your brown vaginal discharge, then you can see a doctor.

What You Need to Know About Vaginal Discharge, Wetness, and Odor

Causes of Brown Vaginal Discharge

The most common causes of this symptom are cervical cancer, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, menopause, sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal or Chlamydia warts, gonorrhea and more. There are some other reasons of brown vaginal disorder. The foremost common 2 causes are gestation and also Perimenopause. Have a look on the following causes to know more details about the causes of brown vaginal disorder:

Pregnancy: During the early stage of pregnancy a chromatic brown colored discharge occurs. It is the sign of gestation.

Implantation bleeding: Many women face this problem at the early stage of pregnancy. The vaginal discharge will be brownness, pink or even red. This kind of vaginal discharge is traditional and sometimes occurs ten to twelve days when conception. This type of vagina; discharge is normally caused by egg implanting to the female internal reproductive organ wall. It always seems as one smear of vaginal discharge. It is not like a spotting or even flowing kind.

Atrophic inflammation: It can also cause a light brown vaginal discharge. The symptoms often come with bleeding, severe pain in the lower abdomen area or even itching in vaginal area. Sometimes many women also experience painful intercourse, dryness and burning sensation. This type of vaginal discharge can also be yellow in color and it has a very foul smell.

STDs: Brown vaginal discharge can also be a symptom of several sexually transmitted diseases. The foremost common sexually transmitted problems that can cause a discharge include protozoal infection, gonorrhea as well as reproductive organ warts.

Menopause: Women who are very close to the stage of menopause can experience brown vaginal discharge. They may not experience normal flow.

Pelvic disease: This disease could be an additional serious condition and needs a visit to the specialist. This malady happens once there’s any infection within the female internal reproductive organ lining, ovaries, cervix, fallopian tubes and the vagina. It’s really very painful and might result in pain throughout intercourse or if abdominal pain and any physiological state left untreated.

Perimenopause: It will cause very light brown vaginal discharge. It can also cause pink or even yellow discharge. The discharge can be so significant for some women and for others it can be uncomfortable.
Old mucosa Tissues: Brown discharge is very common among the young girls, especially before they begin their cycle. In many women, vaginal discharge is that the body’s approach of cathartic unspecified mucosa tissue that wasn’t shed throughout the cycle (menstrual).

Uterine Polyps: Female internal reproductive organ polyps also are known as mucosa polyps. These Polyps can cause a vaginal discharge in addition as bleeding especially during the time of intercourse, serious menstrual bleeding, as well as abnormal vaginal bleeding and more.

Ovulation: Throughout the method of egg being discharged it’s not uncommon to expertise a brown discharge or even spotting. It’ll sometimes solely last 5 to 6 days.

Endometrial Bleeding: Mucous membrane bleeding happens once a number of the female internal reproductive organ wall wasn’t discharged throughout the cycle. It should occur simply once the cycle ends or simply before successive cycle begins. As a result of old blood, it can become very dark brown.

Cervical Cancer: It is the foremost serious problem that’s related to a brown vaginal discharge. Basically it spreads rapidly through HPV virus. Other common symptoms can include weight loss, loss of appetence, leg pain, girdle pain, as well as fatigue.

Most of the women have many questions about the brown vaginal discharge. They want to know that whether it is normal or not. Normally, natural vaginal discharge is very clear to white in its color as well as sometimes it is also present in high quantities to moisten, however; it is important not to soak undergarments.

Mid-cycle with the ovulation the brown discharge can also become thicker as well as also darker in color. Just before the frank menstruation, there is a thick brown vaginal discharge that basically corresponds to simply sloughing off of the uterine cells just before to bleeding. However; there is nothing to worry. If the vaginal discharge presents in a large quantity, soaking undergarments, or even has a bad smell, you should contact your doctor as soon as you can.

Brown Vaginal Discharge Treatment

Brown Vaginal Discharge Treatment

Brown Vaginal Discharge Treatment

Some common conditions that often cause this symptom like pregnancy or even implantation bleeding or others can’t be treated. It is not possible to treat the causes as these are natural process and the body goes through these processes. If you experience other symptoms or even your symptom lasts longer than 7 days, it will be better to see your personal gynecologist. The treatment basically depends on the causes of brown vaginal discharge. You can drink enough water and maintain your daily workout routine to feel better.

Lower Abdominal Pain After Running

December 18, 2013

There are times when people are running sometimes for fun or sometimes for a competition and then all of a sudden, they would feel lower abdominal pain after running. It can be a big problem especially if the pain is persistent. Most of the time, people who are running stop for a while in order to get rid of the pain. A lot of people who run consider this normal and of course, people would want to know what causes it.

Lower Abdominal Pain After Running

Different Types of Stomach Cramps

There is various stomach cramps that can hit people while there are running. Here are just the types that you would have to be aware about:

  1. Stomach Muscle Cramps – There are times when it is the muscles of the stomachs that are causing the pain when running. This type of pain is usually situated near the middle of the stomach.
  2. Side Cramps – This is the type of pain that people feel when they are not breathing right. Most of the time, people become too enthusiastic with what they are doing that they forget that of course, they would need to breathe too. More often than not, people take shallow breaths.
  3. Abdominal Cramps – This is the type of pain that will make you feel like as if you would like to throw up.

Causes of Lower Abdominal Pain

  1. Wrong Breathing – When people get too worked up, they forget to breathe. Just remember that breathing is essential in running.
  2. Too much Food Products – If you have eaten too much or too little, it will cause your stomach to act up.
  3. Not Drinking Enough Water – Water is truly precious. If you do not have enough in your system, it can make you feel weak.

Prevention of Stomach Pain

Based on the type of pain that you will experience, it is important that you do the following:

  1. Breathe – This is one of the main things that people forget when they are running. They become too enthralled, too enthusiastic with what they are doing that they tend to forget what they are supposed to do. Remember that it is necessary to breathe because if you do not breathe, you will start to feel pain.
  2. Drink and Eat Just Enough – If you drink or eat too much then you run without resting, you can already guarantee that you will start to feel pain. When you are running, you disable your digestive system to function. It is also not advisable not to eat or drink anything because it will make you feel nauseous.
  3. Hydrate You – There are instances when people experience stomach cramps because their body is not hydrated enough. Make sure that you drink just enough water in order to avoid feeling cramps.

Some Facts You Should Know about lower abdominal pain after running

It has been said that those who have been running longer usually do not have cramps that much anymore because they already know how they can regulate their breathing. This does not mean though that they do not get side cramps anymore. There are still times when they do especially when they over exert themselves. If you feel that you cannot take it anymore, it is more advisable that you take a rest.

There are some people who strain their hearts more when they run. Running is said to be good for the body and can even make the heart stronger if done in moderation but if you would do it because you would like to be exhausted, you are only putting your life at risk. Not only will you definitely feel pain in your abdomen, you will also be working up other parts of your body as well.

Be careful of what you eat and what it does when you run. There are instances when people get cramps more after eating a certain type of food. Be aware of the things that you put inside your mouth so that you know the effect of each one. If one type of food does not have a good effect when you run, avoid it next time that you do. You will be sparing yourself the time and the trouble.

If while running you suddenly experience pain, what you can do is slow down and relax. Do not panic because you are feeling pain. It is likely that your body is just asking you to pay more attention to it. Breathe deeper, hydrate yourself and try to gauge if you can still continue. Once you are feeling better, moderate what you are doing.

How to reduce the painful effects of arthritis?

November 6, 2013

Are you tired of suffering from arthritis? Did your strength and flexibility reduce over the past few years? You don’t have to endure anymore the painful joints that have crushed you lately. The solution is simple and can be put up in one single word: exercise. Although it might seem impossible as you read this, you can reduce the symptoms of your arthritis and you can go back to a healthy way of life. Of course, you are not going pro and the exercises must be moderate, but by moving every day you will feel better in no time and the risk of gaining weight or becoming a couch potato decreases considerably. And you are going to be convinced by that by the end of this article.

Why working out is a must

There are many type of exercises which shelter you articulations, strengthening at the same time your health and fitness. Of course, also by maintaining your treatment, exercises may fortify the muscles around your joints, keep you current level of bone power, help you become more active during the day, allow you to rest properly at night, keep you fit and improve your self-respect.

Although the popular belief is that exercises make articulations pain harder, the truth is actually opposed to that. Joints become sore and stiff as you refuse to work out. The reason for that is the following. If you stop doing exercises, the muscles that surround the tissues weaken, so it’s harder for them to support your bones and these results in more pressure on your articulations.

Need doctor’s advice

Before starting to work out again, pay a visit to your doctor and ask him about the way that exercises can improve your state. You can develop a plan along with your doctor or your physical therapist as according to your sort of arthritis, the exercises may differ.

Forms of exercises that help you

Considering what the doctor or physical therapist advices you, there are several types of exercises that can amend your condition, including range-of-motion exercises, strengthening exercises, aerobic exercises or other sorts of work outs.

Range-of-motion exercises

By exercising, you become less rigid and the possibility to move your articulations at their best is increased. This type of exercise consists in motioning your articulations as normal as possible, by raising your hands over your head or rolling your shoulders forward and backward. If not done on a daily basis, these workouts must be done every other day.

Strengthening exercises

In order to enforce and consolidate your muscles which surround your knuckles, you can start lifting weights. In time, your muscle strength will improve and the pressure will be released from your joints. These exercises are recommended to be done every other day, but don’t hesitate to pause working out if your articulations start to hurt.

Aerobic exercise

For you general physical condition, it is also necessary to practice endurance or aerobic exercises, such as cycling, walking and swimming. This way your stamina will increase, your weight will be kept under control and you will notice in no time that you will become more active during the day and have a better sleep at night. Doctors consider that 20-30 minutes of aerobic exercises three times a week are enough for improving your health. If the joints become sore, you can do them in parts of 10 minutes.

Other activities
In conclusion, it is very important to work out, by all means, anyhow, no matter the duration or the intensity. There are many other ways of doing exercises and if one of them attracts you in particular, ask for doctor’s permission. If your doctor agrees, you might try yoga and tai chi, after agreeing on your condition with the instructor.

Common Diagnosis, Treatments and Symptoms of Chronic Neck Pain

October 7, 2013

What is neck pain?

Neck pain can interfere with your ability to comfortably move your neck.  It can happen in any area of the neck, ranging from top of the shoulders to the bottom of the back of your head.  The pain can affect the feeling of your upper back and radiate to the arms.

People over the age of 50 commonly experience chronic neck pain. In general neck pain is a common symptom.

What causes neck pain?

Awkward sleeping positions, slouching, or strenuous reaching activities, can contribute to neck pain.  Movements that strain the neck are a very common cause.  Straining the neck by strenuous activity can also lead to spasms of other neck muscles and swelling at the joints.

Injury is another common cause of neck pain.  For an example, the impact from a car accident or a fall from a ladder can contribute to neck pain.

There are other common causes of neck pain related to existing medical issues:

  • Infection of the neck
  • Cervical Spinal Stenosis – spinal canal narrowing in the neck
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

What are the symptoms?

Stiffness, knotting and severe pain is what you may experience in your neck.  These sensations may continue to spread throughout other regions of your upper body, the upper back, shoulders, or arms.  Tension headaches may also occur.  Your ability to move your neck may be impaired.  In cases where there is spinal nerve root pressure, you may experience shooting arm pain.  Numbness, muscle weakness and tingling in the arms and shoulders are common symptoms as well.

Neck pain is considered chronic when it is long-lasting.  Chronic pain may interfere with daily life activities.  Side effects of this can be depression, fatigue and anxiety.

Requirements for diagnosis of neck pain

Your medical doctor will complete a physical exam and question you regarding your symptoms.  Your doctor will want to know about any activities, illness, or injuries that you may have or have been experiencing, in order to find the cause of your neck pain.

Your doctor will assess how well you can move your neck, and examine for any numbness and tingling or reports of weakness in your arms or hands.

More tests may be requested by your doctor if your pain resulted after an injury, or fails to improve after a few following weeks.  Examples of these tests are X-ray’s and MRI or CAT scans.  Such imaging tests may be done to show the neck muscles and tissues.  Further examination of the spinal discs, nerve roots, spinal cord and neck bones can be completed when these tests are implemented.

Neck Pain Treatment

Most neck pain treatment caused by activities can completed with simple methods at home.  Further treatment of neck pain resulting from injury or existing medical conditions may result in various types of further treatment.

For a sudden occurrence of neck pain:

  • Invest in a heating pad and use for 15-20 minutes, every 2-3 hours.  Keep the setting on low or medium.  You can interchange a heating pad for a warm shower, single heating wraps or ice packs, and apply each directly to the area in pain.  Single heat wraps last up to 8 hours each.  There is no specific information that supports whether ice or heat helps, but it is still beneficial.
  • Over the counter drugs such as acetaminophen, Aspirin, ibuprofen, or another anti-inflammatory medicine can reduce pain.
  • Modify activities and movements to avoid further injury, even when sleeping and sitting.
  • Use physical therapy to help improve your head and neck movements.

Your doctor may prescribe medicine to help relax your neck muscles.  This is when chronic pain is a factor or when further intervention is needed to relieve pain for sleep.  Natural improvements of neck pain can be made with yoga or massage.

Preventing neck pain

Prevention of neck pain can easily be improved with introducing new habits.  Avoid muscle strain and neck pain caused by stress, by reducing time spent sitting at the computer or any other positions that increase strain on the neck muscles.

Evaluate your posture and sitting position throughout your day if you notice that your neck pain is worse at the end of the day.  The best way to sit is with your feet flat, with your back straight up in a well-supported chair.  Incorporate short breaks during your sitting tasks, several times per hour.

Evaluate your sleeping positions and pillow support if you notice more neck pain in the morning.  Avoid positions that cause you to twist your neck, such as sleeping on your stomach, which leaves the neck in a compromising bent position.

Upper Back Muscle Pain at Night Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

October 4, 2013

Upper back pain is not so much prevalent just like the lower back pain, however; it can be so much painful. It normally occurs between the cervical and lumbar spine. In general, upper back pain occurs when any of the muscles that are attached to the spine are injured either by poor posture, overuse of the area, a bad move, fall or an accident. It is an area that tends to accumulate ailments for excessive sedentary lifestyle and even for the opposite, i.e. when working charging or throwing objects.

Symptoms of Pain in the Upper Back

It is very common to suffer from the pain in the upper back area due to the occurrence of scoliosis. This condition produces a deformation in the spine during the growth period which occurs during adolescence. Therefore, it can give an imbalance between the muscles that make up that area and, ultimately, generate frequent pain. The symptomatology among those who suffer pain in the back area is very similar to each other. We can meet with muscle spasms, deep breathing discomfort, pain when moving or when someone touches us back, and even moving the shoulders, bending the neck forward.

It is common when we suffer an illness of this type we go to a physical therapist who can ease our discomfort through a massage is not a bad option, but it is more wise to visit our family doctor to assess the pain and determine whether to testing in the area to dismiss possible injury that may worsen in the future.

The Causes of Upper Back Pain

Back pain between shoulder blades may be caused by stress from the shoulders and upper back, an injury through sleeping place. Again the people, who work in front of computer, suffer more in upper back pain. The upper back pain occurs between the persons shoulder as well as neck .Also driving for a long period of time, take the kids and performing repetitive tasks that involve movement of the arms and sporting activities can also cause back pain.

Treatment for Upper Back Pain

Chronic back pain sufferers are treated with a combination of medication, physical therapy through exercise for back pain, and changes in work or lifestyle to curb the causes of back pain. However, since the thoracic spine injury is rare, upper back pain is not as common as lower back pain.

A common method is ice and heat therapy that involves the application of ice, initially for the first few days followed by moist heat. Some simple guidelines for the treatment of upper back pain include:

  • Developing sensible work habits
  • Stress reduction
  • The postural hygiene practice
  • Finding balance fitness
  • Living a healthy lifestyle
  • Massage
  • Exercise
  • Stretching exercises such as yoga

Conclusion

Upper Back pain at night is very irritating. All most all people suffer through it at least once in their lifetime. If you see any symptom, then please go to a good doctor and take proper treatment. Stay safe and take care!

How do you Recognize Back Pain from Kidney Stones?

October 1, 2013

Back pain can possibly come from a number of causes. Generally the pain results because of the issue of spine or muscle. But all time these reasons may not be responsible for the discomfort and back pain. The problem may be a kidney problem. A kidney stone or a kidney infection can bring a grown man literally to his knees.

What Cause Kidney Stone and Back Pain?

The kidney stone and back pain occurs when crystals separate from your urine and produce into something sizable and challenging. This problem can lead to a blocked or disturbed flow of urine. As with renal cancer blood may appear in your urine. There may also be a burning sensation perhaps when the patient urinates. Nausea is the single of the other some prospective indicators. A number of health related good causes can contribute to the development of these kidney stones. If you are suffering from pain observe from the urine, you could be capable to experience signs of blood or the urine could be looked an uncommon coloration. This is also an indication for alarm that needs to not be neglected.

Symptoms of Back Pain from Kidney Stone

The following symptoms are found for a back pain from kidney stone:

  • Soreness beneath the ribs.
  • Pain all around the torso and back pain in the right side.
  • Nausea and vomiting, soreness during urination.
  • Discomfort during urination.

Treatment of the Back Pain

Sometimes kidney stones pass out of your body when you urinate automatically especially if the patient drinks a lot of water every day. If this happens, it is obviously a blessing. The discomfort will stop immediately then. But if it does not happen, a surgery may be required in order to get rid of the back pain causing from kidney stones.

There is a wise saying that prevention is always better than cure. You should be aware in your daily life so that you may not face this problem. Here are some home treatments of kidney problems:

  • Avoid dehydration: everyday drink plenty of water as you can. You can also drink fruit juice and fluids to be hydrated.
  • Be sure your urine is clear: in time you pass out urine, always observe whether the color is crystal clear or a bit of yellowish. If you see any discomfort, immediately consult with a urine specialist.
  • Avoid eating too much spicy food.
  • Try eating sufficient amounts of magnesium in your diet. This will help you by not letting the stone to form.

Conclusion

Though back pain is a common phenomena but it is a matter of concern when it causes due to kidney stones. A proper care should be taken to get rid of it or the problem may cause you a total kidney failure. So if you face any single symptom of kidney stone, do not hesitate to contact the doctor. If you are suffering from back pain, then also try to find out the real reason for your pain.

Have Pain on the Soles of Your Feet? Learn the Causes and Treatments

September 28, 2013

Often times, people focus on preventing and treating serious health conditions like heart attacks, stroke, osteoporosis and more.  Rarely do we give thought to seemingly insignificant parts of our bodies – like our feet.Unfortunately, assuming our feet are insignificant aspects of our health is a huge misconception.  Our feet bear an immensely heavy load all day long – and we rarely give them the TLC they deserve.When we neglect the health of our feet, unpleasant side effects can creep up.  Check out the most common causes of foot pain and the treatment methods associated with each.

Pain that Originates in the Heel

Let’s take a look at the three most common injuries sustained on the heel.

Plantar Fasciitis: This condition is commonly identified by the pain that radiates from the heel to the toes.Plantar fasciitis is caused by an irritation or inflammation of the connective tissue between the heel and toes.The treatment for this condition involves plenty of rest for the foot.  Patients will also want to stretch the muscles in the calf and foot.  Pain relievers can sometimes help.  And patients will definitely want to invest in quality shoes that support both the arch and soles properly.

Heel Spurs:  Heel spurs develop as a result of abnormal bone growth on the bottom of the heel.The causes of this condition include an abnormal gait, inadequate posture, irregular strides, and poor quality shoes.

Treatment for this condition is similar to other foot ailments: rest, relaxation, pain relief, and appropriate shoes.  On rare occasions, patients may need surgery.  In drastic cases, the patient may also benefit from physical therapy.

Fractures: The most common fractures sustained on the foot involve the heel bone.

Fractures to the heel are usually caused by a significant impact.  Such damage often occurs after a fall from a high altitude or during a high-impact car accident.Treatment for heel fractures often involves the use of crutches and a cast.  Patients often rely on pain relievers.  Depending on the extent of the fracture, surgery may be required.

Pain that Originates in the Ball of the Foot

There are two conditions that can cause pain it the ball of the foot:  metatarsalgia and Morton’s neuroma.

Metatarsalgia: Metatarsalgia is the medical term for inflammation in the ball of the foot.

The cause of this condition is usually traced back to shoes that don’t fit properly or vigorous use of the feet.Treatment is fairly simple to implement: pain medication, properly fitting shoes, and inserts that reduce pressure on the foot.

Morton’s Neuroma:  This condition is characterized by the thickening of the tissue surrounding the nerves at the base of the toe.Patients who suffer from Morton’s neuroma are usually women because the condition is caused by high heels or other footwear that doesn’t fit properly.In the best case scenario, simple inserts will help relieve pain.  If left unchecked, this condition can require serious medical attention.  Patients might need steroid injections or surgery.

Pain that Originates in the Arch

Fallen Arches: Patients of this condition (also known as flat feet) experience a flat arch when they are standing on their feet.

While the specific cause is a bit of a mystery, the course of treatment is more widely understood.  Patients often need inserts or adjustments made to their shoes to accommodate the condition.  Occasionally, fallen arches will be fixed with surgery and physical therapy.

Pain that Originates in the Toe

There are several conditions that cause pain in the toes.

Gout: Gout is a form of arthritis.

Gout is caused by the crystal deposits that form in the joins of the toe.  The resulting swelling can cause significant pain.The treatment for gout is quite interesting.  Patients usually rely on prescription medication in addition to a modified diet.

Bunion: Often times, the bone on the edge of the foot will protrude next to the big toe.

Because women usually insist on fashionable shoes that don’t fit properly, they are the most likely population to suffer from bunions.If caught early, the patient can simply change to more comfortable and supportive shoes.  Surgery might be required if the condition progresses.

Hammer Toe:  Sometimes, one of the joints in the toe is bent.  This curvature gives a hammer-like appearance.Like many other foot ailments, a hammer toe is caused by poor fitting shoes.Usually, the treatment for a hammer toe simply involves a trip to the shoe store.  Stretching of the toe joint can also help.

Claw Toe:  A claw toe is similar to a hammer toe.  A claw toe also involves damage to the joint.  In this case, it prevents the toe from straightening and permanently points either upwards or downwards. Again, ill-fitting shoes usually put unnecessary pressure on the joint and leads to this unpleasant – and painful – condition.

The first step in the treatment process is to invest in some proper shoes.  Inserts can also help relieve pressure.  On occasion, the patient will need surgery to correct the joint curvature.

Ingrown Toenail: This foot ailment is often the most painful.  Not only does the ingrown toenail cause pain, but the resulting infection is also unpleasant.

Ingrown toenails are caused by skin on the side of the toe that grows excessively to cover a portion of the nail.Usually, a DIY treatment option will suffice.  Patients will need to soak their toe in lukewarm water every six hours.  After one of these soaks, the patient will need to gently finagle a piece of gauze under the skin to separate it from the nail’s contact.

Toe Fractures: Damage can be sustained by any of the bones in the toe.Damage of this kind can be caused by a variety of activities.  The force of the blow will determine the extent of the fracture.For minor injuries, the patient will simply need to rest the toe while utilizing pain relievers.  More severe breaks might require surgery, a cast and crutches.

Corns and Calluses: Occasionally, patients can experience a buildup of tough skin on their foot.Both corns (minor buildup) and calluses (more significant buildup) are caused by tight, pinching shoes.To treat corns and calluses, the patient will likely need to switch shoes.  By using a rough abrasive, the patient can start to wear down the buildup in specific areas.Foot pain can be caused by numerous instigators and the treatment methods are just as varied.  By identifying what causes the pain, you can begin to implement the appropriate treatment option.