The colonnaded street

The street represents an original Nabataean creation,later refurbished during the period of Roman occupation. It would have been one of the principal shopping streets of ancient Petra.The street was rebuilt in 106 BC with a width of 6 meters.

The excavation fossil indicates that there was an older road with 1-2 floor building, lying on its side. On the left of the portico street to the south, there is a set of stairs that leads to the courtyard, which is called the market. This is believed to have been the heart of the city and center of various types of commercial activities and transactions during the third century BC.   The street continued to be used throughout the Byzantine period during the fourth and fifth centuries, until the sixth. 

At the end of the road lies the triple gate, which leads to the Temple of Qasr Al-Bint. The street was paved in horizontal and vertical ways in order to facilitate the movement of vehicles as it curved from the middle to allow the draining of water, which is equipped with a network of channels under the street level. The main tripartite gate led to the sacred courtyard known as the Temple of Qasr Al-Bint. Ahead of the entrance to the Gate, there lies a set of stairs that leads to the Temple, and on the other side lies the Black Winged Temple, which is dedicated to the God of Lat and Uzza, who is the mate of the major Nabataean gods.


At the beginning of the colonnaded street The Nymphaeum will be at the right side, which is a semi-circular public fountain near the junction of Wadi Musa and Wadi al-Mataha. six Nabataean columns decorated the facade, It received water from a tank on the opposite side of the valley. Now it is shaded by a juniper tree that is 450 years old.

Related Locations
  • The Great Temple

    Located on the left (south) of the portico street, the Great Temple consists of a main entrance, a lower sacred arena, and two identical buildings in the form of semi-arches on both sides

  • The Farsa Valley

    It is located on the western side of Mount Altar, and most importantly, it can be seen on the road to the valley fountain. A lion, which is carved in the rock, may have religious significance and in particular that there is an altar with a small face of this fountain.

  • The Temple of Qasr Al-Bint

    Dating back to the first century BC, the importance of this palace is that the building survived despite the earthquakes in Petra. It was built using blocks made of juniper wood and placed between blocks and stone, thus easing movement during earthquakes

  • Church

    Petra’s main church is the second church in Petra, after converting the jar tomb to the Church in 446, made up of the church building with the corridors of length (28 m) and view (17 m), in addition to the yard

  • The Monastery

    It is believed that the monastery was converted into a monastery for monks in the Byzantine period. There is presence of traces of crosses carved in the rock in the only room in the basement of the interface.

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