Footprint of a billion-year-old volcano revealed: Satellite images show the bizarre perfect circles left by ancient lava flows in South Africa

Nasa satellite images reveal footprint of a billion-year-old volcano in South Africa

Seen from space, the concentric rings of hills and valleys in South Africa's Pilanesberg National Park make a near perfect circle, with different rings made up of different types of volcanic rock. The rocks are believed to have been created by an ancient volcano which collapsed in on itself a billion years ago. This squeezed magma out from the ground. The magma cooled in the cracks as bands of volcanic rock, mainly rock named syenites and foyaites, which are called dikes.

The moment a 'UFO overtakes' Virgin Atlantic jumbo jet during take-off from New York JFK Airport

This is the moment a plane enthusiast captured a UFO overtaking a flight during take-off from New York JFK airport. The peculiar object has led to speculation that it may be an extraterrestrial craft.

Mystery of 'virgin' shark birth: Female predator did mate... but stored a male's sperm for an astonishing 45 months

Biologists at the California Academy of Sciences and University of Texas Austin believe the brownbanded bamboo shark may store sperm to help produce young despite its solitary lifestyle.

Could 'supercharged genes' be used by terrorists? Technique to genetically modify insects could spread lethal diseases

A geneticist from Tel Aviv University has warned that a new technique to spread 'supercharged' genes in insects could be used for evil as well as good, to eliminate mosquito-borne illnesses such as Malaria.

Now THAT'S a smart watch: Braille timepiece lets blind people read text messages and e-books using 'active dots'

Engineers in South Korea have designed what they claim is the first Braille smartwatch for blind people that can tell the time, alert them to text messages and be used as an e-reader.

No more running reds! BMW's EnLighten app will let drivers know when traffic lights are due to change

The German automaker is the first to embed an app (screenshot shown) that lets drivers anticipate traffic signal changes by displaying real-time data on the dashboard.

Is this the first ever animal to have sex? 565-million-year-old fossil suggests organism cloned itself AND 'mated'

Researchers used high-resolution GPS, spatial statistics and modelling to examine fossils of Fractofusus from Newfoundland, Canada, to determine how they reproduced.

The giant algae bloom turning the Great Lakes GREEN: Scientists warn of 'severe' threat from toxic bacteria

The giant algae 'green monster' turning the Great Lakes GREEN: Scientists warn of 'severe'

Researchers warn that the massive bloom on Lake Eerie (pictured) and Lake St Clair is set to be 'severe', raising fears it could harm the health of holidaymakers and even cause problems for drinking water. The dominant organism in the Lake Erie bloom is Microcystis spp., a type of freshwater blue-green algae that produces a toxin harmful to humans. If consumed, Microcystis can cause numbness, nausea, dizziness, and vomiting and lead to liver damage, and in rare cases, it can be deadly.

Is Apple Music playing YOU the wrong tunes? Users complain streaming service is giving them different versions of tracks

Apple Music (pictured) is designed to let users stream music from a library but people have complained it's unable to distinguish between single, live and acoustic versions of a song.

Looking for the perfect gift? Then plump for something YOU like, say experts 

Giving a gift that is all about your own tastes or personality makes the receiver feel emotionally closer to you than one that reflects their tastes, a study found.

My wife volunteered for a one-way mission to Mars: Husband whose other half signed up for Mars One comes to grips with never seeing her again 

Jason Stanford refers to himself as an 'astronaut wife', because his actual wife and stepmother to their two sons, Sonia Van Meter, 36, was one of the people chosen for the Mars One Project.

Want to boost your brain power? Try climbing trees: Childish pastimes found to improve working memories by 50% 

If crosswords are too easy and Sudoku a touch boring, why not go and climb a tree? A study found that childish pastimes such as climbing tree and running barefoot can dramatically boost memory.

Could we use drones to explore the moon's extinct volcanoes? Nasa is building robotic craft to fly into lunar lava tubes

Engineers at Nasa's Kennedy Space Centre in Florida are developing Extreme Access Flyers to prospect the lunar surface for minerals and explore the network of lava tubes beneath the surface.

Bees vaccinate their babies using royal jelly - and the discovery could help save threatened honey bee populations

Researchers from Arizona State University, University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä and Norwegian University of Life Sciences discovered that queen bees vaccinate their young via a protein in the blood.

No more fumbling for keys! Now you can unlock your front door with a 'swipe and a tap' of an Apple Watch

Apple Watch August app that can unlock your front door with a 'swipe and a tap'

Users of the San Francisco-designed August smart lock (pictured right) can now use an Apple Watch app (screenshots shown left) to lock and unlock their hi-tech front door. The August lock is made of 'durable anodized aluminium' and can be managed using the app which works on a smartphone and Apple Watch, as well as online.


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Can you spot the space station? ISS captured in stunning images as it makes rare pass in front of the moon

ISS captured in stunning images as it makes rare pass in front of the moon

Nasa photographers managed to capture the International Space Station as it was silhouetted in front of the moon just days after the rare Blue Moon (the image on the top right was made using nine frames as the ISS passed in front of the moon). It took just 0.82 seconds for the space station to pass across the bright face of the lunar surface. Normally the space station (shown close up in the image in the centre) is only visible as a fast moving bright speck in the sky, but backlit by the moon's surface, it is possible to make out the ISS's massive solar arrays (as shown in the image bottom right), which are larger than football pitch, making it the largest man-made object in orbit around the Earth.

The curse of being 'cool': Kids who are popular at school become losers as adults, claims study

Picture shows James Dean with Natalie Wood. 

Researchers found teens who were 'cool' at school were far more likely to struggle as an adult, and were at higher risk of falling into a life of alcohol, drugs and crime. Pictured, James Dean.

Microsoft's Chinese 'girlfriend app' becomes huge hit: Xiaoice listens, asks how you're feeling and can even makes jokes

Xiaoice is a Chinese chatbot with a difference. She can remember details from earlier conversations, to ask how a user is feeling about a past event, such as a break up.

Bronze Age knife discovered on beach by tourists: 3,000-year-old leather-working tool found hidden beneath the sand

Two holidaymakers with a metal detector came across the ancient artefact (pictured main from different sides) hidden beneath a stone slab while visiting Sandown Beach on the Isle of Wight.

How math can solve Agatha Christie's whodunnits: Researchers devise setting and language formula to work out who the killer is in crime writer's novels 

One of the pleasures of an Agatha Christie detective story is to try and guess 'whodunnit'. Now researchers claim to have come up with a formula which can help readers identify the perpetrator.

Will AI make us STUPID? fears we're investing more in robot intelligence than our own - but he's confident pop stars won't be replaced by androids

EXCLUSIVE: shared his fears and excitements about future technology with MailOnline while using a fleet of hybrid Lexus sports vehicles and a laser grid to play a song in Madrid.

Is this the weirdest factory in the world? Cutting-edge lab produces one million sterilised mosquitoes per attempt to combat killer disease spread by the insect

The world's largest mosquito factory is based in Guangzhou in southern China and produces around one million of the sterilised insects each week in the hope of preventing dengue fever.

Marines claim $3.5bn F-35B fighter jet is finally ready for service even though it was outperformed by a 40 year old F-16 and lacks the software to fire its own cannons

ALL...KBS03 - 20021029 - WASHINGTON, DC, UNITED STATES : This undated Lockheed Martin file image obtained Tuesday 29 October 2002 shows the X-35 (Experimental) Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) in flight during testing. The F-35 JSF is expected to replace an aging inventory of fighter and attack aircraft, including the AV-8B Harrier, A-10, F-14, F/A-18 and older F-16's. Three variants of the plane are planned, a conventional takeoff and landing (CTOL) for the US Air Force, a carrier-suitable model (CV) for the US Navy, and a short takeoff/vertical landing (STOVL) for the US Marine Corps. The first operational F-35 JSF is scheduled for delivery in 2008.           EPA PHOTO   AFPI / LOCKHEED MARTIN /-/kb/JIM...POL...DEFENCE...WASHINGTON...DC...UNITED STATES

The declaration means that the squadron of 10 F-35Bs stationed with Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 121 in Yuma, Ariz., are 'ready for worldwide deployment,' the Marine Corps said in a statement.

Turn your smartphone into a HOLOGRAM: Device made from an old CD case transforms your mobile into 3D projector

Device made from an old CD case transforms your mobile into 3D projector

A simple hack converts your smartphone into a hologram projector using an old CD case and some sticky tape (pictured, bottom right). The device allows you to view objects on your display apparently floating in mid-air (pictured top right and left). To make the device come to life, simply place it on top of your smartphone while playing specially designed Youtube videos. It produces at 360 degree view of the holographic video, placing a glowing jellyfish or fireworks display almost within your grasp.

Scientists reveal brain interface that can control a cursor accurately enough to allow the paralysed to type and control a wheelchair

Monkeys used their brainwaves to accurately move a cursor, and the research may lead to devices such as a wheelchair that paralysed people can drive with their own brain waves.

Will the iCar be made by BMW? Rumours suggest Apple's fabled vehicle could be based on the electric i3 model

Tim Cook, Apple's CEO, reportedly visited BMW's Leipzig factory to inspect the manufacturing of the i3 (pictured), which the Apple car could be based upon.

New hair layer discovered: Mysterious component may give hair strength and could lead to better shampoos

Scientists at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Source discovered a previously unknown layer in strands of hair between the pigmented cortex and the outer cutical layer, shown in the image above.

Every car needs windows: Microsoft buys into Uber as funding values firm at $51 BILION

Online taxi-hailing company Uber Technologies has closed a new round of funding that values the company at close to $51 billion, with Microsoft as a major investor.

Star discovered with THREE Super-Earths, and one is the closest rocky planet ever found outside our solar system

HD219134b is also the closest transiting planet known to scientists at 21 light years away. This offers a rare opportunity to study its composition and atmosphere against the backdrop of its star.

Shocking map shows how Chinese hackers have breached American cyber-security more than 600 times to steal secrets in the past five years


Chinese hackers stealing American secrets is a problem much worse than originally thought, according to a new map plotting their attacks against the U.S. in the past five years.

The electric bicycle for CHEATS: 'Stealth' ebike boasts a concealed motor and disguises the battery as a water bottle

Gtech's ebike disguises battery as a water bottle and hides the motor

Vacuum cleaner company Gtech, which is based in Worcestershire, has hidden a motor in the frame of its new eBike (pictured left), giving it a top speed of 15mph and a range of 30 miles on one charge. The company, which found success with its AirRam cordless vacuum cleaners, believes the new bike could revolutionise the way people commute (battery concealed as bottle pictured bottom right and motor pictured top)

Asteroid impact triggered sudden cooling on Earth 12,800 years ago - and may have killed off the mammoths

Geologists at the University of California Santa Barbara have pinned down the start of the Younger Dryas period of rapid cooling to 12,800 years ago.

The app that stops your dogs getting FAT: DogSync keeps track of your canine's meals and even when he goes to the toilet

DogSync allows you to receive notifications when your dog is fed or taken for a walk. The app is free and available to download from the iOS App Store, and an Android version coming soon.

Is the Earth's protective magnetic field about to DIE? Study finds fading forces are far older than thought

Researchers said evidence entombed in tiny crystals retrieved from the outback of western Australia indicates the magnetic field arose at least 4.2 billion years ago, much earlier than previously believed.

Satellite image shows California's 'rain debt' is now equal to an entire YEAR of rainfall

A Nasa report found California created a 20 inch (50.8 cm) 'rainfall debt' between 2012 and 2015, largely due to a lack of air currents moving inland from the Pacific Ocean.

Seahorses could be extinct in 30 years: Trade in dried wildlife souvenirs could see the marine creatures wiped out

The Devon-based charity The Seahorse Trust has launched a new campaign to target the sale of dried marine animals as holiday keepsakes to try to save the seahorse from extinction.

Is this the most audacious expenses claim ever? Buzz Aldrin reveals how he put in for $33 for his trip to the moon and had to fill in a customs form when he got back

Buzz Aldrin shows off his Apollo 11 expenses claim for trip to the moon

Aldrin has shared several Apollo 11 documents on social media, including a travel voucher for his expenses (left), in which he billed Nasa $33.31 for his return journey to the moon. Aldrin (inset last year and on the moon in 1969) also unveiled a customs form, in which he declared he was bringing 'moon dust' into the United States.

How far away can YOU see a candle? Raging debate is finally extinguished thanks to study that puts distance at just 1.6 miles

Astronomers at Texas A&M; University have calculated that the faintest stars visible to the human eye are the equivalent of looking at a candle just 2,576 metres (1.6 miles) away.

Caterpillar DRUGS ants to enslave them as bodyguards: Sugary snack from butterfly larvae alters brains of insects

Scientists at Kobe University in Japan have found a sugary liquid produced by the Japanese oakblue caterpillar (pictured) is drunk by ants, causing them to abandon their own colonies.

Google rejects French order to apply the 'right to be forgotten' across the world

French data protection authority, the CNIL, ordered Google to de-list on request search results appearing under a person's name from all its websites, but the Californian tech giant has so far refused.

No more burnt burgers on the barbeque! $199 smartphone-controlled grill tells you when your food is perfectly cooked

The inventor of the grill (top image), from Miami Beach Florida, says it gives users notifications to help them grill food effectively and that the device can even be used indoors.

'Worse than The Dress!' Maddening online debate over the cost of Obamacare turns a simple math question into a complex equation nobody seems able to solve 

What should have been an exceedingly simple arithmetic problem sparked an hour-long debate between two people on Facebook this week - with the original poster's mother even joining in to help.

Dawn of the ROBO-NURSE: Toyota droid can fetch and carry medication, water and even the TV remote for patients

Toyota has shown off its Human Support Robot at a nursing and welfare exhibition in Yokohama, Japan. Engineers believe it could help disabled patients and the elderly around their homes.

Would you wear clothes made from MEAT? Slaughterhouse scraps are transformed into yarn

PhD student Philipp Stossel, from the Functional Materials Laboratory in Zurich added the organic solvent, isopropyl, to a gelatine solution. He was then able to press it into thread.

67P up close: Stunning images taken by Philae lander reveal what the comet looks like from just 30ft away

What comet 67P looks like from 30ft away

The European Space Agency has released spectacular images from the perspective of the Philae lander, as it completed its daring descent to comet 67P (comet pictured from just 9 metres away, main). The images document the probe's fall, and could even reveal where it took up residence after a bumpy landing last November (image of the comet from around two miles or three kilometres away pictured bottom right). Researchers believe there is even evidence that the comet-lander dropped into a hole about its own size just three feet away from a towering cliff (Philae's final landing spot with the probe's leg in the air pictured top right).

The military wants to startle protesters with NOISE: Laser gun will terrify people using screaming balls of plasma

Dubbed the Laser-Induced Plasma Effect, or LIPE, the weapon would be able to produce 130-decibels of noise in a targeted area, equal to that produced by a fighter jet.

Is the truth out there: TEN UFOs are spotted 'dancing' in the skies above Japan sparking mystery

The lights, pictured, appear to float above Osaka for a full two minutes, making their way from one side of the skyline to the other as the cameraman catches the weird phenomenon on camera.

Is Facebook taking over YOUR life? One in every five minutes on smartphones is spent using social network's apps

Facebook has revealed its average users spend 46 minutes a day on its apps, accounting for a fifth of all time spent on smartphones, but despite this its share prices fell in the last quarter.

GM owners advised to stop using OnStar app after hackers use it to remotely unlock cars and start engines

Onstar unit in a 2008 Chevrolet Impala

GM owners advised to stop using OnStar after hackers use it to remotely unlock cars and start engines

Hackers say the mobile app for General Motors Co's OnStar vehicle communications system can be exploited to remotely unlock cars and start engines.

Clear but with a chance of 2,000,000mph solar winds: Cosmic weather forecasts could make space travel safer for astronauts

Astronauts working in space could soon be able to tune into to daily forecasts of space weather much like the shipping forecast thanks to research by scientists at the University of Northumbria.

Microsoft under fire as Windows 10 users find playing Solitaire now costs $10 a year (unless you want to sit through video ads)

Microsoft under fire as Windows 10 users find Solitaire now costs $10 a year if you want it ad free

Users of Microsoft's new Windows 10 software were elated to find the firm had brought back solitaire, the famous free game - until they found it would cost $10 every year to play without ads.

Video from fatal Virgin Galactic crash released as co-pilot tells inquiry of harrowing accident that killed his colleague

Video from onboard cameras revealing the fatal crash of a Virgin Galactic spaceship last year has been released, along with surviving pilot's recollection of his harrowing fall to Earth.

Buzzed by a 'space peanut': Nasa reveals strange shaped asteroid that passed just 4.5m miles from Earth last weekend

NASA reveals strange space peanut asteroid that passed Earth last weekend

The bizarrely-shaped asteroid appears to be what is known as a contact binary, which is an asteroid with two lobes that are stuck together. The images show the rotation of the asteroid, named 1999 JD6, which made its closest approach on July 24 at 9:55 p.m. PDT (12:55 a.m. EDT on July 25). The asteroid remained at a distance of about 4.5 million miles (7.2 million km), or about 19 times the distance from Earth to the moon.

Failed stars have aurora that glow a million times brighter than the northern lights and could show the way to new planets

Embargoed to 1800 Wednesday July 29
Undated handout photo issued by Caltech of an artist's impression of a powerful aurora surrounding "brown dwarf" LSR J1835+3259, after one has been discovered lighting up the skies of the distant brown dwarf, or "failed star". PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Wednesday July 29, 2015. It is the first time an aurora, caused by charged particles striking atmospheric atoms, has been spotted outside the solar system. See PA story SCIENCE Aurora. Photo credit should read: Chuck Carter and Gregg Hallinan/Caltech/PA Wire
NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.

Failed stars host powerful aurora displays
Astronomers discover brown dwarfs behave more like planets than stars
The dim stars remain have powerful aurora

So-called failed stars, which are difficult to detect and also remain hard to classify, host powerful aurora just like Earth, researchers have found.

Back to the future? Time travel could create doppelgangers that would ultimately destroy each other, claims radical theory

Robert Nemiroff, a physicist at Michigan Technological University has worked out mathematical equations to show how this could happen if faster-than-light travel was possible.

Have scientists invented real-life adamantium? New alloy has highest melting point of any known substance at 4,126°C

Scientists at Brown University in Rhode Island have found the formula for an alloy that would melt at 4,126°C (7,460°F). They now hope to synthesise the material from hafnium, carbon and nitrogen.

Could websites block users according to their RACE? Software that checks genetic profile of users developed

Genetic Access Control was developed to look at the genetic profile held by DNA analysis firm 23andMe. It can check a user's ethnicity, gender or disease risk before they access a website.

Blue moon on the horizon: Rare phenomenon of two full moons within a calendar month will light up skies on Friday

The unusual lunar event will take place on Friday and will be visible around the world. It will be the first 'blue moon' to occur since 2012, shown in this image of the moon over Cincinnati, Ohio.

What makes us cheat? HORMONES: People with high levels of certain chemicals 'are more likely to behave badly' 

New research from Harvard and the University of Texas suggests that higher levels of two hormones in our bodies, testosterone and cortisol, encourages cheating and other unethical behaviour.

Nasa's 'impossible' fuel-free thrusters DO work: German scientists confirm viability of super-fast space travel that could slash a journey to the moon down to 4 HOURS

Martin Tajmar, professor and chair for Space Systems at the Dresden University of Technology, confirmed that the EMDrive creates thrust in a vacuum and could revolutionise space travel.

Are YOU prepared for a major solar storm? World will have just 12 hours warning if the sun erupts

The British government has released its Space Weather Preparedness Strategy and warns a major solar storm could trigger power cuts and bring travel disruption as GPS networks go down.

So much for human kindness! Friendly hitchhiking robot is found DECAPITATED and MAIMED in Philadelphia just 300 miles into its attempt to cross the country

Friendly hitchhiking robot is beaten to a pulp in Philly two weeks after entering country

The friendly hitchhiking robot was found damaged beyond repair in Philly with its head ripped off and both arms torn from their sockets in Philly. HitchBOT set out to travel cross-country by relying on the kindness of strangers to pick it up and pass it on to other travelers. The world-traveled robot's trip began on July 17 in Marblehead, Massachusetts but has now had to call it quits.

And we needed a study to tell us this? Texting while walking makes people move more slowly

University of Bath and Texas A&M; University scientists found multi-tasking while walking and using a phone significantly affects the way a person walks.

The chemistry of TATTOOS: Video reveals why the 3,000 puncture wounds endured per minute result in a permanent inking

Rachel Feltman from the Washington Post explains exactly what is happening on the cellular level as she gets inked, including why tattoos are permanent, what the ink is made of and why they fade.

Chimps detox too! Primates binge on mineral-rich clay to purify their bodies and boost their health 

Biologists at the University of Oxford and St Andrews University have found chimps in the Budongo forest in Uganda are eating clay to supplement the minerals in their diet and neutralise toxins.

Happiness is a swing in a hammock (if you're a HAMSTER): Rodents only need to scamper about or play on a swing to boost their mood

A UK study to measure the mood of the animals found that in an 'enriched environment' - with extra bedding and hammocks - they displayed mental states similar to those seen in happy people.

Tyrannosaurus rex had teeth like a STEAK KNIFE: Serrated bite of carnivores could crush bones, analysis reveals

University of Toronto Mississauga paleontologist Kirstin Brink said fossil evidence showed that T. rex's serrated teeth could crush bone and rip through the meat of its prey.

Switching off street lights at night does NOT cause more car crashes or boost crime, study claims 

The University College London study analysed figures for 62 councils in England and Wales and found there was no rise in crime including robberies, sex attacks or burglaries.

Watch the terrifying moment a great white shark RAMS a boat and almost capsizes it ... but don't worry, it's only saying 'hello'

Watch the terrifying moment a great white shark RAMS a boat and almost capsizes it ... but

EXCLUSIVE: A video shot in New Zealand shows a great white rocking and biting at a boat with two men on board, but an expert told MailOnline that it was not showing aggressive behavior. The chilling clip comes from a Discovery Channel documentary called 'Lair of the Mega Shark' which airs this Sunday. In it, shark experts Jeff Kerr and Andy Casagrande head to New Zealand to investigate the sightings of a 20 foot Great White Shark and tag them with a fin cam to track the sharks and their migration.

'Kindle' street signs go on trial in Australia: E-ink screens provide clearer parking instructions in bright sunlight


Australia's Roads and Maritime Services (RMS) embedded e-ink screens (pictured), like used in Amazon's e-reader, in signs in Sydney for 'the first time' to make life easier for motorists.

Amazon reveals plans for a drone superhighway: Firm details 'air traffic control' for UAVs in bid to speed approval

Its vision, which is in line with that of Google's, is for tracked drones to communicate their positions to a centralised computer system available to all operators, similar to aviation airspace.

Fatal Virgin Galactic crash was caused by 'braking error': Co-pilot unlocked the craft's feathering system too early, report finds

The National Transportation Safety Board found that co-pilot Michael Alsbury unlocked the feathering system at Mach 0.92 instead of Mach 1.4, causing brakes to be applied.

Google wants the world to go meat-free: Search giant tried to buy a veggie burger start-up for $300 MILLION

Impossible foods is working on meat and cheese alternatives made entirely from plants, and hope to unveil its Impossible Burger, made entirely from plants later this year.

Would you use a SPRAY-ON condom? Girlplay concept uses aerosol latex to prevent pregnancy

Michele Chu, a student at Pratt Institute in New York, has designed a spray-on condom that comes with a 'lover's kit' including a smart bra that can be unhooked using a remote control.

'Mother of all Android bugs' could infect almost a BILLION handsets through a simple message users don't even have to open

Mobile security researchers have discovered the 'mother of Android bugs' - and say it can infect your phone simply by receiving an MMS message.

How to make it rain in the DESERT: UAE fires salt rockets in attempt to seed clouds and trigger much-needed downpours

The desert nation UAE ranks among the world's 10 driest countries. Rain triggered through cloud seeding is much cheaper than desalinated water, increasing rain by 70 per cent.

The Navy SEALs' secret 'Batsub' revealed: Proteus mini stealth craft can carry six elite frogmen underwater

Navy Seals secret 'batsub' revealed: Proteus can carry six frogmen

It may look like the latest vehicle in Batman's fleet of vehicles. but this mini sub is set to be used by special forces to silently drop frogmen off underwater. The six person Proteus sub can even pilot itself to pick up soldiers, or rescue them from enemy waters.

How stars travel the Milky Way: Map provides the first evidence of stellar migration in our galaxy

The map, created by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-III, found that nearly a third of the stars in our own galaxy have dramatically changed their orbits.

Ants like to look their best! Insects use 'combs' and 'brushes' to groom their antenna 

Researchers at the University of Cambridge have discovered that ants use three types of hair and bristles on their front legs to meticulously clean dirt from their antennae.

The smog-eating TOWER: 'World's largest air purifier' building will suck pollutants from the skies to lock them inside jewellery

The Smog Free Tower will create a 'cube of smog' from every 1,000 cubic metres of air it cleans when it travels around the world, starting its journey in Rotterdam in The Netherlands.

Vikings were the original PACKAGE HOLIDAY tourists: Sightseeing and souvenirs inspired raids on Britain

Dr Ashby from the Department of Archaeology at the University of York said there were social reasons for raids on Britain as well as seeking wealth and power.

Apple's iPhone 6s revealed: Leaked shots show screen of supercharged handset being released in September

The images reveal the front facade of the iPhone 6s, it is claimed. Experts say the device will look almost identical to the 6 and 6 plus on the exterior, but will have a new screen and be far faster.

Does semen control a woman's behaviour? Exposure may affect genes, hormones and fertility, research claims

University of East Anglia scientists, say one of the proteins in semen is a 'master regulator' of genes  - and females exposed to it showed a wide range of changes in gene expression.

A tale of two coasts: Stunning Nasa satellite animation reveals record rainfall on the east side of the US while the west scorches

NASA satellite animation shows rainfall on east coast of US while west scorches

From the Rockies westward, rainfall has been much sparser over the last six months, meanwhile California and the southwest received little relief from their punishing drought. The Pacific northwest has received below average rainfall and not enough snowfall which they, like California, rely on for part of their water supply. Accumulated rain totals are shown in different colours: 0 to 1 inch is light blue, up to 12 inches is green, up to 20 inches is yellow, and up to 40 inches is red.

AI will make a global arms race 'virtually inevitable': Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk call for ban on automated smart weapons

The warning was made in an open letter by the Future of Life Institute which predicts that it will only be a matter of time until AI weapons they appear on the black market.

Are YOUR apps hijacking your phone? Thousands of games are secretly running hidden ads, causing mobiles to freeze

Over a 10-day study, Forensiq found one per cent of all devices in the U.S. ran at least one app committing this kind of fraud. In Europe and Asia, two to three per cent of devices are affected.

The anti-DRONE missile: US Army fires steerable smart shells that can bring down UAVs from miles away

Called the Extended Area Protection and Survivability Integrated Demonstration, or EAPS ID, Army bosses revealed the weapon has already been fired at Picatinny Arsenal in New Jersey.

Clocks 'SPEAK' to each other: Mystery of how pendulum clocks synchronise their ticks and tocks solved after 350 years

Scientists at the University of Lisbon, Portugal, used high precision optical lasers to measure two pendulum clocks and found the sound they produced gives a 'kick' that alters the pendulum swing.

Does music give you an ORGASM? Certain melodies and harmonies can trigger a physical response similar to sex in some

Scientists at Wesleyan University in Connecticut have revealed that while 80 per cent of listeners experience physical reactions to music, a small number experience 'skin orgasms'.

The 4x4 of mobile phones: Caterpillar's S40 rugged handset is made to withstand sun, water, dust, and shocks

Caterpillar's S40 smart phone can withstand sun, water, dust, and shocks

The S40 (pictured) is water, dust and shock-proof, boasts a large capacity battery and has glove-on and wet-finger tracking technology. The Caterpillar S40 will go on sale tomorrow for £399.99 (€429). The new device, running Android's latest Lollipop OS, is equipped with 4G  and will go on sale from tomorrow. The S40's super bight screen - allowing the device to be viewed in direct sunlight - is the biggest change from the last release.

The Death Star weapon is here! Japan fires world's most powerful laser to produce energy equal to 1,000 times the planet's power consumption

Osaka University was able to produce a 2-petawatt - or 2 quadrillion-watt - laser beam using the Laser for Fast Ignition Experiments. This is equivalent to 1,000 times the world's electricity consumption.

At last I can see my grandchild again... thanks to my new 'Hubble telescope' eyes: Grandmother becomes one of the first British patients to benefit from revolutionary new eye implant

Four years ago, Irene da Silva, from Plymouth, was told by specialists that there was no cure or effective treatment that would halt the progress of her eye disease.

What are the 'blood trails' on Saturn's moon? Experts are stumped by mysterious arch-shaped red lines on Tethys' icy surface

Cassini scientists are baffled by the presence of the red lines, with some suggesting they may be exposed ice with chemical impurities, or the result of outgassing from inside Tethys.

An Uber for personal assistants has arrived! Free GoButler service gets you whatever you need with a simple text

Today, the service announced that it has gone out of beta testing and is now available across the US, Canada, the UK, Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Is there a jellyfish invasion on its way? Venomous Portuguese man o' war washes up on British beach

A Portuguese man o' war has been found at Portheras Cove in Cornwall. Experts have warned there may be more on the way and urged the public not to touch it.

Windows 10 is here: Microsoft finally launches 'last version' of its OS as experts give it a lukewarm reception (but say you should still upgrade)

The new Windows 10 start menu (Microsoft/PA)

Windows 10, the biggest update Microsoft has made to its computer software, has finally launched after a massive beta test programme.

The tiny robot that walks on WATER: Mechanical 'bug' could be used for covert surveillance

Engineers at Seoul National University in South Korea studied water striders (pictured) to develop the characteristics of their tiny robot.

Did early humans eat their CHILDREN? 100,000-year-old thigh bones unearthed in China show signs of bite marks

Archaeologists found two pieces of thigh bone (pictured) at a site close to Xuchang City in China where skull fragments of an extinct 100,000-year-old human species were previously found.

Does this tooth belong to one of the first Europeans? 580,000-year-old incisor unearthed in French cave by teenager

Volunteer Camille Jacquey unearthed the tooth in the rocky soil of the Arago Cave in Tautaval in the French Pyrenees. Experts have described it as a 'major discovery'.

The Single White Female APP: Shryne lets you archive every text, tweet, Facebook photo and email from your ex 

The app could be said to evoke the film Single White Female in which Alison 'Allie' Jones, played by Bridget Fonda (pictured), becomes obsessed with her flatmate.

What happens to Alka-seltzer in space? Effervescent tablet fizzes furiously inside a floating bubble of water... but drinking it might be a bit of a headache

Nasa astronaut Terry Virts added an antacid tablet to a globule of water on the International Space Station to see what would happen. In low gravity it fizzed in mid-air, spitting water in all directions.

Beauty science is BOGUS: Just 14% of claims made by cosmetics firms are acceptable, say researchers

Marketing experts at Valdosta State University, Georgia and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, studied how much truth lies in glossy adverts in women's magazines such as Vogue and Elle.

The first humans out of Africa were small and scrawny: Controversial study claims ape-like Homo habilis may have been first to migrate to Asia and Europe

Analysis of early human fossils by researchers at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada, suggests it was 'Handy man' not Homo erectus who were first to migrate from Africa.

Is being a perfectionist RUINING your career? Striving for excellence leads to burnout, study warns

Researchers from York St John University and the University of Bath have found it is 'largely destructive' and can lead to poorer performance at work.

Why you put sugar in your coffee - and it's NOT because you've got a sweet tooth

Scientists at the University of York found that caffeine, sugar and water interact at a molecular level to block the bitter taste that some coffee drinkers (illustrated) dislike.

Facebook's drone is ready for take off: Firm reveals giant craft with the wingspan of a 737 designed to beam the internet to Earth

Aquila, a drone with a 130-ft (40-m) wingspan built by social media company Facebook, is shown in this publicity photo released to Reuters on July 30, 2015. Facebook has completed building the drone to deliver Internet to remote parts of the world, and it is now ready for testing.  REUTERS/Facebook/Handout via ReutersATTENTION EDITORS - THIS PICTURE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. REUTERS IS UNABLE TO INDEPENDENTLY VERIFY THE AUTHENTICITY, CONTENT, LOCATION OR DATE OF THIS IMAGE. NO SALES. NO ARCHIVES. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. THIS PICTURE IS DISTRIBUTED EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS.      TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Facebook says it will begin test flights later this year of a solar-powered drone with the wingspan of a Boeing 737, the next stage of its campaign to deliver Internet service to remote parts of the world.

US military's smart rifle can be HACKED: Security researchers remotely change weapon's target and disable its scope

Security researchers Sandvik and Auger demonstrated at a West Virginia firing range how they could change the target by feeding inaccurate data to the targeting computer.

Vitamin B3 comes from SPACE: Niacin finding supports theories of extraterrestrial origin for life on Earth

Researchers at Nasa's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland showed how vitamin B3, a building block for life, can be made in space when ice is bombarded with radiation.

Why your WET DOG smells so distinctive: Canine pong contains notes of honey and almonds ... and a touch of sulphur

A Bournemouth-based chemistry teacher explains bacteria and yeast dwelling in dog hair are mostly responsible for the nasty odour.

Is the OnePlus 2 an iPhone killer? £239 smartphone boasts a powerful camera and high res screen for half the cost of Apple's handset

Made by a Chinese start-up, the 5.5-inch model witha 13 megapixel camera is the follow-up to last year's popular OnePlus One.

From Occota to Haulani: Nasa renames the features of Ceres after gods and reveals its dramatic terrain in stunning new maps

Some of these craters and other features now have official names, inspired by spirits and deities relating to agriculture from a variety of cultures, such as Haulani, after the Hawaiian plant goddess.

Monstrous GIANT SQUID caught on camera: Russian fishermen desperately try to save their catch from terror of the deep

The squid can be seen feasting on a fish as it is hauled out of the ocean onto a fishing vessel while Russian sailors try to prod it with a long pole from the side of the boat to try to save their catch.

End of the world is not nigh after all (it's been pushed back till 2100): Scientists use computer model to predict how quickly resources will run out

A doom-laden US study in 1972 predicted that the earth would run out of food and resources, becoming uninhabitable by around 2050. British scientists now claim we have a little more time.

Dolphin species work together to BABYSIT: Bottlenose and Atlantic spotted mammals team up to chase away intruders

Atlantic spotted dolphins and bottlenose dolphins were studied by The Wild Dolphin Project in The Bahamas over the space of 30 years, providing insight into how the species rely on each other.

The HUMAN water bomb: Watch a giant balloon with a man inside burst in spectacular slow motion

The 4K video is a remake of a video made by the Texas-based Slow Mo Guys in 2011. The latest video shows one half of the pair, Daniel Gruchy, inside a 6ft water balloon as it fills with water.

The mysterious Chinese house of horrors: Researchers find almost 100 deformed dead bodies stacked in ancient home 

The 5,000-year-old house found in China was about 14 by 15 feet in size.

The home includes the bodies of juveniles, young adults and middle-age adults - all crammed into a house measuring just 20 square metres.

New Horizons finds another icy mountain range on Pluto, and reveals the dwarf planet's tiniest 'red jellybean' moon

New Horizons spotted a new, apparently less lofty series of mountains on the lower-left edge of Pluto's best known feature, the bright, heart-shaped region named Tombaugh Regio.

Formula One for DRONES: Aircraft dodge obstacles and crash into each other while tackling a fiendishly difficult racecourse

The flying machines were controlled by competitors wearing goggles with video links at a difficult course at Drinkwater Park in the north Manchester suburb of Prestwich.

Return of the FLIP PHONE: LG unveils budget 90s-style mobile with a small screen and a 3MP camera

The LG Gentle handset (pictured) has a 3.2-inch colour touch screen and will launch in South Korea, but there's no news whether the smartphone will come to the UK or US.

Major earthquake on San Francisco's Hayward Fault expected 'any day now': 140-year wait has come to an end, claims geophysicist

Residents of the San Francisco Bay area should prepare for a major earthquake 'any day now' according to a scientist from the US Geological Survey.

Motorola unveils 'the world's fastest-charging smartphone' and a revamped budget Moto G handset with a 13MP camera

Illinois-based Motorola has launched a trio of smartphones in an attempt to dominate both the high and low end of the mobile market.

Life on Earth began with 'hiccups': Reproduction started slowly in primordial soup rather than with a bang

Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York used computer models to simulate how strands of molecules like RNA may have first emerged on the early Earth (illustrated).

Did heartburn evolve to protect us from food poisoning? High acid levels in human stomachs may be a hangover of our scavenger past

Biologists at North Carolina State University found humans have similar stomach acidity to scavengers. A thermograph of heartburn in the stomach is shown.

Are Apple's earpods going wireless? Patent suggests fitness-friendly rubbery earbuds are designed to stay in while running

The patent awarded by the US Patent and Trademark Office shows a design for earbuds with a bendy rubber outside part that's designed to mould to a user's ear so the buds don't fall out easily.

Exam results are down to your GENES: DNA plays a bigger part in success than school and home life combined

Scientists from King's College London analysed genetic data from 12,500 identical and non-identical twins to assess the importance of genetic factors in academic achievement.

China wants to reinvent the internet: Superpower aims to run part of the net on its own terms and police social media

A report suggests China wants to exert influence over every part of the tech industry and web in china, from social media to semi-conductors.

The African golden jackal is a WOLF: First new canid species to be found in 150 years was hiding in plain sight, say scientists

Genetic analysis by the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Washington has found golden jackals of Africa and Eurasia are two distantly related species.

The four legged SNAKE: Fossil find reveals serpents evolved from burrowing lizards

The discovery of a four-legged fossil of a snake hints that this suborder may have evolved from burrowing, rather than marine, ancestors. The unique four-legged specimen, found in Brazil's Crato Formation, provides us with more insight into how these creatures transitioned into the sleek, slithering reptiles that we are familiar with - and often fearful of - today. By analyzing both the genetics and the morphological features of this species compared to other known snake species, and giving different weight to each factor in four separate analyses, the authors determined that the four-legged creature is in fact an ancestor of modern-day snakes. The newly discovered species Tetrapodophis amplectus, which lived during the Early Cretaceous 146 to 100 million years ago, maintains many classic snake features, such as a short snout, long braincase, elongated body, scales, fanged teeth and a flexible jaw to swallow large prey. It also maintains the typical vertebrae structure seen in modern-

The first known fossil of a four-legged snake has been discovered by scientists who believe it may help unravel the mystery of how serpents lost their legs.

Nasa's biggest ever rocket gets closer to reality: Agency completes review of Space Launch System to send humans to Mars

The in-depth review - the first in almost 40 years for a Nasa exploration class vehicle - provides a final look at the design of the rocket before full-scale construction begins in 2018.

Israeli top secret missile launcher disguised as a TANK finally declassified after 30 years of rumors and secret missions

An Israeli soldier gestures in front of a Merkava tank at an army deployment area near Israel's border with the Gaza Strip, on July 12, 2014. Israel pounded Gaza for a fifth day with air strikes and artillery, killing 22 Palestinians as Hamas defiantly kept up its rocket fire into the Jewish state.   AFP PHOTO / JACK GUEZ        (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

The front of the vehicle is fitted with a fake cannon so it looks like a standard main battle tank, with 12 Spike anti-tank missiles hidden at its rear.

Were Aborigines the first AMERICANS? Native tribes in the Amazon found to be most closely related to indigenous Australians

A study by geneticists at Harvard Medical School has found three native tribes in the Amazon who share more DNA with Aborigines from Australasia than any other modern population.

Is the Amazon rainforest MAN-MADE? At least 8 MILLION humans may have lived and farmed the basin at its peak, study claims

Scientists in Brazil have uncovered evidence that between eight and 50 million people lived around the Amazon river by 1492 and farmed extensively in the region, shown in the map pictured.

Should we MINE the Moon? Selling off resources could make colonising the lunar surface more affordable

A Nasa-funded study has found it may be possible to cut the cost of missions to the moon by 90 per cent by working with private companies who could dig up hydrogen fuel from the lunar surface.

Face of Thankerton Man revealed: Copper Age skull is finally given a face, showing what Scots looked like 4,000 years ago

Experts at the University of Dundee built the model based on a skull found at Boatbridge Quarry in Thankerton. The man is unusually tall for the Copper Age, standing at 5 foot 11 (1.8 m).

Nowhere to hide: Facial recognition technology can identify people in complete DARKNESS by reading thermal signatures

Computer scientists at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, developed the new technique that reads a person's thermal signature (right).

Will a robot take your job? Majority of senior managers say they would use a robot to do white collar office work

A survey of managers has shown 70 per cent of them would consider using a robot on their team, suggesting a future like that depicted in the TV series Humans (pictured) may become a reality.

Turning factory workers into SUPERHEROES: Exoskeleton lets humans pick up objects TEN times heavier than they would normally be able to carry

Dubbed Robo-Mate, the German technology adds metallic supports to arm, legs and the back to allow workers to lift ten kilograms, making it feel like just one.

Who knew slugs could be CUTE? Tiny molluscs dubbed 'sea bunnies' thanks to their fluffy-looking bodies and 'ears'

Footage of the slugs was captured by Japan-based Dive Store Exiles. Named Jorunna parva, the slugs have been dubbed 'sea bunnies' because of their white bodies and ear-shaped spines.

'We've got a 1% chance of making contact': Head of $100m hunt for alien life backed by Professor Stephen Hawking and Russian billionaire Yuri Milner reveals its chances 

EXCLUSIVE: Peter Worden (pictured), the ex-head of Nasa's Ames Research Center, said the team made the calculation 'as we were waiting for the press conference announcing this to start'.

America like you've never seen it before: New Nasa camera provides an 'EPIC' view of Earth from a million miles away

The blue marble was captured by the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (Epic) and created by combining three separate images to show our planet in incredible detail.

What's next for New Horizons? Probe may be first to venture into icy Kuiper Belt surrounding our solar system after historic Pluto mission

Nasa is to consider sending the New Horizons probe to one of two frozen objects in the ring of debris orbiting four billion miles from the sun. The spacecraft has power to last 20 more years.

Pictures this good only come round once in a blue moon: Glorious images of second full moon in a month which won't happen again until 2018 

Stargazers gathered around the world and at the legendary Glastonbury Tor (pictured) to watch the rare astronomical phenomenon, when a full moon occurs twice within one calendar month.

Have scientists found the key to eternal life? Discovery of how to switch off ageing process in worms could lead to mechanism being delayed in humans 

A study of worms by scientists at Northwestern University in the US showed adult cells abruptly begin their downhill slide when they reach reproductive maturity.

How fleek, faved and famo conquered America: Interactive map reveals how new words spread across the nation

WARNING GRAPHIC LANGUAGE: The maps reveal how words, such as baeless and boolin, spread in each county in a given week and how it spread over a year.

The Weyl fermion is finally discovered: Massless particle first theorised in 1929 could pave way for next-generation quantum computing

Researchers in Princeton have discovered a new particle that can act as matter and antimatter simultaneously, and could one day help to build a more stable quantum computer.

Does becoming a father make men SEXIST? New role makes attitudes to childcare and housework more traditional, study claims

The University of Queensland study found that after the birth of their first child men believe more strongly that a woman's most important role in life is being a mother.

Taxi for Genet! Researchers capture video of wild cat-like creature riding on the back of a RHINO - and say he often travels by buffalo as well

The amazing incident took place at Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Park in South Africa, and experts say the creature may be using the animal to avoid predators - or just catch a lift.

Will the Apple Watch be the surprise Christmas must have? Best Buy to begin selling smartwatch in time for holidays

The Apple Watch and Apple Watch Sport models will be sold at more than 300 Best Buy stores in time for the holiday shopping season, a spokeswoman for Apple said.

Is YOUR penis 'good looking'? Medical study reveals what women really rate as important (and it's NOT length)

Overall cosmetic appearance was rated as the most essential factor, girth was third and length only sixth out of eight aspects, say researchers writing in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

I came, I PAWED, I conquered! Roman 'army cat' left its prints in a 2,000-year-old clay tile discovered in Gloucester

A domestic cat - possibly the companion of a Roman soldier stationed at the site in Gloucester - is believed to have made the print as the tile dried in the sun in around 100AD.

The plane which could mean non-stop flights from the UK to Australia (but you'll have to wait until 2050 to try it)

KLM AHEAD design aircraft.jpg

Dutch airline KLM has teamed up with Delft University of Technology to produce concept designs that burn cryogenic hydrogen.

Goodbye Pluto! Final image of dwarf planet reveals strange hazy atmosphere as stunning new shots confirm the 'dark heart' has moving GLACIERS made of nitrogen

The latest images reveal signs of recent geologic activity, something scientists hoped to find but didn't expect, along with unexplained layers of haze several times higher than scientists predicted.