भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Flag Coat of arms
"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"  (transliteration)
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"
Russia proper (dark green) Disputed Crimean peninsula (internationally viewed as territory of Ukraine, but de facto administered by Russia) (light green)[१]
Russia proper (dark green)
Disputed Crimean peninsula (internationally viewed as territory of Ukraine, but de facto administered by Russia) (light green)[१]
and largest city
Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow
55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.75, 37.617
Official languages Russian
Recognised languages 27 other languages co-official in various regions
Ethnic groups (2010[२])
Demonym Russians (Rossiyane)
Government Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Vladimir Putin
 -  Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev
 -  Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matviyenko
 -  Chairman of the State Duma Sergey Naryshkin
Legislature Federal Assembly
 -  Upper house Federation Council
 -  Lower house State Duma
 -  Arrival of Rurik, considered as a foundation event by the Russian authorities[३] 862 
 -  Kievan Rus' 882 
 -  Grand Duchy of Moscow 1283 
 -  Tsardom of Russia 16 January 1547 
 -  Russian Empire 22 October 1721 
 -  Russian SFSR 6 November 1917 
 -  Soviet Union 10 December 1922 
 -  Russian Federation 25 December 1991 
 -  Adoption of the current Constitution of Russia 12 December 1993 
 -  Total १७,०९८,२४२ (Crimea not included) km2 (1st)
६,५९२,८०० (Crimea not included) sq mi
 -  Water (%) 13[४] (including swamps)
 -  2014 estimate 143,800,000[५] (not including Crimea and Sevastopol) (9th)
 -  Density 8.4/km2 (217th)
२१.५/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.630 trillion[६] (6th)
 -  Per capita $18,408[६] (58th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.092 trillion[६] (9th)
 -  Per capita $14,645[६] (51st)
Gini (2011) 41.7[७]
medium · 83rd
HDI (2013) Steady 0.778[८]
high · 57th
Currency Russian ruble (RUB)
Time zone (UTC+3 to +12a)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +7
Internet TLD
a. Excluding +5.

रूस यूरोप क एगो देस हवे। एकर राजधानी मास्को हवे।


  1. Taylor, Adam. "Crimea has joined the ranks of the world's 'gray areas.' Here are the others on that list.". The Washington Post. तारीख 27 March 2014 के उतारल गइल. 
  2. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named perepis-2010.ru
  3. Указ Президента РФ "О праздновании 1150-летия зарождения российской государственности" टेम्पलेट:Ru icon
  4. "The Russian federation: general characteristics". Federal State Statistics Service. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. तारीख 5 April 2008 के उतारल गइल. 
  5. http://www.gks.ru/bgd/free/B14_00/IssWWW.exe/Stg//%3Cextid%3E/%3Cstoragepath%3E::%7Cdk06/8-0.doc
  6. ६.० ६.१ ६.२ ६.३ "Russia". International Monetary Fund. तारीख 30 June 2014 के उतारल गइल. 
  7. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. तारीख 5 January 2014 के उतारल गइल. 
  8. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. तारीख 27 July 2014 के उतारल गइल.