Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
For ither uisses, see Roushie (disambiguation).
Российская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Roushie Federation
Banner o Roushie Coat o airms o Roushie
(Banner) (Coat o Airms)
Roushie's airt in the warld
Offeecial leid Roushie offeecial throughout nation; thirty ithers co-offeecial in various regions
Caipital Moscow
Lairgest ceety Moscow

 - Preses
 - Prime Meenister
Semi-presidential federal republic
Vladimir Putin
Dmitry Medvedev  
 - Tot
 - % watter

17,075,400 km²
 - 2006 Estimate Density
 - Declarit
 - Finalisit

12 June 1990
25 December 1991
Siller Ruble (RUB)
Time zone UTC +2 tae +12, Summer: UTC +3 tae +13
Naitional anthem Naitional anthem o Roushie
Internet TLD .ru
Cawin code +7

Roushie (offeecially the Roushie Federation Roushie: Российская Федерация, or Россия) is a kintra on the Asie an Europe continent. It is bund bi twa oceans (the Airctic an Paceefic), an bi the kintras Norawa, Finland, Estonie, Latvie, Lithuanie, Poland, Belaroushie, Ukraine, Georgie, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Cheenae, Mongolie an North Korea. Its caipital is Moscow, an its current Preses is Vladimir Putin.

Roushie i/ˈruʃi/ or /ˈruʃe/ (Roushie: Россия, tr. rossiya; ipa: [rɐˈsʲijə] , officially kent as the Roushie Federation(Roushie: Российская Федерация, tr. rossiyskaya federatsiya; ipa: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə] ,is a kintra in northren Eurasie.[11] it is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprisin' 83 federal subjects. frae northwast tae sootheast, Roushie skares mairches wi Norway, Finland, Estonie, Latvie, Lithuanie an Poland (baith via the Kaliningrad oblast), Belaroushie, Ukraine, Georgie, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Cheenae, Mongolie, an North Korea. it haes sea borders wi Japan by the brine o Okhotsk, an the U.S. State o Alaska athwart the Bering Strait. at 17,075,400 square kilometre (6,592,800 sq mi), Roushie is the largest coontry in the warld, coverin' mair than one-eighth ay the earth's inhabited lain area. Roushie is also the world's ninth most populoos nation wi' 143 million fowk as ay 2012. extendin' athwart the whole ay northern asia, Roushie spans nine time zones an' incorporates a wide range ay environments an' landforms. Roushie has the world's largest reserves ay mineral an' energy resoorces an' is the largest producer ay oil an' natural gas globally. Roushie has the world's largest forest reserves an' its lochs contain approximately one-quarter o the waorld's liquid caller watter.

Th' nation's history began wi' 'at ay th' eest slavs, fa emerged as a recognizable crew in europe atween th' 3rd an' 8th centuries ad. foonded an' ruled by a varangian warriur elite an' their descendants, th' medieval state ay rus arose in th' 9th century. in 988 it adopted orthodox christianity frae th' byzantine empire, beginnin' th' synthesis ay byzantine an' slavic cultures 'at defined Roushie cultur fur th' next millennium. rus' ultimately disintegrated intae a number ay smaller states; most ay th' rus' lands waur overrin by th' mongol invasion an' becam tributaries ay th' nomadic golden horde. th' grain duchy ay moscaw gradually reunified th' surroondin' Roushie principalities, achieved independence frae th' golden horde, an' cam tae dominate th' cultural an' political legacy ay kievan rus'. by th' 18th century, th' nation hud greatly expanded ben conquest, annexation, an' exploration tae become th' Roushie empire, which was th' third largest empire in history, stretchin' frae polain in europe tae alaska in north america.

Followin' th' Roushie revolution, th' Roushie soviit federatife socialist republic becam th' largest an' leadin' constituent ay th' soviit union, th' world's first constitutionally socialist state an' a recognized superpower, which played a decisife role in th' allied victory in warld war ii. th' soviit era saw some o th' most significant technological achievements o th' 20th century, includin' th' world's first human spaceflecht. th' Roushie federation becam th' successur state o th' Roushie sfsr followin' th' dissolution o th' soviit union in 1991, an' is recognized as th' continuin' legal personality o th' all-union state.

Th' Roushie economy is th' world's ninth largest by nominal gdp an' sixth largest by purchasin' power parity, wi' th' 3rd largest nominal military budgit. Roushie is a body o th' world's fastest growin' majur economies. it is a body o th' fife recognized nuclear weapons states an' possesses th' largest stockpile o weapons o mass destruction. Roushie is a stoatin power an' a permanent member o th' united nations security cooncil, a member o th' g8, g20, th' cooncil o europe, th' asia-pacific economic cooperation, th' shanghai cooperation organisation, th' eurasian economic community, th' organisation fur security an' cooperation in europe (osce), th' warld trade organisation (wto), an' is th' leadin' member o th' commonwealth o independent states

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The airts aboot Moscow becam pairt o tha Kievan Rus Empire in the 800's AD. The Ceety-states o Vladimir-Suzdal an Novgorod becam independent whan Kievan Rus gat weaker. Vladimir Suzdal is conseedert the stairt o Roushae. Bi 1300, Kievan Rus wis weak, an the Mongols syne invadit. Roushae wad be ruled bi the Mongols for ower 200 year. In this time, Moscow, that haed stairtit oot as a wee veelage in Vladimir-Suzdal, becam the maist pouerfu o the Roushae Ceety-States. Ivan the Great o Moscow unitit the smaa Roushae Ceety-States, an bi 1471, Novgorod the maist pouerfu o the Roushae ceety-States wis annext in Moscow. Moscow wis aye still a puppet o the Mongol's Gowden Horde, tho thay becam independet bi 1480. The Gowden Horde sindert intae the Crimean Khanate, Kazan Khanate, Astrakhan Khanate, an Siberie Khanate.

Ivan the Terrible conquered the Kazan Khanate, an the Astrakhan Khanate bi 1550, haily endin Mongol rule in the hail o Roushae. In 1580, Yermak Timofeyevich gaed tae the Siberie Khanate wi 1636 men for tae tak owerins o't. He got close, but drount in the Irtysh River in 1584. Houaniver, Mair Roushae sodgers gaed tae Siberia an it wis owerhailt bi 1600. The Cossacks cam ower Loch Baikal bi 1610.

Frae 1598 tae 1610 wis the time o tribbles for Roushae, an Poland invadit an capturt Moscow in 1607. The Poles wis beaten oot o Moscow, but they still wun some laund. Roushae conteenad tae rax intae Siberia, an foondit the fort o Yakutsk in 1637, an 2 year efter raxed tae the Sea o Okhotsk. Roushae syne gaed on tae owerhail Chukotka an Kamchatka. They ettled tae grip owerins ower Cheenae laund, but failt, an haed tae gree no tae attack Cheenae in 1689.

In the 1720's, Peter the Great makkit Roushae a pouerfu kintra, an haed owerins ower Swadish laund. He biggit a new Ceety, cried Saunt Petersburg. It wis the caipital o Roushae frae 1712 til 1918. Roushae annext the Crmian Khanate in the 1780's. It wis the last o the Mongol Khanates tae be annext bi Roushae. Georgie, Ukraine an Kazakhstan becam pairt o Roushae an aw, an Poland wiz Conquered bi an alliance o Roushae, Proushie, an Austrick bi 1800. In 1808, Finland wis owerhailt bi the Roushie.

Napoleon invadit in 1810, an won til Moscow. He wis suin defeatit bi the Roushie, tho. Roushie wis syne a pouerfu kintra, an conquered Turkestan. They taen some laund frae Cheenae in 1858, an foundit the ceeties o Khabarovsk an Vladivostok. In 1900, Roushae tak ower the hail o Manchurie for a whilie, but wis defeatit bi Japan in 1905. Roushie wis becomin weak.

Whan the World War I, happent, Rousshie wis invadit bi Germany. The Roushie Govrenment wis destroyed in 1917, an a Ceevil war brak oot, tho they war at peace wi Germany nou. In 1922, Vladimir Lenin unitit the kintra, e'en tho ither kintra ettelt tae hinder him. He wis the first Communist leader. Bi the time he dee'd, in 1924 Roushie wis rebiggit frae the wars. It wis renamed the Soviet Union. Efter Lennin, Josef Stalin wis leader till 1953. He makkit the economy strang wi "5 year plans", an bi 1939, it wis a strang kintra. He wis allee'd tae Germany, first, but Germany invadit in 1941. The Soviet Union tint aw the land aboot Moscow. The Germans failt tae owerhail Moscow, an ettelt tae attack Stalingrad. They faild there an aw, an wis defeatit bi the Soviet Union in 1945. Stalin rebiggit the kintra bi his daith in 1953. Nikita Khrushchev becam leader, but unlike Stalin he wantit peacefu coexistenc wi the Wast. The Soviet Union conteenad tae growe. In 1965 He wis follaed bi Leonid Brezhnev. The Soviet Union wis the strangest nation in the warld bi thon time, Whan he dee'd in 1982, the kintra wis gettin weak. Efter Yuri Andropov (1982-1984) an Konstantin Chernenko (1984-1985) cam Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991). Mikhail Gorbachev wis the hintmaist Soviet leader.

Roushie wis the lairgest o the fifteen republics that made up the Soviet Union, accoontin for over 60% o the gross domestic product (GDP) an ower 50% o the Soviet population. Roushies an aw dominatit the Soviet military an the Communist Pairty (CPSU). Thus, Roushie wis widely acceptit as the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic affairs an it assumit the USSR's permanent membership an veto in the UN Security Cooncil

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]