आयरलैंड गणराज्य

भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Ireland[a]
Éire
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann"
"The Soldiers' Song"
Location of  Ireland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Ireland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Dublin
53°20.65′N 6°16.05′W / 53.34417, -6.2675
Official languages
National language Irish[१]
Ethnic groups (2011[२][३])
  • 84.5% White Irish
  • 9.1% Other White
  • 1.9% Asian / Asian Irish
  • 1.4% Black / Black Irish
  • 0.7% White Irish Traveller
Demonym Irish
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
 -  President Michael D. Higgins
 -  Taoiseach Enda Kenny
 -  Tánaiste Joan Burton
Legislature Oireachtas
 -  Upper house Seanad Éireann
 -  Lower house Dáil Éireann
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Declared 24 April 1916 
 -  Ratified 21 January 1919 
 -  Dominion Status 6 December 1922 
 -  Full Independence 11 December 1931 
 -  Constitution 29 December 1937 
 -  Left Commonwealth 18 April 1949 
 -  Joined the EEC (now the European Union) 1 January 1973 
Area
 -  Total ७०,२७३ km2 (120th)
२७,१३३ sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.00
Population
 -  2014 estimate Increase 4,609,600[४]
 -  2011 census 4,588,252[५] (121st)
 -  Density 65.3/km2 (142nd)
१६८.८/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $192.223 billion[६] (56th)
 -  Per capita $43,592[६] (11th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $210.416 billion[६] (42nd)
 -  Per capita $45,888[६] (14th)
Gini (2011) 29.8[७]
low
HDI (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.899[८]
very high · 11th
Currency Euro ()[note १] (EUR)
Time zone WET (UTC±0)
 -  Summer (DST) IST/WEST (UTC+1)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +353
Internet TLD .ie[b]
a. ^ Article 4 of the Constitution of Ireland declares that the name of the state is Ireland; Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 declares that Republic of Ireland is "the description of the State".[९]
b. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

आयरलैंड गणराज्य (अंग्रेजी: Republic of Ireland) यूरोप में एगो देस बाटे। एकर राजधानी हवे।

सन्दर्भ[संपादन]

  1. १.० १.१ "Official Languages Act 2003". Office of the Attorney-General. तारीख 18 February 2012 के उतारल गइल. 
  2. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIA
  3. "CSO 2011 Census – Volume 5 – Ethnic or Cultural Background (including the Irish Traveller Community)" (PDF). 2011. तारीख 9 July 2009 के उतारल गइल. 
  4. "Population and Migration Estimates". 26 August 2014. तारीख 26 August 2014 के उतारल गइल. 
  5. "Census of Population 2011: Preliminary Results" (PDF). 30 June 2011. p. 1. तारीख 29 August 2010 के उतारल गइल. [dead link]
  6. ६.० ६.१ ६.२ ६.३ "Ireland". International Monetary Fund. तारीख 17 April 2013 के उतारल गइल. 
  7. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. तारीख 13 August 2013 के उतारल गइल. 
  8. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. तारीख 27 July 2014 के उतारल गइल. 
  9. John Coakley (20 August 2009). Politics in the Republic of Ireland. Taylor & Francis. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-415-47672-0. तारीख 2 May 2011 के उतारल गइल. 


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