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Aid Effectiveness


The Center’s work on aid effectiveness focuses on the policies and practices of bilateral and multilateral donors. It includes analyzing existing programs, monitoring donor innovations, and designing and promoting fresh approaches to deliver aid. CGD researchers also investigate how foreign aid and other aspects of development—such as trade, migration, investment, and climate change policies—undermine or complement each other.

Specific work includes:

  • Research, analysis, and policy outreach on U.S. foreign assistance reform through the Rethinking U.S. Foreign Assistance Program
  • Monitoring the activities of the U.S. Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) through CGD's MCA Monitor
  • Comparative analysis of the three largest donor responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; the World Bank’s Multicountry HIV/AIDS Program (MAP); and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the HIV/AIDS Monitor.
  • The design and promotion of a “Cash on Delivery” approach to aid under which donors would pay for measurable progress on specific outcomes pre-agreed with recipient governments.
  • Research on improving the effectiveness of health aid through CGD’s Global Health Policy Research Network, including an initiative to close the “evaluation gap” and a major study of what has worked in health aid, Millions Saved.
  • Research on aid in fragile states through the Engaging Fragile States project, and special analysis of the challenges confronting U.S. assistance to Pakistan.
  • Design of a new analytical tool to assess and compare bilateral and multilateral donors on the quality of aid. In addition, the aid component of CGD’s Commitment to Development Index includes indicators for both the quantity and quality of aid.