Your browser is out-of-date!

Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now

Close

Contact
Search

Socio-Economic


 

The socio-economic studies are aimed at developing a greater understanding of both the positive and negative socio-economic impacts of oil palm development, based on analyses of current and past experience in contrasting parts of the world (Consulting Studies 12 and 13). This knowledge will then be used to make inferences about the possible impacts of varying future levels of oil palm expansion, due to the imposition of differing GHG emissions thresholds as part of an HCS methodology. A deeper understanding of the nature of these trade-offs between emissions and socio-economic impacts in different regions can then contribute to the definition of acceptable HCS thresholds.

The findings will be supplemented by analyses of the existing institutional framework governing the sector, the effectiveness of these various mechanisms and key implementation challenges (Consulting Study 11), and deepened further by tapping the views of selected stakeholders on the implications of introducing new regulations relating to HCS protection (Consulting Study 14). The knowledge gained will help provide guidance on how to most effectively accommodate the rights and livelihoods of affected communities, as part of an HCS methodology.

 

Consulting Study 10

Provide a comprehensive picture of existing regulatory mechanisms and relevant actors at the international level

Drawing on existing sources, to survey and summarise all existing regulatory mechanisms and relevant actors at the global level to provide a comprehensive picture of the existing regulatory environment.

Tasks:
  • Conduct selected case studies to provide a comprehensive picture of regulatory mechanisms and actors at national and local levels
    • Survey and summarise all existing regulatory mechanisms and relevant actors at the national and local levels, setting out their evolution including recent and expected developments.
    • Assess relative success or failure of these mechanisms at the level of implementation, determining which factors contribute to this.
  • Make recommendations about which mechanisms are likely to be most effective at strengthening the socio-economic benefits of future palm oil development, in the context of the introduction of new measures to protect HCS.
  • Prepare a high quality report covering the above tasks which will be made publicly available.
  • Contribute to teamwork involving the TC and selected consultants, including attending a synthesis meeting in April 2015.

Consulting Study 11 & 12

Comparative studies of socio-economic impacts

Tasks:
  • Provide analysis of the macro level impacts of palm oil development in selected case studies
    • To include historical patterns and growth trajectories; current production levels; contribution to national accounts, employment, poverty reduction; supply chain impacts; land-use patterns; projections and plans for future growth; key challenges.
    • Based on a survey of existing literature relevant to case studies.
    • Case studies of Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria and/or Cameroon.
  • Provide analysis of the micro level impacts of palm oil development in selected case studies
    • To complement the macro-level analysis, and similarly based on a survey of existing literature, drawing on a range of geographical examples in each case.
    • To explore economic, social and political positive and negative; to reflect the views of local communities of further palm oil development and associated regulation including in relation to HCS; to include earlier and more recent experience as increased regulation has become effective.
    • To assess the negative environmental impacts of palm oil development in relation to air, water and soil quality, including the impact of existing and future regulation.
  • Prepare a high quality report covering the above tasks which will be made publicly available.
  • Contribute to teamwork involving the TC and selected consultants, including attending a synthesis meeting in April 2015.

Consulting Study 13

The Role of small-holders

Tasks:
  • To provide an overview of the role of smallholders in the palm oil sector in selected case study countries, both historically and as it has developed more recently.
    • To explore how the small-holder economy operates in practice, covering issues related to land tenure and rights and livelihood aspects.
    • To include the different models of relationships between small-holders and large companies and how these affect land and livelihood issues; how small-holders are affected by the changing regulatory environment, especially in relation to RSPO certification; how their role is viewed by different stake-holders including local communities, activists, government and industry players.
    • To include some consideration of the likely impacts of new HCS set-asides on livelihood strategies especially in relation to possible ‘leakages’ in terms of forest clearance.
    • Based on a survey of existing literature, supplemented by fieldwork if necessary.
    • Case studies of the FELDA and NES schemes in Malaysia and Indonesia and of the less organised small-holder sector in Nigeria and possibly another African country.
  • Prepare a high quality report covering the above tasks which will be publicly available.
  • Contribute to teamwork involving the TC and selected consultants, including attending a synthesis meeting in April 2015.

Consulting Study 14

Survey of stake-holder views on industry commitments to strengthening the rights and livelihoods of local communities

Tasks:
  • To construct and conduct a survey designed to identify and explore the views of stakeholders in relation to evolving industry commitments on local rights and livelihoods
    • To gather the views of a range of stakeholders internationally and in selected case studies on these issues, particularly in relation to the possible impacts of the introduction of new regulations relating to HCS.
    • To explore issues relating to land tenure and access; crop compensation; employment conditions; CSR projects; broader livelihood aspects; and any other relevant issues.
    • To construct a set of semi-structured questions to form the basis of interviews to be conducted with a range of stakeholders at international, national and local levels in selected case study countries.
    • To interpret and analyse the responses and their implications for the implementation of industry commitments to rights and livelihoods.
  • To develop recommendations regarding the most effective approaches to emissions thresholds that respect local land rights and ensure livelihoods are protected and strengthened.
  • To prepare a high quality report covering the above tasks which will be publicly available.
  • To contribute to teamwork involving the TC and selected consultants, including attending a synthesis meeting in April 2015.
  Back   Print
scroll to top