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Since 1980, the World Bank has approved more than 500 operations related to disaster management, amounting to more than US$40 billion. These include post-disaster reconstruction projects, as well as projects with components aimed at preventing and mitigating disaster impacts. For reconstruction projects, much of the Bank investment focuses on the reconstruction itself of physical infrastructure and damaged structures. Rebuilding in urban areas often focuses upon health facilities, such as hospitals that are themselves important in post disaster reconstruction. Economic recovery also features as a key component in some reconstruction projects, where it usually involved financing urgently needed imports.

Common areas of focus for prevention and mitigation projects include forest fire prevention measures, such as early warning measures and education campaigns to discourage farmers from slash and burn agriculture that ignites forest fires; and flood prevention mechanisms, ranging from shore protection and terracing in rural areas to adaptation of production.

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