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Alcohols, spirits


Possible application of gene technology Labelling
Enzymes, made with the aid of GM microorganisms no


Description of product

Spirits are liquids which contain at least fifteen percent of alcohol (except egg liqueur: at least fourten percent of alcohol). In Germany, spirits are distinguished as the following:

  • spirits: made by fermentation and the subsequent distillation of one or more of the raw materials.
    For example: rum, whiskey, spirit, obstbrand (a type of German fruit liqueur), brandy
  • liqueurs: made from extracts (plant extracts, juices, dairy products, essential oils) and sugar (at least 100g/l); cream, milk, dairy products, fruits or wine can be added.
  • vodka: from "ethyl alcohol from agricultural origen" extracted by a repeating distillation. Flavourings can be added.

An index of ingredients is not compulsory with spirits. If colourants are used, a "with colourants" indication must be added on the label.

Possible application of gene technology

Applications of gene technology are possible in the following ingredients that commonly are found in alcohols/spirits. However, the extent to which a particular product is affected by these possibilities cannot be stated with certainty:


 GMO Database
GM Food and Feed: Authorization in the EU
GMO Database: Contains information on every GM plant that has been approved or is awaiting authorisation in the EU.
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