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Tristan da Cunha is a group of remote islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, 2816 km (1750 miles) from ► South Africa and 3360 km (2088 miles) from South America. Latitude -37.1136° Longitude -12.2839°. It is a dependency of the British overseas territory of ► Saint Helena, 2161 km (1350 miles) to the north. The territory consists of the main island, Tristan da Cunha (98 km²), as well as several uninhabited islands: Inaccessible Island and the Nightingale Islands. Gough Island, situated 395 km south east of the main island, is also part of the territory.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Tristan da Cunha, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Tristan da Cunha.
Tristan da Cunha is discovered by Portugal in 1506. The island remains unsettled until 1810, when the island is settled by a group of Americans. In 1816 the United Kingdom takes possession of Tristan da Cunha. In 1938 Tristan da Cunha is made a dependency of Saint Helena.
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.