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Česká republika je vnitrozemský stát ve střední Evropě. Sousedí na západě s Německem, na severu s Polskem, na východě se Slovenskem a na jihu s Rakouskem. Území Česka se skládá ze tří historických zemí – Čech, Moravy a Českého Slezska. Hlavním a největším městem je Praha.
Deutsch:Tschechien – Tschechische Republik liegt in Mitteleuropa und grenzt an Deutschland (810 km) im Westen und Nordwesten, an Polen (762 km) im Norden, die Slowakei (252 km) im Osten und Österreich (466 km) im Süden. Tschechien umfasste traditionell die drei historischen Länder Böhmen, Mähren und Tschechisch-Schlesien (siehe Verwaltungsgliederung). Der Staat wurde 1999, acht Jahre nach Auflösung des Warschauer Vertrags, Mitglied der NATO und trat am 1. Mai 2004 der Europäischen Union bei.
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe and a member state of the European Union. The country has borders with ► Poland to the north, ► Germany to the northwest and west, ► Austria to the south, and ► Slovakia to the east. The country is composed of three historic lands – Bohemia and Moravia and Czech (Austrian) Silesia. The capital and largest city is the historic Prague (Praha), a major tourist attraction. See also: Atlas of the European Union
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Czechia (Czech lands), illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Czechia (Czech lands).
Possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800–400 BC
Celts in Europe
Map showing the pre-Migration Age distribution of the Germanic tribes in Proto-Germanic times, and stages of their expansion up to 50 BC, AD 100 and AD 300. The extent of the Roman Empire in 68 BC and AD 117 is also shown.
Slavic archaeological cultures, 5th–6th century
Slavic migration, 5th-10th century
Early Slavic settlements on territory of present Czechia in the 6th century
Bulgarians and Slavs in Europe in the 6th–7th century
Historical Chebsko (Egerland) 1322–1806 and the Cheb (Eger) region (Regierungsbezirk Eger) of Sudetenland
The borders of Germany on August 31, 1939 after German occupation of the Sudetenland in 1938 and further German annexation of the rest of the Czech part of Czechoslovakia in 1939
The Great Germany (Großdeutschland) with annexed Austria (March 1938), Sudetenland (November 1938) and the rest of the Czech part of Czechoslovakia (March 1939)
Administrative districts in territories under the control of Nazi Germany in 1941.
Großdeutschland im Jahre 1941
Eastern front of the Second World War circa 1941-1942.
The Allied offensive on Southern Central Europe
Czechoslovakia 1969 (after federalisation and the creation of the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic)
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
Historical map of Bohemia (Bohemia proper - pink, Moravia - yellow, Austrian/Bohemian Silesia - orange) by the German Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1892
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.