Haiti earthquake children sold by their parents for less than 76p each to traffickers, say Unicef
- Over 76% of Haitians live on £1.50 a day
- Parents forced to sell children to traffickers
- They believe their young will have better life - but most don't
As Haiti continues to slowly rebuild following the earthquake which devastated the Caribbean island in January 2010, it has come to light that helpless children are being trafficked for as little as 76 pence each.
Registering 7.0 on the Moment magnitude scale, the earthquake - which struck on January 12, 2010, near capital city Port-au-Prince - killed between 100,000 and 300,000 people, and displaced well over a million.
Aftershocks were felt for weeks afterwards and, with conditions difficult to build in, there were further complications when there was a cholera outbreak in makeshift camps last year.
Over 76 per cent of the country are living on less that £1.50 a day, and just when you thought that the horror could not be any worse, charity Unicef have found that a number of children - many of whom lost their parents in the tragic earthquake - are been sold for next to nothing.
Scroll down to see Unisef's special report
Vulnerable: Young children in Haiti are being sold by their parents for as little as 76 pence
Traffickers, wanting to cash in on the chaos, have been buying the children off their desperate parents, and some of them are grabbed in neighbouring Dominican Republic while they are scrounging for food.
A small amount of the children might manage to end up in the arms of loving and wealthy western families in Europe and America - who are none the wiser - but most are forced into more sinister jobs, such as prostitution and other criminal activities.
Parents, struggling to even feed - never mind educate - their young ones, are selling them on to the traffickers, who promise to hand their offspring a better chance in life.
Displaced: Over one million people lost their homes after the earthquake in January 2010
Wanting to stop the problem at its source, a number of NGO officials have begun to pretend to be interested buyers, in the hope that they can stamp out the horrific problem.
Brigade de Protection des Mineurs (BPM), a group funded by Unisef and who work with the help of the police, monitor the camps and Haitian borders to look out for children who are vulnerable.
But it is difficult to keep track of all of the children - some of the camps contain over 80,000 families, and many of them do not have any identification.
Help: Unicef and affiliate Brigade de Protection des Mineurs are trying to look after as many vulnerable children as possible
Devastation: Men attempt the massive clean up job following the earthquake which killed up to 300,000 people
The Daily Telegraph reported how 38-year-old Melissa Nau, who gave birth to five children and suffers from disability, sold four of her young ones for only 50 Haitian gourdes (76 pence) each.
When a trafficker called Jacques offered the money for the four children, aged between four and eight, she made the deal.
While the money she gained lasted but a few months, the children have gone for ever.
Research by the BPM uncovered information that chilled the mother - her children were handed false records and then illegally adopted by European families via an international adoption agency.
A Unicef spokesman told the Daily Telegraph: 'Well-meaning parents in the U.S. and Europe have no idea that children are being kidnapped, stolen and bought from the displacement camps of Port-au-Prince.'
Helpless: A child is saved by rescuers following the earthquake (left) and another gets used to life in a camp
BPM officer Françoise Moise revealed that trafficking had been a long-term issue in Haiti but has grown increasingly worse in the last year.
Even before the earthquake, every year almost 2,000 Haitian children were kidnapped or trafficked. Now the figure is believed to have quadrupled.
'Since the earthquake in 2010, rates of trafficking into the Dominican Republic have increased incredibly and that is the reason why we are here,' the 46-year-old told the Telegraph.
'People are coming into the camps posing as NGOs, and foreigners that have come to help Haiti.
'They also pose as Haitians living abroad coming to help and sometimes even Haitians living here, pretending to be members of their family.
'Most of the children that are trafficked into the Dominican Republic have fallen victims of prostitution or these children are adopted illegally.
'Whether at the airport, or the border, or the camps, we are trying to stop child trafficking from happening at all.'
The BPM stop cars at the borders of Haiti and check the travel documents of those under 18 years of age.
'The most difficult thing for us is when they have false documents for the children to cross the border because we don’t have the means of verifying whether these documents are fake or real,' Dieudonne Barnave, a BPM official, told the Telegraph.
Since last April the BPM has screened 7,000 children passing through the border and of those, 1,400 were found not to have the right paperwork.
In all, there have been 35 trafficking-related arrests but under current legislation in Haiti, there is no law against it.
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