Health

Updated: 16:20 EDT

College gymnast overcomes rare disease to compete again

NEW UCLA gymnast Macy Toronjo, 19, from Westwood, California (pictured left), was diagnosed last year with VKH disease - a rare, likely autoimmune, disorder that left her blind, with vertigo and overly fatigued. Despite heavy medication, she fought her way back into competition and has gone on to become a top scorer (pictured top right in 2017 and bottom right in 2014).

Jonathan Rentas, a personal trainer a New York Health & Racquet Club, shares his ultimate guide for couples hitting the gym, covering upper body, lower body and core.

A new study, from a group of New York doctors, has found that grandmothers who interact with their grandchildren can lead to a quicker autism diagnosis - even before parents suspect what's wrong.

The new method designed by New York's Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is the first to analyze metabolic biomarkers that come before behavioral changes.

Scientists have presented new details on the technology made up of beacons, wireless sensors and smartphones to spy on what obese US families are eating and to see how mood influences our diet.

Countless women left suicidal by breast deformity

EXCLUSIVE: Laura Peacock, 34, from Manchester, founded Support for Women with Congenital Breast Deformity in 2012 and it now has hundreds of members. The mother-of-two underwent corrective surgery in 2012, having struggled emotionally with tuberous breasts since she was 13 years old. Prior to that, the condition was so bad that while trying to breastfeed her son, she left him in hospital with severe dehydration.

A leading professor from Keele University believes swapping tap water for the bottled equivalent could help the body fight off dementia.

University of Warwick researchers concluded that getting a good night's sleep is perhaps the most effective, simple and cheap method of raising the health and wellbeing of society.

Full of compounds such as catechins and theaflavins, tea leaves are considered to have anti-inflammatory benefits that can protect the brain, researchers from the National University of Singapore claim.

Wellcome Trust announces winners of its 2017 Image Awards 

After months of anticipation, the London-based Wellcome Trust has announced the 22 winners of its 2017 Image Awards. The winning image shows a skeleton and depicts the experience of Crohn's disease (top left). Other winning photos showed a Hawaiian bobtail squid (top middle), the blood vessels of a crow (top right), a mouse embryo's 'neural tube' within its spine (bottom right), microRNAs (bottom middle), and cat skin (bottom left).

University of Gothenberg researchers conducted a trial of Equazan on 154 children. Those given the capsules, which cost just 13p each, showed a 64 per cent improvement in their comprehension.

After analysing 3,550 blood samples, the Chinese scientists found it deciphered results in just two steps - taking less than 30 seconds.

Humour is the personality trait most British people want to be remembered for when they die, according to a nationwide survey of 845 adults by terminal illness charity Marie Curie.

Three women who claim Boost Oxygen has improved their life

It was once a fad followed mainly by celebrities — Simon Cowell reportedly raved about its anti-ageing properties. Now ordinary women are catching on to the benefits of fresh air straight from a can, and seeing benefits ranging from increased energy to better skin, and fewer headaches. Sue Clifford, 58, of Orpington, Kent, (centre) was constantly tired, but found herself lying awake at night. She says she was cured of these symptoms by inhaling oxygen. Louise Rose, 41, from Maidstone, Kent, (left) insists sniffing oxygen three times a day clears her mind and increases her efficiency at work. And Debbie Reddin, 36, of Stoke-on-Trent, (right) has oxygen after drinking a few too many. The trio are just a small portion of a growing number of women who say they get a mental and physical boost from inhaling oxygen. But can simply sniffing oxygen daily really improve your energy levels, health and looks?

Researchers from Eötvös Loránd University in Hungary found that four percent of people who watch porn have an addiction. They devised a five-minute test to spot 'problematic' porn users.

Jasmin Floyd, from Connecticut, suffers with Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva - a rare muscle disorder which has only 800 recorded cases worldwide.

Adults who regularly used drugs snacked more often and eroded their own teeth, a team of Australian scientists found. While some narcotics caused chemical deterioration when applied to the teeth.

A plan to cap the cost to the NHS of any new drug at £20million – no matter how good it is – was approved yesterday by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.

Changing face (and body) of women over six decades

Research carried out by lingerie firm Bluebella found women from the 1950s were significantly slimmer and smaller than 'Miss Average' today. In the 1950s, the average-sized British woman was 5ft 2ins, 9st 10lbs, had size 3 feet and was a dress size 12.She had a petite figure, with a slim waist of 28 inches and a 34B bra size. But flash forward 60 years and the shape of the typical British woman has changed dramatically - most strikingly in her waist and chest. Miss Average is now 5ft 5in, 11st, wears a dress size 16 and has a shoe size of 6. Her bust has swollen more than any other part of her anatomy to a more shapely 36DD.

A new study suggests that atheism is on the verge of dying out. Experts found that since religious groups preach against contraception, they tend to have more children than atheists.

Most British owners – 78 per cent – say they dress up their pooch because they fear they may get wet. This fear, vets say, is misplaced as dogs dry quickly and rain is unlikely to harm them.

GP admits more could have been done to save Isabel Gentry

Dr Katherine Pearce spoke to Isabel Gentry's mother hours before the teen's death at Bristol Royal Infirmary and admitted that there was a delay in calling back the her family. Dr Pearce, who works at the Willow Surgery in Downend, Bristol, told an inquest that there was things she could have done differently to help the youngster (pictured). She said: ‘There was a delay [in returning Mrs Booty's first call] due to urgent blood results. I have reflected on the calls I made and have wondered if there was anything I could have done differently to identify if Isabel was sicker than she was. I think there are things I could have done which would have prompted me to ask Mrs Booty to call an ambulance [sooner].’

A new study, conducted between Duke and the University of North Carolina, found that grocery store claims mislead consumers. We break it down and tell you what's being hidden.

Whole-body vibration devices mimic the muscle and bone boosting benefits of a brisk walk - without the sweat, according to scientists from Augusta University in Georgia.

Adults who had their dinner in the comfort of their own living room six times a week had a higher intake of fruit and vegetables, new research from the University of Washington shows.

A new survey of 2,000 Britons by the Physiological Society revealed mundane everyday experiences, like misplacing a phone, derail our emotions as much as a major traumatic event.

Girl with cleft palate smiles after surgery

Riley Johnson (right), from Baltimore in Maryland, US, was born without a fully-developed mouth, nose and top lip after her features failed to form in the womb (left). This meant she struggled to eat, pronounce certain letters and would often drool. But, last month, she had surgery to reattach the skin under her lip and nose, which has allowed the seven-month-old tot to smile and pronounce the letter 'm' for the first time. Her mother, Angela, said: 'When she came out of surgery I cried, she was so beautiful, I felt extremely fortunate.'

Lactate – which makes muscles stiffen after exercise – is a key driver of cancer growth and spread, researchers from the University of California, Berkeley claim.

Within a week of the therapy at a clinic in Florida the patients suffered vision loss, detached retinas and bleeding. They are now blind and unlikely to recover.

A drunk man in China was rushed to the hospital after he put two live pond loaches into his anus. The two pond loaches swam up into his intestines. One of them broke through the bowel wall.

How to burn calories with a Girl Scout cookie workout

Girl Scout cookie season is here, bringing with it calories, fat and sugar. The seemingly small treats can pack quite the nutritional dent. So how can you beat your sweet tooth? We let you know which is the most guilt-free and which workouts burn off the calories.

A staggering one in five people believe they are dairy intolerant. But new research is showing they may be reacting to a protein in milk, not lactose.

On Wednesday, 434,000 doctors - including family doctors, pediatricians, obstetricians, allergists, and internists - launched a campaign to describe how global warming affects health in the US.

Heartbreaking images show the plight of a 'mermaid baby'

Jermkwan Krathumnat (left and right), 10 months old, of Kananchaburi, in Thailand, suffers from a rare form of Sirenomelia - more frequently referred to as 'Mermaid's syndrome'. Doctors are unable to determine its gender due to the rare form of the condition. Better known as 'Kwam', the toddler was also born with a severe cleft palate. Currently, she is being treated at Srirat Hospital in Bangkok, meaning her family often have to travel 75 miles just to see her.

A new study, from the University of Sydney in Australia, has found that every extra serving of vegetables you eat a day lowers your risk of stress by five percent - and more so in women.

Researchers at New York's Columbia University say their findings could highlight potential new targets for the prevention or treatment of age-associated brain disorders like Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) have created machinery parts made of rubber which are the first step in creating digestible robots.

A combination of pills, insulin and lifestyle therapies resulted in remission from type 2 diabetes in up to 40 per cent of participants in a clinical trial, Canadian researchers claim.

A review found that frequent, light drinking is not associated with weight gain, suggesting that women can have one drink a day, and men two, without putting on any weight.

Nutritionist Steven Brown reveals swimple protein swaps

FEMAIL has come up with a list of easy food swaps you can use to boost your protein intake. Britain's sports nutrition market is bigger than ever, but you don't have to shell out to get the toned abs look. To increase your protein intake try swapping the following (left to right): jam for peanut butter; natural yoghurt for Greek yoghurt; and rice for quinoa.

Taking a combination of prescribed painkillers and sleeping pills puts you at a greater risk of visiting a hospital for an overdose, researchers from Stanford University warn

Known to be suffering from one of its worst winters in recent years, the ongoing crisis is taking its toll on staff, according to a new survey by the British Psychological Society.

It is the test used by many households to determine whether food dropped on the floor is safe to eat. But the 'five second rule' is now in serious doubt.

Extreme and painful adventure challenges help office workers deal with the impact of a sedentary lifestyle, according to new research from Cardiff University.

Jo Malone has a nose so sensitive she can sniff out cancer

Entrepreneur Jo Malone (left and right) can identify cancer by smelling subtle changes in chemicals way beyond most humans’ capability. Her skill was discovered when she had tests at the Medical Detection Dogs centre in Milton Keynes. During the tests, Miss Malone, 53, was given five pots and asked to identify the one containing tiny doses of amyl acetate, which was diluted in mineral oil. She was able to spot when the chemical, which is used as a control, was present in one part in 100,000 and even when it was present in one part in one million. According to the centre, most humans are unable to identify the chemical when it is present in one part in 1,000.

Common painkillers taken by millions of Britons can raise the risk of a heart attack by up to 50 percent, researchers have found.

Australian nutritionist, Lee Holmes, revealed to FEMAIL what you should be eating before you board different flights. Ms Holmes also revealed what can be good to eat when you're on-board.

According to Sophie Schumacher of Flinder's University in Adelaide, the biggest obstacle is our vivid and visual imagination. How do you tackle that? Simply imagine a forest, she says.

Researchers in Australia found an extra dose of 'good bacteria' - like Lactobacillus found in yogurt - had a transformative effect on rats with poor diets, but the opposite in healthy rats.

Gold Coast mum will go to Russia for MS treatment

Laurie Johnston (pictured left and right on her wedding day), 40, was diagnosed with MS just two weeks after her wedding. The Gold Coast nurse's condition began to rapidly deteriorate just weeks later (inset). She now needs a walking stick to move around every day and suffers from severe neurological pain. Laurie will travel to Russia to receive Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, a procedure that involves transplanting newly harvested stem cells after the patient receives chemotherapy.

Priory hospital in Roehampton declared unsafe

The private facility in south west London, used by a range of celebrities, was ordered to make urgent improvements, with inspectors rating the safety of care as 'inadequate'.

It is supposed to be the ultimate experience, but, for many women, sex can be painful. Here, a consultant gynaecologist at Birmingham City Hospital's details the most common causes.

Despite being high in saturated fat, consuming large amounts of cheese is safe and may help to reduce bad cholesterol levels, researchers from University College Dublin found.

Researchers from Buffalo and Michigan universities highlighted several shortfalls in previous studies that appear to show a link between e-cigarettes and traditional tobacco products.

GPs are failing to diagnose patients with early dementia despite a major Government drive to improve detection rates, research by University College London shows today.

The outfits that take a toll on your health

Doctors have warned that current fashions are changing the way women walk – and having a detrimental impact on their health. Skinny jeans, oversized bags (left), hooded jackets (bottom, centre), oversized necklaces (top, centre) and asymmetric hemlines (right) can all put pressure on various body parts, causing strain and injury. Taken on their own, the British Chiropractic Association says none of the above will cause pain or pulled muscles. But together and over time their effect can build up to cause significant problems.

Spanish researchers found diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and vitamin D produced the most fertile sperm. While high levels of vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium and folate also helped.

When hunger pangs strike, it may seem irresistible to grab a chocolate bar, or dip into that cake Karen left in the office kitchen. We spoke to eight nutritionists who revealed their go-to sweet treat.

Researchers from Columbia and Harvard universities believe the findings could have a significant public health benefit in heavily polluted cities across the world.

FILE - In this Jan. 27, 2016, file photo, an Aedes aegypti mosquito known to carry the Zika virus, is photographed through a microscope at the Fiocruz institute in Recife, Pernambuco state, Brazil. Men from three Florida counties shouldn't donate sperm because of a small risk of spreading Zika, U.S. health officials said Monday. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana, File)

The guidance had previously applied to Miami-Dade County, the only place in Florida where there's evidence the virus was spread by mosquitoes.

Common teams up with Big Pharma for HIV/AIDS campaign

Since rising to fame from humble roots in South Side Chicago, Common has been speaking up for communities. The Grammy Award-winning rap star, who sang Love Of My Life, made waves fronting a campaign for HIV/AIDS sufferers, and launched the Common Ground Foundation to work with young people in urban neighborhoods. Today, the 45-year-old emcee reveals he is putting his influential voice behind a new and unusual campaign: teaming up with a pharmaceutical company to help end preventable blindness by 2030.

Researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, found that the fruit's amino acids, tryptophan and tyrosine, can compensate for the surge in a protein after giving birth.

Researchers at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Poland have recreated the famous 1961 Milgram experiments to show that people follow orders even if they harm others.

The brain protein which cuts levels of 'happy hormones', was blocked by a drug similar to antidepressants, Washington State University researchers found.

The friendly bacteria trend proved incredibly successful in the health drinks and now probiotics are being added to creams and sprays to treat skin conditions, including acne and even eczema.

Does quantum theory explain human consciousness?

Sir Roger Penrose, an Oxford University professor, created the puzzle to prove the human mind can never be matched by a computer because it exhibits quantum effects. This means the brain doesn't follow the rules for the classical properties of matter, like a computer. Instead, it follows for a new concept of matter altogether that leaves cracks for consciousness and intuition to appear. Now, the Oxford university professor has invited everyday puzzle enthusiasts to pit their wits against the problem to test his theory.

Researchers at Imperial College London found that electrocuting the brain gave a performance boost to memory processes used when remembering names at a party or telephone numbers.

Scientists at Virginia Tech have created an AI brain scanning system which can predict whether volunteers knowingly carried drugs during a simulated border smuggling operation.

Once injected into the patient, the beads can be detected using a handheld magnetic wand — similar to a metal detector — and are used to identify the lymph nodes nearest to the cancer.

Researchers from Oxford University found almost one in four teenagers with internet restrictions at home have had a bad experience nonetheless (stock image).

Women stay slim while gorging on 8,000 calories a weekend

The Fast Diet demands discipline for two days a week and normal eating for the other five and Melissa Keighley, Vanessa Powell and Chloe Hepburn swear by the feast-to-famine regime. But while the three women, like many others, claim the diet is the secret to their slimming success - dietitians warn that they're depriving their bodies of important nutrients.

Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt wants to tie doctors to the NHS longer-term. Announcing the plan, he stressed that it costs the taxpayer £230,000 to train each doctor in England.

Soul midwifery is an award-winning new approach to end-of-life care. Just as a birth midwife helps to ease a baby's entry into the world, a 'soul midwife' eases people's dying days.

The singer-songwriter, who has released 15 solo albums, describes herself as 'the eternal optimist' and reveals how she stays healthy living the life of a touring star.

Rates of the superbug e-coli (pictured) have risen by seven per cent over the last year, with some hospitals reporting a near doubling of infections. Experts say the bacteria is becoming more resistant.

Cerebral palsy patient, 11, says first words

The hope and anticipation felt by Holly Greenhow and her family when their flight touched down in Los Angeles was tempered by not a little trepidation. It was, they were all acutely aware, a leap into the unknown. Holly, 11, pictured, who captured the nation’s hearts three years ago when she starred in a Boden modelling campaign, has cerebral palsy and has been severely physically disabled since birth. She could neither walk nor talk and it seemed that was how it would always be.

Youngsters who look at screens for more than three hours a day are fatter and have greater insulin resistance, a study by St George’s, University of London, has found.

A team from a Norwegian university found encouraging sufferers to stop thinking over the same problems can lead to significant improvements in their mental health.

Nearly half of men over 50 have an enlarged prostate. Ronald Shaw, 79, a retired chief engineer from Chard in Somerset, had a non-invasive procedure that’s as good as surgery, a new study has found.

Long before experts began parroting about getting ‘five a day’, an equally insidious mantra entered my head: ‘An apple a day keeps the doctor away.’

Danielle Urquhart (pictured) fainted regularly, but for ten years it was put down to an innocuous cause, such as a lack of food or an infection. In fact she had a faulty heartbeat.

Secrets of an A-list body: Cat Deeley's super-toned legs

Cat Deeley flaunted her super-toned legs in a shimmering silver mini dress on the red carpet recently. The glamorous 40-year-old TV host has said she has a low-key regimen —she walks at a brisk pace for 45 minutes a day, often with her dog, and is a fan of indoor cycling classes. She also does yoga three times a week.

Dangerous 'weight cutting' MMA fighters do to compete

Dean Garnett, 28, from Liverpool, is filmed for a BBC Three documentary going through a process known as 'weight cutting' in preparation for a Mixed Martial Arts fight in the bantam weight category. He must shed 7kg (15lbs) of body weight so that he is allowed to compete - that means going nil by mouth and dehydrating his body of all fluids. He begins the process at 10st 7lbs (left) and just 19 hours later, after a gruelling process of starvation and saunas (inset), he drops to his target weight (right).

Government legal advisers called for sweeping new rules to protect dementia sufferers, or others who need to be confined to a home for their own good, from mistreatment or illegal detention.

Researchers at Glasgow Caledonian University and London South Bank University found that if alcohol is consumed after witnessing a crime it can protect memory from misleading information.

According to one British skincare specialist, there's a cheap and effective way of beating the lumps and bumps - and it requires just two ingredients, bicarbonate of soda and Manuka honey.

Plenty of us have spent time doing sit-ups with the aim of getting washboard abs. But trainer Nicola Addison, who's worked with stars including Elle MacPherson, says that's not going to help.

A team at the University of Dundee devised the technique - coined the 'kiss of death' for cancer - which forces molecules to bind to notoriously stubborn tumor-spreading proteins Ras and Myc.

Although the neighboring countries have the same proportion of cystic fibrosis patients, Canadians are far more likely to receive a lung transplant than Americans with the same incurable disease.

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