Updated: 16:01 EDT

How bad breath could be a sign of a vitamin deficiency

Rob Hobson, a London-based nutritionist, says that many people are completely unaware of the fact their common problems could be down to a poor diet that lacks vitamins and nutrients.

The Boston University study of almost 4,400 adults suggests diet drinks are more likely to cause strokes and dementia than those full of sugar.

Adults who commute by bike are 45 per cent less likely to get cancer and 46 per cent less susceptible to heart disease, according to researchers from the University of Glasgow.

A new study by Brown University warns nobody has tested how its effects might be different for men and women - and according to their research, the results are stark.

By the end of the Northwestern University trial, 91 percent of men practicing happiness skills saw a drop in their viral load, compared with just 76 percent of men in a control group.

Makers of pain medicines that contain codeine and tramadol will now have to change the labels to ban users from giving them to children under 12 years old.

Not only do they keep many awake at night tossing and turning, but they also trigger depression through hormonal changes, scientists at Monash University have confirmed.

Northumberland boy who may never smile again due to cancer

Daniel Lord (left), from Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Northumberland, has been through a 'rollercoaster of hell', including surgery and grueling chemotherapy to overcome his disease. His mother, Joanne Broome (pictured together inset), 45, was told that he was only the second person in 25 years to be diagnosed with the form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma on his brain. Doctors now say the sea cadet (right) shows no signs of the disease, but they are unsure if his 'beautiful' grin he once sported will ever return. Because they have never treated another patient with the same cancer, they are unsure if the damage caused to his nerves can be reversed.

Breathing in the steroids found in inhalers is thought to be the cause, according to scientists from McGill University, Montreal. Steroid-containing inhalers are prescribed to control airway inflammation.

A team of British and Swedish researchers also found that the contraceptive can lower energy levels - but found no links to depression.

Experts from Seoul National University of Medicine analysed 183 studies but are unsure whether being skinny causes depression or if people with the condition have less appetite,

During British trials, Trazodone was shown to reduce brain shrinkage in early tests – and as it has already been proven safe for humans, it could be on the market in two years.

A new study from the University of Iowa has found that children, until they reach age 14, lack the perceptual judgment and motor skills to cross a busy road without possibly getting hit by a car.

Inflamed gums can harbour bacteria, which then travel to the liver and may cause premature death in diseased patients, according to scientists at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.

Mom and new baby both battling life-threatening illnesses

Lucy Eliopulos, 37, from Illinois, discovered a day after she gave birth to her son that she had a grade III brain tumor. Two months later, baby George (pictured left with his mother) came down with a deadly lung virus that nearly killed him three times. Lucy's father, Jim Mandros (right), also discovered that his brain cancer had returned for the second time in a decade. Now, Lucy, Jim and baby George are all battling life-threatening illnesses in the hopes of recovering and being 'a family again'.

Celeste Clancy, 28, from, Georgia, contracted Lyme disease after being bitten by a tick during a trip two years ago. It caused her to suffer from uncontrollable shaking and stroke-like symptoms.

Data scientists from New York-based dating app, Hinge, analysed the photos of 1,000 people to reveal what profile pictures get the most likes. The results differed for men and women.

Under a new scheme being tried in Teesside patients who test positive for an STI will be offered the chance to have their previous sexual partners notified that they are at risk (stock image).

A study at Northwick Park Hospital found that offering screening for the Group B Strep (GBS) bug led to an 83 per cent drop in numbers of newborns developing it.

A new study from Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, has found that some are born with a 'nurturing gene' that destines them to be a better parent than those born without it.

Zrect and LabidaMAX are marketed as supplements to give women a natural libido boost. However, both have been found to contain flibanserin, the tightly-controled chemical used in female Viagra.

Why hospital doctors never seem to have time for you

Dr Emily Maile, 26, (left) and Dr Sam Pollen, 24, (right) are the subjects of a hard-hitting Channel 4 documentary, Confessions Of A Junior Doctor, which follows newly-qualified NHS medics at Northampton General Hospital. Emily is filmed haring around corridors, bemoaning the fact that there simply is not enough time for her to implement all the things she was taught during her training. Sam is considering leaving the NHS to work abroad.

After five weeks on a strawberry-boosted diet, mice tested by Marche Polytechnic University in Italy showed no sign of progressing cancer spread and their tumors had shrunk.

A new study, from Stanford University School of Medicine in California, has discovered that umbilical cord blood could be the key to reversing the effects of age-associated mental declines.

Eating a diet free from the protein building blocks glycine and serine benefited mice with intestinal or a common blood cancer, according to scientists at the University of Glasgow.

King's College London experts have said the findings should bolster confidence in the fertility treatment which lets thousands of parents achieve their dreams of having children.

Milton Keynes family at risk of dislocating their bones

EXCLUSIVE: Gemma Coles-Hassan (top right with her daughter Maddison), 34, from Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, was diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome when she was 11. Despite being told there was a 50 per cent of passing it on, all three of her children - Aydan, 10, Theo, seven, and Maddison, five (bottom right) - were found to be carriers. Only Mrs Coles-Hassan's husband Danny (pictured left as an entire family) isn't plagued by the agonising condition, which weakens the collagen in their bodies. It leaves them all in pain from the frequent swelling that happens, and has stopped them from being normal children.

The Florida Keys Mosquito Control District released 20,000 male mosquitoes infected by the Kentucky-based company MosquitoMate with naturally occurring Wolbachia bacteria.

Many hospitals have been accused of adding to the stress of patients and visitors by forcing them to carry bundles of change to park their car, often paying for longer than they actually need.

Beetroot juice's nitric oxide content increases blood flow to the brain and improves exercise performance, making the brain more youthful, said scientists at Wake Forest University, North Carolina.

Nicci Triefenbach, 32, from St Louis, Missouri, was left feeling like a 'circus freak' after being told she had a duplicate reproductive system by a gynaecologist when she was 20.

A girl has grown four inches after having spine surgery

Karmen Parkes, 13, (pictured with her mother Katherine, 37, and father Chris, 38), stands at 5'3" after undergoing gruelling seven-hour surgery to fuse her back together. Numerous X-rays (inset) revealed Karmen, from Doncaster, South Yorkshire, had abnormal curvature of the spine. Ms Parkes first noticed her daughters protruding right shoulder (right) back in April 2016 and thought it was dislocated.

This may be due to the phone's electromagnetic radiation or mothers who spend more time on their mobiles being less responsive to their children, according to a scientist at the University of California.

Depression is crippling, with symptoms ranging from feeling hopeless to physical pain. Dr. Eric Finzi of Chevy Chase Cosmetic Center, Maryland claims botox may suppress negative emotions.

Doggy position was responsible for 28 per cent of the penile fractures reported, making it the second-most dangerous position, according to previous Brazilian research.

Deadly delivery outcomes are more likely to occur during birth if the doctor in charge is in the ninth hour of their shift, scientists at the University of Texas at Austin claim.

Face map shows the features you're likely to inherit

Researchers from Kings College London studied the features of 1,000 female twins to find parts of the face that are likely to be controlled by genetics. They used their results to create interactive face maps that reveal the features you're most likely to inherit from your parents. Vanessa Paradis (top left) bears more than a passing resemblance to her daughter Lily-Rose Depp (bottom left), young Goldie Hawn, (top middle), shares a similar smile to her daughter (bottom middle) Kate Hudson and supermodel Cindy Crawford (top right) has passed on her stunning facial features to her daughter Kaia Gerber (bottom right).

Researchers claims that robots and people will work more closely together than ever before. This will involve tech-augmented human workers, both in factories and in offices.

To make life as a new mother that little bit easier, MummyPages has unveiled eight ingenious hacks to help first-timers cope - from swaddling made simple to the 'bike' method to relieve gas.

The study, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found the majority of cases involved people being struck by officers. Most patients were mentally ill men.

Psychedelic drugs push 'higher' state of consciousness

Neuroscientists from the University of Sussex observed an increase in the complexity of brain activity among people under the influence of psychedelic drugs. Using brain imaging technology they measured the tiny magnetic fields produced in the brain. They found that across all three drugs their measure of consciousness was reliably higher. Images (pictured) created using brain imaging technology show changes in neural signal diversity for people under the influence of LSD. The red areas indicate higher levels of random brain activity which happens when people take psychedelic drugs.

Dr Christopher Watkins from the University of Abertay in Dundee, carried out a series of tests to see what effect being creative had on perceptions of attractiveness.

Nutritionist Amy Morris has come up with five very easy and healthy food swaps, which include changing sugar for healthier grated apple and butter for organic and gut-friendly coconut oil.

A survey of 2,000 Britons found those who get out of the right side of the bed are more likely to wake up feeling tired and grumpy than those who get out of bed on the left.

A team of British scientists from the Institute of Cancer Research in London have designed a prototype drug able to block a protein which helps the cancer grow and spread.

Maverick heart surgeon hits out at NHS bureaucrats

During his career Professor Stephen Westaby (right) carried out 11,000 open heart operations, at a rate of around 600 per year. Among those he saved was six-month old Kirsty (left), who was perilously close to death, suffering enduring agonising heart attacks and excruciating pain she could neither communicate nor understand. His career began 40 years ago before the strictures of the shame-and-blame culture made it impossible to save lives through innovation and experiment.

Research suggests junk food may weaken joints, leading to osteoarthritis, according to researchers from Queensland University of Technology's Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation.

Erin Connelly is an expert in medieval medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Here, she explains how mainstream researchers are turning to medieval texts to find an alternative to antibiotics.

Scientists from Wilkes University, Pennsylvania found regular sex boosts our fight against colds, while researchers at Michigan State University showed it reduces high blood pressure in women.

Official data says just 16 Zika-infected babies have been born since the mosquito-born illness swept the Americas last year. However, more than 3,300 pregnant women got the virus in 2016.

Life coach shares her tips for reviving yourself

For many Australians, the Easter break served as a busy, non-stop period of family gatherings - so returning to a high-stress environment and a mountain of emails can be overwhelming. Here, FEMAIL looks at how those feeling burnt out at work can revive themselves over the next month and boost their performance and wellbeing moving forward.

A team of US scientists has found mucus secreted by the hydrophylax bahuvistara frog, native to southern India, can destroy many strains of human flu and protect mice against flu infection.

Chemical 1,4-dioxane has been labeled a carcinogen but many bath products still use it. Now, two New York senators are making a big push, calling for the FDA to ban it.

Figures reveal demand for soda in Berkeley, California, plummeted 10 percent after the city become the first in the country to impose a 1 percent tax on sugar-sweetened drinks.

Staying physically active together encourages us to run faster, further and burn more calories, according to the first study of its kind at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

How you can get Blake Lively's figure in three steps

Actress Blake Lively's toned physique has the help of celebrity trainer Don Saladino. Saladino has been working with Lively for the past five years to make her 'runway ready' year round. And he says there are three simple moves - loaded carries, sled weights, and jump rope -that target all the major muscles and can get you a celebrity body (Lively pictured left in the 2016 movie The Shallows, and right at the 2017 Golden Globe Awards).

Avoid these fruits to prevent allergy symptoms

If your mouth or throat get itchy when you eat raw foods and you have certain allergies, you may have oral allergy syndrome - an allergic reaction to produce that has similar proteins to certain pollens. We tell you which fruits and vegetables have a cross reaction to pollen allergies and during which season you should be avoiding them.

‘For some, the pain can be utterly debilitating,’ says Professor Rodney Grahame, a consultant rheumatologist at London’s Hospital of St John and St Elizabeth.

EXCLUSIVE: Milan Solanki, four, from Redbridge, tried helminth therapy after his parents asked a US-based specialist for help in trying to improve his symptoms of autism.

The findings, which came from a review of a host of different studies, are concerning given the increasing usage of the medications during pregnancy, French researchers say.

The research by Indiana University comes amid widespread confusion and disagreement in the medical community, with various studies simultaneously reaching different conclusions.

Indian baby with 8 limbs is flown home after surgery

Karam (right), seven months, from Iraq, was flown to India last October for a complex operation to remove his extra arms and legs. It occurred as a result of polymelia - a rare disorder where a conjoined twin does not fully form. Hailed as a world first, the three-stage procedure at Jaypee Hospital, Delhi (inset), proved to be a complete success. His parents, who were initially horrified at the condition of their child, were left 'very happy' as they returned home, according to hospital officials. His father, Sarwed Ahmed Nadar, 28, (pictured with his wife Gurfan Ali) said his only hope was that his son now grows up normal and healthy.

People with serious psychological distress, which includes any mental illness severe enough to require treatment, are 10 times more likely to be unable to pay for meds, the study found.

Between April 2007 and March 2015, over 92,000 women had vaginal mesh implants fitted in England. Around one in 11 have experienced problems. Some women's partners have been injured in sex.

A sweat sensor designed by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, detects the presence of different molecules and ions which could help diagnose disease.

Known only as Shama, doctors in New Delhi say she has lamellar ichthyosis - a rare skin condition that affects just one in every 600,000 people.

Shoppers slam 'horrific' new low sugar Lucozade

Despite the 'game-changing' move being announced in November, many British shoppers have been left totally unaware as to the popular beverage's (left) change in formula. Some have even likened the energy drink's new recipe to that of bleach (top right) - describing it as 'rotten' and 'horrific' (bottom right). Others, more jokingly, have even said that manufacturer Lucozade Ribena Suntory's sugar reduction feels like a 'personal attack'. Diabetics who rely on the drink to prevent fatal complications from their condition have also been affected.

A new study from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland has found that a group of cells in the retina communicate with a region of the brain that regulates our circadian rhythm.

Terminally ill patients are being given respite using virtual technology headsets at the LOROS hospice in Leicester. Bedridden patients go for a 'walk' through a part and enjoy 360-degree views.

The new National Institute on Drug Abuse in Bethesda, Maryland, study offers fresh insight into marijuana use among young women.

In a study carried out during a simulated mission to Mars, an international group of scientists has found the idea that salty foods make you thirsty to be nothing but an old wives' tale.

The science behind the mercury poisoning in S-town

What do hatmakers and John McLemore, from the podcast S-town, have in common? They both suffered from mad hatter disease. The neurological disorder is a result of mercury poisoning, a dangerous element used in hatmaking and antique clock restoration. It affects the nervous system and can result in irritability, tremors and suicidal tendencies. Such eccentric behavior was seen in the Mad Hatter from Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland (pictured right, played by Johnny Depp in 2010, who told a Los Angeles Times reporter that his orange-haired character was 'poisoned') and in S-town's protagonist, clock restorer John McLemore (pictured left).

Tiny pollutants in the air are responsible for 40,000 deaths in Britain a year. More than 85 per cent of the country is exposed to illegal levels of air pollution.

Care homes across the country are being probed for ‘wholly unfair’ fees charged to families after loved ones have died.

A hospital trust in Middlesbrough which is struggling to recruit British doctors has turned to refugees from Iraq and Syria to help combat staff shortages.

Researchers from Brigham Young University, Utah, found self-confessed porn addicts are more likely to stop dating or withhold details of their habit from their partner than those with a healthy porn use.

Mother suffered a stroke after taking contraceptive pill

Natalie Trickett, of Claughton-on-Brock, Lancashire, collapsed one morning, losing her eyesight and the feeling on the right side of her face. Doctors later told her she had a stroke and it was almost certainly her Microgynon contraceptive pill which caused it. She has had to retake her driving test and can no longer play tennis as she has been left with permanently affected vision and weakness in her right side.

A new book, co-authored by New York Times science reporter Sandra Blakeslee, says that growing up in too clean of an environment can actually make children sick.

Anorexia sufferer describes her devastating battle

Stephanie Rodas, 28, from New York, has struggled with anorexia since she was 13 years old. She's spent years in and out of treatment centers and outpatient hospitals, and stated at one point that she would even just eat enough to be discharged and then continue starving herself. Now she's speaking out about her battle to help other sufferers recognize their symptoms and to get the helps she so badly wants.

Period pain occurs because the endometrial tissue breaks down and bleeds each month. Since the blood has no way out the body, it irritates and typically inflames the peritoneum.

Kanya Petchnoom, 48, from a remote area of Thailand, will go blind without treatment in the near future as the lump continues to grow, local doctors claim.

Harvard University research has revealed that by default, people tend to view immoral actions as though they were impossible. The brain may react in this way to help people act morally.

A close-fitting polyester and Spandex T-shirt, could encourage better posture using blades over the shoulder. The average Brit struggles with posture because of modern lifestyles.

Alex Dowsett, from Great Baddow, Essex, won a gold medal at the 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games. The cyclist, 28, couldn't take part in many sports at school as it was too 'dangerous'.

Woman saves her husband's life with liver donation

Twelve years ago, Matt Ragaini, from Connecticut, was a healthy and energetic 24-year-old when he started to feel abdominal pain and had a bout of night sweats. After a few blood tests and doctor visits, he was diagnosed with primary sclerosing cholangitis, a liver condition that can scar the bile ducts and tends to lead to liver failure.  Matt lived with it for five years, with his long-term girlfriend (now wife) Jen by his side. His condition was stable. Pictured: Heading in to surgery in 2014 (right), and today, (left) healthy and recovered two years on from the operation.

The crude treatment was thought to have fallen out of favour, yet figures demonstrate its popularity. Over 22,600 procedures were conducted in England in 2015-16, with 10.1 sessions per patient.

Experienced drinkers struggle as much with their short-term memory and complex processing skills as infrequent drinkers, according to a Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System study,

New research by the University of North Carolina reveals the virus persists in macrophages, large white blood cells found in the liver, lung, bone marrow and brain, as well as T-cells.

Clean eating is not an innocent trend that’s come along to counter unhealthy diets. It’s not going to solve the obesity crisis. It’s simply an eating disorder by another name.

Osteoarthritis of the thumb affects up to 12 per cent of adults in Britain. Paul Barrett, 67, from Purbrook, Hampshire, took part in a new trial implant to treat it and now says he is 'completely pain-free'.

How YOU can get Christina Hendricks's nipped waist

The Mad Men star’s trademark curves are accentuated in this waist- nipping blue dress. Christina Hendricks, 41, has said she’s not a natural fan of exercise.She uses a treadmill and a BOSU ball (a dome-shaped stability aid) to strengthen her abdominal muscles. The two-part side crunch targets the sides of the waist. Lie on the floor with knees bent to 90 degrees, hands behind your head. Lower your knees to the left and crunch upwards. Repeat 15 to 20 times. Return to the start, lift your head and shoulders off the floor and extend your left arm towards your left foot. Pulse forward like this 15 to 20 times. Repeat the entire sequence on the right.

Painkillers for a sore neck robbed me of 27 years

Pamela Wilson, from Belfast, went from being happy to anxious and unsteady on her feet. When she was on pills she was so dizzy she couldn't get out of bed for weeks. She was laid off work aged 27 on medical grounds and suffered insomnia. Countless thousands of Britons have become addicted to pills that have been prescribed by their doctors for pain, anxiety, sleeplessness and depression.

Global pharmaceutical firms often turn flowers into drugs or copy their chemicals. Peonies could treat arthritic knees as they contain a chemical called paeonol, which eases joint pain.

The effects of womb cancer can be devastating, particularly for young women. Standard treatment involves removing the womb, leaving sufferers unable to become pregnant.

A massive 98 per cent of teachers and school leaders have detected mental health problems in young students, according to The National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers, UK.

Pedometers are a fitness craze with people everywhere tracking their daily steps. Yet, an expert from Ohio State University reveals the 10,000 step recommendation may have been pulled out of thin air.

The surprising foods nutritionists say they'd NEVER touch 

Hardly a day passes without some new edict being issued about the food we should be avoiding. So in an effort to get to the truth, we asked the country’s leading nutritionists what foods they’ve banned from their own kitchen cupboards. Some of their choices may well surprise you...

The procedure will be carried out next year on about ten children in the UK born with oesophagus astresia, a rare condition where the upper section of the gullet does not connect to the stomach.

Tiny sensors are fitted into dressings and can spot infections, pick up blood clotting, and send data back to doctors. They are to be trialled at Swansea University in the next 12 months.

Britons on long-term medication and unable to collect prescriptions could be charged hundreds of pounds a year for preparing drugs and home delivery as funding cuts begin to bite.

'This is an exciting advance in the field of regenerative medicine,' says Dominic Power, consultant hand and peripheral nerve surgeon at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham.

An 'infertile' woman with two vaginas is pregnant

Krista Schwab, 32, and her husband Courtney, 33 (left), from Washington State, had given up all hopes of having a child after her condition caused her to miscarriage twice. Yet, against all odds Krista is five months pregnant with a baby boy (top right). The baby is miraculously growing in her left womb, despite an egg only being released in her right uterus (bottom right).

As well as being an unlikely food colouring, charcoal is being touted as a health hero, credited with everything from banishing bloating to detoxing the body and preventing a hangover.

West End star Elaine Paige has paid the price of a lifetime in vertiginous high heels as the 4ft 11in 69-year-old musical legend is suffering from the painful foot condition plantar fasciitis.

Stephanie and Alastair Chambers have revealed the battle to save the life of their son Harry (pictured), who was born 'purple and completely unresponsive' at Gloucester Royal Hospital.

Would YOU pay £15,000 for a 'miracle' eye implant?

EastEnders actress June Brown had been saved from blindness thanks to 'miracle eye surgery'. The 90-year-old (left), who plays Dot Cotton, recently voted Britain's best-loved soap character, revealed in a front-page newspaper report that, thanks to a 60-second implant procedure, 'I can see people's faces and recognise my children again. I can read again'. But an investigation has uncovered evidence that the heavily promoted procedure, which involves an artificial lens being inserted into the eye, left scores of elderly patients with little or no improvement in their sight and significantly out of pocket after paying up to £25,000 for the treatment, which is not available on the NHS. Experts have expressed serious concerns about the procedure, pioneered by ophthalmologist Bobby Qureshi (right) at his Harley Street clinic, the London Eye Hospital.

Scientists have been probing the phenomenon ever since a 1971 study showed female college roommates ended up synchronizing. But new evidence from Oxford researchers casts doubt.

Many of Britain's 18 million hayfever sufferers are allergic to pollen from birch trees. This normally reaches peak levels in May, but warm weather has brought the season forward by 10 days.

Christopher Cataldo has a rare and incurable condition called eosinophilic esophagitis, which means eating or even smelling most foods could kill him - except Chick-fil-A fries.

Some patients, particularly young patients who shouldn't yet have back and neck issues, are reporting disk hernias and alignment problems, the US study authors write in The Spine Journal.

Over the course of eight months from August to March, staff at UC Irvine Medical Center have secretly battled to control a spread of MRSA in one of the hospital's two units for critically-ill newborns.

Baby with eight limbs gets new lease on life in India

Karam, seven months, from Iraq, was plagued by an extremely rare condition where a conjoined twin did not fully form. Instead of growing a separate body, the other undeveloped baby's limbs absorbed into his as a result of polymelia. But his family (main with his mother Gufran Ali) flew him to India for the complex operation, hailed as a world first, to remove the unnecessary limbs. Surgeons at Jaypee Hospital, Delhi, (inset) performed a three-stage operation to remove his protruding extra arms and legs.

The findings stem from a study which asked people from across Japan to answer questions assessing their calculation skills, understanding of pricing behavior, and bonds and stocks.

Gambling addicts are inclined towards unnecessarily risky decisions, showing a defect in risk assessment, according to researchers at Kyoto University, Japan.

The stress of not having a consistent income to provide for themselves or not could also explain the findings, Japanese experts suggest. Stress is a well-known risk factor of the fatal blood clots.

Trying to stop her crying, she held the 25-day-old infant in her arms while sat up in bed to feed her, an inquest heard. But she drifted off for three hours at her home in Daventry.


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