Atlas of the European Union

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Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
Location European Union.svg
European Union

Flag of Europe.svg

European Union

Native names Native names in the official languages:
Deutsch Europäische Union

Die Europäische Union' (EU) ist ein aus 28 europäischen Staaten bestehender Staatenverbund eigener Prägung (sui generis). Die Bevölkerung der EU umfasst derzeit rund 498 Millionen Einwohner. Im EU-Binnenmarkt erwirtschaften die Mitgliedstaaten zusammen das größte Bruttoinlandsprodukt der Welt. Gegenwärtig basiert die Europäische Union auf dem am 1. November 1993 in Kraft getretenen Vertrag über die Europäische Union und bildet die Dachkonstruktion der sogenannten drei „Säulen“ Europäische Gemeinschaften (EG), Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik (GASP) sowie Polizeiliche und justizielle Zusammenarbeit in Strafsachen (PJZS).

English European Union - European Union

The European Union (EU) is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 28 democratic member states. The European Union was established under that name in 1992 by the Treaty on European Union (the Maastricht Treaty). Many aspects of the Union existed before that date through a series of predecessor relationships, dating back to 1951.

Español Unión Europea

La Unión Europea supone la coordinación económica de los pueblos europeos para evitar conflictos económicos internos que puedan volver a llevar a Europa a su debacle. También es una respuesta de los estados del bienestar contra la economía puramente capitalista de otras países. En la actualidad la forman 28 democracias con el 30,3% del PIB mundial (Según Banco Mundial a 2005).

Français Union Européenne

L’Union européenne, née le 7 février 1992, lors de la signature du traité sur l'Union européenne à Maastricht par les douze États membres de la Communauté économique européenne (CEE), est une union intergouvernementale et supranationale composée de 28 États. L'UE est la première puissance économique de la planète avec 30,30 % du PIB mondial (Banque mondiale, Total GDP, 2005).

Short name  European Union
Official  name European Union
Status Partly quasi-federal union of 28 European countries, founded de-facto in 1957 (present name since 1992), members countries are: ► Austria, ► Belgium, ► Bulgaria, ► Croatia, ► Cyprus, ► Czech Republic, ► Denmark, ► Estonia, ► Finland, ► France, ► Germany, ► Greece, ► Hungary, ► Ireland, ► Italy, ► Latvia, ► Lithuania, ► Luxembourg, ► Malta, the ► Netherlands, ► Poland, ► Portugal, ► Romania, ► Slovakia, ► Slovenia, ► Spain, ► Sweden, and the ► United Kingdom.
Location Europe
Capital Brussels, some institutions in Luxembourg and Strasbourg
Population 498,555,000 inhabitants
Area 4,479,367 km²
Major  languages The official languages of the member states
Major  religions Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodoxy etc.
More information European Union, Geography of the European Union, History of the European Union and Politics of the European Union
More  images European Union - European Union (Category).

General maps

Location European Union.svg Location of the European Union
Localisation de l'Union européene
Localización en un mapamundi
European Union map.svg Member states of the European Union (map 1)
États membres de l'Union européene
Países miembros
EU28-2013 European Union map.svg Member states of the European Union (map 2)
États membres de l'Union européene
Países miembros
EU Members Candidates 2004 2007.png European Union as a single entity and candidate members
l'Union européene comme une unité unique et membres candidats
La Unión y países candidatos
European Union member states by form of government.svg Member states by form of government
European Union member states by head of state.svg Member states by head of state:
European Union member states by internal structure.png Member states by internal structure:
European Union member states by number of houses.svg Member states by parliamentary houses:
European monarchies by succession.svg European monarchies by way of succesion:
   male primogeniture, to be changed to equal primogeniture
EU28-states with applications.svg States with applications:
   current members
   candidate countries
   Formally submitted membership application to EU
   accession rejected in a referendum 1972 and 1994
   application frozen
   application rejected
EU28-further enlargement map.svg Prospective members:
   current members
   candidate countries
   potential candidate countries (SAA)
   in the long run application possible
European Union neighbour states by freedom.png Neigbour states by freedom (as rated by Freedom House):
   European Union (all "free")
   partly free
   not rated
Oversea territories.PNG Les pays et territoires d'outre-mer (ou PTOM) sont des dépendances et territoires d'outre-mer des pays membres de l'Union européenne:
   Union Européenne (UE)
   Régions ultrapériphériques (RUP)
   Pays et territoires d'outre-mer (PTOM)
Map-Europe-Outermost-regions.PNG Régions ultrapériphériques
The European Outermost Regions
EU-GDP-PPP-pc-map.png PIB par habitant de l'Union Européennne
European Union GDP
European union emu map en.png Union économique et monétaire
European Economic and Monetary Union
Euro accession.svg

Euro Accesion:

   Eurozone (16)
   EU member obliged to join the Eurozone by the Maastricht Treaty (9)
   EU member with a derogation on euro participation (1)
   EU member planning to hold a referendum on the euro and with a derogation on euro participation (1)
   Area using the euro with an agreement (5)
   Area using the euro without an agreement (4)
Euro outside.svg Relations with the Euro:
   Eurozone countries
   EU member with currency pegged to the euro
   EU members with free-floating currencies
   non-EU members with free-floating currencies
   non-EU member with currency pegged to the euro
   countries/territories outside the Eurozone that use the Euro
Eurozone2007.png Relations with the Euro:
   current Eurozone countries
   ERM II members
   EU member with currency pegged to the euro
   non-Eurozone EU members
   territories outside the Eurozone using the euro
   non-EU member with currency pegged to the euro
European union gdp map en.png Produit intérieur brut
Gross domestic product
European union erdf map en.png Fonds européen de développement régional
European Regional Development Fund
Schengen Agreement map.svg Schengen Agreement:
   Schengen Agreement members
   Legally bound to join
   Cooperating countries
Schengenzone.svg Schengen Agreement:
   Fully Schengen members (EU member states which have implemented the Schengen Agreement)
   Associated Schengen members (non-EU member states which have implemented the Schengen Agreement)
   Other EU member states (EU member states which have not implemented the Schengen Agreement yet)
   EU member states which apply only some Schengen laws

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day the European Union, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day the European Union.

Main gallery: Enlargement of the European Union.
European union past enlargements map.png Past enlargements
EC-EU-enlargement animation.gif Animated map of the enlargements
EC1957.png The European Communities in 1957
EC1973.png The European Communities in 1973
EC1981.png The European Communities in 1981
EC1986.png The European Communities in 1986
EC1990.png The European Communities in 1990
EU1995.png The European Union in 1995
EU2004.png The European Union in 2004
EU2007.png The European Union in 2007
EUCROA.png The European Union in 2013
ECSC52.png Original members of the European Coal and Steel Community

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Atlas • Historical atlas • Index of the Atlas • Names in native languages

The world and its continents and oceans
Quick reference • Historical maps of the world • Old maps
Physical and topographical • Political • Geological • People • Time and time zones • Projections of the globe
Africa • North and South America • Antarctica • Asia • Europe

(History, European Union) • Oceania • Oceans

Administrative divisions • International organizations • Languages • Religions

Historical eras
Prehistory • Antiquity • Middle Ages • Rise of Islam • Early Modern Age • Early American Societies • Early Asian Societies • Age of Renaissance • Colonialism • Stielers Handatlas 1891 • 20th Century • World War I • World War II

Entities with undisputed sovereign status
Afghanistan • Albania • Algeria • Andorra • Angola • Antigua and Barbuda • Argentina • Armenia • Australia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Bahamas • Bahrain • Bangladesh • Barbados • Belarus • Belgium • Belize • Benin • Bhutan • Bolivia • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Botswana • Brazil • Brunei • Bulgaria • Burkina Faso • Burundi • Cambodia • Cameroon • Canada • Cape Verde • Central African Republic • Chad • Chile • China • Colombia • Comoros • Congo (Democratic Republic) • Congo (Republic) • Costa Rica • Côte d’Ivoire • Croatia • Cuba • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Djibouti • Dominica • Dominican Republic • East Timor • Ecuador • Egypt • El Salvador • Equatorial Guinea • Eritrea • Estonia • Ethiopia • Fiji • Finland • France • Gabon • Gambia • Georgia • Germany • Ghana • Greece • Grenada • Guatemala • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Guyana • Haiti • Honduras • Hungary • Iceland • India • Indonesia • Iran • Iraq • Ireland • Israel • Italy • Jamaica • Japan • Jordan • Kazakhstan • Kenya • Kiribati • Korea (Democratic People’s Republic) • Korea (Republic) • Kuwait • Kyrgyzstan • Laos • Latvia • Lebanon • Lesotho • Liberia • Libya • Liechtenstein • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Macedonia (Republic) • Madagascar • Malawi • Malaysia • Maldives • Mali • Malta • Marshall Islands • Mauritania • Mauritius • Mexico • Micronesia (Federated States) • Moldova • Monaco • Mongolia • Montenegro • Morocco • Mozambique • Myanmar • Namibia • Nauru • Nepal • The Netherlands • New Zealand • Nicaragua • Niger • Nigeria • Norway • Oman • Pakistan • Palau • Panama • Papua New Guinea • Paraguay • Peru • Philippines • Poland • Portugal • Qatar • Romania • Russia • Rwanda • Saint Kitts and Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • Samoa • San Marino • São Tomé and Príncipe • Saudi Arabia • Senegal • Serbia • Seychelles • Sierra Leone • Singapore • Slovakia • Slovenia • Solomon Islands • Somalia • South Africa • South Sudan • Sovereign Military Order of Malta • Spain • Sri Lanka • Sudan • Suriname • Swaziland • Sweden • Switzerland • Syria • Tajikistan • Tanzania • Thailand • Togo • Tonga • Trinidad and Tobago • Tunisia • Turkey • Turkmenistan • Tuvalu • Uganda • Ukraine • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • United States • Uruguay • Uzbekistan • Vanuatu • Vatican City • Venezuela • Vietnam • Yemen • Zambia • Zimbabwe

Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia • Azawad • China (Republic)/Taiwan • Islamic State • Kosovo • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic • New Russia • Northern Cyprus • Palestine • Somaliland • South Ossetia • Tamil Eelam • Transnistria • Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • American Samoa • Anguilla • Aruba • Ascension Island • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Bermuda • Bouvet Island • British Indian Ocean Territory • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Christmas Island • Clipperton Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Curaçao • Faroe Islands • French Guiana • French Polynesia • French Southern and Antarctic Lands • Gibraltar • Greenland • Guadeloupe • Guam • Guantanamo Bay • Guernsey • Heard Island and McDonald Islands • Hong Kong • Howland Island • Isle of Man • Jan Mayen • Jarvis Island • Jersey • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Macau • Martinique • Mayotte • Midway Atoll • Montserrat • Navassa Island • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Pitcairn Islands • Puerto Rico • Réunion • Saint Helena • Saint-Barthélemy • Saint Martin (France) • Sint Maarten (Netherlands) • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Svalbard • Tokelau • Tristan da Cunha • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Crimea • Cyrenaica • Galmudug • Himan and Heeb • Jubaland • Kashmir • Khatumo • Kurdistan (Syrian) • Paracel Islands • Puntland • Spratly Islands • Falkland Islands • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands • Bajo Nuevo Bank • Serranilla Bank • Southwestern Somalia

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh • Adjara • Adygea • Altai • Andalusia • Aosta Valley • Aragon • Asturias • Athos • Azores • Balearic Islands • Bashkortostan • Basque Autonomous Community • Bonaire • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) • Bougainville • Brussels • Buryatia • Canary Islands • Catalonia • Chechnya • Chuvashia • Corsica • Dagestan • Easter Island • England • Extremadura • Flanders • Friuli-Venezia Giulia • Gagauzia • Galicia • Galápagos Islands • Gorno-Badakhshan • Guangxi • Ingushetia • Inner Mongolia • Kabardino-Balkaria • Kalmykia • Karachay-Cherkessia • Karakalpakstan • Karelia • Khakassia • Komi • Kurdistan (Iraqi) • Madeira • Mari El • Muslim Mindanao • Mordovia • Nakhichevan • Navarre • Nevis • Ningxia • North Ossetia-Alania • Northern Ireland • Nunatsiavut • Quebec • Saba • Sakha • Sardinia • Scotland • Sicily • Sint Eustatius • Srpska • Tatarstan • Tibet • Tłı̨chǫ • Trentino-Alto Adige • Tuva • Udmurtia • Vojvodina • Wales • Wallonia • Xinjiang • Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country • Burzenland • Catalan Countries • Frisia • Kurdistan • Manchuria • Sandžak • Sápmi • Svenskfinland • Székely Land • Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary • Byzantine Empire • Caliphate • Czechoslovakia • Republic of West Florida • Frankish Empire • Kingdom of Hawaiʻi • Inca Empire • Iroquois Confederacy • Macedonian Empire • Ottoman Empire • Prussia • Roman Empire • Soviet Union • Republic of Texas • Vermont Republic • Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles