There is a lot in the news already about Alternative Vote or AV and a lot more to come in the coming weeks as parties lobby for a change in the way we vote here in the UK.
What Is AV?
In short Alternative Voting is where, rather than voting for the person you want to elect and putting your paper in the ballot box, you put a 1 by the person you would most like to elect then grade the other candidates by putting 2, 3, 4 etc after their names.
If no candidate gets a majority of all the votes cast in the constituancy, then the candidate with the lowest number of votes is removed and their ballot papers are then recounted and redistributed across the remaining candidates based on second preference. This continues, removing the lowest candidate each time until a majority is reached. See the links to the Electoral Reform Society & Wikipedia at the bottom of the page for a more in-depth description.
So How Would things Be Different In Stoke Under AV?
It isn’t possible to tell exactly how things would have played out in Stoke-on-Trent if AV was being used in the 2010 General Election, but by making some basic assumptions you can see how the vote could have been counted to come to a majority in each of the wards.
|John Fisher||Liberal Democrat||7,120||17.7|
|Geoffrey Locke||UK Independence Party||2,485||6.2|
Stoke-on-Trent North didn’t have a clear majority in the 2010 General Election so Geoffrey Locke would have been removed from the count, his votes would be redistributed based on second preference in Round 2
|John Fisher||Liberal Democrat||7,560||18.8|
Still no clear majority so now Melanie Baddeley is removed from the count and her votes are redistibuted based on second preference.
|John Fisher||Liberal Democrat||8,126||20|
This is enough to give Joan Walley the 50% majority she needs to retain her seat.
|John Redfern||Liberal Democrat|| 7,039|| 21.7|
|Norsheen Bhatti ||Conservative|| 6.833|| 21|
|Simon Darby||BNP || 2,502|| 7.7|
|Carol Lovatt||UK Independance Party|| 1,402||4.3 |
|Paul Breeze||Independant|| 959|| 3|
|Gary Elsby||Independant|| 399|| 1.2|
|Brian Ward||City Independants||303 || 0.9|
|Alby Walker||Independant|| 295|| 0.9|
|Matthew Wright||Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition|| 133|| 0.4|
As the bottom 6 candidates polled only 10.7% of the votes, we can safely skip rounds 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7 leaving just Hunt, Redfern Bhatti & Darby in the vote. At this point the voting would look something like
|John Redfern||Liberal Democrat|| 7,797|| 24|
|Norsheen Bhatti ||Conservative|| 7,566|| 23|
|Simon Darby||BNP || 2,771|| 9|
So after the removal of the bottom 6 candidates we are getting closer to a majority, Tristram Hunt has nearly double the number of votes of John Redfern but still not the 50% majority required. Now we take Simon Darbys votes and reallocate them.
|John Redfern||Liberal Democrat||8,339||26|
|Norsheen Bhatti ||Conservative||8,092||25|
Still no overall majority of 50% with just 3 of the 11 candidates still in the running, so now we have to take the votes from the third placed candidate and re allocate them.
|John Redfern||Liberal Democrat||9,822||30|
and finally we have an elected Member of Parliament with a majority of 54% Tristram Hunt. So in Stoke-on-Trent Central.
|James Rushton||Conservative||11,316|| 28.4|
|Zulfiqar Ali||Liberal Democrat|| 6.323|| 15.9|
|Michael Coleman||BNP ||3,762|| 3.4|
|Mark Barlow||UK Independance Party|| 1,363||3.4|
|Terry Follows||Staffordshire Independent Group||1,208|| 3|
Again in Stoke-on-Trent South, every candidate up to second placed James Rushton would have to be removed to give Rob Flello the majority required to hold his seat.
While the results (based on our assumptions) are not shocking they do show how much more work would need to go in to counting the votes.
Alternative Voting Is It Any Better Will It Make A Difference?
Well based on our totally unscientific rerun of the 2010 General Election, no it wouldn’t have made any difference to the outcome of the election. Until details of how the counts would actually be carried out, it just looks like a lot more work and a far longer night before results are declared.
How Are The Parties Campaigning?
BNP are campaigning against
Conservatives are campaigning against
English Democrats are are campaigning for
Labour have no official stance
Liberal Democrats are campaigning for
The Green Party are campaigning for
UKIP are campaigning for
I made the following assumptions while calculating the new results for each constituency in Stoke-on-Trent.
- The votes from the lowest candidate in each round were reallocated using the same % as the original vote.
- A number of votes were lost in each round due to:
- people not giving second or third preference votes
- second & thrid preference votes were for candidates already out of the running
- spoilt papers
Photo credit http://www.flickr.com/photos/ludens/4582962125/