K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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  • Let's become chefs!: The following is designed to teach students the characteristics of a recipe. The characteristics to be taught about this genre are: the step-by-step directions, ingredient words and numerical measures.
  • Make that chocolate sundae!: The student will write detailed directions for making and eating a chocolate sundae. S/he will then create and eat a sundae.
  • Creating a Mini Page: This activity allows students to take their knowledge from previous lessons or research projects and turn it into a newspaper, modeled after the Mini-Page, to share with their classmates. The focus of this activity is not research and writing instruction; rather, it is meant to be used as a culminating activity.

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Students will practice reading comprehension skills by reading recipes from the Rookie Cookie’s Goodies Mini Page and answering questions. This can be used to teach students how to read a recipe or may simply be used as a bell ringer activity. There are four recipe handouts included.

Learning outcomes

Students will:

  • learn how to read a recipe.
  • determine the main idea of a text.
  • make inferences from a text.

Teacher planning

Time required

One hour for a full lesson


  • Computer with internet connected to a multimedia projector
  • Access to the Rookie cookie’s Goodies Mini Page
  • Copies of the recipe reading passages of your choosing (listed below) — one per student


Spice cookies reading passage
This is the recipe for spice cookies and the accompanying questions. This document contains an answer key.
Open as PDF (1 MB, 4 pages)
French toast reading passage
This is the recipe for french toast and the accompanying questions. This document contains an answer key.
Open as PDF (581 KB, 4 pages)
Pizza cookie recipe reading passage
This is the recipe for a holiday pizza cookie and the accompanying questions. This document contains an answer key.
Open as PDF (568 KB, 4 pages)
Latke recipe reading passage
This is the recipe for latkes and the accompanying questions. This document contains an answer key.
Open as PDF (573 KB, 4 pages)


  1. To prepare students, first explain that they will be reading recipes to answer reading questions.
  2. Explain to students that before they begin working on their own, they will practice reading a recipe as a class.
  3. Ask students if they have ever read a recipe. If they have not, go to step four. If yes, ask what a recipe includes, and write their answers on the board (e.g., ingredients, directions, oven temperature, etc.). Explain to students that you will now look at a recipe and see if they missed anything.
  4. Project page one of the Rookie cookie’s Goodies Mini Page, and direct students’ attention to the “Cheese Tea Biscuits” recipe.
  5. Have students read aloud the different sections of the recipe.
  6. Ask students to point out the different parts of the recipe and to describe what information these parts provide. If you have a whiteboard, you may ask students to write the names of the parts on the board that they came up with (e.g., ingredients, directions, number of servings, etc.). It is not necessary for the students to know exact vocabulary or terms for parts of the recipe, just that they know where to find the information.
  7. Project one of the recipe reading passages. Have student volunteers read the recipe. Go over the questions together and answer any questions.
  8. Pass out copies of the worksheet(s) you would like your students to work on. Instruct students to begin working. Circulate around the room to monitor and assist students as necessary.


Check that students answer the questions on the handout correctly.

Critical vocabulary

food items needed to make the recipe
serving size
how many people the recipe will feed

Supplemental information

EOG Reading Sample Items
This fourth grade reading sample provides extra practice with reading recipes.


These activities have been specifically designed to help prepare students for North Carolina’s fourth grade EOG test.

  • Common Core State Standards
    • English Language Arts (2010)
      • Reading: Informational Text

        • Grade 4
          • 4.RIT.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
          • 4.RIT.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.