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Kashmiri (कॉशुर / كٲشُر)

Kashmiri or Koshur is a member of the Dardic subgroup of the Indo-Aryan language. It has around 7 million speakers mainly in the Kashmir Valley in Jammu and Kashmir in northern India, and also in the Chenab valley. There are also around a hundred thousand Kashmiri speakers in Pakistan.

Kashmiri first appeared in writing during the 8th century AD in the Sharda alphabet, which is still used in religious ceremonies by Kashmiri Pandits. After the arrival of Islam in Kashmir during the 15th century, the Arabic script was adapted to write Kashmiri. Today Kashmiri Muslims write their language with the Arabic script, and Kashmiri Hindus used the Devanagari alphabet.

Kashmiri is one of the official languages of India, and is taught in all schools in the Kashmir valley.

Arabic script for Kashmiri

Arabic script for Kashmiri


Kashmiri numerals

Devanagari alphabet for Kashmiri

Devanagari alphabet for Kashmiri

Sources: Us Learn Kashmiri.pdf and

Download an alphabet chart for Kashmiri (Excel)

Sample texts in Kashmiri

Sample text in Kashmiri


تمام اِنسان چهہِ حقوق تِہ عزت لِحاظهٕ برابر ژامِت. تِمن چه‍ہِ ضمير تِہ عَقل عطا کرنہِ آمٕژ. اسليے پَزٕ تِمن بھٲئی برادری سان روزُن.


Tamam insaan che huquq te izzat lihaaze barabar zamit. Teman che zameer te aqal ata karne amech. Isleye paze teman bhei baradari san rozun.

Hear a recording of this text by Waqar Shah


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Additions and amendments provided by Waqar Shah

Information about Kashmiri | Kashmiri phrases | Kashmiri numbers


Information about Kashmiri

Koshur - an introduction spoken Kashmiri

Online Kashmiri dictionary

Koshurakhbar - the online Kashmiri newspaper

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Fiji Hindi, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Urdu

Other languages written with the Arabic and Devanagari scripts

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