Health

Updated: 20:51 EDT

Tips for avoiding potentially deadly bacteria in gyms

Gyms are breeding grounds for dangerous bacteria. And these bacteria can lead to health problems as minimal as acne or as serious as life-threatening infections. Taking a few simple steps to protect your body while working out could help you avoid virus-inducing bacteria. Avoiding skin-to-skin contact whenever it is not necessary is one such step. And you should always wipe down exercise equipment you have to touch, as about half of it contains germs responsible for common colds.

Ten million British people live with chronic discomfort, say the British Pain Society. But, while many medicines are effective, what are the alternatives?

The National Health Service (NHS) plans to recruit up to 3,200 PAs to perform minor operations and monitor wards - primarily from the US, which has more than 115,000 of them.

Anyone who has spent any time in hospital knows how tedious it can be. But experts now believe it could elongate a stay on the ward.

Yolanda Hadid says her Lyme disease was misdiagnosed as ME

The Dutch model, 53, who lives in New York, reveals that during her six-year battle with Lyme disease she was initially misdiagnosed as having ME. Yolanda reveals all in her new book, Believe Me, which is out next month. She has spoken out about how the pain made her consider suicide – but she found the will to carry on because of her three children. Her supermodel daughter Bella, 20, and son Anwar, 18, also have battled Lyme.

The veteran performer has long suffered with a problematic neck due to scoliosis (a twisted spine), but still enjoys her vices: chips doused in vinegar and occasional packs of cigarettes.

Whole Woman's Health in Texas is providing free abortions to women affected by Hurricane Harvey in September. Pro-life groups said the deal would take an emotional toll on women.

Middle-aged Americans' teeth are bad, and so is their insurance coverage, especially for those with lower incomes. Many don't realize they may soon be without dental coverage altogether.

Australia and the Southern hemisphere are suffering with a severe flu outbreak - and now experts fear it will travel to the UK, this winter.

In humans, the problem is well known as the ‘caregiver burden’ – the impact of sickness on carers, but now US researchers at Kent State University have studied the phenomenon in pets.

Grand mal seizure shows rare brain disease in child

Jayda Suttie, 10, was diagnosed with vanishing white matter disease when she was nine. Vancouver doctors found out she had the rare disease after she suffered from a grand mal seizure that left her unable to walk, speak or even pick up items. She has regained her ability to walk and speak, but this disease is slowly deteriorating her central nervous system. Because it is so rare, doctors have no idea what her prognosis will be or if she will ever be cured. Until then, her and her mother Linda are trying to raise awareness about the lack of funding and research for the disease. Pictured left is Jayda and right is her in the hospital in June last year after her grand mal seizure.

The Daily Mail's resident GP answers your queries on everything and anything. This week, he tackles stroke risk and a rather intimate women's problem.

A study of more than nine million participants over three decades found that deaths and cardiac arrests struck 1.74 out of every 100,000 competitors - double the rate previously thought.

Researchers from University of Tasmania in Australia studied weight loss in obese males. They found taking a two-week break from dieting helped the men lose more weight than consistent dieting.

The American Academy of Pediatrics has released its first guidance on tattoos and piercings. Thirty-eight percent of millennials, like Justin Bieber (left) and Miley Cyrus (right) have tattoos.

A low-carb diet reduces more fat deposits around heart and lowers waist circumference compared to a low-fat plan, a team of Israeli researchers found. Reducing carbs could also increase 'good' cholesterol.

Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital studied HIV patients' risk of dying from the disease or from lung cancer. They found people were 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer.

Channel 4 to broadcast blurry TV adverts

During the first break of The Undateables, visual filters will be applied to adverts from five household brands to represent the most common eye conditions. Each commercial will be distorted to represent what sufferers see, including those of macular degeneration (bottom left: visualised in an 02 advert) - which affects the central part of a person's vision. Glaucoma (bottom right: visualised in a Specsavers advert), which damages the optic nerves, and cataracts (top left: visualised in a Paco Rabanne advert), which often makes sight become cloudy, will also be illustrated through the filters. The other two conditions set to be replicated include hemianopia (top right: visualised in a Freeview advert), also known as half vision loss, and diabetes eyesight problems.

2.4% of teenagers are 'super obese' found a University College London study. Researchers say bariatric surgery is their only hope. This could cost taxpayers £543million.

Researchers at the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne say the findings, which were based on nearly 9,000 adults, are down to the dangers of sitting down for excessive periods of time.

Wellness centres should be created in towns within the next ten years according to the chief executive of Warrington and Halton Hospitals in Cheshire. The proposals are being piloted in 10 areas in England.

Camden, 3, from Texas, has no legs and his arms end around where his elbow would be. His grandmother Karen Whiddon captured the boy playing with his sister Ryleigh.

Rate of older Americans who are 'healthy' is increasing

A study from the University of Michigan has found that the rate of Americans who report feeling healthy has gone up since 2000. But this is only true for those who are white, wealthy and well-educated. The rate for black and Hispanic people, as well as that for low-income people with minimal education, has stayed the same. Researchers tracked 55,000 older Americans for the 14-year study. It serves as a warning that certain demographics are not receiving equal health care treatment.

Tom Ray nearly died, aged 38, after developing sepsis. H e survived, but suffered catastrophic damage and the scriptwriter now works in a call centre. This is his story.

Agony of little girl with sleep apnea

Nine-year-old Mia Amdur of Sarasota, Florida, suffers from sleep apnea. Before she was diagnosed, she stopped breathing as many as 27 times in her sleep. If left untreated, Mia (pictured at summer camp earlier this year) could have developed learning and behavioral problems, and been at risk for potentially fatal conditions like heart disease and high blood pressure.

Claressa Coleman, from Arkansas, thought the jab that felt 'like a pin' in her shoulder was from a mosquito - but it later turned out to be from a poisonous brown recluse spider.

Former broker Max Lowery, 27, of London, never eats breakfast as part of his 2 Meal Day plan - and says there is little scientific evidence for it being the best meal of the day.

Research suggests that virtual reality treatments for chronic pain might help reduce reliance on opioid painkillers and potentially help curb misuse of these addictive medications.

While more and more people are turning to intermittent fasting to lose weight, nutritionist Rob Hobson of Healthspan warns you need to choose the right numbers to fit in with your day-to-day life.

Fired NHS surgeon now works as an Uber driver 

NHS surgeon Peter O'Keefe, 52, became an Uber driver last month, two years after being sacked in August 2015 by Cardiff & Vale University Health Board. His firing came after a three-year investigation by the health board into his conduct, following complaints that he bullied colleagues. Peter, whose clinical competence was never in question, appealed against his dismissal, claiming he was being victimised for raising questions about patient safety. Years on from the NHS whistleblowing scandal, Peter says he's unexpectedly loving his new job as an Uber driver.

The 55-year-old former pop star (pictured), who had hits with 1980s group The Communards, says: ‘I had a medical before the show and that was an experience of bitter disappointment.’

Multiple sclerosis sufferer Roy Palmer and his wife Helen (pictured) are desperate for him to be able to walk again. Now doctors believe a stem cell therapy could halt the disease from worsening.

Injections of the anti-wrinkle drug Botox can transform the appearance of people with receding chins, according to a new study by plastic surgeons.

When I was four, my mother’s mother, my grandmother, died of breast cancer just as her mother, my great-grandmother, had done years earlier, writes Dr Ellie Cannon.

Jessica Valoy, 30, weighed a staggering 22st 3lbs and struggled to squeeze into a dress size 26.

'Angelina Jolie op is given to women it cannot help'

Dr Fiona MacNeill, a surgeon at London’s Royal Marsden Hospital, said medics were ‘driving the removal’ of the second – healthy – breast sometimes just to give patients ‘peace of mind’. The warning comes after a US study showed the opinion of a patient’s surgeon has a strong effect on whether she has a double mastectomy after being diagnosed with cancer in a single breast.

40 minute laser blast that ends years of leg ulcer pain

The procedure, which involves a fine laser fibre being threaded into to vein to deliver heat energy, is similar to the one commonly used to treat unsightly varicose veins. Distressing and painful leg ulcers affect half a million patients at any one time, and the laser surgery could offer relief to 85 per cent of them. Alongside discomfort, scarring is common. Pictured: Rod Stacey from Anstey, Leicester who now plays league tennis for Rothley Ivanhoe following new dvt treatment.

This week DR MAX looks at why people in the UK are among the most depressed in the Western world. That is despite this country having a relatively high standard of living.

Cancer deaths are down by 35 percent for children and 25 percent for adults in the US, new research from the American Association for Cancer Research.

Scientists at the University of Northumbria asked 30 men aged between 18 and 28, who work out at least twice a week, to do 100 intensive jump exercises.

Public Health England, is drawing up targets to cut the calorie content of 75 per cent of food on sale in the high street. The reductions will be achieved by a mixture of reformulation, it says.

Experts break down the triggers that ruin get-fit regimes

Nutritionist Rob Hobson and psychologist Dr Meg Arroll, of UK-based Healthspan, outline their step-by-step guide to making sure you stick with your health kick.

It’s not surprising that so many snorers search for solutions on the chemist’s shelves. But they may well be wasting their time — and money, says Dr Mike Dilkes.

Nearly half of British people would sacrifice sex than their daily sugar hit. That's the conclusion of data released on Friday, which surveyed more than 2,000 people about their eating and lifestyle habits.

Researchers from Columbia University created a skin patch to help target fat-burning in problem areas such as love handles. Mice who tested the patch lost 20 percent of their fat.

Researchers at the University of Washington said the two extremes of inadequate nutrition in poor communities and unhealthy eating in richer populations kill a fifth of human beings.

Indian acid attack victim shares results of surgery

A young acid attack victim has bravely revealed the effects of successful surgery. Khushboo Devi (pictured), 21, from Uttar Pradesh in northern India, has endured two painful procedures to help heal the devastating scars on her face, which she suffered in April. They were caused by her father, 40-year-old Manik Chandra, after she reported to the police for sex trafficking crimes.

Hurricane Irma could invite brain-eating amoeba to thrive in Florida waters. The storm left behind warm water that is known to home these amoebas. They can enter through the nose and attack the brain.

University College London scientists found that such biomarkers have 'no relation' to happiness in later life - contradicting a host of evidence stating the opposite.

Penn study: Bald men are perceived as being more dominant

The bald look, adopted by Bruce Willis (right), Vin Diesel (left) and Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson, makes men appear more masculine, dominant, taller and stronger. British star Jason Statham also sealed his status as a bald heartthrob with his recent engagement to model and former Victoria's Secret angel Rosie Huntington-Whiteley. Scientists have long debated the issue of hair loss in men, a billion-pound industry, with conflicting results on their perceived appearance. The latest positive conclusion, based on three studies by University of Pennsylvania researchers, asked people of both sexes for their opinions.

In trials on mice, University of Adelaide researchers found that an existing drug that targets receptors in the brain's immune system can switch off the urge for a midweek tipple.

A new study finds that women who had preeclampsia are at higher risk for lifelong cardiac health problems. Those who had early-onset preeclampsia are at even greater risk.

High-street retailer Next is selling plus-sized apparel for toddlers. The chain, which has more than 550 branches nationwide, have introduced a 'plus fit' range for children aged 3-years-old and up.

Donna Corden, of Leeds, knocked herself out during the incident earlier this year and had a small cut above her left eyebrow. It became infected and she developed necrotising fasciitis.

'Rubber up and enjoy the ride!' Bizarre video featuring animated GENITALS is being used in Sweden to encourage the use of condoms

The purpose of the film, which is being used by public health officials in Kronoberg County in the south of the country, is to promote self-testing for chlamydia in people aged between 15 and 24. The Hollywood-esque trailer, which has a voice-over, tells viewers to 'rubber up and enjoy the ride' - in reference to using a condom during sex. A female voice can be heard in the background of the clip saying 'faster, faster', a phrase widely associated with a passionate night beneath the sheets.

A study published by the American Academy of Pediatrics has found children using slides are far more likely to injure their lower leg or shinbone when on a parent's lap.

A study from the American Academy of Pediatrics has found that the number of children addicted to opioids jumped by 17,000 from 2008 to 2013.

Everyone over 40 should be screened to test their chance of getting diabetes, the public health watchdog says today. Up to four million people in England already have it.

Women reveal 'excrucating pain' caused by laser treatment

Deb Collins, Michelle Abery (pictured left), and Niki Richardson (bottom right) received the erbium laser treatment from a beauty therapist who has worked in Victoria and Canberra. The women said their faces were bloodied and swollen for weeks after the procedure. A plastic surgeon told Niki that she had received third degree burns from the treatment.

Viral hepatitis kills more people than HIV, malaria or tuberculosis, a new study found. It's one of the top ten causes of death in the world. The WHO has a plan to stop it by 2030, but efforts are lagging.

Deaf woman weeps as she hears the sound of her husband's kiss for the first time after getting a cochlear implant

The moment that a deaf woman (right) who had just received a cochlear implant realizes she can hear her husband (left) giving her a kiss brought her - and others - to tears. Cochlear implants are used to restore partial hearing to deaf patients. They contain microphones which pick up on the noises in a person's vicinity. Then, the noises are transmitted to that person's auditory nerve. While a person with an implant will not have 100 percent clear hearing, they will be able to understand the voices of the people around them, which helps them better their speech and communication skills.

A new report from the American Heart Association has found that yo yo dieting is more likely to cause hypertension than smoking, drinking heavily or eating unhealthy foods.

The pumpkin spiced latte combines spices of nutmeg, cinnamon and clove with sugar. This combination influences cravings in the brain.The caffeine also influences what the body craves.

Researchers from Tufts University in Massachusetts found that Toxoplasma gondii, which is carried by around 30 percent of cats, may alter more than 1,000 genes associated with cancer.

Selena Gomez' lupus disease side effects

Selena Gomez revealed on Instagram that her best friend donated a kidney for her. The singer suffers from lupus, which is a chronic illness where the body's immune system attacks healthy tissue. A kidney transplant is an option for people with lupus if the illness is attacking capillaries in the organ. This can cause the kidney to fail if not properly treated. The illness affects five million people worldwide and there is no known treatment.

Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology believe the vaccine could offer hope for people who are scared of needles, and could prevent children missing follow-up jabs.

The Royal College of Surgeons said hospitals and local authorities need to improve the handover of patients. A total of 181,692 'bed days' were lost to delayed discharges in July.

Some 30.1 per 100,000 people from the north-west seaside town die from the condition before the age of 75. This is compared to just 3.9 per 100,000 in south Norfolk, according to Public Health England.

Leeds woman says facial paralysis makes her more confident

Assistant manager, Lucy Hawkins, 20, right, from Leeds, was diagnosed with Bell's palsy when she was just three-months-old, inset as a child, but she didn't realise it herself until she was eight, but thanks to her parents she's never seen it as a major issue. Lucy, pictured left with a friend, believes that her condition, which has seen her lose muscle movement on the left-hand side of her face, has made her a stronger, more confident woman. She has never had any treatment for it and doesn't feel the need to in the future. Bell's palsy is the most common cause of facial paralysis. The symptoms range from a weakened side of the face, dryness in the mouth, drooling, impaired speech, difficulty eating and drinking, eyes not shutting and dryness of the eyes.

Dr Michael Lewis, who runs his own clinic in Woodland Hills, California, donned his purple gloves as he tackled the nasty mass on the unidentified patient's neck.

Personal trainer Dan Rayner reveals what he would eat at the biggest chains - and there are surprisingly a lot of options even for someone who is watching what they eat.

Researchers from the University of Copenhagen found having low levels of the bacteria Prevotella in the trial's participant's stools prevented weight loss if they ate fruit and vegetables or sweets.

Chad Carr brain tumor tissue leads to breakthrough

Chad Carr died in 2015 aged 5, 14 months after he was diagnosed with DIPG. Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a lethal and untreatable brain tumor which predominantly affects children under the age of nine. But now, a year-and-a-half after passing away, scientists are honoring his memory with a research paper, showing an analysis of his brain has led to a major breakthrough in understanding the genetic mutations that drive DIPG. Pictured: Chad (left and right) and his mother Tammi (right).

Psychiatrists disputed the latest findings, made by researchers at McMaster University, Canada, arguing that the drugs have been safely used for years and offer a lifeline for depressed people.

Experts at Athens University Medical School found eating six small meals a day is better than three large ones. This leads to better blood sugar control and reduced hunger.

The groundbreaking study led by the University of Washington estimated exposure to outdoor concentrations of a transport-related pollutant in 2000 and 2010, based on neighborhoods.

Grandma who lost 17 stone is denied excess skin removal

EXCLUSIVE: Gillian Jenkins, 57, from Penarth, south Wales, dropped from 27 stone (inset) to 9 stone 10 lbs after taking up Zumba, but has been told she is not eligible for NHS surgery to remove the excess skin left behind - because she isn't suffering from depression as a result. Now, Gill's friends and family are rallying round her to help raise the £10,000-£15,000 required, with her personal trainer Chris Burke, from Cardiff, setting up an online crowdfunding page on JustGiving.

Chemist-4-U shoppers can order an 'advanced supply' of Levonelle, a generic version of the emergency contraception, at just the click of a mouse.

Experts at the University of Adelaide in Australia found that people who consumed lots of artificial sweeteners for two weeks showed a significantly reduced ability to control glucose absorption.

According to Dr Jenn Mann, the secret to a healthy and happy marriage is to argue more. She believes that playing 'peacemaker' can be damaging to the relationship.

After a devastating miscarriage, Debbie King, 40, from Leeds, the wife of Jonathan Ansell, 35, who is the lead singer of the operatic group G4, suffered what is known as a placenta percreta.

Mama June weight loss surgery could help eyesight

Researchers from the University of Melbourne, Australia, studied weight loss and how it impacts eyesight. Mama June Shannon has childhood cataracts that may have been due to her weight. Cataracts can be caused by genetics or unhealthy lifestyle choices such as obesity. Pictured left is Mama June before her weight loss, right is after her weight loss and inset is her struggling to see her phone due to her poor vision.

Researchers from Florida State University have discovered new insights into how the brain is organized to help a person navigate through life (stock image).

Six-year-old Emily Yurkins, of St Louis, Missouri, has Sanflippo Syndrome, also called 'childhood Alzheimer's.' It is a cruel, incurable genetic disease.

Drew Wahlroos died at the age of 37 from a self-inflicted gun wound to the chest on September 2. The medical examiner said experts suspect he had CTE, a football-linked suicidal brain disease.

Physical and mental health of new mothers

Serena Williams and Lara Trump both had their babies this month. Experts warn that challenges women face after pregnancy include weakened core muscles and depression. On average, women take about six weeks to get cleared to workout again. But the pressure to get back to the same physical fitness can have an impact on the body. Women can also experience changes in their hair, skin and nipple pain. Pictured left is Serena Williams with her daughter. Right is Lara Trump when she was pregnant and inset is a picture of her son.

The 'important' findings, made by Southampton University researchers, were based on answers from 11,508 participants. The results were published in BMJ Open.

A study by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health says measuring vitamin D levels could denote one's risk - which shows a healthy amount of the 'sunshine vitamin' is key to preventing MS.

A new report from Emory University School of Medicine has found that low-income individuals have higher risks of developing cardiovascular disease even if they eat clean.

FILE - In this Aug. 27, 2010 file photo, a nurse practitioner prepares a flu vaccination in Rockville, Md. A puzzling study of U.S. pregnancies suggests that women who received back-to-back flu shots between 2010 and 2012 _ after a new swine flu vaccine came out _ more often had miscarriages. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)

The study's authors, two of whom are with the CDC, saw a big difference when they looked at women who had miscarried within 28 days of getting a shot that included protection against swine flu.

Eating disorders in men on the rise

Men seeking treatment for an eating disorder has risen in the last six years. Experts say societal perception of male eating disorders and body dysmorphia has prevented more men from feeling comfortable about saying they need help. But male celebrities speaking about their own issues has helped chance perceptions. From left to right, Robert Pattinson, Dennis Quaid, Eminem and Aaron Carter have all come out about their own issues with eating disorders and body dysmorphia.

Researchers believe they have solved the problem by 'unblocking' a process linked to an HIV protein that was halting the production of antibody-generating 'B-cells' from the immune system.

Newcastle University researchers found that losing less than one gram of fat from the pancreas can re-start insulin production, reversing type 2 diabetes.

A new study by the J. Craig Venter Institute has found that a person's chances of getting gum disease increase if they consume more sugar. These chances are not influenced by their genes.

A new study shows that suicide attempt rates are on the rise among young adults. Some think this may be a response to the difficult job market, and engagement through social media.

Harry Potter actress's daughter thinks 'she's in France'

Tansy Smethurst, 13, (pictured left and right) from Greenwich, south-east London, was on holiday with her actress mother, Rakie Ayola, 48 (pictured left) who is set to play Hermione Granger in an upcoming Harry Potter production, when she developed spots on her body and was rushed to hospital. Scans revealed she had a brain cyst. When the growth was removed, Tansy developed a serious infection that led to short-term memory loss.

Belgian doctors found the patient had 'cat-scratch disease' after various tests. It is caused by a bacteria called Bartonella henselae, which can be found in the mouth and claws of cats. (stock)

The Endobarrier, which is a reversible procedure, makes obese patients feel full and helps them shed 2st on average, according to a team of researchers at Birmingham City Hospital.

Around two million people undergo graft surgery a year. Now British scientists hope to spare patients this risky surgery by growing bones using cells taken from their own bone marrow.

Heart-warming moment deaf baby beams from ear to ear after she is given hearing aids and listens to her mother's voice for the very first time

Lexi Daniella (pictured), from Richmond, Virginia, who has been unable to hear properly since she was born three months ago, was given hearing aids. Despite being confused when the gadgets squeaked as they were placed on her ears, they instantly worked - and the results were 'incredible'. The infant, known as 'Dani', quickly adjusted to her newly-found hearing capabilities and can be seen beaming from ear to ear. Being called a beautiful girl by her mother, Francisca Umana, roused an infectious smile from Dani - who became transfixed to her voice.

There were 10,999 admissions in 2016/17 for poisoning by opioid painkillers and other narcotics, which include codeine, morphine and fentanyl, the data from NHS Digital shows.

Welsh mother's body began shaking due to rare brain tumour

Nicola Davies, 45, (top right) from Merthyr Tydfil, south Wales, had been unknowingly living with the growth inside her head for around 10 years before her symptoms started to show. Ms Davies and her husband, Joe, a draftsman, were on a trip to Disneyland Paris with their son Morgan, 11, and daughter Millie, nine, (pictured left) when she was woken in the night by her left leg shaking violently. Ms Davies later endured a seven-and-a-half hour operation that required she shave off her hair and left her with a prominent scar (bottom right).

Jasmine Beever, 16, from Skegness, collapsed at college last week and was sent home to rest - but she died later that evening from peritonitis, a post-mortem has revealed.

At the Expo conference in Manchester, Mr Hunt said: 'The changes in medical innovation are likely to transform humanity by as much in the next 25 years as the internet has in the last 25 years.'

The Health Secretary wants to boost the awareness of sepsis, which kills 37,000 in England a year. He is also publishing guidelines showing how to recognise warning signs in children.

The fertility watchdog last night launched a major crackdown on IVF clinics exposed by the Daily Mail for exploiting desperate women.

Meet the children at the heart of Kylie's charity project

Kylie Jenner partnered with Smile Train, an organization that provides free cleft palate surgeries to children in developing countries. Operations to fix cleft lips and palates are routine, but if a child does not have access to one, their deformity can result in malnutrition, difficulty breathing and eating and hearing loss. The surgeries provided by Kylie's charity of choice are helping children have higher self esteem. The operations have also helped some children who live in communities where deformities are viewed as taboo become more accepted. Kylie visited some of the children who have received the life-changing operations in Peru in May. Pictured: Mia (left with Kylie), Aasmi (top right), Neha (middle), and Aziba (bottom right).

Health bosses announced the Freestyle Libre patch will be available on NHS prescription for the first time. The device automatically reads blood sugar levels from the cells just below the skin.

Exercising three times a week and following a healthy diet helped people halve their asthma symptoms in just two months, the study by researchers in Copenhagen found.

The findings, made by scientists at Nottingham University and King's College London, add weight to the emerging body of evidence that has suggested the same thing.

Two experts - a psychiatrist and a public health professor - explain how natural disasters damage residents' minds, and will impact their physical health as a result.

Susie Burrell's tips on losing 5kg before summer season

Australian nutritionist Susie Burrell has revealed her tricks to slimming down quick. She recommends eating breakfast around 8 or 9am and dinner by 6 to 7pm at latest. Susie also advises having a light dinner and filling breakfast, with no snacking or juices.

Researchers from Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark found that when aspirin is taken the recommended once a day, patients suffer an increased risk of blood clotting between doses.

The UK is ranked joint seventh out of 25 countries for adults reporting they have depression - more than double the rates in countries including Poland, Italy and Greece.

The senior editors of Springer, an orthopedics journal, said doctors should not perform physicals for college players and institutions should not sponsor professional teams.

San Diego is doing street cleaning every other week and extending public restroom hours due to hepatitis A outbreak. So far, 15 people have died and close to 400 have been infected this year.

NY doctor suspended after 4 patients contracted hepatitis

Dr Timothy Morley, based in Westchester County by the Bronx, has been ordered to close his practice, where he specializes in weight loss, menopause and 'disease treatment and prevention'.

At least a dozen children have contracted a rare bacterial infection after undergoing cardiac surgery in a single operating room at Children's Hospital in New Orleans.

BBC's How to Stay Young: Woman cures her insomnia

Jenifer Tutty, 47, from London, was horrified to learn that she had the body of a 71-year-old after completing a series of medical tests (seen left with host Angela Rippon and a show expert) including a full fitness assessment. The ovarian cancer survivor had also been left battling insomnia following a hysterectomy as part of her treatment. After implementing a new regime devised by the experts on the BBC show How to Stay Young - including upping her exercise levels from one hour a week to 10 (right) - a new round of tests three months later put Jenifer's body age at 58.

Under the new deal, NHS England will only pay for the medication if a patient is successfully cured. The move was announced at the NHS Expo conference in Manchester.

Trainer Brad Kolowich, Jr. and journalist Robert J. Davis reveal how much to drink during a workout in their new book Fitter, Faster. They say you need a 500ml bottle of water for a 60-minute workout.

The US Preventative Services Task Force is now recommending that women should be able to choose between getting an HPV test every five years or a Pap smear every three.

The study, from the University of Wroclaw, is the first to show that couples change their food preferences after years of eating together.

Doncaster boy has a condition that makes him look pregnant

Mckenzie Watson (right), five, suffers from a disorder known as nephrotic syndrome, which causes his kidneys to leak, filling his abdomen with fluid (left). Mckenzie's mother Antonia, 26, (pictured inset) says her son's condition is so severe his abdomen looks like hers did just before she gave birth to him.

London-based nutritionist and yoga teacher Libby Limon, and fitness specialist Lucy Miller, outline how everything from too much sugar to even over-exercising can cause the dreaded midriff bulge.

The 18-month-old's parents, who live in San Diego, are being investigated for child abuse. Ingesting marijuana can cause acute intoxication for children.

Harvard Medical School did a follow-up on a 90s study that claimed hormone therapy caused risk of heart disease, cancers and premature death. It showed the risks were not caused by the drug.

Researchers from the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in France found titanium dioxide and heavy metals are deposited in lymph nodes, which may cause them to become swollen.

Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, said that the virus had already caused huge problems in Australia with some A&E; units having 'standing room only.'

Cathy Yelf, chief executive of the Macular Society, welcomed the results, made by researchers at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. She said: 'This is a very interesting study.'

Veteran officers battling 9/11-related illnesses

Team Romeo was a squad staffed by 12 already-retired police officers who put on their uniforms again in a desperate bid to recover the 2,606 missing people. Now they all face new horrors: illnesses. The men of Team Romeo (pictured, left, carrying their fellow officer's body from the rubble) are just a few of the thousands of people suffering from a myriad of aggressive, difficult-to-treat, and life-threatening illnesses as a result of exposure to the site. Officially, the World Trade Center Health Registry recognizes 70 cancers as being linked to the fumes from Ground Zero (pictured, inset). It also recognizes GERD, every lung disease, sleep apnea, sinusitis, depression, asthma, and PTSD. Here, Tony Zeoli (bottom right), Ken Cordo (top right), and their fellow officers describe the agony of battling the second wave after 9/11.

The findings, made by scientists at the University of Western Ontario, are worrying, considering the pressure already placed on young girls to look 'good'.

Researchers from Nordic Bioscience and ProScion in Denmark found abdominal fat triggers the release of insulin, while excess weight causes chronic inflammation, both of which are linked to cancer.

Annie Wardle, 37, from Bristol, had the Ultra Femme 360 procedure to quash her anxieties about her vagina as she looks for love. She is currently single with no children.

Jean Twenge, from San Diego State University, has released a new book claiming adolescents who have grown up with smart phones are replacing social interaction with social media (stock image).

Girl became convinced she was a dinosaur

Lucy Evans (pictured left and right), from Aberystwyth, was eventually diagnosed with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis - which affects just one in 75,000 people, figures suggest. The potentially fatal condition, which causes the body to attack the brain, left her on the brink of death. It also caused vivid hallucinations. One day, she was adamant she was a monkey, mimicking the animal's noise. Another, she plaited her hair so that it could be 'like her T-rex tail'. As she became more 'possessed', doctors told her mother, Liza Jackson (pictured together top inset), 52, that she would need to be sectioned. But she felt sure something else was wrong and fought for medical tests (pictured in hospital getting a brain scan bottom inset). Eventually a local GP, who recognised Miss Evans' bizarre symptoms, was able to diagnose her with the rare condition, also known as autoimmune encephalitis. Speaking about her ordeal for the first time, Miss Evans, who has lasting side effects from the condition, said: 'I was hallucinating and completely delusional.

A Danish study of more than 3,500 couples reveals a direct correlation between the weight of a woman and her husband’s health.

The scheme, by the NHS and Public Health England, aims to dramatically improve detection. But patients’ groups questioned if it is appropriate for firemen to carry out these checks.

Bristol University researchers found ‘surprisingly limited’ evidence that drinking up to four units a week leads to birth defects, developmental delay or behavioural problems.

A tiny metal spring that is implanted into the heart could revolutionise treatment of heart failure, a condition that affects almost a million people.

Dayna Allen smoked through her first pregnancy

A 25-year-old woman who smoked her way through her first pregnancy has spoken of her guilt after learning of the dangers her habit posed to her unborn daughter. New Zealand mother Dayna Allen - who smoked at least 10 cigarettes a day for 10 years - fell pregnant to her daughter Kayla at the age of 19. But just hours after her birth, the little girl was hooked to a ventilator for her respiratory system after she struggled to breathe.

We don’t eat cake to make us healthy, but most people want a birthday or special occasion to be marked with something indulgent.

Most of us make silly mistakes from time to time and are able to laugh them off. But, for Lucy Benyon, hers was something far more serious.

Researchers from the University of Technology Sydney found maternal vaping is linked to impaired lung function and asthma in offspring, and should not be considered a safe alternative to smoking.

Victims of heavy bleeding requires a rapid transfusion of plasma — the liquid part of blood that’s rich in healing proteins. And a new invention could do just that.

Eczema sufferer has to vacuum her bed every day

Vivienne Hew, 20, from Dublin, (pictured left before her flare ups) has suffered from eczema since she was young. Yet, after developing an addiction to the creams, she has spent the last three years battling topical steroid withdrawal, which has caused her skin to crack, ooze and bleed (right and inset).

Victoria D'Ariano, 25, from Venice in Los Angeles, posted the images on Instagram, which were taken just four hours apart, to encourage others online to be honest about their own body struggles.

Pharmaceutical companies often say it costs $2.7billion to produce medication to fight cancer. But a new study by Oregon University says it costs around $650million.

New York University scientists have discovered a way to measure where a cell is in its life cycle, and understand how that could be an underlying cause for certain diseases.

Deidre Conroy, a psychiatric professor from the University of Michigan, warns marijuana can help people fall and stay asleep, but most will then struggle to sleep without it.

Researchers from Columbia University compared the length of time people were sedentary with their mortality rates. Those who moved around every half hour were less likely to die.

How to get a sculpted back like Penny Lancaster

She is the age-defying blonde who never seems to age. And, to prove it, Penny Lancaster dazzled in a backless, teal dress that showed off her toned back at the TV Choice Awards, recently.  The 46-year-old mother of two and wife of rocker Rod Stewart has made her own workout DVDs and works out up to four times a week on a rowing machine, bike and weights in her gym at home. 

The CDC said on Monday that 39 people in the US contracted a Campylobacter infection from puppies in the past year. Nine were hospitalized, but there have been no deaths.

How a super-fit schoolboy rugby star coped with paralysis

Yesterday, in the first part of his inspirational memoir, Henry Fraser described how, aged 17 on holiday in Portugal with his Dulwich College rugby team-mates, he ran into the sea, dived under — and smashed into the seabed, dislocating his neck and leaving him paralysed from the neck down.  Our second extract begins with his move from the intensive therapy unit at Stoke Mandeville hospital in Buckinghamshire to an acute ward . . . The first thing I noticed as I was brought into St Andrew Ward was the daylight. As the nurses settled me down and made sure all my machines were working, I couldn’t stop looking at the light streaming in through the windows at the far end of the room.

Doctors at the Alfred Hospital, Melbourne found the unidentified patient to have 25 times above the safe limit of the toxin in his body - an amount that can have serious side effects.

The author says her health has suffered for her writing, but she's a committed vegetarian and consumes her five-a-day. She also smoked in her 20s, but is now completely cigarette-free

Surgeries in Folkestone have applied to close their lists independently as they are collectively short of 16 GPs and cannot cope with the rising demand, Pulse magazine reported.

Researchers from the Hospital das Clinicas in São Paulo found only four per cent of the study's 79 participants fathered children after having the procedure, compared to 13 per cent before.

Sleep: I’m in love with it and everything it does. And knowing what it does is why I give myself a non-negotiable eight hours a night to sleep. Yes, eight hours.

Lying in bed with sweat pooling on his chest, Wayne Fletcher felt sure the flu-like symptoms that had plagued him for weeks were more than a winter bug.

Mother and her daughters suffer from excruciating tumours

Sharon Phillips (far left), 44, from Tredegar, along with her daughters Chelsea, 23 (second from left), Courtenay (second from right), 17, and Tyanna (far right), 14, suffer from neurofibromatosis type 1, which leaves them in excruciating pain. As well as causing unsightly bumps, the condition also leads to violent mood swings, developmental delays and excruciating headaches.

Care homes and hospitals were forced to decide if they would evacuate or not during Hurricane Irma. Some care homes bused their residents north to get them away from the storm.

Only 40 new Parkinson's doctors start each year. But 1.5 million Americans live with the disease, with the rate increasing, warns Dr Michael Okun, a neurologist at the University of Florida.

Theo Spring, a 71-year-old grandmother from South Croydon, suffered with bunions so much that she underwent a new procedure to fix the problem. Here. she tells her story.

We asked Brendan O’Brien, an optician from Vision Direct (visiondirect.co.uk), to test and review a selection of the best high-street options.

The Department of Homeland Security has discovered a vulnerability in the Medfusion 4000 automatic syringe infusion pump used to administer medications and anesthesia in hospitals.

OC girl with paralyzed digestive system attends college

Nancy Pickett, 18, (left) was diagnosed with gastroparesis when she was a freshman at her Florida high school. Her stomach and intestinal muscles don't work, which prevents her from eating. She has now traveled away from her doctors in Florida to California to attend college. She is majoring in film and hopes to be a filmmaker. But her chronic illness has made it hard for her to attend school because it keeps her in and out of the hospital. Top right is some of her medication to help get nutrients into her bloodstream. Bottom right is her refrigerator in her dorm that is filled with all of the medical supplies she needs.

Boston University researchers studied mice to see if a palmitic acid, a fat found in fast food, could prevent melanoma. Red heads, fair skinned and those who tan are most at risk for this skin cancer.

A study from the University of Birmingham has found that even obese individuals who do not have diabetes or hypertension have an increased risk of developing fatal diseases.

Theo Bowens, from Guiseley, Yorkshire, was struck by a mysterious virus which caused acute liver failure when he was just 13 months old. He had three liver transplants before turning three.

In trials on mice at the Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, the new cream was showed to reduce skin thickening and inflammation - both are typical features of the incurable disorder.

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