Research> OWR >Pentecostal ...Hebrew Movements

Back to Moves    To Occult Inroads   Back to OWR   To Hebrew Roots

Click for 


Friendly  Version


The Legend of Hanukkah


Please note: Research into the Hebrew Roots & Messianic movements constitutes research into Judaism as well as the occult. We fully respect each persons right to believe or utilize what resources they choose. We however, see a clear distinction in believing the Messiah has come versus utilizing resources which still await His coming. That is how and why we must evaluate all to Christ and the New Testament as well as the Tenach or Old Testament. We do not wish to edit or criticize Judaism, but recognize it as distinct from our Christian beliefs, just as many in Judaism also see a distinction and separateness from our beliefs, and we jointly have mutual respect for our differences and each other. 


Titus 1:9-11,14

"Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake...Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth."

Until he ravamped his Moriel website in 1999, Jacob Prasch had the seven candle menorah as part of their Logo. The 9-candle menorah, called a Chanukiah, is now displayed on Jacob Prasch’s Logo, Calvary Chapel Jerusalem and many other sites. ***See Update--Logo has been changed in 2002.*** 

The 9-candle menorah is used to celebrate Chanukah or Hanukkah, also called The Feast of Lights, or Feast of the Maccabees which is celebrated December 20.

Contemporary use of the Chanukiah is in celebration of the victory of pseudo-Messiah, Judas Maccabees and his brothers over the oppressor about 166 BC. The story includes the cleansing of the Temple and the legend of oil miraculously burning for eight days.  For many, it has become very much a children's holiday, reminiscent of Christmas and for many, instead of Christmas, with wrapped gifts, special foods and decorated and lit Hanukkah 'bushes'. Some today suggest that Hanukkah is to be celebrated because of the universal desire of mankind for liberty. In actuality, it is a memorial about the historical and ongoing conflict of Jewish culture and faith versus non-Jewish beliefs and what many would call the Gentile influences and faith.  

Chanukiah from Ed Tarkowski’s Home Page. 36

History tells us that the original name for the festival was not the Feast of Lights but the Feast of Fire.1. The story of the Maccabees and the Maccabean Revolt, was reportedly commissioned by the Maccabees themselves, and is found in the Apocrypha's 1st & 2nd Maccabees, which are found in Catholic and some Protestant Bibles. However, those writings are not found in Jewish Bibles, but rather, the Maccabean Revolt is found referenced to in the extra-biblical writings of the Talmud.

From those and other historical sources such as Josephus' Antiquities, we know that Antiochus or "Epiphanes", outlawed the practice of Judaism prior to the second century BC. Idols and altars were established throughout Jerusalem where sacrifices were made to the various 'gods'. In full rebellion to Almighty God, an idol was erected on the great Temple, with many historically believing it to be an image of Zeus. Jews who disobeyed the directive to burn their Torah scrolls and cease from practicing Judaism were murdered. Some suggest by about 167 BC, Mattathais Maccabees and his sons determined to stop the sacrilege of the Temple and proceeded to overthrow the Syrians. Judah Maccabees took the lead and the Jews recaptured the Temple. According to the various writings they rededicated the altar on the 25th of Kislev or November-December. The celebration for the dedication of the altar went on for eight days followed by the rededication of the Temple to God.2 Many venerated Judah Maccabees as the awaited Messiah.

For many years, Hanukkah in essence symbolized the overthrow of pagan Gentile influence from Jewish spirituality, and the rededication to God and the Mosaic Law. However, history reveals that the wrath that was dealt out by the Maccabees did not end the path of disaster which Israel had been treading. Whether reading 'gentile' historical or Jewish resources, the end result was that the Maccabees or Hasmoneans as they are called, became power hungry and corrupt. What started out for many as a zealous spiritual endeavor based on wrath, became immersed in corruption, murder and destruction, and the eventual act of Jews killing Jews. The war and rebellion became a civil war. According to Josephus, in his Antiquities, within 65 years of the initial revolt, a challenge was put forth by a number of Pharisees towards one of the corrupt leaders of the Maccabees, one Alexander Janneus. His response was to quell the revolt by having the Jewish soldiers under his command crucify 800 of the Pharisees. He then ordered the throats of their children and wives cut, while they watched. While many celebrate Hanukkah and the Maccabees, what many do not realize is that the Maccabees themselves became a destructive force to Judaism.

The initial Revolt lasted about four years, from 167-163 BC. By 66 AD, the Zealots again revolted against their Gentile oppressors. Just as with the earlier Maccabees, again the revolt ended with Jews killing Jews, and many would agree that it changed the course of Jewish history forever. Many know that by 70 AD the Romans destroyed the Temple, burned Jerusalem, and slaughtered thousands of people. The last stronghold at Masada ended with the rebel Jews committing suicide. The surviving Jews were exiled from the land, until 1948.

We know that Hanukkah itself was added to Jewish celebrations by Pharisees and was not God ordained in the Scriptures. In Rabbi Hyam Maccoby’s, Revolution in Judaea, and as discussed in the article, To Embrace Hebrew Roots: Part II : The Bible & The Talmud, he noted that:

In the volume, Josephus, the historian, also contrasts the views of the Pharisees and Sadducees regarding the Oral Law:

"…the Pharisees have delivered to the people a great many observances by succession from their fathers, which are not written in the law of Moses; and it is for this reason that the Sadducees reject them, and say that we are to esteem those observances to be obligatory which are in the written word, and not to observe what are derived from the tradition of our forefathers. " 22.

In defense and support of the Pharisees, Hyam Maccoby adds this tribute to their preservation and multiplying of religious rituals and traditions:

"The Pharisees added new Festivals (Chanukah and Purim) to the Jewish religious year; they added to the canon of Scripture…they added new doctrine to Judaism…they added new rites to the Temple worship…as well as being continual creators of new prayers and ceremonies in the synagogue." 23.

In fact, Jewish Rabbi Daniel Kohn, in answer to the question, "Is the miracle of Chanukah made up?" stated that the whole concept of the miracle of the oil, was indeed untrue. 

"...The lighting of the Menorah is not a farce, it has profound spiritual and religious significance. ... the historical elements which led to the Talmudic Rabbis shifting the focus of the Hanukkah story from that of a military victory to that of a miracle of a cruse of oil... After peace had been re-established with the Seleucids after the Maccabean War, the Hasmoneans refused to retire. They kept the elements of their guerilla army intact and CONTINUED the war as a civil war against the Seleucids and Hellenized Jews in Jerusalem...The Maccabees then comissioned an official history of their victory, called I Maccabees. It was unabashedly pro-Maccabean because they paid for it and therefore it is pure propaganda...The Hasidim (Jewish loyalists who had been against he Hellenizing Jews) were scandalized by Maccabees for declaring themselves both worldly and temporal powers! They formed a new political opposition party called the Perushim (Pharisees)--the separatists, and bitterly hated the Maccabees. These Perushim eventually evolved into the Rabbis who wrote the Mishnah and Talmud--and they kept their hate for the Maccabees alive. Afterall, the Maccabees, in their eyes, had committed blasphemy by combining the powers of the kingship with that of the priesthood...

Over the next 100 years, the Maccabees used their military might to expand the Jewish kingdom, forcibly converting the Idumeans to Judaism... They epitomized the worst in military dictatorship... The more successful the Maccabees became, the wealthier and more Hellenistic they became!... they ended up becoming the single most successful Hellenizing force in Jewish society!...the Maccabean Kingdom was conquered by the Romans, and by the time the Rabbis, heirs of the Perushim and Hasidim, edited the Talmud, the land of Israel had known tremendous loss of life and destruction due to vainglorious military resistance and rebellion against Roman might. The martial memories of the Maccabees were no longer seen as reminders of a glorious past but dangerous, seditious influences which must be supressed at all costs ... The rabbis feared glorifying a martial past while still occupied and oppressed...The myth of the cruse of oil masked the truth about Hanukkah for centuries. The rabbis may have deliberately lied about the military origins and Hellenistic causes of Hanukkah in order to maintain the holiday but shifted its focus to God and more religious themes out of a greater need for survival!..."

The principal source for the story of Hanukkah and the oil is found in the Talmud and many Jewish and non-Jewish sources discuss the fact that the legend of the oil burning for eight days in the Temple is just that, legend. Which brings one to an interesting point. 

We are told that most Messianics do not approve of, nor do they embrace the teachings from the Talmud, although some have admitted to this author that they do. So, why are most using the Legend of the Maccabees and the associated Oil story to enter into the celebration for that Legend? 

The hebrew word of hanukkah or chanukkah is used in the Old Testament eight times. It means 'dedication.' and is found in Numbers 7:10, 11, 84, 88; 2 Chronicles 7:9; Nehemiah 12:27 and Psalms 30:1. The secondary language found in the Old Testament, Aramaic, uses hanukkah precisely four times, in Daniel 3:2,3 and Ezra 6:16 & 17 and spells it chanukka. Invariably, the word hanukkah refers to the dedication of the altar in front of the Tent of Meeting, the Temple built by Solomon, or the wall of Jerusalem. The two times in Daniel 3 it is not used for those purposes, it is used in reference to the dedication and worship of the image of Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon. Those that refused to worship it were to be thrown into a fire.

Daniel 3:3.... were gathered together  unto the dedication <chanukka' (Aramaic)> of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up..."

The one Scriptural reference to dedication in the New Testament is found in John 10:22. Many Messianics are using this passage to say that Jesus celebrated Hanukkah and therefore that means we should. 

When I look at the passage in John 10, I read the whole chapter because the verse in reference to the feast of dedication, does not in fact say that Jesus was celebrating it. It was a statement of what time of year it was.

John 10:22  And it was at  Jerusalem the feast of the dedication <egkainia>, and  it was winter.

dedication <egkainia> 1456. egkainia egkainia, eng-kah'-ee-nee-ah  neuter plural of a presumed compound from 1722 and 2537; innovatives, i.e. (specially) renewal (of religious services after the Antiochian interruption):--dedication. [Strong's]

In fact prior to verse 22, Jesus had healed the blind man, etc, and had been teaching in the temple and the Pharisees were disputing him, some claiming He had a devil. Just prior to verse 22 it says the following:

John 10:17  Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.
18  No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
19  There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings. 20  And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?
21  Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind? 22  And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.
23  And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.
24  Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us
plainly. 25  Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.
26  But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.
27  My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
28  And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
29  My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.
30  I and my Father are one.
31  Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.
32  Jesus answered them, Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?
33  The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?
35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.
38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.
39 Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,
40 And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode.
41 And many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.
42 And many believed on him there.

Some observations. Many of the Jewish and Gentile people gathered in Solomon's porch because it was winter and it was cold. It should be noted that Solomon's porch bordered the outer court and was where the Gentiles congregated, because they were not allowed into the inner court with the Jews. Jews could interact with the Gentiles on the porch, which was located on the east side of the outer court of Herod's temple, i.e. the second temple. There was a sign posted at the inner court warning all non-Jews that to enter would be punishable by death. The actual quote inscribed on the sign tablet[s], read:

"No foreigner may enter within the railing and enclosure that surround the Temple. Anyone apprehended shall have himself to blame for his consequent death!” [Source: Atlantic Baptist University]

Alfred Edersheim suggests in his writing, The Temple-It's Ministry and Service in the time of Jesus Christ, written during his seven volume work from 1876-87, "...These halls or porches around the Court of the Gentiles must have been most convenient places for friendly or religious intercourse- meetings or discussions." Jesus went to where the people were--and spoke the truth of who He was. He was not received by most of the Jews present, especially the Pharisees--that many Messianics claim Jesus was celebrating with. They, in fact, wanted to stone Him. There is nothing that says Jesus entered into any celebration. From what is stated in this chapter, the preceding and following chapters and verses, Jesus was there to share the things of God and who He was/is. He was about His Father's business. And when they tried to seize Him, he left Jerusalem.

Unlike the Maccabees, whose original mission was to protect and include the Jews and their beliefs while excluding Gentiles and their beliefs, Jesus came to include all mankind that believed in Him, to be part of the kingdom of God which He was building. Jesus was teaching that He was the Good Shepherd and that not only were there going to be 'other sheep', meaning the Gentiles, brought into the sheepfold with the Jews but, all must enter the sheepfold through Him. The resulting flock of sheep would be comprised of believing Jews and Gentiles, which was prophetic and part of the Abrahamic covenant from Genesis 12.

These teachings flew in the face of the Hanukkah festivities and focus, which was to separate fully from anything or anyone non-Jewish, and celebrate the Maccabees, with the focus of some on that 'messiah.' In sharp contrast to the Maccabean mission of physical liberty through war, self focus and revolt to the governing authorities, disassociation and for some, resentment or hatred for those outside of Judaism, Jesus instead taught of loving enemies and forgiving and bringing those viewed as unclean into the fold through the only door that would make all spiritually clean. Himself. He taught and fulfilled, for example, the Isaiah prophecy of making God's house a house of prayer for all people. He taught that all mankind, not just the pagan gentiles, needed His cleansing.

Isaiah 56:7 Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.
8 The Lord GOD which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered unto him.

Jesus often made a distinction between 'the religion of the Pharisees' and what He and the Scriptures said. That is why many could not receive Him. They went by man made religion and thought over the Truth in the Scriptures. The Scriptures were there for them. Jesus said so.

John 5:39  Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

Regarding Hanukkah, there is no doubt in my mind that if the legend was true in that God kept the oil burning for 8 days--He is more than able--and Praise His Holy Name. As a Christian, I can't support it. God was very specific about how the Menorah was to be made--with 7 candlesticks. There was no divine directive to change that or celebrate with anything different--it was as was suggested to this writer--man made. And that is the issue. The things of Christ are not about days and such, nor is our focus or glorying to be on man, but God alone:

Colossians 2:16  Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
17  Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

1 Corinthians 3:21 Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours;

For me, as  Christian, I take the verses--1 Thessalonians 5:21  Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. 22  Abstain from all appearance of evil.

That is the issue for me.

From one web site we read that the celebration of these festivals is to continue strengthening the Jewish people in all aspects of their lives.

“…Many Jewish holidays commemorate events invested with historical and religious meaning. Hanukkah means "dedication," and it commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after its desecration by foreign forces…Hanukkah may be found in the name of the holiday itself -- Dedication. When Jews have dedicated themselves, through faith and action, to the pursuit of high religious and human ideals, Judaism has been strong. That imperative, to strengthen our religion and our people…” 37

“Inspired by Mattathias and led by his son, Judah, a small group of Jews called Maccabees (meaning "hammer") rebelled. The Maccabees risked their lives to live according to Jewish law and to prevent this desecration of their sacred Temple.” 38  

UPDATE: Subject: Hanukkah March 

From the website of Gershon Salomon's "The Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement" is the report showing the union of the spirit of the Maccabees with Hanukkah. The menorah used for this march also displayed nine candles.

Marching with the Torch of the Maccabees to the Temple Mount

7th December, 1999

"...The march of The Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement on 7th December, 1999, during Hanukkah, with the torch of the Maccabees was held at a very critical time...The Faithful, the modern-day Maccabees, marched from Modi'in, the town where the great revolt against the Hellenists and the march to Jerusalem and the Temple Mount to liberate and purify it, started and accomplished it in a great miraculous godly victory in 165 BCE, to Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. Like the faithful Maccabees, the goal of the Temple Mount Faithful was to liberate and purify the Temple Mount from the foreign pagan Arab abomination of the hill of G-d, to rebuild the house of G-d, and to renew the worship in the temple...We swore faithfulness to the heritage of the Maccabees who sacrificed their lives and everything that they had in a very similar time to save the people of Israel from the enemy, to again dedicate the Temple Mount, Jerusalem and the land of Israel for the Name of G-d and His values and laws and Word and to make Israel, the people and land, again a biblical nation with a biblical mission. It was a very exciting moment and, as in the time of the Maccabees, we felt the presence of G-d and the deep significance of this great and critical time. We also felt the presence of the spirit of the Maccabees amongst us and we prayed to the G-d of Israel that He would give us the same strength and courage and victories which He gave to His faithful Maccabees...Then, together with this spirit, the burning torch of the Maccabees and the Hanukkiah, we ran from the tombs in Modi'in along the mountains of Beth Horon. It was along the same route that the Maccabees made their battles against the Hellenists and G-d gave them victory after victory a small minority against a great majority. Everyone could still feel the presence of the spirits of the Maccabees on these high mountains and Jewish villages and remains from this historical time...In front of Orient House we lit the Hanukkah menorah with the torch of the Maccabees and the message was that we brought the light of G-d to dispel from Jerusalem and the land of Israel the darkness of the so-called "Palestinians" and the other enemies. G-d put in our hearts to make in this demonstration a symbolic funeral with a coffin which had the word "Palestine" written on it to say that these evil plans will be buried by G-d for ever...."

The Eastern Orthodox Church venerates the Maccabees as Saints. The Dictionary of Bible and Religion suggests that the Maccabees were exalted to the point of Messiah. Discussing I Maccabees:

“The book stands in the tradition of O.T. historiography and tells the story of the insurrection of faithful Jews against the Seclucids and their Hellenizing Jewish allies as a history of salvation. So pleased were the writers of the book with the success of the powerless, [religiously] observant Jews against a powerful empire that they endorsed expansion and wars of conquest (1533) and spoke of the later leaders almost in the language of messianism. (see the poetic exhaltation of Simon in 14:4-15) " 39  

Uri Marcus (Nehemiah Trustees Covenant) and Peter Michas (Messengers of Messiah) both align Chanukah to a celebration of the conception of Mary. Peter Michas has gone so far in the past as to declare that December 19 was: 

 “the evening’ before the conception of Mary. “*** From Peter: For all of you awaiting the day of the conception of Yeshua, it will be in the early evening hours of Sunday. It occurred in the early evening when Miryam entered the home of Elizabeth. At that very moment in history the Messiah Yeshua, the Word/Torah was made flesh in the womb of Miryam.  peterm " 40.  

From:  The Jews For Jesus Newsletter, 1981, HINENI MINISTRIES, Volume 3:5742 

The man-ordained celebration was never intended to represent the conception of Mary— and is certainly not viewed like that in the Talmud, nor by Jews who reject Jesus Christ. However, that does not hinder Uri Marcus from delivering the intent of Hanukkah as being for Gentiles to join with the Jews in this celebration, so that, in his words, the Jews can “illuminate the whole world.”  What a sharp contrast to the historical and original intent of the Maccabees--to separate from all Gentiles and their practices and beliefs. And what a very sharp contrast to the Scripture where Jesus said He was the light of the world, in John 8:12 "Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life"

Jesus also said those that followed him were to be salt and light of the world.

Matthew 5:13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.
15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

Uri Marcus offers proof of these conception of Mary calculations by promoting his kabbalist brother, Avi ben Mordechai, and his book “Signs in the Heavens,” which promotes astrology and the Zodiac. Uri’s complete article was distributed on several email lists including Ed Tarkowski’s.

"The first is that since Yeshua was born at Succot, and conceived about six months after Yochanan HaMatbil (John the Baptist), the approximate time of conception would have fallen sometime in late November to late December. This is exactly the period of time of the Festival of Chanukah. Second, in studying the birth narrative, and carefully noting the passage of time, it is highly likely that the Magi arrived in Beit Lechem with gifts for the new King of the Jews about 15 months after His birth, again, at Chanukah."

"Instead of getting into elaborate proofs…I will instead invite you to read my Brother's book, "Signs in the Heavens" which amply develops these themes in a very convincing way….Hence, for Jews who light the Chanukiah this year, or for those who can learn from our customs, we should keep in mind that in our encounter with "darkness", we don't want to use the flame to burn and destroy the world, but rather, we want to use it to illuminate the whole world with Torah. We want to light the way for all the Nations so that they can prosper materially and spiritually. Even though they will never fully respond to this before the coming of Mashiach, we must still give them this prescription. It is the same as it was in the time of the Hellenistic oppression: by increasing our light, the darkness fades and the bright Morningstar arises.”41 

For more about Avi ben Mordechai see: Avi ben Mordechai of Millennium 7000

At the Let Us Reason web site of Mike Oppenheimer, who was brought up Jewish, is the article “The Feast of Chanukah.” In it, Mike discusses the legend of the oil as true. He also has an illustration (below) depicting the “original, Specially designed" menorah for the celebration and then declares it all to have been meant to symbolize Jesus:

"The rabbis decided to make this holiday more special so they designed a special menorah in which eight candles plus the 9th the Shamash candle were represented instead of the usual 7 candle lampstand in the temple. 'From that came the concept of the eight days of Chanukah, 'Which in actuality is merely a 'Copying of the Feast of Tabernacles.”               

“On the Menorah of Chanukah the Shamash candle lights all the others, it['s] the middle candle[ and is] lit first and stands above all the other candles, it is called The servant. This candle is taken out and is used to light all the others. This is symbolic to Jesus who is the light of the world came as a servant and lights up everyone else’s life.” 42

What Mike’s illustration is teaching, if we are to believe this, is that the original menorah for Chanukah had the Star of Remphan, also called the Star of Moloch, on it. It also suggests that the Jews were free to change what and how God had ordained the temple menorah to be. Of the many Scriptures concerning this are: 

Acts 7:42,43 " Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness? Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the STAR OF YOUR GOD REMPHAN, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

Amos 5:26-27 But ye have born the tabernacle of your Moloch, and Chiun (Remphan) your images, the STAR OF YOUR GOD, which ye made to yourselves. Therefore, will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the Lord...

Exodus 25:30 And thou shalt set upon the table showbread before me alway.
31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.
32 And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:
33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.
34 And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.
35 And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.
36 Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.

The Encyclopaedia Judaica’s article, Magen David, acknowledges that the hexagram was used by  magicians in connection with Judah Maccabee. 

 " The oldest text mentioning a shield of David is contained in an explanation of a magical "alphabet of the angel Metatron"...among the Hasidei Ashkenaz of the 12th C. But here it was the holy Name of 72 names which was said to have been on this protective shield together with the name MKBY, which the tradition of the magicians connected with Judah Maccabee." 43 

We mentioned some of those very facts in the Kabbalah, Talismans and Masters of the Name and other articles in the series, "To Embrace Hebrew Roots."   God dealt with the star of remphan/chiun/molech that some in Israel went after...

Referencing Strong's Concordance about Remphan, we see:

4481 Rhemphan [hrem-fan'] by incorrect transliteration for a word of Hebrew origin 3594; n pr m AV - Remphan 1; 1 Remphan = "the shrunken (as lifeless)" 1) the name of an idol worshipped secretly by the Israelites in the wilderness."

3594 Kiyuwn [kee-yoon'] from 3559; n pr dei AV - Chiun 1; 1 Chiun = "an image" or "pillar" 1) probably a statue of the Assyrian-Babylonian god of the planet Saturn and used to symbolise Israelite apostasy."

Various articles reference The Talisman of Saturn, which involves a pentagram and a hexagram. From one occult website:


"On the first face is engraved...a pentagram or a star with five points. On the other side is engraved a bull's head enclosed in a SIX-POINTED STAR, and surrounded by letters composing the name REMPHA, THE PLANETARY GENIUS OF SATURN, according to the alphabet of the Magi." (Christian, p. 304-5)

sattal.gif (8408 bytes)

Talismans of the Magi

"Theophrastus Paracelsus revived, in the XVIth century, the ancient doctrine of Talismans, which he claimed to be able to use successfully in the treatment of illnesses and accidents. This medical doctrine, derived from the Cabala, or secret tradition of the Jewish rabbis, was said to be borrowed from the ancient occult sciences of Chaldea and Egypt. The talisman (tsilmenaia) signifies an image, a figure, and was engraved in the form of an emblem or symbol on metals consecrated to the genii of the seven planets. This magical task had to be carried out at a fixed time of a certain day, with the firm intention of attracting to the talisman the beneficent influence of the genius which was invoked, whether for health or any other protective measures...

The Talisman of Saturn
Talisman of Jupiter
The Talisman of Mars
Talisman of the Sun
Talisman of Venus
The Talisman of Mercury
The Talisman of the Moon

[Bolding added]

"....These are the principal Talismans whose traditions have been preserved for us by the most ancient monuments of the highest magical art and by the most reliable archaeologists in this type of research. These talismans are recommended under the name of Teraphim by the Hebrew Qabalists of the Middle Ages, who replace the names of the planetary Genii of Egypt by those of: Oriphiel (Rempha), Zachariel (Pi-Zeus), Samael (Ertosill), Michael (Pi-Rh3), Anabel (Suroth), Raphael (Pi-Hermes) and Gabriel (Pi-Ioh). These Cabalists add another seven talismans to which they attribute the power of conjuring the influence of seven demons who, according to their doctrine, share with the seven planetary angels the government of the divine creation. Against the angel of Saturn they set the demon Nabam; against the angel of Jupiter the demon Acham; against the angel of Mars the demon Nambroth; against the angel of Venus the demon Lilith or Naemah; against the angel of Mercury the demon Astaroth or Tharthac; and against the angel of the Moon the demon Sathan, See Judges xvii and xviii in the Bible. The Teraphim appear to correspond to the serpent images or seraphim. which in turn are said to derive from the Kabeiri Assyrian divinities worshipped at Hebron (Beni Anak). The Daimons or male spirits of the planets are now given by esoteric students of the Qabala as: Adonai=sun, Evoe=Moon. Saba=Mars, Astaphoi=Mercury, Eloi=Jupiter. Ouraioa=Venus and Ilde-baoth, or according to the Orphites Jahweh= Saturn." 44a

Hislop, who many quote as an authority on symbols, stated:

"Now, the name SATURN in Chaldee is pronounced Satur; but, as every Chaldee scholar knows, consists only of four letters, thus - Stur. This name contains exactly the Apocalyptic number." (Hislop, p. 269)

S = 060

T = 400

U = 006

R = 200

= 666

Another wrote:

"Sri Aurobindo, a Hindu guru well-known in the New Age affirms that SATURN IS REPRESENTED BY THE NUMBER 6… because the planet Saturn is 6th of the nine planets in distance from the sun." (Marrs: Mystery Mark, p. 68)  

The double triangle is [currently and historically] the symbol for the "chakras of Hinduism" and corresponding sefiroth of kabbalists and also, for witchcraft, sorcery and magicians. It is also referred to as the "male/female triangle", the Crest or Seal of Solomon, the Shield of David, and the hexagram, which is the most wicked symbol in witchcraft. 44b

Dr. Cathy Burns relates that the hexagram is linked with spiritualism in such matters as consulting the dead, reincarnation, the calling up of demons and in some sorcery, is viewed as the footprint of certain demons. The list of its applications includes the Hindu gods and goddesses and many others. 44c

According to the 1972 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica, under the  article, Magen David, this hexagram symbol is known under various names: “Hebrew…Shield of David…hexagram or six-pointed star.” In this Jewish article, the six-pointed star or hexagram is mentioned many times and acknowledged as being a magical symbol:  

“In Arab sources the hexagram…was widely used under the designation “seal of Solomon,” a term which was also taken over by many Jewish groups…It is not clear in which period the hexagram was engraved on the seal or ring of Solomon, mentioned in the Talmud (Git.68a-b) as a sign of his dominion over the demons instead of the name of God, which originally appeared…In Arabic magic the “seal of Solomon” was widely used, but at first it’s use in Jewish circles was restricted to relatively rare cases. Even then, the hexagram and pentagram were easily interchangeable and the name was applied to both figures.” 

“Between 1300 and 1700 the two terms shield of David and seal of Solomon, are used indiscriminately, predominately in magical texts

    [Encyclopaedia Judaica; 1972 Edition, Article: Magen David ]

Those who think that the hexagram is the real symbol of Israel--which is in fact, the 7 candle menorah,-- are uninformed. Even Judaic anti-missionaries suggest it came from Babylonian pagan worship, but in the same breath say that doesn't matter. 

God was very clear:

Isaiah 47:12-14 " Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries...if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail. Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee. Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame..."

Biblically, 7-candlesticks, not nine, are a recognized God-given Jewish and Christian symbol. In Revelation 1:12-13 the seven golden candlesticks represent the seven churches filled with the Holy Spirit--the true Church because of the Holy Spirit. In the Old Testament,  the seven candlesticks represent the sevenfold ministry of the Holy Spirit, and Exodus 25:31-40 describes the making and appearance of what God decreed as Holy to himself. The candlestick  for the Temple was to have six branches extending out of the sides with three on either side,  Meaning a total of seven candles. As Believers we must evaluate all that we do according to the Scriptures, not The Talmud or other sources.  





Satan must try to duplicate all that God has declared, hence the need to provide a similar symbol. In the Occult, we do find a 9-candle symbol as a magical tool and also a similar Festival or Feast of Lights. This is in no ways a statement that the Jewish people interpret the Celebration or menorah thusly. Notice that Figure 13 has nine candles and also a solid hexagram in the center. 

Figure 13  A magical tool--Notice the flames, hexagram, triangle, circle and moon.  45 

Mike Oppenheimer mentioned that a violet consuming flame is a part of the occult. We recognized that same flame as part of the "cosmic consciousness" in the the article "The 'god' in EVERY MAN."  Torches are clearly a part of Satanism. Occultist and Mason Manly Palmer Hall, states that “...the torches represent the OCCULT arts and sciences, the doctrines and dogmas by the light of which Truth us made visible.” 46

Torch Bearers Unite, “Torch for Peace” is a prime example of the New Age use of the Torch.

The torch or fire is connected to witchcraft. Their “Imbolc” festival is celebrated February 2. “Fire here represents our own illumination and inspiration.”....Imbolc is also known as Feast of Torches, Oimelc, Lupercalia, Feast of Pan…" 49

Some female wiccans wear a crown of 9 lit candles.  “…Feast of Torches is also called the Feast of Pan, “The god Pan, is a symbol of nature…in astrology Pan, is one aspect of Saturn, and is also equated with Satan…” 50 We are seeing this symbolism appearing in movies and "entertainment" events.

The Feast of Pan is also called “Candlemas…one of the eight religious festivals of Witches.” …this VERY SAME FESTIVAL (including the candles) under the same name, CANDLEMAS, is celebrated in the Catholic Church…”…a witch comments about Candlemas:...Feast of Pan…is the celebration of the Goddess’s recovery from giving birth to the new year’s Sun God…The same concept has survived undisguised in the Christian festival of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary….”51  [bolding in original]

Regarding Candlemas and it’s pagan origins, a Christian author states, “…Says The Catholic Encyclopedia, ’We need not shrink from admitting that candles, like incense and lustral water, were commonly employed in pagan worship and in rites paid to the dead.’” 52 [emphasis in original]

In other words, when people celebrate a ritual for a dead person(s) and burn candles as part of that ritual, they are entering into pagan worship.

The question is: Why are so many in “Christian” or “Messianic” leadership promoting the rituals or symbolism as an example to be followed??

Manly Palmer Hall a Mason and Occultist, says in  “Initiates of the Flame,” that: “There are two parts, or divisions, of humanity whose history is closely related to that of the Wisdom Teachings. They embody the doctrines of fire and water, the two opposites of nature. Those who follow the path of fatth (or the heart) use water and are known as the Sons of Seth, while those who follow the path of the mind and action are the Sons of Cain, who was the son of SAMAEL, The Spirit of Fire. Today we find the latter among the alchemists, the Hermetic philosophers, the Rosicrucians, and the Freemasons.”…Blavatsky explains…”in the Kabala SAMAEL…IS SATAN….” So according to Hall, the Masons, alchemists and Rosicrucians are sons of Satan!!” 53 

The authors of the Stargate Conspiracy cite the role of Occultist Alice Bailey in setting up a network of disciples to transform society into following the teachings of a group of "Nine." This "Nine" also connects to the the zodiac and astrology of which many in christendom are partaking. See: Astrology: The Gospel of Truth??

"Part of [Alice] Bailey's work, as instructed by the Tibetans, was to set up a series of disciples to be known for self-evident reasons, as the Groups of Nine, each group having specific roles such as healers, political organizers, or educators of the New Age. There were to be nine such groups with a tenth--also made up of nine initiates--to coordinate their work in the now familiar pattern of nine plus one...the emphasis on nine as the "number of power" is of course significant." 56  

"...Albert Pike records a masonic legend that specifically links the number nine to a stellar tradition connected with Sirius...The Nine Elect are symbolized by the sequential rising of nine bright stars, including those of Orion's belt which precedes the rising of Sirius. (The Elect Nine is the 9th degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite.)" 57 

Cathy Burns records that to occultists, Satan is referred to as the Morning Star “ because it is his light that heralds for man the dawn of a greater consciousness…” and “Masons themselves (and others) tell us that Lucifer (or Venus) is the Light bearer and the Morning Star. Blavatsky writes about the Druids, Magi, Zoroastrians, etc., greeting “the Morning Star—the beautiful Venus-Lucifer.” 58

The purpose of raising the torches, "candlelighting" and the rituals connected to it are explained by Occultist Edouard Schure:  “Lucifer, having regained his star and his diadem, will assemble his legions for new works of creation. Attracted by his flaming torch, celestial spirits will descend…and he will send these messengers from unknown spheres to earth. Then the torch of Lucifer will signal ‘From heaven to earth!’—and the…(New Age) Christ will answer “From Earth to Heaven!’” 59 [Bolding in original] 

There is a Fire we should fear: 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9

" Seeing that it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power"  

"Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: For our God is a consuming fire." Hebrew 12: 28-29

1 Thessalonians 5:21-23 warns and promises us:

 “Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil. And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”  


Next Sections: Questions Regarding Christmas

Or: The Elimination of the Cross

Or Next Section: Astrology: The Gospel of Truth

Previous Section: St. Matthew's Legacy & the Knights of Malta



1. Hanukkah and Yeshua

2. Ibid

36. "  Now at:  The Second Coming Of Our Lord And Savior Jesus Christ 



39.    William H. Gentz; General Editor; The Dictionary of Bible and Religion; Nashville, Abingdon Press, 1986,

40. <>Saturday, December 19, 1998 6:46 PM  Ha-Talmidim <> [Ha-Talmidim] Today is the evening!!!!

41. Nehemiah Trustees Covenant Fund <>Sunday, December 13, 1998 8:13 AM Chanukah (Feast of Renewal or Dedication)

42. Let Us Reason; The Feast of Chanukah, Image,

43. op.cit. p. 688 &  696  


44b. Dr. Cathy Burns, Masonic and Occult Symbols Illustrated; p. 31-41; Sharing; 1998,

44c. Ibid

45. op.cit. Burns, p. 261

46. Ibid.

49. Ibid  p. 257

50. Ibid. p. 258

51. Ibid. p. 259

52. Ibid. p. 260

53. Ibid. p. 191

56.  p. 281 Lynn Picknett & Clive Prince, The Stargate Conspiracy; Little, Brown & Co., 1999

57. Ibid,  p. 285

58. op.cit. Burns, p. 188

59. Ibid. p. 260


Copyright . All articles are the sole property of and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.

Do You KNOW Jesus Christ?

Now is the time to accept Jesus as your Lord and Savior. "Behold now is the accepted time; behold now is the day of salvation."  2Corinthians 6:2

If you read only one article on this website,
please let it be:

God's Simple Plan of Salvation.
It concerns the most important decision
you will ever make in your life!
Don't let this opportunity to be saved pass you by.

If you don't know Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, and would like some help understanding His gift of eternal salvation, please contact us. Saying a prayer won't save you. Prayer is merely expressing to God how you feel. Believing and repenting are just the beginning of walking with Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.


   JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites - Free Traffic Sharing Service!