Updated: 10:55 EST

Hull mum finds her 'lifeless' son covered in black vomit

Leanne Smith (left), from Hull, feared her son Freddie (left and right) had a common sickness bug until he started to pass blood in his urine. He eventually had two emergency operations (pictured inset) after part of his intestine telescoped into another section, putting his life in danger. Mrs Smith found him lying upside down on his bed covered in thick, black vomit after she went into his bedroom to wake him up for nursery one morning last month. Terrified, she dialled 999 and an ambulance rushed Freddie to Hull Royal Infirmary's paediatric emergency department. Mrs Smith recalled the ordeal, which happened in November: 'He was limp and floppy. He was lifeless and it was terrifying.'

SPONSORED: As part of a weekly series, Anshu Bhimbat from LloydsPharmacy in Buckinghamshire answers your common medicine queries.

Out of 154 NHS authorities, 87 reported an increase in waiting times over the last three years, according to official figures released today. Campaigners blamed the ageing population.

Research shows New Year resolutions often soon fall to the wayside. Dr Lee Goldman from Columbia University Medical Center reveals his plan to help you make 2017 the year they stick.

The Texas sisters with childhood Alzheimer's

A couple who tragically have two young daughters suffering from a devastating, rare disease nicknamed 'childhood Alzheimer's' is working with research agencies and doctors on a campaign to save lives. Pam and Chris Andrews were devastated when they were told that their beautiful daughter Belle, now seven, was suffering from the disease which affects just 200 people in America and 500 kids worldwide, killing a majority between 10 and 20 years old. As it is a very rare, genetic disease, there was a one in four chances that her toddler Abby would have it too, but Pam and her husband Chris refused to believe it could happen again.

An incredible crowdfunding effort in a rural village in Shandong Province in China has funded Li Zhenglu's operation. Doctors had previously said the child's aggressive growth was 'incurable'.

Ankit Minj, from India, suffers from hydrocephalus - a build-up of fluid inside his skull which can be deadly. Doctors have inserted a shunt to remove some fluid.

Researchers from Cardiff University interviewed people attending accident and emergency with injuries from violence in Cardiff, Blackburn and Leicester (stock image).

A poll of 1,000 men aged 40 and above said women are not alone when it comes to hitting a mid-life energy slump. Dr Meg Arroll, a psychologist for Healthspan, explains how to get your spark back.

Superdrug has launched a new emergency contraceptive pill for just £13.49. It can cost £31.60 in Britain – five times more than in other European countries. BPSA calls for retailers to follow suit.

The diet behind Crown Princess Mary's beach figure

Princess Mary (pictured left, centre and right), 45, wowed at Palm Beach in Sydney (left) while on holiday with her family last week. Now sources claim the Princess decided to try something new after feeling 'sluggish' recently. The busy mum-of-four has taken on more Royal duties after Prince Henrik of Denmark stepped down due to health reasons in July. Here, FEMAIL takes a look at the diet which is reportedly leaving the Princess feeling amazing.

BPAS tweeted on Boxing Day that it was best to 'give Boots a miss'. The UK chain has lowered the price of the tablet in less than 3% of stores. It says the delay is due to a 'batch failure'.

Nearly one in three of nursing homes in the country are 'inadequate' or 'require improvement' according to Care Quality Commission reports which highlight the postcode lottery in the country.

Sugary drinks will be banned from hospital canteens and vending machines if managers fail to cut sales to no more than 10 per cent of all beverages sold.

'Extra virgin' olive oil is of the highest and purest grade, made without any added chemicals. Of the 23 that were tested, CHOICE found that five did not meet International Olive Council standards.

Hospitals made record highs in parking charges this year despite a Government crackdown, and nearly £1 million from parking fines. More than half are still charging disabled patients to park.

Surgeons hunched over the operating table are suffering more painful bad backs, necks shoulders and arms and hands than coal miners and labourers, a new study suggested.

Former model who lost breast after blunder awarded £100k

Former model Diane Chambers who had a mastectomy after doctors over-estimated the size of a lump by nearly six times has been awarded £100,000 compensation. She went into debt over mounting bills for further medical treatment and therapy, and even contemplated suicide after having her breast removed when she should have been offered a less invasive lumpectomy. Miss Chambers said she was unable to work due to the pain and she has split from her partner because of stress of the operation.

Leo Barrett, six, from Huddersfield,was facing his first Christmas as an only child after his twin brother Zack passed away but found Santa has left a special message at Zack's gravestone for Christmas.

A study, involving 2,072 young people in south London, found that half of those who got 'e-STI tested' went on to get a check up, whereas only a quarter of those who went to a clinic did.

Dawn Wilson, 35, from Hengoed, South Wales, suffers from an incurable tumour while the father of her two daughters, has Huntington disease, a degenerative brain condition.

Paul McKenna believes he can help you lose weight while still eating what you want. Here, in his New Year - New You series exclusively with MailOnline he shares the techniques to put into effect now.

Texas boy without an immune system lives in isolation

Sebastian Romero is 10 months old and suffers from SCID, meaning he has no immune system. He stays in isolation in his Texas home with his mother, only leaving for doctor's appointments. He received a bone marrow transplant in May and his mother (right) told Daily Mail Online that her son has went from having zero T cells to producing more than 400 of the infection-fighting cells. SCID is called bubble boy disease after David Vetter, another boy from Texas with SCID, lived in a plastic, germ-free bubble for 12 years in the 1980s.

Emma Everard, 23, Annelies Paris, 20, May Hart, 33 and Eve Greenow, 23 have all chosen to use natural methods of contraception instead of the Pill to avoid taking artificial hormones.

Researchers from The City College of New York have developed a gel using a chemical found in horse chestnuts that comes up as a bright glow during cancer imaging.

Taylor and Hannah Lindeman were forced to pull over near Chisago City, Minnesota, as they waited for an ambulance on Monday in minus-two degrees. Their daughter, Poppy, was soon born.

A study from Taft University in Massachusetts showed that a protein in the brain affects a new mother's stress-response system leaving her susceptible to postpartum depression.

Melbourne personal trainer posts comparison photo of body

Melbourne personal trainer, Sophie Allen, has gained over 150,000 followers on social media after recovering from a life-threatening condition and transforming her physique to get fitter than ever. Now, the 27-year-old has posted a raw comparison photo of her body over the past few Christmases - in order to show how far she's come (pictured left in 2014, centre in 2015 and right this Christmas). 'My physique has changed so much in the last four years,' Sophie wrote on Instagram.

Dietitian Abby Langer has shared her top snack food trends for 2018 after visiting the Food and Nutrition Conference and Expo. Picks include coconut jerky and high-protein muffin cups.

Speaking to FEMAIL, Sydney-based dietitian, Belinda Reynolds , revealed what we can expect to see more of in the next twelve months in the wellness world.

Julie Jones, 40, began baking with her mother Joyce Armstrong, 74, four years after Joyce was diagnosed with dementia. Julie has since written a book filled with family recipes.

Buttock-enlarging procedures rise five-fold in five years

EXCLUSIVE: According to the Manchester-based cosmetic surgeon Gary Ross, women are seeking larger backsides to emulate the likes of Iggy Azalea (far left), Amber Rose (middle left), Nicki Minaj (centre), Bella Hadid (middle right) and Emily Ratajowki (far right). According to the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons, procedures that transfer fat from the stomach or thighs to the bottom increase by around 13 per cent each year in the UK.

As of 2016, seven percent of pregnant California women in a Kaiser Permanente study used marijuana, and with it becoming recreationally legal in 2018, the numbers will likely rise.

No-one likes to consult a doctor unnecessarily, but there are times when you should always seek medical advice, Dr Sarah Brewer explains.

The unnamed patient, who was treated at the Princess Royal University Hospital in London, had already battled the contagious bug as a child before contracting it again nine decades later.

The 'smart' patch delivers a natural substance extracted from brown algae only when needed. Its effectiveness has been proven after tests on mice, says the NIBIB in Maryland, US.

Instagram star encourages other women to love their bodies

New Zealand based health and fitness role model, Riley Hemson, 21, (pictured main and inset) recently shared a candid and revealing photo of herself on social media as a way of celebrating her body. She told FEMAIL that though she's not at goal weight yet, she's happy to be healthy. She said she also believes it's important to influence people in healthy ways and stressed her message has always been one of self-love. 'With social media, we're always seeing the best photo - no rolls on stomachs, and no cellulite,' she said.

The theory was gleaned from a study of Britain's largest genetic database, which found that people with a higher BMI were less likely to describe themselves as tense or nervous.

University of Basel experts claim bacteria can also become resistant to drugs and become deadly superbugs by attacking their competitors and picking up their fragments of DNA.

Sue Peckham, co-creator of the 12 Weeks to Wow' Weight Loss Programmes who is based in Hampshire, claims naturally slim women trust themselves to eat intuitively.

This is extremely common – it happens to about 50-90% of people. You can lose more than a cup of fluid per day through your nose. David King from The University of Queensland, explains why.

Thai woman left with silicone implant between her eyes 

The unnamed woman (pictured left and inset with the implant showing) opted for a cheap rhinoplasty operation at a clinic that later refused to help her, local reports state. It has been reported that the woman's clinics 'took no responsibility' for what had happened after her harrowing pictures were shared. It was also unclear whether the patient, from Hat Yai in the south of the country, planned to take legal action. Following the procedure intended to give her a more pronounced nose, the woman began suffering from infections. (pictured right after the implant was removed)

For 78 year olds who went out every day, they were a third more likely to reach 85 than those who went out once a week, found researchers at Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem.

Yoga is an effective alternative to medicine for ED sufferers, according to Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda and Hospital in Karnataka, India.

Lauren Stribling, from Wirral, Merseyside, suffers from Marfan syndrome which killed her aunt at 15. Bullies threatened to slap her even though a knock could trigger heart or lung problems.

EXCLUSIVE A scientist from the University of Oxford is warning people not to watch out for mince pies, mulled wine and turkey with cranberry sauce as their complex flavours are 'addictive'.

Doncaster boy with moyamoya syndrome is a 'ticking bomb'

Zach Kilkenny (pictured left and right), from Doncaster, suffers from moyamoya - which restricts blood flow to the brain. The rare condition strikes one in a million. And as a result, blowing up a balloon at a gathering, riding a bike or even going on a rollercoaster could trigger a potentially deadly stroke. His mother, Jane, has to force him to constantly drink water because otherwise the dehydration could restrict his blood flow. Mrs Kilkenny, 46, is worried for what the future holds for her son. She said: 'You wouldn’t wish this on your worst enemy.' (pictured inset outside the restaurant in Barcelona where he had his first stroke in 2014 with his mother Jane, father, Mark, 44, and older brothers, Max, 25, Alex, 18 and Jamie, 16)

Sephina was suddenly ejected into her mother Masina Frost’s abdominal cavity when the womb ruptured. She was saved after a risky caesarean operation at St Thomas' Hospital, London.

Donning purple gloves, Dr Michael Lewis, a doctor based in Woodland Hills, California, tackled the unnamed patient's sebaceous cyst using an array of sharp surgical tools.

Britons will be told they should limit themselves to 400 calories for breakfast, 600 for lunch and 600 for dinner, adding up to 1,600 calories, well below the current recommended daily intake.

EXCLUSIVE Dr Ben Atkins, a dentist based in Manchester and Trustee of the Oral Health Foundation, warns hot water and lemon effectively dissolves teeth and could even make them darker.

Missouri Baby born size of a Coke can home for Christmas

Eliora Schneider was born at 21 weeks and six days gestation weighing just 13.6oz – the size of a can of coke – in the summer of this year. It means she is one of the most premature babies ever to survive. Now despite massive odds, Eliora – or Ellie as she is affectionately known – is home in Kansas City, Missouri, with her parents Robin and Joel and her brother Elijah, two. Pictured: Ellie (left) moments after she was born in mid-June; (right) with her family this week; (inset) the day she was allowed to go home in early December.

Dr Martin Scurr, a top GP, is asked whether too much exercise could be a bad thing for an 82-year-old, and how to respond to a grandson's difficulty breathing.

Extreme picky eaters suffer from ARFID, the second most common eating disorder in children under 12. A Connecticut-based nutritionist runs a Picky Eater Rehab to combat poor habits.

Parents are risking their child's health by offering them wine with their meal according to a new report. According to experts it is a myth that giving under-14s alcohol prevents them from binge drinking.

In September, it was revealed that at Thomas's, the £17,000-a-year school Prince George attends, boys are expected to go to classes in what kind of fitness activity that involves wearing tights?

Jessica Sepel swears by this unusual kitchen ingredient

Australian nutritionist and best-selling health book author Jessica Sepel (pictured left and right) takes a holistic approach not only to nutrition but also to how she cares for her skin. She revealed a number of her top natural tricks for creating radiant skin, and shares some of her best secrets including the unusual kitchen ingredient she swears by for glowing skin (pictured inset).

Jeffrey Stockbridge has spent years documenting Kensington Avenue in Philadelphia, the city's impoverished suburb which offers a snapshot of what the drug addiction epidemic has caused.

A 63-year-old man got addicted to the intense orgasms he could get from a butt plug. When he tried to break stop, he found his brain was 'rewired' and he would orgasm just by lying in position to masturbate.

Dr Dan Robertson, an in-house GP at Manchester-based Push Doctor, an NHS-backed service, has offered his professional advice on the tricks that work - and those that definitely don't.

Researchers from University College London found a change in a part of DNA , which they named EFC#93, suggests early warning signs of women developing life-threatening breast cancer.

Photographer turns terminally ill kids into superheroes

Utah-based photographer Josh Rossi, 32, took photos of children aged two to nine suffering from different forms of cancers, severe autism, a double amputation and a half a heart transforming them into superheroes form the Justice League. Superheroes include Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash and Batman.

Dr Reena Wadia, a periodontist (a specialist in gum diseases) at RW Perio in Marylebone, London assesses a range of the latest mouthwashes, which we then rated.

An image of green urine provoked much discussion when posted on Figure 1, a website where doctors around the world share medical images and canvass their colleagues’ opinions.

Vikie Shanks, 59, who started suffering from pains in the stomach and thought she had indigestion. Two weeks later she discovered she'd actually had a series of heart attacks

Ohio-based Dr Jamile Wakim-Fleming and Dr Kyle Staller from Massachusetts give their top tips to help you overcome the dreaded flatulence this festive season.

Simon Cowell pays £175,000 for teenager's spine surgery

She wowed millions of viewers – and moved many to tears – with her heartfelt performances on Britain's Got Talent. Despite suffering from the spine deformity scoliosis, plucky Julia Carlile (left after surgery and inset on BGT) was determined not to let the agony of her condition overshadow her dancing prowess, and she helped her team MerseyGirls earn standing ovations from the judges, including Simon Cowell (inset). And the drama did not end when the cameras stopped rolling. As The Mail on Sunday revealed earlier this year, the 15-year-old schoolgirl from the Wirral had been desperate to win the ITV show and the £250,000 top prize to fund an experimental operation to straighten out her spine. Although MerseyGirls did not win the competition, Cowell was so touched by Julia's bravery that he paid for her £175,000 surgery.

The theory is that the electric pulses stimulate nerves under the skin and block pain signals from reaching the brain — and it’s now being tested in a trial of nearly 300 patients.

Scientists from the University of Birmingham have discovered that placenta cells respond to vitamin D and supplements could help to save the lives of mothers and babies.

For hours on end Mary, an elderly resident at a nursing home in Bath, lies silently in bed, her eyes closed, unresponsive, even when staff call her name.

Baby girl gets to hear for Christmas - Watch the pure joy on her face the first  time her hearing aid is turned on

Maggie, of South Carolina grinned and gaped when she heard her mother's voice for the first time Wednesday. She has two right-ear hearing defects, but got her first hearing aid just in time for Christmas.

Sharon Warnock, wife of Cardiff City manager Neil, is suffering from lymphoedema, an incurable condition that affects almost 25 per cent of breast cancer patients after treatment.

Water Fasting involves trying to lose weight by only drinking the three beverages. The trend has become popular on social media with thousands using the hashtag #waterfast.

American culture encourages long work hours and late bedtimes, but the sleep stigma is raising our risk for all kinds of diseases, and 'sleep diplomat' Dr Matt Walker is crusading for change.

Boy with 10-pound tumor over his face in Miami for surgery

WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT: Emanuel Zayas, 14, is in Miami on a medical visa from Cuba to undergo life-saving surgery to remove the 10-pound benign tumor on his face that formed due to a rare genetic disorder. The tumor is made of bone that has been growing from his upper jaw for the last three years and has affected the way he eats, sees and talks. Lead surgeon Dr Robert Marx told Daily Mail Online that if they do not operate the tumor will continue to grow and suffocate him or fracture his neck.

New research by Liverpool University suggests animals are four times more likely to get ill in the run-up to Christmas due to greater accessibility to chocolate.

The findings, made by researchers at the Earth institute at Columbia University in New York, study projects that in coming decades the effects of high humidity will lead to heat related deaths

Researchers from the University of Colorado found that exercise stops the progression of a protein in the brain that is produced in Parkinson's patients.

Leia Garcia, one, was born with a rare liver disease and had a transplant last month. She stunned doctors with her recovery and is expected to go home to celebrate Christmas in Texas.

Christmas 2017: Five things that happen when you overeat

Australian dietitian and nutritionist Geraldine Georgeou has listed five key side effects (left) our bodies experience when we overeat, ahead of upcoming Christmas feasts on Monday (stock images). Among the common, unpleasant physiological reactions are tiredness, rapid gastric emptying and nausea.

Jonah Falcon, 47, from New York is famed for having a 13.5-inch penis and until recently held the gong for the planet's longest penis. But he was overtaken by Robert Esquivel Carbrera.

The memory of mice with amnesia returned after they were fed the vinegar, found scientists from Konkuk University, Chungju, in South Korea. Experts hope the same applies to humans.

Researchers from the Brown School at Washington University found just one egg a day for six months significantly boosts youngsters' levels of the nutrients choline and DHA.

From late nights socialising to excited children waking us up early, our sleep can take a hit at Christmas. The test from Dublin-based company Easca Mattress can rate your driving reaction time.

Heart attacks in movies make people miss deadly symptoms

EXCLUSIVE The British public will be overindulging in food, drink and cardiac misinformation this Christmas as people watch movies that could affect their chances of surviving a heart attack, the British Heart Foundation warns. In Casino Royale, a sweaty James Bond self-defibrillates, with the help of a Bond girl (top left), after going into cardiac arrest when poisoned. After a miraculous recovery (top right), 007 resumes his interrupted poker game without any sign of the common brain injury complication. During a groom's speech in Four Weddings & a Funeral, Simon Callow's character Gareth dramatically grasps at his chest while suffering out-of-the-blue chest pain before falling to the ground (bottom left). Hugh Grant's character Charles rushes over to help (bottom right).

Scientists from Georgia State and Gothenburg universities say it's not just an abundance of calories that could ruin your waistline - a lack of an essential nutrient found in nuts could be responsible.

Dr Aaron Carroll, a nutritionist and physician at Indiana University, warns there is little evidence to support these fads. Here, he explains why it's good for your health to 'eat sinfully'.

Sex is great - except when it's excruciating and lands you in hospital. Men's Health asked US medics about the most horrendous sex injuries they have come across in their job.

Last week Huma Bai, who is believed to be between 40 and 50 years old, was admitted to Jeevan Jyoti Hospital in Madhya Pradesh, India, where doctors found a cluster of stones in her gallbladder.

Mother claims the flu vaccine destroyed her life

Jennifer Whitney (left: before having the shot), from Mukilteo, Washington, had the vaccine due to the insistence of her boss - despite being concerned about any side effects. However, the same boss was forced to 'let her go' because she ended up taking too much time off to cope with the repercussions of the shot (right: she was left with a rash). Tests revealed she had developed multiple sclerosis, which has no cure, and she was left blind for ten months as well as unable to have another child. The mother-of-two's naturopath claimed it was all down to her flu vaccine - despite an array of evidence claiming the shot is completely safe. Mrs Whitney's case comes amid warnings of the worst flu outbreak in 50 years, which has prompted officials to urge the population to get vaccinated. (Mrs Whitney is pictured inset hooked up to an IV drip in hospital)

Rafael Puyol, director of the Observatory of Demography and Generational Diversity, IE Business School, Madrid, explains how you should stop eating when you are 80 per cent full.

Experts at chemical company Kao Corporation in Tochigi, Japan, found nutmeg acted on the same cold-sensitive receptor as menthol It could be used to produce longer-lasting toothpastes and gums.

Wisconsin mother-of-eight adopts and fosters dying babies

Cori Salchert, 51, (left) and her husband Mark have adopted and fostered seven dying babies within the last four years to care for them until they die. The couple from Wisconsin have eight biological children, including daughter Mary Elizabeth, 19, (right) and is currently caring for their adopted son Charlie, three, who sufferers from irreversible brain damage.

EXCLUSIVE: The Body Coach admits many of his dishes in his new Cooking for Family and Friends book are 'high in calories'. Some have between 50g and 80g of fat, including a Roast Beef recipe.

The study, by an academic at Oxford University, is based on diary entries from eight to 18-year-olds, gathered in 2000 and 2015, on how they spend their time (stock image).

Upper arm flab is the bane of many women's favorite sleeveless dresses, but New York personal trainer Max Zeumer reveals the best workouts for toning up at the gym or at home.

Woman removes stomach to prevent developing cancer

Heather Huus, 32, is a mother from North Dakota who had a gastrectomy last year after a genetic test found she carried a gene that put her at an 83 percent risk of getting stomach cancer. She told Daily Mail Online that she made the decision because she didn't want her daughter Paige, five, to see her die of cancer like she did her mother. Now Heather cannot feel when she's hungry or full and has to snack every three hours, which caused her to lose 130 pounds.

Hospitals have been told to cancel thousands of non-urgent operations in preparation for a surge of patients after Christmas. A panel of emergency NHS officials have advised trusts to free up beds.

The Faculty of Dental Surgery's suggestion follows its report earlier this year that found almost two million British adults over the age of 65 require urgent dental treatment.

Josh Daly, from Bristol, was born without his left hand, but his 3D-printed version has arrived just in time for Christmas. Now he can pull crackers and open presents with his sister Eve for the first time.

British children spend nearly five hours a day in front of screens. An Oxford University study shows their average daily screen time has leapt from just under three hours to almost five hours.

A federal judge in New York ruled on Wednesday that a cosmetic surgery clinic did not review the individual medical facts about three men with HIV before wrongly denying them plastic surgery.

Delays to closing an EU loophole which denies thousands of children cancer drugs has been criticised by charities, such as the Institute of Cancer Research and Teenage Cancer Trust.

Sisters who have a paralysing condition love dancing

The family of Amy Parr (inset and right with her little sister Mia), from Kent, were told the youngster, now six, would unlikely live past her first birthday as a cold kill her. If she did survive, doctors warned she would be confined to a wheelchair. Yet, on Christmas Day 2013, the youngster took her first few steps towards her grandfather when she saw him holding chocolate (left).

Acid reflux was linked to a 2-3% greater chance of developing the potentially deadly diseases, researchers from Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, discovered.

Three psychology experts at Bath and Dhaka Universities break down the intriguing phenomenon of the right-side head tilt when we kiss.

There's nothing like a fridge full of leftovers after a Christmas meal.But when it comes to food safety, some guidelines should be followed. Expert Aloysa Hourigan gives FEMAIL a breakdown.

Shani Grimmond, 20, used make up to make it appear she'd had face surgery. The Brisbane blogger used pomade to give her brows a 'Botox' lift and concealer for a 'two-second nose job'.

Wallington woman spends £10k in bid to look like a doll

Jade Smith, 21, from Wallington, Surrey, has splashed the huge sum on doll-like outfits, shoes, accessories, wigs, key chains and toys - as well as a £20 monthly 'glitter budget' - to help her cope with the pain her fibromyalgia. The retail worker, who goes by 'Princess Jadette' on social media (pictured right, in her bedroom and inset, with one of her many cuddly toys), said: 'The toys and the clothes do help with it because it makes me forget for even just a little while the pain that I am experiencing.'

Between 2006 and 2011, 25 percent more children had to be transferred to another hospital because the original facility was unable to treat them, according to a new Harvard study.

A four-year trial on the gel will be carried out in April. The method, devised by Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, has already been shown to be effective in an initial 6-month study.

Woman gives birth to baby from embryo frozen for 24 years

Emma Wren (left and right) was conceived and fertilized 24 years ago in 1992, but the embryo was frozen instead of implanted. Tina, who was born in 1991, could not conceive naturally with her husband Benjamin because he has cystic fibrosis, which renders 98 percent of sufferers infertile. They were going to adopt and started fostering children but then they heard they could adopt an embryo and have the experience of pregnancy as well. The process is like adoption, but the baby grows inside the adoptive mother. In March this year, the frozen embryo was thawed then donated to Tina and Benjamin. After a normal 40-week pregnancy with no issues, Tina gave birth naturally to Emma on November 25. Emma was born weighing six pounds and eight ounces, and measuring 20 inches long. Emma comes from the longest-ever frozen embryo, after one in Virginia which was frozen for 19 years and a few months. Experts say this successful birth 'suggests the shelf life of an embryo could be infinite'. Pictured: Benjamin and Tina with Emma this month (left).

Researchers from the University of Twente in Enschede, Netherlands, developed shoes fitted with laser beams that create an obstacle which patients with Parkinson's will step over.

A sixth grader from Illinois had the magnets removed after two colonoscopies. Buckyballs were recalled in 2012 due to thousands of hospitalizations and death but went back on the market.

Researchers from the International School for Advanced Studies in Trieste, Italy, found pregnancy scans reveal foetuses show a dominance for their right or left hand in the womb.

Researchers from Emory University found stress can cause women's hearts to forcibly pump out blood, which increases their risk of suffering a cardiovascular-related event or early death.

The anatomy of Davina McCall revealed

Davina McCall, 50, has been showcasing her enviable age-defying figure for the better part of a decade, ever since turning her attention from TV presenting to what is now her wildly successful fitness empire. And earlier this week she shared perhaps the most attention-grabbing snap of her rippling six-pack, toned arms and pert bottom yet - posing in a skimpy bikini and trainers in Australia, where she and her three children are visiting her sister. Here, FEMAIL breaks down exactly what goes into maintaining those honed muscles at 50.

London-based Emma Hammett says that with simple tweaks, families can avoid injuries from falling Christmas trees, broken glass baubles and too many glasses of Champagne this season.

Natural decline in lung function over 10 years was slower among former smokers with a diet high in tomatoes and apples, found Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health scientists.

Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania found children who consume fish at least once a week score 4.8 points higher on IQ tests compared to those who never eat it.

Chinese baby is at risk of losing his blackened toe

WARNING, GRAPHIC CONTENT: The infant's digit became black (right) and swollen after the hair, which may have belonged to his mother, cut off the blood supply. It is believed that the strand of hair was trapped around his toe (left) for more than 10 hours before his father, surnamed Fan, spotted it. Doctors in Zhengzhou, capital of Central China's Henan Province, said necrosis has set in and the toe on the boy's left foot may need to be amputated. Local reports state flesh on the boy's toe had already grown around the strand of hair when he was brought in.

A global study found a rise in sex-related Google searches over the festive period. These peaks broadly corresponded to an increase in births nine months later, according to Indiana University.

Dr Nikki Goldstein says couples should have sex for 'healthier reasons' than gifting, and recommends they make time in the bedroom to instead 'reconnect' during the holiday season.

The World Health Organisation will include 'gaming disorder' in its list of illnesses for the first time next year. It has decided to classify excess gaming as a mental health condition.

The recipe for a guilt-free Christmas dinner

Experts from King's College London have recommended the healthiest treats to enjoy on Christmas Day. They delve into the festive favourites - such as red wine and dark chocolate - that can provide a host of health benefits.

Researchers from St Michael's Hospital in Toronto suggested substituting animal-based protein with soy, nuts and pulses. Adding high-fibre oats, barley and psyllium brings extra benefits.

Deadly workplace incidents were up across the board, but overdoses drove the rising numbers, killing 217 Americans in 2016, according to a new Bureau of Labor Statistics report released on Tuesday.

Myths and misconceptions pop up every holiday season. Here's what science says about some of our most burning questions, from hair of the dog to seasonal blues.

Eating at least one serving of salad or leafy greens every day may delay brain aging in older people, helping them to retain better memories and cognition, according to a new Rush University study.

Grandmother believes cannabis is the secret to her health

Carol Francey (right), 70, from Vancouver, credits her marijuana habit for helping her to manage her arthritis, sciatica and insomnia, saying her medication used to slur her speech and affect her balance. Ms Francey, a former drugs and alcohol counselor, began campaigning for cannabis legislation (left) in Canada with the group 'Grannies for Green' after her son was held back a year at school for smoking marijuana and is encouraging other weed users to 'come out of the closet'.

A rise in the UK birth rate due to migration coupled with a shortage in midwives, an increase in overweight mothers and women having children later in life all contributed, doctors said.

Our routine is thrown out of sync during the holiday period. Loughborough University psychologist Kevin Morgan explains how this wrecks havoc on our sleep, and how to offset it.

Florida has reported 56 cases of mumps in 2017. In 2016 there were 16 infections and in 2015 there were 10. Health officials estimate there are 5,000 cases across the US.

Researchers from Emory University also found married heart disease patients have a 24 percent reduced risk of dying prematurely from any cause. Heart disease causes one in four deaths.

Conjoined Nigerian twins can now live 'independent lives'

John and James, whose surname is unknown, were fused together at the upper part of their abdomen (left) before Indian doctors gave them a new lease of life. The pair made the 4,600-mile (7,500km) journey to a specialist hospital in Bangalore for the marathon operation that involved 22 specialists. Medics now claim the twins are ready to live 'independent lives' (right, with their unnamed parents) - despite spending the first six months of life attached to each other. The infants, who already defied medical expectations by surviving for so long, were classed as omphalopagus twins due to where they were attached.

The new treatment, pioneered by Harvard University researchers, used a technique called Crispr CAS-9, which modifies DNA in living cells. Deafness is genetic in over 50 percent of cases.

Scientists from the University of California, Davis, believe it is important to identify the cause of persistent bad breath as it could be gum disease or, in more serious cases, liver cirrhosis.

Model Lauren Wasser says she will lose second leg to TSS

 Los Angeles-based model Lauren Wasser, 29, lost her right leg and toes on her left foot in 2012 after contracting toxic shock syndrome from a tampon, leading to gangrene in her feet (inset). She revealed she will 'inevitably' lose her other leg in the coming months because bone grows where her toes once were making it unbearable to walk. She now sports a golden prosthetic leg (right) as her modeling career has flourished and is an advocate, raising awareness about the dangers of tampons to women and young girls.

The NHS Blood and Transplant are now urging people to donate their blood - despite thousands having already been put off due to the cold temperatures.

Tricks have been revealed by the US YouTube channel SciShow Psych who say that you're so hard-wired to fall for them that you may well keep doing so, even after you've become aware.

The most popular health-related searches worldwide have been revealed by Google Trends. Searches for the ketogenic diet - which Kim Kardashian is a fan of - quadrupled.

Dr Paul Harrison from the Deakin University Business School in Victoria, Australia reveals the secrets behind how we are forced to spend more than we want to. (stock)

Violinist Anthony Hyatt leads dancers through MedStar Georgetown University Hospital in Washington on Oct. 11, 2017. Musicians and dancers are part of the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center's arts and humanities program. (AP Photo/Tom Sampson)

Musicians, therapists and neuroscientists are collaborating on a new US National Institutes of Health study to discover just what music does to the brain, and how sound might be harnessed for healing.

Parents share photographs cuddling stillborn daughter

Maria Grennan, 37, was almost a week over her due date with her first child when she noticed her baby was not moving. Doctors told the mother-to-be and her paramedic husband Stuart (pictured together left), 36, that their baby had died due to an unknown condition. Mrs Grennan gave birth to Maggie (pictured right and inset) on December 5 at Worcestershire Royal Hospital and the couple spent several days with their daughter in a special bereavement suite. But they claim their experience was made much more difficult because they could hear women giving birth to healthy babies in an adjourning room.

A study from Harvard University revealed that children who regularly drink juice are 79 percent more likely to develop asthma than those who do not.

The UK is becoming increasingly reliant on foreign-trained doctors particularly from Greece, Portugal, Spain and Italy, according a report issued by the General Medical Council.

The U.S. government has lifted the 2014 ban on funding research involving the flu and other pathogens in which scientists deliberately make them more transmissible or more deadly.

Lingering stigma and isolation leave gay, lesbian, bisexual and queer teens are far greater risk of suicide than their peers, according to a new University of Pennsylvania study.


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