Health News

OJ Simpson suspects he has football-linked brain disease CTE

OJ Simpson fears he has chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a football-linked neurodegenerative disease that causes dementia, aggression and suicidal thoughts. The 70-year-old, who played 11 seasons in the NFL, told his local newspaper in Las Vegas that he has days when he cannot remember names or words. It can only be diagnosed in an autopsy. Simpson only suffered two concussions in his career at the Buffalo Bills (right) and San Francisco 49ers before he was embroiled in a legal saga over the 1994 murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown (inset) and her friend, ultimately acquitted then jailed for armed robbery in 2008. That is the same number of concussions as Aaron Hernandez, the disgraced Patriots tight end who was last year diagnosed with one of the worst cases of CTE ever seen in an autopsy after he committed suicide at the age of 27 while in jail for murder.

Americans have poor understanding of nutritional value, survey shows

More than 1,000 Americans were asked to estimate the nutritional value of common foods and beverages including calories, protein, carbohydrates, sugar and fat, and the results reveal a very poor understanding what they're putting in their bodies. The estimates for calorie count are shown above in relation to the actual figures.

Female cyclists can rest assured that riding their bikes does not cause sexual dysfunction, according to new University of California, San Francisco research, though it may cause UTIs.

A study based on data from 14,000 first-year college students in eight countries including the US found sexual minorities have an up-to-eight-times higher risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Black Americans' higher exposures to pollution from living near highways may account for 25 percent of their elevated heart disease risks, new University of Pittsburgh research suggests.

Woman now has the perfect smile after surgery to correct wonky jaw

Rebecca Craft (before: left, and after: right), from Barnstaple, Devon, battled an ever-growing cross-bite since she was a teenager and struggled to chew and eat properly without being in pain. In hope of a fix, she underwent double jaw surgery and a painful genioplasty, which involved breaking her jaw and chin bone to realign her face (pictured inset in hospital). Now, four months since her NHS surgery in November, Miss Craft, from Barnstaple, Devon, has a symmetrical smile for the first time in her life. However, she has revealed that she 'would not have gone through' with the surgery if she knew it was going to be 'like being in a car crash'.

There were 2.3 more assaults than average in American cities on days when President Donald Trump came to town for campaign rallies in 2016, a new University of Pennsylvania study shows.

A new study found an alarming amount of plastics in bottled water supplies – but they’re not the only sources of toxins in our lives. ANNA MAGEE investigates a serious issue.

The first-ever CDC report on binge drinking, considered one of the most damaging forms of alcohol abuse, found that more than 16 percent of American adults binge drink each week.

Flint boy dies of sinus infection after it spreads to his brain 

Marquel Brumley, 13, was killed by a sinus infection just weeks after experiencing cold-like symptoms. The condition traveled to his brain, creating blood clots that would eventually leave the teen brain dead, which is considered clinically dead in Michigan. His mother Cameo Kennedy described the agony of losing her son to a common condition that was initially misdiagnosed.

Experts weigh in with tricks to make a quick recovery after a terrible night's sleep including taking a cold shower and skipping that morning cup of coffee in favor of a glass of water.

Dr Clare Johnson, Vice President of the International Association for the Study of Dreams, explains how to interpret the rich mixture of metaphors in our dreams.

Researchers at the Technical University of Madrid say it is likely down to the fact that physically fit women have stronger muscles to help them push their way through childbirth.

A study by the University of North Dakota of 2,500 older people found those who had the highest amounts of omega-3 were 34 percent less likely to die within the next seven years.

This Morning viewers gush over 'adorable' deaf boy posing for camera

Benjamin Wayne (seen left with his mum), three, was on the show with his mother Joanna, from Carshalton, Surrey, who told how her little boy does not qualify for cochlear implants on the NHS despite the fact he is virtually deaf. Ben, who has a condition called Connexin 26, is 'incredibly behind' with his speech development because of his hearing problems, his mother says. Ben stole the hearts of viewers on Friday's show with his playful antics.

Dr Neil Stanley, a member of the British Sleep Society, claims there are no hard and fast rules about the amount of sleep each of us needs. We all have our own individual need.

The Sleepio project will be rolled out to insomniacs in Buckinghamshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire from this October as part of a £1 million pilot. Patients won't need to get a prescription.

EXCLUSIVE: The microscopic exosomes - 1,000 times thinner than hair - transport a damaging enzyme that leads to fibrosis of the kidney, Nottingham Trent University experts found.

This AI, presented at the European Association of Urology congress in Copenhagen, has shown similar levels of accuracy to a human pathologist (stock image).

London single mother uses internet sperm donor to have another child

Farrah Rosier, 24, from south east London, (pictured left and right with baby Edith) explained how she was left devastated by the loss of son Ezra (inset), who died from sudden infant death syndrome when he was just over two months old. She said his death in April 2016 left a void in her life that she believed could only be filled by becoming a mother again. Farrah, who was single after ending a long distance relationship, decided to turn to an online sperm donor. After a few unsuccessful attempts, Farrah welcomed baby daughter Edith, now six months old, into the world.

It is the first time health guidelines issued by charity Diabetes UK have specified which foods could help fight off the disease, which is linked to obesity.

Researchers led by Dr Dipender Gill of Imperial College London found early onset of puberty may be a risk factor for adult obesity in women.

Midwife delivers her own baby in 'perfect' c-section birth

Emily Dial, a 34-year-old nurse and midwife from Kentucky pulled her baby from her own womb in a c-section delivery, learning it was a girl when she set eyes on Emma in her own hands for the first time.

Surgeons from Pune in the state of Maharashtra, India, released Rajendra Panchal's fused jaw joint - and now he can open his mouth 4.5cm wide, enough to eat and talk properly for the first time.

A report of more than 9.5 million insurance claims for children found that ER visits for life-threatening allergic reactions tripled and 'at risk' diagnoses doubled in the US between 2010 and 2016.

More than 80 people a day have been turning up at Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford, Essex, fearing they have sepsis after it was featured in Call the Midwife and The Archers.

Junior doctors are ditching training to take career breaks or go abroad, a report has found. Stressed out millennials are either leaving the profession or deferring training, blaming pressures of the job.

Is your house making you fat? 14 weight loss tips for the home

We know environment can influence our health, but we can do the same back. Dr Laura McDown, a psychologist, explains how to curate a healthy home. Her tips include clearing out the fridge as often as possible, keeping your food visible in clear containers, and buying the right sized crockery that doesn't let you overeat but doesn't force you into having seconds. The sitting room should be a snack-free zone, your workout kit should be ready for you as soon as you wake up so you aren't inclined to skip the gym, and the bathroom should always remind you of your weight loss goals.

The study, which will be presented next month at the American Association for Cancer Research meeting, is the first to show such dire results associated with the common STD.

Junior doctors are ditching training to take career breaks or go abroad, a report has found. Stressed-out millennials are either leaving the profession or deferring training.

People who visited airports in Detroit, Memphis and Newark may have been exposed to measles, a respiratory infection that can be deadly in children under the age of five and adults over the age of 20.

The FDA announced its proposal for a rule limiting the amount of nicotine in cigarettes on Thursday, starting the (potentially long) process of its most direct attack on the addictive part of cigarettes.

Alexa Barbin dies of the flu hours after she felt 'a bit of a cold' 

Alexa Barbin, 19, of Escondido, California, died from influenza B virus just one day after experiencing cold-like symptoms. The teen did not receive a flu vaccination this season. Local officials are now warning people about the late-season circulation of Influenza B viruses, which can be just as deadly as the H3N2 strain.

University of Utah researchers believe the worrying results could be the result of low atmospheric pressure. This leads to much lower levels of oxygen in the blood.

The findings, from Northwestern University, support previous evidence that people drinking two cups of daily coffee after a diet are better able to keep the weight off.

Researchers in Germany have found a possible explanation for why elderly people are prone to losing their sense of direction by locating instability in the brain's navigation system.

Experiments on flies found found large amounts of MG (methylglyoxal) led to typical diabetic issues with metabolism. High MG levels were once thought of as a consequence of the disease, not a cause.

Researchers from the University of Gothenburg followed women over a period of 44 years to discover that exercise may protect against the devastating condition.

Australian researchers quizzed 1,100 people to discover that 26 per cent of people believe they experience reactions to the chemicals in deodorants, air fresheners and cleaning supplies.

Bleak maps reveal where hopelessness is driving Americans to death

Maps assembled by the University of Washington illustrate the disparities in deaths of despair in different US regions. Drugs are killing Americans in Appalachia, and violence abounds in the South.

The authors, father-and-son team Ashim and Aradeep Chatterjee of India, said their mix, diluting scabies pus a million times, treats stomach, pancreatic and liver cancers.

Former model with Fowler's syndrome has been unable to urinate

Leanne Ward (pictured), from Aberdare, South Wales, was struck down with Fowler's syndrome, which left her bladder muscles unable to relax. An injection of Botox - usually used to reduce wrinkles - in her bladder allowed her to go the toilet for three months - the only time she has been able to since 2015. But since then, the former Miss Cornwall, now 27, has been unable to go the toilet. Instead, she has been fitted with a catheter to help her pass urine. The flexible tube, which she nicknames 'Percy' and describes as the bane of her life, has left her relying on morphine to control her pain.

Medical facilities are running low on injectable opioids for patient pain management because of manufacturing problems as America's opioid crisis claims the lives of 115 people each day.

Here, writing in a piece for Healthista, London-based nutritionist Rick Hay explains how each of the foods can boost metabolism. He has looked into countless studies behind them all.

Indian builder impaled by a 4ft pole in his scrotum

Salim Sheikh (inset), 33, from Nashik - 102 miles (165km) away from Mumbai, was working on the first floor of a new building when he slipped and fell on a pile of steel rods. One pierced him through the groin (right) - and then went through the entire length of his body and emerged at his collar bone (left). Scans revealed the rod had pierced his small intestine, colon, liver, diaphragm and lungs - but incredibly he survived. Surgeons removed the pole, which measured 130cm and narrowly missed his heart, during a painstaking five-hour operation.

Such diseases, termed zoonoses, are usually very mild, but the rarer ones can be more severe, explains Alan Radford, a professor of veterinary health informatics at Liverpool University.

Most of us are consuming double and sometimes even triple the daily adequate intake, Elie Chamoun, a nutrition sciences researcher at Guelph University, warns. Here's how to avoid it.

Monica Alvarez-Mitchell, 42, from New York, was born with exostosis, an outgrowth of cartilaginous tissue on her knee and ankle, which caused arthritic issues worsened by her weight.

The health watchdog Nice wants GPs to refer many more patients for accurate hospital tests to establish why they suffer from heavy periods in a bid to detect underlying problems that may result in infertility.

Mother to donate her embryos to women affected by fertility blunder

Niki Schaefer, 37, from suburban Cleveland, Ohio, has an eight-year-old son, Noah, from IVF and a six-year-old daughter, Lane, conceived from a frozen embryo using IVF. After her second delivery, Niki and her husband Brian decided they were happy with their family-of-four, and have been trying to decide what to do with their remaining four embryos, sat frozen in storage, ever since. That changed on Saturday, after news broke that hundreds of families had lost their frozen embryos in a storage malfunction at UH Fertility Center in Cleveland, Ohio - and days later a similar blunder happened at Pacific Fertility Center in San Francisco. In a post that has since swept the internet, Niki, who lives 20 miles away from Cleveland in Chagrin Falls, took to Facebook offering to connect affected families with her doctor to facilitate a donation - and urged other women like her to do the same.

Known only as Justine, the 11-year-old, from Yaounde in Cameroon, suffered from a growth disorder called Blount's disease. Surgeons from the charity Mercy Ships untwisted her limbs.

New research from the University of Bradford details the differences between male and female smiles. The research gave way to AI that can predict a person's sex based on their smile.

Internet enabled devices in the UK's hospitals are vulnerable to being hacked and could put people’s lives at risk, a report from the Royal Academy of Engineering warns.

A generation of women are choosing to have a baby on their own through IVF. The number trying to start a family without a father has leapt by a third in two years.

Queensland man with a severe skin condition defies doctors

Dean Clifford (left and right), from Queensland, has become the oldest living survivor in the world of the most serious form of Epidermolysis Bullosa. The rare, genetic condition causes him to have incredibly fragile skin, which blisters frequently and takes much longer than usual to heal itself. But, despite the challenges he faces, he has transformed himself from a physically weak and sick child to a bodybuilder and motivational speaker. Mr Clifford, who also works as a business and marketing officer, has today opened up about his condition, which strikes one in 50,000 people, for the first time. (pictured inset as a child)

Researchers in Lonodn assessed the impact of the various strategies in England by analysing the records of 3.5million patients with 24 of the most common cancers.

More than 10,000 extra people died in the first few weeks of 2018 than is usual for the time of year. Researchers are calling for an investigation into the rising death rates.

UK tops league of shame for unhealthy children

The UK is one of the unhealthiest nations for children in the Western world, a report has found. Our breastfeeding rates are lower than most other countries, while childhood obesity rates are significantly higher (left, stock image). Baby girls in the UK have the shortest life expectancies in Western Europe, and die an average of three years earlier than girls in Spain. The first international analysis has found the UK lagging behind most other developed countries in key measures of child health (the tables showing childhood obesity and breastfeeding rates are pictured right).

Upper East Side facialist Georgia Louise told Daily Mail Online that 'penis facial' has become the 'street name' in Hollywood because it uses stem cells from the foreskin of Korean baby boys.

Grooming the genital area has become an increasingly common practice in the US. However, experts weigh in on the benefits of keeping your pubic hair.

Researchers at the University of Gothenburg tracked 191 women for 44 years, first assessing their fitness level then monitoring their cognitive health.

On Tuesday Beyoncé said she’s switching to a vegan diet, which bans all animal products including meat, dairy and eggs, for the next 44 days to prepare for performing at Coachella.

Amanda Kitts who lost her arm in car crash can feel prosthetic arm

Amanda Kitts (top right) lost her left arm in April 2006 when her small Mercedes sports car collided with a large Escalade SUV van while driving home from dinner (bottom right). The 49-year-old Florida native has been wearing prosthetic arms for nearly 12 years. She said she can now feel her missing limb thanks to researchers at Cleveland Clinic who developed groundbreaking technology that uses vibrations to restore natural movement and sensations in amputee patients (left).

Researchers at Dartmouth compared the benefits of e-cigarette use to quit smoking against the harm from usage that leads to traditional smoking found the negatives far outweigh the positives.

EXCLUSIVE: In a new nutrition report, published by the supplement brand Alive!, nutritionists have warned the UK is effectively heading for a health breakdown.

Doctors are using iPhones for brain surgery

Researchers at the University of São Paulo in Brazil found that smartphones are useful in performing minimally invasive brain surgeries. The study, published in the Journal of Neurosurgery, suggests mobile devices may soon become an essential medical device in operating rooms. Especially when performing neuroendoscopy to inspect aneurysms (inset).

Researchers from the University of Bern in Switzerland found that none of the nine fluoridated toothpastes they analysed completely prevent enamel loss despite regular brushing.

Ruben Meerman and Andrew Brown are two scientists who work at the University of New South Wales. They found just three of 150 experts could explain where fat goes once it is burned.

Boy suffers from dwarfism that affects less than 30 people

Landen Johnson (pictured bottom right and top right with his brother Brayden, 10), from Lincolnton, North Carolina, suffers from primordial dwarfism, which is thought to affect just 28 patients worldwide. At only three-feet tall and weighing less than his three-year-old sister Hannah Grace (pictured left with Brayden, Landen, being held by his father Luke, 34, and her mother Amanda, 32), Landen is expected to grow just another foot at best in his lifetime.

Researchers from Queen Mary University of London found people with weak handshakes are more likely to have enlarged, damaged hearts. Hand grip is linked to levels of blood pumped per minute.

New York State Department of Health researchers found high levels of gender-bending chemicals used to preserve moisturiser, make-up and shaving cream in the urine of dogs.

Bradford man woke up in the middle of surgery

Fenn Settle (claims he had to urinate on the operating table to gain the attention of surgeons when his general anaesthetic wore off during surgery to treat his ruptured appendix. Speaking for the first time about his ordeal, the 25-year-old has branded the horrific experience at Huddersfield Royal Infirmary (top and bottom right) as his 'worst nightmare' come true. Mr Settle, from Bradford, claims an agency nurse, who spoke 'little English', had incorrectly noted down his weight at 3st lighter just hours before the surgery. Bosses at the trust that runs the hospital have since admitted the level of anaesthetic in the account manager's body was lower than it should have been.

Ashraf Ali, 24, from Sheikh Darra in Pakistan, suffers from elephantiasis, which has left him unable to work. His family, who earn £2 a day, have been told surgery is an option but costs more than £3,000.

British researchers used data from the National Diabetes Audit, which tracked millions type 2 patients. It is compiled annually and uses NHS England figures.

Little Rock, Arkansas, was named the Fattest City in America in a survey of 100 of the most-populated metro areas in the US. The report reveals almost all of the top 20 cities are located in the South.

Newcastle University scientists made the conclusion after delving into data from more than 226,000 people. The findings are published in the American Journal of Public Health.

At least 10 people in Britain have suffered serious burns in the last decade after head lice lotion set their hair alight. Eight children and adults were seriously burned after using brand Hedrin.

New York mother details how she was refused a C-section

Liza Walter-Larregui, 35, from Staten Island, New York has revealed her traumatic birthing ordeal that saw doctors refuse her an emergency C-section, pictured with her son and husband. The mom-of-one was told by her obstetrician that she shouldn't give birth vaginally as her birthing canal was too narrow but when she went into labor ahead of her scheduled C-section, she was forced to try pushing and given an epidural. Despite her baby being in distress, Liza was refused an emergency C-section and her son was born via vacuum and she now believes his autism is a direct result of his traumatic birth.

Baby Fletcher Faulkner, from Colne in Lancashire, was not showing any typical meningitis symptoms when his parents Sarah and Tom Faulkner rang 111 in the early hours of July 2 2017.

Dana Scatton, 18, was diagnosed with DIPG, an inoperable brain tumor. She and her family plan on heading to Mexico for experimental chemotherapy treatments.

Researchers from the University of Cardiff believe the pill will benefit those with a fear of needles. As it will not require refrigeration, it should also be easier to transport.

The National Centre for Global Health and Medicine in Japan findings, derived from data of more than 50,000 people, adds to the growing list of known dangers of smoking.

Cardiff woman left paralysed can now brush her hair

Helen Fincham (left), from Pencoed, near Cardiff, reportedly couldn't wipe away her own tears when she lost her ability to move (right) in August 2016. Doctors were baffled when her sore neck, that she thought was caused by sleeping at an awkward angle, eventually led to paralysis. Miss Fincham's sudden loss of movement was confirmed as being transverse myelitis - a rare neurological disorder that damages the spinal cord. But after months of intensive physiotherapy (inset) at hospital, Miss Fincham has regained a degree of independence.

Researchers from Vanderbilt University found female infants given the non-dairy formula over cow's milk alternatives or breast milk are significantly more likely to have mature cells in their vaginas.

The shoes based on Mexico's Tarahumara tribe - which can cost up to $300 a pair - double the level of stress on the body compared to walking in bare feet, according to new research by Harvard.

A technique developed at King’s College London doubles the rate at which pre-eclampsia is detected - a pregnancy complication responsible for thousands of stillbirths each year - a major study revealed.

The trial led by scientists at Imperial College London paves the way for the first new treatments for the menopause since the development of HRT in the 1960s and could cut hot flushes within days.

While most societies promote heterosexuality as the 'norm', a researcher at Cornell University has found we all get aroused by both genders - and he is seeing a surge in men he calls 'mostly straight'.

A Columbia University study found nearly 30 percent of transgender participants experienced hate crimes following the election and 70 percent reported higher concerns for their safety.

Brisbane-based dietitian Leanne Ward shares tips to beat bloating

Like it or not, bloating is a fact of life for many of us. After a heavy meal, alcohol or a quick dinner, our bodies can look and feel entirely different to how they did just moments before - and the worst part is, you might not even realise why. Recently, Brisbane-based dietitian, Leanne Ward (left without bloating, centre after eating while bloated and right), took a look at the issue - as she shared her simple tips to fuelling your digestion and beating the bloat.

A health department alert revealed Beaver County, Pennsylvania, saw a 300 percent increase in HIV 34 percent increase in gonorrhea among 15- to 24-year-olds in 2017 compared to 2016.

The community that includes Naples, Immokalee and Marco Island, Florida, scored the highest in overall well-being in 2017 according to a Gallup-Sharecare report.

When deciding what to take, it's important to remember that even if a medicine is available at home, it may be restricted or prohibited in the country you are visiting. Here's what you should take.

Since the UK Government introduced tougher regulations regarding driving under the influence in 2015, the number of arrests for operating a vehicle under the influence has soared.

Chinese takeaways are so salty they need health warning

Action on Salt is calling on the UK Government to force restaurants to put warning labels on high salt dishes and set new salt reduction targets for ready meals. This graphic shows the amount of salt relative to bags of crisps in popular supermarket meals, including M&S;'s sweet and sour chicken (top left) and the Co-op's chicken chow mein (bottom right).

Each health board across England is rated as either red, orange, blue or green, depending on how long its delays are for 19 types of referrals. Campaigners have today blasted the figures.

Researchers at Harvard University found the US spend nearly twice as much on health care than other wealthy countries and the main driver of these prices are salaries for physicians and nurses.

Benzodiazepine, a class of drug better known as the brand name Xanax, is banned by the NHS but available on prescription in the US, leading to border official seizing millions of the pills in recent years.

High blood pressure, diabetes, coronary heart disease, depression and cancer are among the most common of the 36 illnesses said to be fuelling Britain's ill-health.

Central Queensland University researchers made the conclusion after assessing 10 years worth of data from 15,000 participants. It was published in the medical journal PLoS ONE.

Scientists at the University of California, Riverside, today called for marketing campaigns to make sewage water 'less scary' to consumers. They said it evokes 'disgust reactions'.

Barbie wannabe has eyelid surgery to look ‘more Caucasian’ 

Ophelia Vanity, 30, from Los Angeles, is half-Chinese by heritage, but has spent $4,000 (£2,900) on surgery to her eyelids in an effort to make her features more 'western', like those of her idol. Now the Barbie fan (seen left, right and inset) intends to have breast and bum implants, and is even considering having four to six ribs removed.

The leaflet, put together by The British Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology, uses illustrations to demonstrate changes in the appearance of different women’s vaginas.

The NHS reportedly spends around £2 billion each year on dishing out medications to combat high blood pressure. The University of Manitoba study offers hope of a cheap alternative.

The weight-loss balloon swallowed like a pill to avoid surgery 

Late last year, Kayleigh Fellows, from Middlesex, tipped the scales at 19st. At 5ft 6in, with a BMI of 42 she was severely obese, but a gastric balloon has since transformed her diet - and her prognosis.

Researchers found exposure to light at night may increase the risk of developing depressive symptoms. The findings are published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

We’re told repeatedly about the benefits of getting our five a day. But, in some cases, fruits and vegetables may be bad for our health. Here, we look at the produce that may cause problems.

Workers and older homeowners were particularly affected by the public health dip triggered by the global economic crash, the most significant since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

The team at the Southern Methodist University in Dallas got couples of different ages, races and relationship lengths to keep diaries about their mood and their partner's mood for a week.

Prostate cancer now kills more men than breast cancer does women - but there's a huge gender health gap. Here, medical detection dogs could prove a game-changer for all involved.

Carmen Smith's swollen legs have turned her into Instagram sensation

Carmen Smith (pictured left, right and centre), 30, from Pasadena, California, has endured cruel comments and stares from strangers throughout her life after developing lymphedema as a child, which causes her legs, ankles and feet to swell. After attempting to hide her limbs for years, Ms Smith's boyfriend Kahari Jumal, 43, has helped her accept her disorder, leading to her regularly posing in sexy lingerie for her 48,000 Instagram followers.

Researchers from the University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands found eating 40 per cent fewer calories reduces inflammation in mice's brain cells, which is linked to ageing.

From the age of 15, Mia Elderkvist suffered from repeated urinary tract infections which blighted her life. But a simple way of administering treatment changed her life.

Trials on mice, led by University of Calgary researchers, suggest being around stressed people can alter the brain in the same way as when someone is overloaded.

Researchers from Edinburgh University identified more than 500 genes linked to greater IQ scores, which is 10 times higher than previously thought. Such genes may prevent dementia.

The popular presenter follows a fitness regimen set-up on Strictly Come Dancing, goes skiing every year and tries to consume plenty of fresh vegetables. But he also loves the pub...

Henry Searle was just 19 when he was diagnosed with glioblastoma in 2015. His oncology team only expected him to live for 14 months - but, three years on, he's now completely healthy. This is his story.

England’s chief nurse, Professor Jane Cummings, wants to minimise 'pyjama lounging' in hospitals — and she's launched a new campaign against it. But can it possibly work?

Participation in high school football peaked in 2008 at 1.11 million athletes, then declined to 1.06 million by 2017. Experts say the drop mirrors the increased coverage of football-linked brain diseases.

Stars who have released exercise DVDs failed to keep the weight off

TV favourite Scarlett Moffatt is facing accusations her 2016 workout DVD was a 'sham', and now a fitness expert has warned that many celebrity fitness programmes are probably not what they seem. Stars who have released fitness DVDs but failed to maintain the same tiny figure including (left to right) Scarlett Moffatt, Lauren Goodge, Nadia Sawalha and Charlotte Crosby.

Institute of Cancer Research in London researchers, who were heavily involved in the BRCA discovery, hope the new findings will provide a huge range of new targets for drug development.

Researchers from Monash University in Australia followed 575 Australian adolescents as they went from teenagers to adults. Those that went to university were more agreeable, and outgoing.

Hussien El-Maghraby, based in Coventry, is at the centre of a BBC investigation. It is not the first time he has come under fire. He has reportedly performed 3,000 operations.

Mayo Clinic researchers found sleepiness in waking hours is particularly risky. Elderly people without dementia suffered dangerous build-ups if they were sleepy during the day.

Researchers from the University of Buffalo found that an anti-cancer drug can reverse the social difficulties associated with autism.

Researchers from Rutgers University and the University of Toronto Scarborough carried out four studies to look at how pursuing happiness influenced people's perception of time (stock).

Woman 'cured' her terminal cancer with cannabis oil

Joy Smith (pictured right, believed to be before she became ill), 52, from Coventry, was given just six weeks to live after being diagnosed with inoperable stomach and bowel cancer in August 2016. Desperate for a solution, Ms Smith (pictured left while receiving treatment) reluctantly took cannabis-based tablets, alongside chemotherapy, after her friends (pictured in inset) persuaded her to give it a try.

According to London-based Dr Luke Powles from Bupa Health Clinics, urine colour indicates people's hydration levels, with dark yellow colours suggesting the need for an instant glass of water.

Researchers from Brock University in Ontario found babies are considered to be at their cutest when they develop features such as big eyes, chubby cheeks and cooing noises at around six months old.

Sleeping with socks to bed might have a number of health benefits. A host of studies suggest the simple act of donning socks before bed could help you sleep better - it could even make you a better lover.

Mother-of-three, 36, describes shock rectal cancer diagnosis

Annie Schreiber, of Indiana, thought she had hemorrhoids after spotting blood in her stool in July. Her doctor said drinking more water and eating more fiber should do the trick. It didn't. Eventually she went in for a colonoscopy, just to be sure, and it revealed the doctor was off the mark: Annie, who works at Biotech, was diagnosed with Stage 1 colorectal cancer, an increasingly prevalent disease among 30-somethings, particularly women. Diagnosed with cancer, she was told she needed a colostomy bag, but then found another option. Pictured: Annie with her husband Sven and their three children, two daughters aged three and six, and an eight-year-old son.

Some patients in the UK have had to wait up to five years before being diagnosed, during which time they are denied vital drugs and support, according to research.

EXCLUSIVE: One treat by Kiddylicious was found to contain more salt than a packet of Walkers, while other treats including one by Little Dish was also found to contain added salt.

3 ex-Michigan football players' children are diagnosed with cancer

Three children were diagnosed with brain cancer between 2012 and 2014. Their fathers all all played football for the University of Michigan in the 1990s. Emma Thompson, 5, (right) and Colt Del Verne, 10, (left) are battling aggressive brain cancers. Colt suffers from DIPG, the same tumor that killed Chad Carr (center).

Heard colleagues talking about trying a weight-loss plan that involves cutting your calories on only two days of the week, and eating normally for the rest of the time? That was Dr Michael Mosley.

Advisers to Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt say that extending the HPV jab to boys would not be ‘cost-effective’. About 370,000 Year 8 girls receive Gardasil jabs annually.

The number admitted to hospital in England has jumped by almost a fifth in two years. About two-thirds of those are for fat-reduction operations like the fitting of gastric bands.

It’s hard to believe that veteran broadcaster Joan Bakewell will celebrate her 85th birthday next month – but hardly a surprise that even at her age, she breezed through a hip replacement.

GPs blast regulator for striking off 'sepsis boy mistake' doctor

GP leaders have declared they have no confidence in the General Medical Council after its decision to strike off a doctor whose mistakes resulted in a boy dying from sepsis. Hadiza Bawa-Garba, a trainee paediatrician, made a series of errors while looking after six-year-old Jack Adcock and was convicted of manslaughter through gross negligence in 2015. Experts say many of the errors were caused by ‘systemic failures’ at her hospital, the Leicester Royal Infirmary.

Thai massage looks brutal. During a typical session, performed on a floor mat, the therapist will use hand, elbows, knees, feet and even the whole body to push, pull, stretch and twist the body into shape.

Chemotherapy that targets cancer dramatically dulls taste and smell and can cause mouth ulcers, while drugs such as steroids can result in thrush in the mouth, making for painful meal times.

Swapping texts about the weather and what’s for supper is key to surviving office stress, scientists at California University claim. Trivial chats with spouses helped deal with high-pressure situations.

We owe a lot to Roger Bannister, who died last week at the age of 88. Not only did he lift the spirits of a beleaguered post-war nation with his sporting feat, but he went on to become a doctor.

Researchers from University of Cambridge looked at DNA samples from all around the world and found that genetic information plays a role in controlling empathy levels (stock image).

Former NFL star Mark Gastineau says football destroyed his life

Former New York Jets defensive line backer Mark Gastineau sobbed live on radio as he described losing control of his mind and body to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Weeping, the 61-year-old described sleepless nights, struggling to get out of bed, forgetting names, and being forced to stop even the simplest of tasks like working on the yard. In his hey day he enjoyed a glamorous life typical of an athlete. His ex-wife Lisa Gastineau and daughter Brittny Gastineau, who is a childhood friend of Kim Kardashian (pictured together, inset), are famous for starring in the E! reality series The Gastineau Girls. But speaking to Pete McCarthy on Thursday, he said he now struggles to look back fondly on his football years as his brain deteriorates.

The deaths of four women who died by lethal injection in the Netherlands may have been ‘criminal euthanasia’, prosecution officials said. Euthanasia accounts for more than one in every 25 deaths.

While 93 percent of OB/GYNs were men five decades ago, that figure has now slipped to 41 percent, and just 18 percent of today's gynecology students are male.

Research shows that on average, a person's weight peaks on Monday and bottoms out on Friday. Making small tweaks to your weekend routine can help you stay on track with healthy habits all week.

Luke Benrud gave his wife life-saving CPR after she went into cardiac arrest as a result of a heart defect just five weeks after giving birth to their son in August 2016 in Appleton, Wisconsin.

Psychology explains the shocking twist during The Bachelor finale 

This season's leading man Arie Luyendyk Jr (main) shocked viewers by proposing to one woman first, Becca Kufrin (left inset), before leaving her for the runner up, Lauren Burnham (right inset). Lena Derhally, a psychotherapist from Washington, DC, said the switch reminded her of a psychological theory called 'the paradox of choice'. The theory says when a person is presented with too many options, they find it much harder to or are unable to make a decision.

Even an hour of sleep lost to daylight saving time may be life threatening, professor David Wagner says. Loss of sleep after DST attributed to heart problems and mechanical injury at work

The researchers at the Mayo Clinic warn failing to ask could mean gay, transgender and non-gender-conforming patients may not be getting the right treatment and advice.

Tara Leong is a lecturer in Nutrition and Dietetics at the University of the Sunshine Coast. She explains quitting the sweet stuff completely is more confusing than helpful.

Kate Moss 'isn’t as wild as people think', sources reveal

EXCLUSIVE: Croydon-born Moss (pictured left last month and right, in 2013) told friends that she was inspired by Hollywood actress Sadie Frost's decision to go tee-total and begin yoga, according to sources close to the supermodel. The 44-year-old, who is well-known for her wild partying behaviour, has ditched booze in favour of a green juice each morning and relies on a supplement branded the 'beauty industry secret', called Lumity (inset). And the reformed Primrose Hill party queen credits the changes, made as part of her new 80/20 lifestyle, for her glowing skin, great sleep and bags of energy.

Doctors near Leipzig - 118 miles (160km) south of Berlin - went public with the case to raise awareness of the rare toxin. The tale was reported in the Journal of Medical Case Reports.

Toddler swaddled in blankets due to 'spontaneous hypothermia'

Georgia-May, 3, of Dublin, (pictured left, inset) Ireland has 'spontaneous hypothermia': a condition with only 50 other sufferers worldwide, which causes her temperature to suddenly drop without warning. Sara Jane (right, with son Craig and Georgia-May), a full-time carer to Georgia-May, three, said: 'It's absolutely mind boggling. Doctors have no idea why she has this condition, or how to stop it.'

A virus harvested from a local lake was the only thing that could cure an 80-year-old Connecticut man, whose heart infection had resisted all antibiotic treatment, according to a recent scientific report

Suffering from sleepless nights? You're not alone. Here, FEMAIL takes a look at the one thing that's stopping you from sleeping and the simple solutions to your bedtime woes.

EXCLUSIVE Used at the IVF Cube in Prague, the approach has already helped two women become pregnant when used to select 'healthy' sperm prior to them undergoing IVF.

Doctors at Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, published the tale in the Journal of Medical Case Reports, claiming it is the most successful result from iron chelation therapy in history.

Raquel Hultman has skin syndrome that tears at the slightest touch

Raquel Hultman (left), eight, was diagnosed with epidermolysis bullosa (EB) at birth, a rare genetic tissue disorder which has no cure, but she loves to ski in a thick padded jacket that protects her like cotton wool. But she has to get 99 per cent of her nutrition through a feeding tube as her esophagus tears if she swallows anything

Gurgle Magazine cited research that suggests fewer than one per cent of UK mums are still breastfeeding at the recommended 12 month mark, which it was accused of 'brushing off'.

Dr Ashish Deshmukh, from the University of Florida, stated infected men struggle to rid their bodies of the cancer-causing human papillomavirus, causing them to harbour the pathogen.

Government data reveals in Rotherham there are 1,143 hospital admissions because of tooth decay for every 100,000 children under the age of four. In contrast, just nine occur in Leicester.

Terminally ill couple married for 66 years die on the same day

Francie, 88, and Charlie, 87, took their own lives together after being married for 66 years. The couple, who met in 1947 and got married in 1951, were given six months to live. Francie had spent years battling heart disease and several heart attacks; Charlie also suffered from heart disease, as well as Parkinson's and prostate cancer. Pictured: Francie and Charlie in 1952 (left) and the couple in a 2017 documentary that captured their final moments (right).

Updated guidelines, published by the Joint British Diabetes Societies for Inpatient Care, have declared the fizzy drink shouldn't be relied on as a life-saving option because of its new sugar content.

Researchers from the University of Utah found that, after being exposed to cancer-causing radiation, three genes, known as FANCL, VRK2 and BCL11A, work to guard against mutations.

Researchers from the Experimental Medicine and Biology Institute in Argentina found that blocking histamine can lower sperm count, deform sperm and make them slower swimmers.

Mannu Kamar treated like an outcast due to fused fingers and toes

Twelve-year-old Mannu Kumar (pictured left) from Jharkhand, India is treated like a pariah by both his community and classmates because of his appearance. Mannu has Syndactyly, a rare genetic condition that has fused the bones in his hands and feet (pictured right), which means he struggles to do anything with his hands (inset). Mannu parents hope surgery will help him to lead a normal life

Researchers have found the eating habits of Victorian peasants are healthy and worth emulating - especially the emphasis on eating locally sourced vegetables, fish and salads.

The Paleolithic diet is built on the idea that the human body functions best when we eat the way our ancestors did, focusing on ingredients such as meat, fish, fruits and vegetables.

The state hit a grim record in 2016 of 887 fatal overdoses, or 52 per 100,000 residents, the highest drug-related death toll in the nation.

Women in Bath and North East Somerset will be denied IVF funding if a partner has a body mass index over 30 because health bosses say these couples find it harder to conceive.

Sydney woman cures her inflamed adult acne with 'green' makeup

Sydney-based DJ and event manager Sam Lando had the good fortune of enjoying much of her teenage years pimple-free until she was struck down by adult acne (left). It wasn't until the now 24-year-old switched all of her skincare and make up products over to organic - or 'green' - brands she saw her inflamed skin settle (right and inset).

The scientists, from the University of Oxford, Imperial College London and the UN International Agency for Research on Cancer, found the strongest link was among sedentary men.

The poll for Diabetes UK found just 29% of people feel well-informed about the nutritional content of their food when eating out.

Their hearts are less likely to have enlarged chambers, showing blood has been trapped by the organ failing to pump hard enough, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London.

Pia Muehlenbeck explains why she doesn't follow 'fad' diets

Owner of Australian activewear brand SLINKII, Pia Muehlenbeck (pictured), ensures she works out six times a week, with Sunday being kept as the 'day of rest', and eats predominantly clean foods. Speaking to Sporteluxe about her public and private life, Pia admitted maintaining her incredible physique is a year round job. 'I mix up my workouts quite often to avoid getting bored, but I regularly do Pilates, yoga and weight training. When the weather is good I'll swap that for a run around the city,' she admitted. The Sydney-based Instagram star said that while the social media world appears to be obsessed with vegan and paleo diet trends, she doesn't subscribe to any of them herself. 'As fascinating as diets are, there is no getting away from the fact that a good clean diet with a lot of colourful veggies is always going to be the best thing for you. I do supplement my diet with vegan protein, and I sip on BCAA's during the day with my water,' she said.

125 people in Milwaukee have tested positive for HIV and syphilis

A cluster of at least 125 people have contracted HIV, syphilis or both in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The individuals, the majority of whom are men, were reportedly connected in the last year. City officials have said this is a city-wide health issue especially among people between the ages of 15 and 24.

Researchers led by Dr Tracey Wilkinson at Indiana University found one in 10 teens are wrongly denied emergency contraception at pharmacies.

There are three FDA-approved emergency contraceptives in the US, but each works differently and may not be effective depending on timing and a woman's weight, an OBGYN explains.

Laurie Mintz, author of Becoming Cliterate and A Tired Woman's Guide to Passionate Sex, is a sex researcher at the University of Florida. She explains sex and sleep are more linked than we think.

In an article for Women's Health, a clinical sexologist offers clarity and reassurance to women about six rarely discussed sex topics.

Tess Holliday details struggle with 'extreme' postpartum depression 

The 32-year-old, who is also mom to an 11-year-old named Rylee (inset), took to Instagram on Wednesday to share a photo of herself with her 21-month-old son Bowie (right), while sharing a candid message about the difficulties of raising two children. Tess explained that over the past year she has dealt with 'extreme' postpartum depression while feeling 'really isolated and overwhelmed.' In January, while shooting a swimwear campaign for Alpine Butterfly (left), Tess admitted it was great to be enjoying herself after having a difficult few months.

New research by Rutgers University has found fiber plays a far more active role than ever recorded in nurturing the gut bacteria that control blood sugars and fats.

Brazil's Health Ministry is now aiming to vaccinate more than 23 million people across the country, with cities being hit hard by the mosquito-borne virus that has a death rate of eight per cent.

Alisa Vitti, a women's hormonal health specialist explains how to change your fitness choices to suit your fluctuating hormones – at last a biological reason you don't want to workout at certain times.

Stress levels are on the rise in the US, according to 2017 survey data. Research shows that taking short breaks from taxing activities can significantly reduce stress and improve productivity.

A study by Massachusetts General Hospital found current breast cancer guidelines can lead to underscreening, delayed diagnosis and therefore more aggressive cancers in non-white women.

Researchers from the University of California, San Diego, also found a genetic link between a lack of shut eye and conditions such as depression. Insomnia affects up to 20 percent of adults.

NHS data today showed 27.8 per cent of expectant mothers smoked until they gave birth in Blackpool between October and December. In contrast, just 1.6 per cent do so in Wokingham.

Baby who stopped breathing was saved by an off-duty nurse

Single mother-of-two Nicole Tierney (pictured in the right image and on the right in the left image), 27, who is the mother of Austin (pictured left and right), now one, messaged midwife Nicky Hennell (pictured left), 47, after becoming increasingly concerned by her son's blood and mucus-streaked vomit. Rushing over in her free time, Ms Hennell, who now lives in Cheltenham, managed to get Austin breathing again.

A new drug to treat sepsis infections could be on the horizon following clinical trials, which acts by revving up a patient's immune system. This is unusual, because antibiotic treatment is more common

In men, testosterone levels remained high in adults between the ages of 55 and 79 who cycled regularly, according to Birmingham University and King's College London researchers.

Just 85 per cent of patients were admitted, transferred or discharged within four hours of arrival in casualty units across England in February, according to official NHS figures.

Scientists may have found a way to boost your resistance to 'Delhi belly', or traveller's diarrhoea, after discovering a protein in saliva that can blocks the E. coli bacteria from settling in the gut

Researchers from Taipei Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan believe PPIs may alter guts' bacterial make-up. Past studies suggest a link between the microbiome and mental health.

Researchers at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business found that watching video tutorials can give people an 'inflated sense of competence,' even if they can't perform the activity.

Christian Buchanan was born with no eyes

WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT Christian Buchanan (pictured right and left with his mother Lacey), six, from Woodbury, Tennessee, suffers from Tessier cleft lip and palate. Since being born with large gaps in his face, Christian has required a feeding tube since he was just four days old and has endured seven reconstruction operations. Due to him being born with the disorder (pictured in inset in hospital with his father Chris), the youngster has never seen anything.

Researchers from Erasmus University in Rotterdam found youngsters whose expectant mothers lived in homes with fine-air particle pollution have thinner outer layers of their brains.

Neel Raithatha, from Leicester, spent 10 minutes trying to chisel a huge block of earwax from a patient's ear. He had to use an ear hook to scrap at the gooey substance and drag it out in chunks.

Health trusts across England are refusing to refer patients to eating disorder clinics unless their body mass index is below a certain level, the Care Quality Commission has warned.

Otherwise healthy adults in Britain have needed the highest level of intensive care after being hospitalised with the virus this winter, MPs were told yesterday.

Jeannie Gaffigan said flu symptoms led to brain tumor diagnosis 

Jeannie Gaffigan, 47, thought she was suffering from a bout of flu, but it turned out to be a benign tumor the size of a tennis ball. She was diagnosed with choroid plexus papilloma, a rare tumor that grows in the brain stem, the part of the brain that is connected to the spine, and controls basic body functions such as breathing and swallowing. Jeannie is now warning fans about the seemingly-innocuous signs of her benign tumor that could have left her paralyzed or dead. Pictured: Jim and Jeannie (left) at the 60th annual Grammy Awards show in January 2018 and (right) Jeannie recovering from brain surgery in May 2017.

Two-thirds of all living kidney donors are altruistic females, research has shown – but it is women who are also more likely to suffer from the most serious stages of chronic kidney disease.

Middle-aged men and women with high levels of vitamin D in their blood are 20 per cent less likely to get cancer, research has suggested, with one-third of Britons currently deficient in the vitamin.

A World Cancer Research Fund poll has laid bare the widespread ignorance about the causes of cancer - campaigners believe more public awareness could improve diets and save lives..

In new guidance, Public Health England said those who wanted to buy or make a colleague a cake on their birthday should look for ‘healthier alternatives’.

Perth girl bullied because of her eczema can now wear shorts

Alyssa Graham was so badly bullied for having eczema she had a mental breakdown. But now, with blistered skin no longer covering her body, she is the happiest she’s ever been. The 13-year-old said cruel bullies used to tease her about the skin on her legs and tell her she was ugly because of it. The Perth-based teenager's skin is now the best it's ever been and she has been able to wear shorts for the first time in her life. Her mother, Elizabeth Graham, told FEMAIL that her daughter was crying every day because of it. 'It was heartbreaking. She also had a lot of online bullying and a hate page was even created, which was eventually taken down,' she said. Alyssa has battled with the skin condition her entire life and it covered her arms, legs, neck and stomach. 

Doctors should stop recommending acupuncture for pain because there is ‘insufficient evidence it is clinically worthwhile’, two scientists wrote in the British Medical Journal.

MPs are to hold an inquiry into a full legal ban after research suggested British children consume more energy drinks than any other youngsters in Europe with the figure up 185 per cent since 2006.

Until now it was believed that the hippocampus kept generating neurons into adulthood. New research from the University of California in San Francisco found no evidence of that after the age of 13.

Families of the nation's top teams received an alarming letter on Friday urging them to get tested for the virus just nine days after the national championship final (file image of the contest).

The perfect age was 44 – when they were most happy with their bodies. Everything from friendships to career prospects was deemed to be better.

Nurses and midwives will go into English primary and secondary schools to promote the profession and shake off the stereotype that it is only for women.

My 600lb Life: Morbidly obese woman's stomach nearly reaches ground

Tamy Lyn Murrell, 45, weighs 591lbs and has a hanging stomach that nearly grazes the floor after decades of eating to cope with the emotional trauma she has faced. She started turning to food for comfort after her father dropped dead of a heart attack when she was just eight years old. Her mother went into a deep depression following her dad's death and Tamy was left to eat whatever she wanted. 'I ate junk food all of the time, and I would eat to the point of being sick,' she admits.

Using age-tailored nutritional strategies may help combat mental health problems, according to Healthspan's resident nutritionist Rob Hobson and psychologist Dr Meg Arroll.

Nutritional director Rick Hay describes the vitamin that often goes unmentioned: vitamin K. He suggests taking vitamin K2 could help reduce bone loss and cardiovascular health

A study by the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, found that women who lived in sunnier climates had about half the risk of developing MS than those with less sun exposure.

Sze-Yen Tan, a senior lecturer in Nutrition Science at Deakin University, explains that all sugars are nutritionally similar but their processing and sources can affect their nutrients.

23andMe to market first at-home genetic test for breast cancer risk

The FDA cleared mail-order DNA testing firm 23andMe to offer tests for BRCA gene mutations made famous by Angelina Jolie in 2013 that are associated with increased breast and ovarian cancer risk. The $199 saliva test can detect three of more than 1,000 BRCA mutations. The FDA has warned that the test is not a substitute for regular doctors visits and should not be used to make any medical decisions.

Girl acted ‘possessed’ in Asda due to ‘exorcist syndrome’

Nikki Ashcroft, 33, of Wigan, Greater Manchester recalls the terrifying moment her daughter started thrashing about in Asda, like a child 'possessed,.' This lead to a rare diagnosis of 'exorcist syndrome', which had caused this outburst of 'random screaming and shouting.'

New research from a team in Copenhagen reveals why your skin gets red during the winter months. The study shows the skin's natural moisturising factor is less during the winter

Every year, more than 300,000 people over 65 are hospitalized after falling down, driving government spending up by billions of dollars, according to new CDC research.

Barcelona is the cocaine capital of Europe, scientists today revealed. The Spanish city, famous for its glorious weather, topped the charts in an analysis of drug-use across the continent.

Giving upset employees the opportunity to hurt the doll using pins, pliers and fire gives them a sense of justice, two studies conducted by researchers at the University of Waterloo concluded.


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