Researchers from the Geological Society of America used detailed geologic and structural mapping of the southern 20 miles (30km) of the San Andreas fault zone in southern California. They found the Durmid ladder structure (left), a highly faulted area of rock that is 0.6 to 2.5 miles (one to four km) wide, found in the upper 1.8 to 3.1 miles (three to five km) of the ground and named for the Durmid Hill region it is located in. Experts say this could be ground zero for the next major earthquake to hit the fault (aerial view, top right), colloquially known as 'Big One'. Researchers have been warning since early last year that the state is overdue for a highly destructive earthquake (bottom right, destruction after Northridge earthquake hit Los Angeles in 1994)
Mystery of the bizarre 'UFO' formation on Mars is solved: Scientists claim it was created by massive volcanic eruptions 3 billion years ago
The Medusae Fossae Formation, an unusual deposit of soft rock near Mars's equator, could be the product of volcanic eruptions, say researchers from Johns Hopkins University in Maryland. Since its discovery in the 1960s, researchers have been trying to work out exactly what causes the undulating hills and sharp ridges of the Medusae Fossae formation (left, bottom right). In the absence of any scientific explanation, conspiracy theorists have said that at least some of the exotic shapes found in the area belong to a 'crashed UFO' (top right). But a new study claims the rocks in this area of Mars are in fact the remains of volcanic eruptions that would have changed the climate of the red planet 3 billion years ago.
The remarkable mind-reading robot servant that humans can control using nothing but their THOUGHTS and hand gestures
A robot servant that can be controlled using the power of thought has been developed by MIT engineers. The machine, named Baxter, reads human brainwaves in real-time so that it knows when a human is unhappy with its actions. If a human think a mistake has been made, Baxter takes notice - and corrects himself. The team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) say the system improves Baxter's decision making from 70 per cent to 97 per cent.
The tropical cyclone that created LAKES across the world's biggest sand desert: Incredible satellite images reveal the aftermath of killer Cyclone Mekunu
Tropical Cyclone Mekunu passed over the Rub’ al-Khali, the world’s largest contiguous sand desert, and one of the driest places on Earth. It created a vast series of in the lowlands between dunes - revealed for the first time in these incredible images. The Empty Quarter has distinctive dune formations and covers 250,000 square miles (650,000 square kilometres) including regions of Saudi Arabia, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The first image was acquired on May 13 and represents the typically dry appearance of the interdune sand flats. The second image was acquired on May 29, three days after the center of Mekunu had moved ashore over Oman.
What a Tesla in Autopilot mode ‘sees’ in real-time: Fascinating footage reveals exactly what the driverless vehicle spots on the road
New footage shows exactly what Tesla's vehicles track on the road while driving under the guise of the California-based firm's advanced AI. YouTube user greentheonly created the clips by overlaying key data used by Tesla's Autopilot feature onto dashcam footage. Circles in the illustrative video, which shows just a fraction of the computations made by Tesla's autopilot at any one moment, indicate tracked objects. These include other vehicles on the road, as well as street lamps, bollards, road signs, curbs, letter boxes and other potential hazards. The colour of each circles shows the movement of the object: Green items (right images) are moving, while yellow (left image) are mobile hazards that have stopped. Orange circles highlight a stationary object while red illustrates an unknown entity picked up by the Autopilot. The size of each circle indicates the distance from that object to the car, helping the AI determine which hazards pose an immediate danger. The larger the circle, the closer the hazard.
Tortured and mutilated before death? 1,500-year-old dismembered remains of three men with amputated legs and smashed skulls are found near a Roman well in Cambridgeshire
Researchers led by Kasia Gdaniec, the senior archaeologist with Cambridge county council, are excavating the site (inset) near Highways England's A14 Cambridge to Huntingdon. Two of the legless corpses (pictured) were placed at right angles to one another with their heads turned away, while the third was found in a Roman well nearby. It is believed these unfortunate people may have lived between 42 to 410 AD, potentially during the period when emperor Claudius invaded Roman Britain. Further tests on their teeth and bones will reveal more exact dates and could also reveal details of their brutal deaths.
Who do YOU think wins? IBM's 'unsettling' AI supercomputer argues convincingly against humans in landmark debates between man and machine
IBM's new AI supercomputer has been shown to argue, rebut and debate humans with incredible skill. Named Project Debater, the 'unsettling' AI competed in what the company describes as 'computational argumentation'. This is when debates know a subject, present a position and defending it against opposition. Neither the machine or nor the human debaters were given prior knowledge of the subject of the on-stage debate, which took place in San Francisco.
Story of Ashurbanipal, the 'greatest king you've never heard of', will be showcased at the British museum alongside hundreds of 7th century Assyrian treasures
The story of the 'greatest king you've never heard' is set to be showcased in a new exhibition at the British Museum in London. The exhibit looks at the life and legacy of King Ashurbanipal - the last great ruler of the Assyrian Empire - during his reign in seventh century BC Iraq, when the monarch became the most powerful person on earth. More than 200 artefacts will go on show including intricate wooden carvings (top left image), massive stone sculptures (bottom right), bronze furniture fittings (main image) and carved golden ornaments including helmets (centre image). Ashurbanipal's vast empire, which stretched from Egypt to modern-day Turkey, was based Nineveh, in Mosul, modern-day Iraq. Experts said they hope the exhibit helps to shed light on the importance of areas like Nineveh, whose artefacts were largely destroyed or plundered by Islamic State militants in 2014.
Boldly going where no man has gone before: Trump announces new military 'Space Force' and pledges to send Americans back to the moon and on to Mars
President Donald Trump pledged to revive the US space program, pledging to revive the country's flagging efforts, return to the moon and eventually send a manned mission that would reach Mars. The president framed space as a national security issue, saying he does not want 'China and Russia and other countries leading us'. Trump had previously suggested the possibility of creating a space unit that would include portions equivalent to parts of the Air Force, Army and Navy. But his directive will task the Defense Department to begin the process of establishing the Space Force as the sixth branch of the US armed forces.
The highest rubbish dump in the world: How big-spending climbers have turned Mount Everest into a 'disgusting eyesore' littered with discarded equipment and excrement
As the number of climbers on Mount Everest has soared - at least 600 people have scaled the world's highest peak so far this year alone - the problem has worsened. Fluorescent tents, discarded climbing equipment, empty gas canisters and even human excrement litter the well-trodden route to the summit of the 8,848-metre (29,029-foot) peak (pictured). In 2017 climbers in Nepal brought down nearly 25 tonnes of trash and 15 tonnes of human waste - the equivalent of three double-decker buses - according to the Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee (SPCC). This season even more was carried down but this is just a fraction of the rubbish dumped each year, with only half of climbers lugging down the required amounts, the SPCC says.
Dark and stormy Jupiter: Stunning Juno 'oil painting' shot reveals raging storms across the giant planet
This incredible new image captures the intensity of the jets and vortices in Jupiter’s North North Temperate Belt. It reveals massive clouds made of ammonia-ice crystals, and mysterious dark patches where scientists think the clouds are deeper. NASA’s Juno spacecraft took this color-enhanced image at 10:31 p.m. PDT on May 23, 2018 (1:31 a.m. EDT on May 24), as Juno performed its 13th close flyby of Jupiter.
Volvo says its self-docking YACHT will launch in 2020 as it shows off incredible craft that can pilot itself into the tightest spot
Volvo Pento gave a live demonstration of its new self-docking yacht at the Gothenburg, Sweden stopover of Volvo Ocean race on Sunday. The 68-foot vehicle parked itself into the tightest of spaces between two of the Volvo Ocean Race 65 racing yachts. The technology is in development trials and is targeted for launch in 2020.
Mars is about to come closer to Earth than it has been in 15 years: Here's how to see the red planet in the night sky
In July, Mars (right) and Earth will be only 35.8 million miles apart. Stargazers worldwide will be able to see the bright planet near the Sagittarius constellation (left). Perihelic opposition is rare and happens only when Mars and Earth line up directly in line with the sun and when Mars' orbit is at its closest point to the star (inset). The actual point of opposition will occur on July 27, but Mars will be noticeably larger for several weeks.
Putin on a show of strength? Russians launch giant Soyuz spacecraft over World Cup city... as some locals fear it's aliens
Locals who saw a UFO hovering above the Russian World Cup venue thought it was extraterrestrial. But the object was actually a satellite according to Russian officials.The eerie light show coincided with a Soyuz-2.1.B launch from Plesetsk cosmodrome in the country’s sub-Arctic Arkhangelsk region.The rocket with a Glonass-M satellite was at 12.45pm Moscow time on Sunday, June 17 which is Russia’s own global satellite navigation system.