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Updated: 17:57 EDT
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Incredible photos capture the unusual lives of prisoners who cannot remember their crimes 

Every state is grappling with prisoners aging, since inmate medical costs amount to $3 billion a year. Medical care for inmates over 65 costs $8,500 per year, compared to $950 for younger inmates. In California the rate of prisoners over 60 has soared from 1% in 1996 to 7% in 2016. Reuters visited two California prisons which are considering setting up specific units to care for dementia-stricken inmates.

Girl, 3, hailed hero after she retraced her steps home to get help for her mom who suffered a seizure while walking the dog

Savannah Lavely, three (left, with her mother, and right, with her parents) from Warren, Michigan, is being credited as a hero for saving her mother, Jessa Lavely, after she suffered a seizure on Saturday.Lavely was walking the family dog with Savannah when she started to feel ill. About a block-and-a-half away from their house in Warren, Michigan, Lavely suffered a seizure and fell to the ground. Pictured: Savannah with her parentsSavannah quickly ran back home, retracing her steps and crossing streets, until she made her way to the front door. The three-year-old was captured by her home's surveillance footage (left and right) banging on the door and trying to get it and got her grandparents to come help,. Lavely (pictured with her husband Savannah) said she was shocked because the couple never taught Savannah where they live or how to get home.

Children suffer an average of four bouts of stomach pain a year, according to research, but many parents do not know why. Anna Magee writes for Healthista to find out how parents can help at home.

Researchers at the Sorbonne University in Paris studied 411 Parkinson's patients who had taken dopamine agonists over a period of three years to make the conclusion.

Civil War 'bone pit' reveals how combat surgeons who sawed off limbs to save the lives

Scientists have found an unprecedented pit of bones containing limbs amputated by Civil War combat surgeons to save soldiers who were shot in the second battle of Bull Run in Virginia (left). Some of the bones from 11 amputated limbs still had bullets lodged in them (right). Military doctors of the time had to saw off limbs as quickly as possible to keep their patients from dying from shock or pain, and the newly-discovered bones reveal the tough decisions that surgeons had to make about who to operate on and the surprisingly clean, precise cuts they made in an unsanitary environment with limited tools (inset).

There is a decades-long legacy of studies showing the adverse health affects that children suffer after separation from their parents - from toxic stress and depression to heart disease and cancer.

On June 18, officials sent out a warning to 800 staff saying the person had contracted varicella (chickenpox) while behind bars, and was now in isolation, according to a letter obtained by LAist.

Mother-of-two, 30, was diagnosed with a golf-ball sized brain tumour after crashing her

Lauren Neville (pictured left before the incident with her nine-year-old daughter Lucy Dunn-Grimshaw and one-year-old son Ollie Burns), 30, from Burnley, Lancashire, whose 10 daily seizures were initially dismissed as depression, discovered she had a 6cm tumour (seen top centre) after having a fit behind the wheel (car seen bottom centre) last January. Despite undergoing gruelling six-hour surgery (pictured right after the operation) to remove 80 per cent of her tumour, Miss Neville's future is uncertain, with her struggling to remember events that happened just half-an-hour ago.

A staggering proportion of Americans survived an opioid overdose only to die within a year, Columbia University research found. About a quarter had a relapse, but 75 percent died of other diseases.

Researchers from the Nutrition Research Centre Ireland believe that a combination of nutrients found in trout, broccoli and peppers significantly improves the memories of patients after 18 months.

Florida teen hospitalized after being stung by a venomous CATERPILLAR

Logan Pergola, 15 (left, with his mother), of Land O'Lakes, Florida, was doing volunteer landscaping with his family on Saturday when he suddenly felt a sharp pain. A large, red grid-like mark had appeared on his forearm by his wrist (right) and within five minutes, the teen's arm went numb and he complained of feeling dizzy and of a burning pain in his arm. After some quick research, Andrea figured out her son had been stung by what is commonly referred to as a puss caterpillar (inset) or an asp caterpillar, which has venomous spines. Logan was rushed to Florida Hospital in Zephyrhillis where doctors administered treatment through an IV. Andrea created a Facebook post warning others about the venomous caterpillar and sharing photos of the insect and of Logan's rash.

A new study from the University of Missouri-Columbia has found that just one episode of binge drinking could permanently damage the gene that controls sleep and lead to sleep disorders.

Stress can bring on or worsen vision problems and even lead to blindness because of conditions like glaucoma and diabetes, according to research by Magdeburg University in Germany.

Don't worry so much about forgetting pieces of information, because each time you do and (eventually) remember it, the memory actually becomes stronger, UCLA researchers discovered.

Researchers at the Institute for Research and Health Care Hospital San Raffaele in Milan have discovered bacteria living naturally in men's testicles for the first time, and say they are linked to fertility.

Girl, 3, with an inoperable brain tumour may now survive

Edie Molyneux (pictured left and right), from Tranmere, Wirral, was expected to die young because of the rare mass on her brain, known as a diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). Her devastated parents, Ashleigh Stadling and Stephen (pictured with Edie inset), began desperately trying to raise £700,000 earlier this year for pioneering treatment in Mexico. They hoped it would boost her chances of survival. Already Spiderman-obsessed Edie has seen her tumour start to 'die' because of the breakthrough therapy, but doctors warn she needs more. And now her appeal fund has rocketed to £428,000 after an unnamed benefactor donated a quarter of a million pounds to her treatment fund.

In a piece for the British Medical Journal, Ben Page, chief executive of Ipsos MORI, yesterday said it will take a 'few more bad winters' before the struggling health service can truly be in 'crisis'.

Around one million people in Britain and up to six times as many in the US suffer from atrial fibrillation, which can cause a stroke and eventually lead to heart failure.

Scientists at the Hartpury University Centre in Gloucester measured the impact on 15 dogs of jumping from the boot height of 4x4s to make the conclusion.

Twin's heartbreak as identical sister, 16, dies from sepsis

Lucy Ellis (right), 16, was immediately rushed to Royal Gwent Hospital in Newport after going to her GP complaining of feeling unwell. The teenager, who represented Wales in gymnastics, later passed away in hospital, with her identical twin Sophie (pictured on the right with Lucy in the left image) fainting at the tragic news. Lucy's family are calling out for specialist blood-filtering equipment to be available in hospitals across the country.

The machine, named Baxter, reads brainwaves so that it knows when a human is unhappy with its actions. The system is the creation of researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Singer, 24, collapsed and fell off a stage because her brain is overflowing out of her

Zosha Faith, 24, from Bournemouth, found out she has a Chiari malformation after collapsing off a stage at a music festival in 2015 where she was waiting to perform as a singer-songwriter (left). Ms Faith, who lives with her fiancee Jack Andrew (inset), must now have surgery to remove part of her skull. The condition is thought to affect more than one in every 1,000 people and means the brain is too large for the skull so puts pressure on the spinal cord – Ms Faith's condition has deteriorated to the point she often needs a crutch or wheelchair to get around (right).

Researchers from the University of Queensland found triclosan, a chemical found in many everyday hygiene products, stops E.coli infections responding to antibiotics after 30 days.

Posh sun creams FAIL to meet NHS guidelines

Health officials recommend adults use a sun cream that offers a minimum SPF of 15 and UVA star rating of four. But when investigators from a TV show probed several products in different shops, they discovered expensive brands don't always fare best. Ambre Solaire Factor 50 for Kids (left) and Nivea Factor 15 (right) both have an UVA rating lower than four - but cost more than own-brand versions. On the back of the prove for a Channel 5 TV show, Lisa Bickerstaffe, a spokesperson for the British Skin Foundation, claimed that SPF and UVA star ratings are 'more important than the price'.

Researchers from the University of Antwerp, Belgium, found people suffering from alcohol-use disorders are more likely to have two compounds in their hair. This could diagnose alcoholism.

New research form Loyola University Chicago found that rats that drank 'binge' levels of alcohol while they were young were more likely to have babies with stunted growth and poor social skills.

Woman whose lupus sent her into heart and kidney failure describes agonizing five-year

Nichole Woodward, 27 (right), of Nebraska developed lupus suddenly five years ago. It started with a strange rash (inset), but soon Nicole started losing her hair, nearly 20 lbs and eventually went in to heart and kidney failure (left). She had to be placed on dialysis and a kidney transplant list during her battle with the disease. At one point, Nicole's heart was functioning at just 20 percent as she went into heart failure. Her doctors thought she might need a cardiac transplant as well, but now her autoimmune disease is at last under control.

Which? says companies that produce cereals, porridge and granola use various portion sizes, and sometimes include the impact of adding milk.

New rules will govern how UK dementia patients are treated as a care watchdog orders GPs to recognise 'human value' by treating sufferers as individuals. This will impact 1million patients. (file photo).

How a mother-of-three, 48, saved $5,000 by overhauling her fitness routine

Australian mother-of-three Gina Tambasco, 48, (left, right and inset) ended sessions with her personal trainer a year ago, saying it was one of the best decisions she's ever made. And it's a decision that has saved her an impressive $5,000. 'I'm out of bed between 5.30-6am to do a different home workout everyday. I train on my own, watching Sunrise,' she admitted. 'It's part of my daily routine. Sometimes I include hand weights for strength training, otherwise, an exercise mat is the only thing necessary.'

Swiss scientists have developed specialized kidney cells that release insulin when caffeine is detected. Someday, these could allow diabetics to control their blood sugar with cups of coffee.

Researchers led by Cambridge University PhD student Stephanie Payne compared the length of people arms in Nepal and found those living at altitude have significantly shorter forearms.

Disney issues warning that Incredibles 2 may cause seizures

The Incredibles 2, which has dominated the box office since its premiere on Friday, now comes with a health warning. Walt Disney Pictures sent an advisory to theaters showing the film that scenes with flashing bright lights may cause seizures for those with epilepsy. Moviegoers first sounded the alarm via social media that sequence with the movie's villain, Screenslaver, which could trigger the medical condition. Photosensitive epilepsy affects about three percent of those with epilepsy and is more common in children and teens. For patients with this condition, exposure to stimulation such as flashing lights at certain intensities or with certain visual patterns can trigger seizures, according to the Epilepsy Foundation. Disney seemed to hear social media users' concerns as seen later that day when theaters across the country began posting signs warning Incredibles 2 fans about the lights.

Dr Hazel Wallace, the Food Medic, has shared a snap of a very well-balanced meal on Instagram that follows the advice of the British Medical Journal following a recent study.

FILE - This Oct. 21, 2016, file photo shows a CVS drugstore and pharmacy location in Philadelphia. CVS Health is making prescription deliveries available from its stores nationwide, as retailers continue to adjust to a growing threat from the online giant Amazon. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File)

CVS Health will make prescription deliveries nationwide to accommodate the heightened expectations of convenience from consumers, the company announced Tuesday.

A new study from the University of Minnesota say that young adults ho regularly eat gluten-free foods are more likely to purge, smoke and have bad body images, hurting their overall health.

Researchers from the University of East Anglia found that 17 per cent of e-cigarette users once enjoyed smoking and had to intention of quitting after just trying an e-cigarette 'on a whim'.

Daily Mail Online spoke to two sex therapists who say that cannabis can relieve pressure, decrease pain and bring about a feeling of relaxation, all of which, in turn, could help boost your libido.

Modern medicine could NOT have saved Robert F Kennedy, neurologists confirm 

Even modern medicine could not have saved Senator Robert F Kennedy (right) from the shots to the head (left) that killed the presidential candidate 50 years ago on June 5 1968, Duke University study declares. Kennedy sustained bullet wounds to the head that shattered his skull, scattering pieces of it in his brain tissue, and causing 'extensive injury' to his cerebellum and occiciptal cortex (inset), the researchers confirmed.

Researchers from the University of Illinois, Chicago, found that although calorie counting is not part of the 16:8 diet, it causes people to consume around 300 less calories a day.

For years, severe obesity rates have been three times higher among rural children in the US as among urban kids. But the disparity continues to widen for adults, the latest CDC figures show.

Researchers at the University of São Paulo discovered the body's reaction to drinking alcohol is similar to its reaction during a heart attack, so alcohol could help the body learn to protect itself.

It is estimated that one per cent of the UK and US is affected by gender dysphoria somehow. Reality TV star Caitlyn Jenner is the most famous person to have changed genders.

FILE - In this June 22, 2012, file photo, a smoker snuffs out a cigarette at the Capitol in Sacramento, Calif. The rate of smoking among adults in the U.S. fell to about 14 percent in 2017, according to new data released by the government Tuesday, June 19, 2018. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)

Smoking has hit an all-time low among US adults with just 13.9 percent puffing on cigarettes in 2017, down from 15.5 percent in 2016, a report from the CDC released on Tuesday shows.

Women from around the world who have experienced difficult labours in which they almost died reveal how the experience changed their life on anonymous secrets app Whisper.

Student, 22, in early 'menopause' due to injections to alleviate endometriosis symptoms

Katy Johnson (seen left, right with her boyfriend Niall Murray and inset in hospital), 22, from Aberdeen, was diagnosed with stage four endometriosis in January. She now has injections that will stop her ovulating for a year to give her ovaries 'a break' - a move that comes with menopause-like symptoms. The aspiring reporter, who had keyhole surgery in April to drain cysts covering her reproductive organs, now suffers with hot flushes, panic attacks and dizziness at 22, but said she's desperate to relieve her condition while preserving her fertility.

Professor Peter Barlow, of Edinburgh Napier University, said it would be unwise to dole out the cure to everyone because the bug could mutate, such as that seen in antibiotic resistance.

Researchers from the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington DC, found that ditching meat improves type 2 diabetics' insulin and cholesterol levels, preventing heart attacks.

Researchers in the US found in a series of studies that people enjoy their favourite foods and drinks for longer if they mix up the ways they consume them, which can make them seem new for longer.

Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia, found HIV tests can give false negative results for up to seven months among those taking PrEP.

The report from the Office for National Statistics found that after a century of routinely increasing life expectancy, improvements have almost halted since 2010.

Sepsis – dubbed the ‘silent killer’ because it is so hard to spot – kills at least 44,000 people a year. Pictured: File photo of a sepsis sufferer being helped to her car.

Robots perform sight-saving eye operations BETTER than surgeons, reveals pioneering trial

WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT Researchers from the University of Oxford carried out the study using PRECEYES Surgical System (pictured in main image in 2016). Patients' heads are held in a headrest (seen left inset) to restrict their movement. Surgeons then control the speed of the robotic tools via a foot pedal and regulate their movements using a joystick-like device. Right inset shows robotic tools being inserted into patients' pupils under the control of surgeons.

The technique, developed by the University of Cambridge and never used before, reveals tiny changes in the joints as protective cartilage is lost, eventually causing painful swelling and stiffness.

As the temperature continues to plummet, thousands of Australians are being hit by the winter flu. Surf champion Sally Fitzgibbons shares her 10 second secret to staying healthy this cold season.

Kim Kardashian DELETES Instagram post with morning sickness pill

Kim Kardashian has deleted an Instagram post promoting morning sickness pills years after being reprimanded by the FDA for endorsing the 'risky' medication. In her new post, Kardashian was holding a bottle of Bonjesta (left), recently approved by the FDA to treat morning sickness and made by the same company that makes Diclegis. The 37-year-old reality star has come under fire in the past for promoting Diclegis in August 2015 (top right), April 2017 (bottom right) and July 2017 (inset) without mentioning the side effects.

We worry about our waistlines, get our eyes tested and make dreaded dentist appointments. But what about your feet? Chances are you don’t spare them much thought. Here's why you should...

Gone are the days when the only choice of plaster was a fabric strip. But which do you need? Here's your guide to the best super-plasters on the market.

The US is facing shortages of 182 medicines, and medical supplies, according to the latest report from the American Medical Association, which says the scarce supplies pose a public health crisis.

The paper, by Southern Methodist University in Texas, used data on the 'big five' personality traits in every state of America, then looked for areas where people were more or less psychopathic.

How a positive outlook can transform cancer care

Cancer is not a laughing matter, of course.  There is nothing funny about it when you look at the bigger picture — yet if you put it under the microscope and focus on those little wriggling, squirming moments, there is plenty of amusement to be found. As travel writer Ileana von Hirsch discovered when she was diagnosed with breast cancer...

The unnamed woman, from Scotland, had a large coloured ink tattoo on her left thigh in 2015 - but developed chronic pain within months. Doctors published the case in the BMJ Case Reports.

Valproate can be a very effective drug for treating epilepsy and bipolar disorder, but it can have serious detrimental effects on a foetus.Yet it remains widely-prescribed...

DR MARTIN SCURR, the Daily Mail's resident GP, answers questions about a the migraines and the bizarre case of a white, furry, ulcerated tongue.

WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT: Sauda Suleiman Amour was born 19 years ago with her liver in a skin sac outside her body. Finally, Indian doctors have put the organs back into her body.

The device works by pulling skin and soft tissue towards it, thereby easing pressure on the nerve that causes symptoms. Known as Wrist-Aid, it's designed to ease pressure on the nerve without surgery.

‘Drinking’ vinegars, are apparently flying off health food shop shelves — thanks to the benefits claimed, including weight loss, lower blood sugar levels and a healthy gut.

'Twin tub test' reveals why identical sisters who work together on Love Island are

Alana (wearing grey) and Lisa Macfarlane (in black) both work as DJs, eat similar diets and rarely spend a day apart yet Lisa is one stone heavier than her sibling - and a King's College London professor thinks he knows why. The so-called Mac Twins were the focus of an experiment that saw them eat identical meals as Professor Tim Spector monitored how their bodies broke down nutrients. A ground-breaking study will recruit 1,000 sets of twins and 3,000 other participants to find why some people put weight on easier than others.

The average risk of retinal detachment is pretty low — about one in 10,000. But if you’re not operated on — and quickly — you can go blind. This is Gill Hudson's story...

A new study from the University of California, San Francisco, has found that sending electric shocks to the brain may help stroke victims regain movement in their arms and legs.

The study, from University College London and published in Pediatric Obesity, suggests that genes are ‘largely unimportant’ when it comes to emotionally over- or under-eating.

Brunel University researchers found listening to upbeat tunes the players already knew before a game gave them the most positive feelings before a match.

Terminally ill man to testify against Roundup in major trial over weed killer's links to

Dewayne Johnson, 46 (left), of California, is the first to take Roundup (inset) to trial, claiming that the weed killer is responsible for giving him cancer. Johnson was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma – a cancer that starts in the white bloods cells - in August 2014 and has reportedly about six months to live. He claims his repeated use of the pesticide, because of the main ingredient - a chemical compound called glyphosate - caused lesions (right) that appear on his body. The chemical has been listed by the World Health Organization and California as cancerous. Monsanto, the maker of Roundup, has vehemently denied that its product causes cancer and says more than 800 studies that have established its safety.

Columbia University scientists found that when mice binge drank in adolescence, their brains were forever changed, impairing their working memories all through adulthood.

University of Southern California researchers claim being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes after the age of 50 could be a sign of pancreatic cancer as rates are higher than in long-term diabetics.

Could YOU recognize the signs of OCD?

'OCD' has come to be used as an off-the-cuff statement. In reality, it is much more serious. Lynn Crilly explains the disorder which David Beckham, Megan Fox and Charlize Theron have all battled.

The supplement and alternative medicine market is booming - twice as many children are now customers as were a decade ago, according to the new University of Illinois, Chicago research.

The new study was led by experts from the University of Vienna. It's known those who have an index finger that is shorter than their ring finger are exposed to greater amounts of testosterone in the womb.

FILE - In this Friday, Nov. 3, 2017 file photo, a man plays a game at the Paris Games Week in Paris. The World Health Organization says that compulsively playing video games now qualifies as a new mental health condition, in a move that some critics warn may risk stigmatizing its young players. (AP Photo/Kamil Zihnioglu, File)

The U.N. health agency said classifying 'Gaming Disorder' as a separate condition will 'serve a public health purpose for countries to be better prepared to identify this issue.'

Travel-related deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has remained a hot topic ever since the link with long-haul flights was first recognized in the last 10 years. Dr Sarah Brewer lays out the risk factors.

NY Woman's DIY DNA kit reveals her dad wasn't her biological father

Kelsey Castañon, a New York-based beauty editor at Popsugar has revealed how a DIY DNA kit rocked her sense of identity after it forced her dad to admit he wasn't her biological father. Growing up, she had always embraced her Cuban heritage, passed down from her father, wearing it like 'a badge of honor'. However, when her older sister's husband gifted her sister with a 23andMe DNA kit and found out that she had no Caribbean or Central American heritage, her parents were forced to admit they had used a sperm donor for all three of their children.

Researchers from Novartis, Paris, found that sufferers need up to 33 days off work a year to cope with their condition. Over 38 million people in the US and six million in the UK suffer migraines.

Researchers at the University of Minnesota studied more than 400 children for eight years and found those with more demanding parents were more likely to have emotional problems.

Google's new type of AI algorithm could predict when you'll die

The Google artificial intelligence model (artists's impression, top right) was developed in collaboration with colleagues at UC San Francisco, Stanford Medicine and The University of Chicago Medicine. It proved more accurate (pictured left) in predicting mortality (solid line) compared to baseline computer models (dotted line) at two hospitals. It scans medical records (bottom right), analysing potentially hundreds of thousands of data points to make its predictions.

By many accounts, probiotics can improve the number and diversity of 'good' gut bacteria that help to keep the digestive system healthy, experts from two Australian universities claim.

Researchers from the non-profit organisation GrassrootsHealth, San Diego, California, found that those with 60ng/ml are a fifth less likely to suffer than those with just 20ng/ml.

A woman with a tissue

People with hay fever are likely to suffer this week as pollen levels reach their highest in over a decade, according to the Met Office, and as many as 20 million people may have the allergy.

Cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra and Professor Dame Sue Bailey, chair of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, are behind the move.

British teen developed Georgian disease cowpox after feeding cattle

The boy, who is too embarrassed to be named, broke out in itchy lesions on his hands (left), feet (right) and arms after caring for calves on his family's farm. When one of the lesions started seeping clear fluid, the 15-year-old was rushed to hospital, where he was diagnosed by doctors who had never come across the infection before. The boy, from the Wrexham-Cheshire border, is thought to have recovered but has been left with scars.

Sexbots Samantha's ability to say 'no' was shown to an audience of academics during a presentation at the Life Science Centre in Newcastle.

EXCLUSIVE: The number of hospital admissions for leptospirosis, known as Weil's disease, was at its highest level in a decade last year, according to Public Health England's figures for the infection.

Couple re-mortgaged their home to raise £50k for failed rounds of IVF

Kim Watkinson, 47, and her husband Graham, 48, of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, started trying for a baby a year after meeting in 2005. After five years of disappointment, the couple were told Kim's egg count was too low to conceive naturally and they would need IVF. They re-mortgaged their home and paid nearly £50,000 to have four rounds privately in the UK, all of which failed. In 2015 they scraped together £2,000 for one final IVF attempt in Cyprus and welcomed daughters Poppy and Daisy (top right and bottom right) in June 2016. Pictured, Kim and Graham with their daughters (left).

Microbiologists reveal on Channel 4's Food Unwrapped how double dipping can spread bacteria very quickly as even a small amount of someone's saliva in a dip will allow germs to multiply.

Simukai Shambira , aged nine, from Surrey, has become the first patient in Europe to be fitted with the SenTiva, which uses vagus nerve stimulation to stop epileptic seizures in a first for the NHS.

UK Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt will give the go-ahead for them to be inoculated against the cancer-causing human papillomavirus, which causes cancer that kills 650 men a year.

The two infections decreased by 86 per cent in women aged 16 to 21 who were eligible for the vaccine as teenagers from 2010 to 2016, according to Public Health England (PHE).

How epileptic Samantha Price has battled odds to become beauty queen

Samantha Price, 30, from Pontypool, Wales, (inset, with Mia, younger daughter Jasmine, and partner Michael) was told her daughter Mia Crowley (left and right, on stage), now eight, had West syndrome – a rare form of epilepsy – when she was just a few months old. She and Mia's father, Michael, 33, were told the youngster would likely be left disabled as the condition can lead to severe learning difficulties and developmental delays. However, Mia has had a remarkable response to medication, which has brought her condition under control.

HEALTH NOTES: Find out your risk of cancer 

Find out how women can discover their risk of ovarian cancer and the potential reason Radio 2 DJ Jo Whiley is suffering fr om agonising shoulder pain.

Steph Claire Smith and Laura Henshaw open up about body dysmorphia

Models Steph Claire Smith (left) and Laura Henshaw (right), from Melbourne, had a tumultuous relationship with food in the past and are now trying to inform others about the dangers of body dysmorphia. Clinical psychologist Cassandra Dunn defines body dysmorphia (BD) as a mental illness characterised by obsessive preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's physical appearance when those flaws are either not noticeable or are very slight to others. Affecting around two per cent of the population, people with BD most commonly possess a strong focus on the skin, hair or face. Nonetheless, it can include any aspect of physical appearance.

Researchers from the University of Southampton found that people have a higher opinion of themselves after practicing the ancient forms of exercise and mindfulness despite their benefits.

King's College London professor Tim Spector explains why cheese and biscuits could assist a weight-loss programme but also advises doubling up on fibre by eating plenty of leeks.

Personal trainer to the stars Matt Roberts advises on high intensity interval training and discusses Elle Macpherson's claim that her supermodel figure comes from yoga and dog-walking.

Kayla Itsines shares five mistakes you're making with your meal prep

Whether you are looking to shift weight, build lean muscle, or just avoid your urge to hit up the local takeaway joint, meal prepping (left and right) has fast become one of the best ways to ensure you're eating healthily and saving money. But even if you think you've mastered how to prepare a Tupperware box of food in advance, you might still be making some common mistakes. From making all of the food you plan to eat for the week in one day to not mixing it up enough, fitness star Kayla Itsines (inset) recently shared the five meal prepping mistakes you need to avoid.

Bull rider, 16, who 'died' three times makes miracle recovery

Wyatt Bruesch, of Albion, Idaho, became the first person at Portneuf Medical Center this century to survive the rare, last-ditch open-chest operation trauma surgeons use for that specific injury. He suffered the same injury that killed Princess Diana when he was bucked off a bull on May 19, breaking a rib that pierced the vein connecting his heart to his lungs. The vessel is so wide - bigger than the width of a human thumb - that within 10 minutes of ripping it the chest becomes overwhelmed with so much blood that it is incredibly difficult to stem.

Researchers at King's College London gave the treatment to paralysed rats - and found it allowed them to pick up sugar cubes using their paws. The findings were published in Brain.

Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, deputy chief medical officer for England, said it was 'possible' that H7N9, which is currently circulating poultry in China 'could be the cause of the next pandemic'.

On Thursday, 35 people were exposed to a cloud of chlorine and muriatic acid fumes that formed above a San Jose, California pool, making it difficult to breath and even causing some to vomit.

The only possible explanation for the large quantities, lawmakers say, was that some of the drugs were distributed to addicts and abused or diverted for illegal uses, the complaint said.

Edinburgh girl who battled cancer for three years is given all-clear

Kira Noble (pictured left and right after her new treatment, and inset before the surgery), of Edinburgh, yesterday received the all-clear. Her family and friends raised hundreds of thousands of pounds to fly her to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre in New York last month. They removed her neuroblastoma, the same cancer that killed Bradley Lowery, in a seven-hour operation. Kira has already endured six gruelling rounds of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and major abdominal surgery in her fight against neuroblastoma.

The new test, devised by Austrian researchers at the Medical University of Vienna, looks for elevated levels of cortisol, a hormone that helps to fight stress.

Researchers at the European League Against Rheumatism have discovered the more obese someone is as a child, the higher their chance of getting arthritis in adulthood.

Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder, and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston found women who consider themselves to be night owls are more likely to get depression.

The study by Massachusetts General Hospital is one of the first to assess sleeplessness and its detrimental health effects in teenagers. They found most teens get poor sleep and it's hurting them.

Queens woman Shirley Alvarez 'trapped' within a doll

Shirley Alvarez (pictured before her diagnosis, left, and in January, right), from Queens, New York, was diagnosed aged nine with systemic scleroderma - which can affect the entire body, including blood vessels. Within a matter of months, she became reliant on a wheelchair and quickly had to adapt to her new life. Ms Alvarez created a new persona called the 'tragic doll' to express how it feels to live with scleroderma. She said: 'The "tragic doll", is what I call myself. That is my persona, that is the way that I express myself.'

The poorest Americans using food stamps in the US get about one percent of the daily fruits and vegetables they need, and their nutrition hasn't improved in 15 years, a Tufts University study said.

Rachel Roberts, 47, from Brighton had her DNA tested to find the perfect diet for her genes. 'Nutrigenomics' pinpoints the lifestyle changes needed to lose weight for your genetic makeup.

Honduras mother desperate for help for her conjoined twins

Jennifer Pamela Martinez (right), 27, from Honduras, gave birth to twin girls Maria Fernandez and Maria Jose who were born joined at the chest and abdomen (left), but doctors say separation would kill one of them. The baby girls are being kept in hospital (inset) where they are able to eat but rely on extra oxygen to stay alive because their blood does not get enough oxygen naturally.

The amoeba, Naegleria fowleri, was found in the Terrebonne Parish water system, health officials said on Thursday, almost exactly a year after they were forced to make the same announcement.

FILE - This June 8, 2007 file photo shows a glass of milk on a table during a family breakfast in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 20 years ago, about nearly half of high school students said they drank at least one glass of milk a day. But now it's down to less than a third, according to a survey released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday, June 14, 2018. (AP Photo/Rob Carr)

Every year the CDC surveys lifestyle habits of 15,000 teens across the US. In 1991, more than half drank milk, had had sex, and drank alcohol. Now, those rates have dropped below 40 percent.

A new small study from the University of Virginia Health System that scores of Americans have a sensitivity to red meat, causing more buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart.

Researchers at the Boston University School of Medicine have discovered the chemicals used to produce flavours in e-cigarettes cause damage to heart cells in the same way heart disease does.

Trump's environmental policy roll-backs might cause 80,000 more deaths a decade

David Cutler, a public-health economist, and Francesca Dominici, a biostatistician wrote that their figure is 'an extremely conservative estimate' in the essay published on Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. They argue that the changing policies could cause respiratory problems as well for more than one million people over a decade, many of them children. The essay, which is not a formal peer-reviewed study, has added to a growing debate about what many see as an assault by the Trump administration on policies regarding environmental health.

Here five women explain why they splashed out on a shiny new set of pearly whites 

What would you pay for the perfect smile? Judy Murray recently confessed that she spent £30,000 on 15 months of cosmetic dental treatment to give her a shiny set of pearly whites. The 58-year-old tennis coach, mother to Wimbledon champions Andy and Jamie, had her smile overhaul after becoming sick of comments that she always looked serious. She admitted she had always been scared of the dentist and reluctant to smile as she hadn’t looked after her teeth. ‘I made the decision to do something about it,’ she said. ‘It’s one of the best things I ever did.’ Here, five women tell Beth Hale why they, too, splashed out on £30,000 smiles . . .

Sleep experts are now urging people to get to bed early enough to get 8.5 hours of sleep - not eight - because modern humans need more rest to process the now-constant stream of information.

During the day, chemical tags gather on proteins that track the brains activity and trigger the feeling of sleepiness when it is time to rest, University of Texas Southwestern researchers found.

Five-year-old boy's rash turned out to be rare disease from a tick bite

Mason McNair, five (left and right), from LaGrange, Georgia, contracted a rare disease after he was bitten by a tick. He was put on antibiotics but then began experiencing fever, diarrhea and complained of pain in his abdomen. On the last day of the antibiotic, the five-year-old broke out in a rash from head to toe. Doctors told his mother (inset, with family) that it was likely a 'delayed reaction’ to the antibiotic but ,after some research, she found a condition that matched Mason’s symptoms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, a bacterial infection that is spread through tick bites, which, when left untreated, can lead to death.

New research by City, University of London, has found seven out of ten births happen outside of the hours of 9am to 5pm, and the most common time for a baby to be born is around 4am.

Lewis MacGregor and Angus Hunter are exercise scientists at the University of Stirling. They explain what we know about foam rollers - and some gaping holes in our research.

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