Every state is grappling with prisoners aging, since inmate medical costs amount to $3 billion a year. Medical care for inmates over 65 costs $8,500 per year, compared to $950 for younger inmates. In California the rate of prisoners over 60 has soared from 1% in 1996 to 7% in 2016. Reuters visited two California prisons which are considering setting up specific units to care for dementia-stricken inmates.
Girl, 3, hailed hero after she retraced her steps home to get help for her mom who suffered a seizure while walking the dog
Savannah Lavely, three (left, with her mother, and right, with her parents) from Warren, Michigan, is being credited as a hero for saving her mother, Jessa Lavely, after she suffered a seizure on Saturday.Lavely was walking the family dog with Savannah when she started to feel ill. About a block-and-a-half away from their house in Warren, Michigan, Lavely suffered a seizure and fell to the ground. Pictured: Savannah with her parentsSavannah quickly ran back home, retracing her steps and crossing streets, until she made her way to the front door. The three-year-old was captured by her home's surveillance footage (left and right) banging on the door and trying to get it and got her grandparents to come help,. Lavely (pictured with her husband Savannah) said she was shocked because the couple never taught Savannah where they live or how to get home.
Civil War 'bone pit' reveals how combat surgeons sawed off limbs to save the lives of a dozen soldiers in the battle of Bull Run
Scientists have found an unprecedented pit of bones containing limbs amputated by Civil War combat surgeons to save soldiers who were shot in the second battle of Bull Run in Virginia (left). Some of the bones from 11 amputated limbs still had bullets lodged in them (right). Military doctors of the time had to saw off limbs as quickly as possible to keep their patients from dying from shock or pain, and the newly-discovered bones reveal the tough decisions that surgeons had to make about who to operate on and the surprisingly clean, precise cuts they made in an unsanitary environment with limited tools (inset).
'Crashing into a TREE saved my life': Mother-of-two, 30, was diagnosed with a golf-ball sized brain tumour after writing off her car
Lauren Neville (pictured left before the incident with her nine-year-old daughter Lucy Dunn-Grimshaw and one-year-old son Ollie Burns), 30, from Burnley, Lancashire, whose 10 daily seizures were initially dismissed as depression, discovered she had a 6cm tumour (seen top centre) after having a fit behind the wheel (car seen bottom centre) last January. Despite undergoing gruelling six-hour surgery (pictured right after the operation) to remove 80 per cent of her tumour, Miss Neville's future is uncertain, with her struggling to remember events that happened just half-an-hour ago.
Logan Pergola, 15 (left, with his mother), of Land O'Lakes, Florida, was doing volunteer landscaping with his family on Saturday when he suddenly felt a sharp pain. A large, red grid-like mark had appeared on his forearm by his wrist (right) and within five minutes, the teen's arm went numb and he complained of feeling dizzy and of a burning pain in his arm. After some quick research, Andrea figured out her son had been stung by what is commonly referred to as a puss caterpillar (inset) or an asp caterpillar, which has venomous spines. Logan was rushed to Florida Hospital in Zephyrhillis where doctors administered treatment through an IV. Andrea created a Facebook post warning others about the venomous caterpillar and sharing photos of the insect and of Logan's rash.
Girl, 3, with an inoperable brain tumour has been given £250,000 by a mystery benefactor to pay towards experimental treatment in Mexico
Edie Molyneux (pictured left and right), from Tranmere, Wirral, was expected to die young because of the rare mass on her brain, known as a diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). Her devastated parents, Ashleigh Stadling and Stephen (pictured with Edie inset), began desperately trying to raise £700,000 earlier this year for pioneering treatment in Mexico. They hoped it would boost her chances of survival. Already Spiderman-obsessed Edie has seen her tumour start to 'die' because of the breakthrough therapy, but doctors warn she needs more. And now her appeal fund has rocketed to £428,000 after an unnamed benefactor donated a quarter of a million pounds to her treatment fund.
Twin's heartbreak as identical sister, 16, dies from sepsis as she waited TWO HOURS for life-saving equipment to be flown from 150 miles away
Lucy Ellis (right), 16, was immediately rushed to Royal Gwent Hospital in Newport after going to her GP complaining of feeling unwell. The teenager, who represented Wales in gymnastics, later passed away in hospital, with her identical twin Sophie (pictured on the right with Lucy in the left image) fainting at the tragic news. Lucy's family are calling out for specialist blood-filtering equipment to be available in hospitals across the country.
Singer, 24, who collapsed and fell off a stage is told her fainting spells are caused by her brain overflowing out of her SKULL
Zosha Faith, 24, from Bournemouth, found out she has a Chiari malformation after collapsing off a stage at a music festival in 2015 where she was waiting to perform as a singer-songwriter (left). Ms Faith, who lives with her fiancee Jack Andrew (inset), must now have surgery to remove part of her skull. The condition is thought to affect more than one in every 1,000 people and means the brain is too large for the skull so puts pressure on the spinal cord – Ms Faith's condition has deteriorated to the point she often needs a crutch or wheelchair to get around (right).
Branded sun creams that cost TWICE as much as cheaper supermarket lotions FAIL to meet NHS guidelines
Health officials recommend adults use a sun cream that offers a minimum SPF of 15 and UVA star rating of four. But when investigators from a TV show probed several products in different shops, they discovered expensive brands don't always fare best. Ambre Solaire Factor 50 for Kids (left) and Nivea Factor 15 (right) both have an UVA rating lower than four - but cost more than own-brand versions. On the back of the prove for a Channel 5 TV show, Lisa Bickerstaffe, a spokesperson for the British Skin Foundation, claimed that SPF and UVA star ratings are 'more important than the price'.
'I was at an all-time low': Woman whose lupus sent her heart and kidneys into failure at just 23 describes agony of her five-year battle
Nichole Woodward, 27 (right), of Nebraska developed lupus suddenly five years ago. It started with a strange rash (inset), but soon Nicole started losing her hair, nearly 20 lbs and eventually went in to heart and kidney failure (left). She had to be placed on dialysis and a kidney transplant list during her battle with the disease. At one point, Nicole's heart was functioning at just 20 percent as she went into heart failure. Her doctors thought she might need a cardiac transplant as well, but now her autoimmune disease is at last under control.
How ultra-busy mother-of-three, 48, saved $5,000 on personal training by overhauling her fitness routine - and all you need to follow her workout is an exercise mat
Australian mother-of-three Gina Tambasco, 48, (left, right and inset) ended sessions with her personal trainer a year ago, saying it was one of the best decisions she's ever made. And it's a decision that has saved her an impressive $5,000. 'I'm out of bed between 5.30-6am to do a different home workout everyday. I train on my own, watching Sunrise,' she admitted. 'It's part of my daily routine. Sometimes I include hand weights for strength training, otherwise, an exercise mat is the only thing necessary.'
Disney issues warning for moviegoers that Incredibles 2 may cause seizures due to scenes with bright flashing lights
The Incredibles 2, which has dominated the box office since its premiere on Friday, now comes with a health warning. Walt Disney Pictures sent an advisory to theaters showing the film that scenes with flashing bright lights may cause seizures for those with epilepsy. Moviegoers first sounded the alarm via social media that sequence with the movie's villain, Screenslaver, which could trigger the medical condition. Photosensitive epilepsy affects about three percent of those with epilepsy and is more common in children and teens. For patients with this condition, exposure to stimulation such as flashing lights at certain intensities or with certain visual patterns can trigger seizures, according to the Epilepsy Foundation. Disney seemed to hear social media users' concerns as seen later that day when theaters across the country began posting signs warning Incredibles 2 fans about the lights.
Modern medicine could NOT have saved Robert F Kennedy: Shots to the head that killed the presidential-hopeful would be just as deadly today, neurologists confirm
Even modern medicine could not have saved Senator Robert F Kennedy (right) from the shots to the head (left) that killed the presidential candidate 50 years ago on June 5 1968, Duke University study declares. Kennedy sustained bullet wounds to the head that shattered his skull, scattering pieces of it in his brain tissue, and causing 'extensive injury' to his cerebellum and occiciptal cortex (inset), the researchers confirmed.
Student whose endometriosis caused period pains so severe she needed MORPHINE is now going through 'early menopause' at 22
Katy Johnson (seen left, right with her boyfriend Niall Murray and inset in hospital), 22, from Aberdeen, was diagnosed with stage four endometriosis in January. She now has injections that will stop her ovulating for a year to give her ovaries 'a break' - a move that comes with menopause-like symptoms. The aspiring reporter, who had keyhole surgery in April to drain cysts covering her reproductive organs, now suffers with hot flushes, panic attacks and dizziness at 22, but said she's desperate to relieve her condition while preserving her fertility.
WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT Researchers from the University of Oxford carried out the study using PRECEYES Surgical System (pictured in main image in 2016). Patients' heads are held in a headrest (seen left inset) to restrict their movement. Surgeons then control the speed of the robotic tools via a foot pedal and regulate their movements using a joystick-like device. Right inset shows robotic tools being inserted into patients' pupils under the control of surgeons.
Kim Kardashian DELETES Instagram post promoting morning sickness pill - years after being reprimanded by the FDA for endorsing 'risky' meds
Kim Kardashian has deleted an Instagram post promoting morning sickness pills years after being reprimanded by the FDA for endorsing the 'risky' medication. In her new post, Kardashian was holding a bottle of Bonjesta (left), recently approved by the FDA to treat morning sickness and made by the same company that makes Diclegis. The 37-year-old reality star has come under fire in the past for promoting Diclegis in August 2015 (top right), April 2017 (bottom right) and July 2017 (inset) without mentioning the side effects.
A funny thing happened on the way to chemo! Cancer treatment is no joke — but this patient’s inspirational (and very funny) account reveals a positive outlook can be transformative...
Cancer is not a laughing matter, of course. There is nothing funny about it when you look at the bigger picture — yet if you put it under the microscope and focus on those little wriggling, squirming moments, there is plenty of amusement to be found. As travel writer Ileana von Hirsch discovered when she was diagnosed with breast cancer...
'Twin tub test' reveals why identical sisters who work together on Love Island are different weights as one struggles to stay as slim as her sibling
Alana (wearing grey) and Lisa Macfarlane (in black) both work as DJs, eat similar diets and rarely spend a day apart yet Lisa is one stone heavier than her sibling - and a King's College London professor thinks he knows why. The so-called Mac Twins were the focus of an experiment that saw them eat identical meals as Professor Tim Spector monitored how their bodies broke down nutrients. A ground-breaking study will recruit 1,000 sets of twins and 3,000 other participants to find why some people put weight on easier than others.
Cancer-suffering groundsman, 46, who has months to live will testify against Roundup in first ever trial over the weedkiller's links to cancer
Dewayne Johnson, 46 (left), of California, is the first to take Roundup (inset) to trial, claiming that the weed killer is responsible for giving him cancer. Johnson was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma – a cancer that starts in the white bloods cells - in August 2014 and has reportedly about six months to live. He claims his repeated use of the pesticide, because of the main ingredient - a chemical compound called glyphosate - caused lesions (right) that appear on his body. The chemical has been listed by the World Health Organization and California as cancerous. Monsanto, the maker of Roundup, has vehemently denied that its product causes cancer and says more than 800 studies that have established its safety.
'I wanted to be angry but I mostly felt scared': Woman, 27, reveals her devastation after she learned her dad isn't really her biological father when she took a DIY DNA test
Kelsey Castañon, a New York-based beauty editor at Popsugar has revealed how a DIY DNA kit rocked her sense of identity after it forced her dad to admit he wasn't her biological father. Growing up, she had always embraced her Cuban heritage, passed down from her father, wearing it like 'a badge of honor'. However, when her older sister's husband gifted her sister with a 23andMe DNA kit and found out that she had no Caribbean or Central American heritage, her parents were forced to admit they had used a sperm donor for all three of their children.
Could Google tell you when you'll DIE? Firm creates an AI that predicts if a hospital patient will pass away 24 hours after admission with 95% accuracy
The Google artificial intelligence model (artists's impression, top right) was developed in collaboration with colleagues at UC San Francisco, Stanford Medicine and The University of Chicago Medicine. It proved more accurate (pictured left) in predicting mortality (solid line) compared to baseline computer models (dotted line) at two hospitals. It scans medical records (bottom right), analysing potentially hundreds of thousands of data points to make its predictions.
The boy, who is too embarrassed to be named, broke out in itchy lesions on his hands (left), feet (right) and arms after caring for calves on his family's farm. When one of the lesions started seeping clear fluid, the 15-year-old was rushed to hospital, where he was diagnosed by doctors who had never come across the infection before. The boy, from the Wrexham-Cheshire border, is thought to have recovered but has been left with scars.
Husband and wife, 47, who re-mortgaged their home to raise £50k for four failed rounds of IVF FINALLY became pregnant with twins after scraping together £2k for a last attempt abroad
Kim Watkinson, 47, and her husband Graham, 48, of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, started trying for a baby a year after meeting in 2005. After five years of disappointment, the couple were told Kim's egg count was too low to conceive naturally and they would need IVF. They re-mortgaged their home and paid nearly £50,000 to have four rounds privately in the UK, all of which failed. In 2015 they scraped together £2,000 for one final IVF attempt in Cyprus and welcomed daughters Poppy and Daisy (top right and bottom right) in June 2016. Pictured, Kim and Graham with their daughters (left).
Mother who was warned her epileptic daughter, eight, could be left severely disabled by seizures reveals how she's battled the odds to become a young beauty queen
Samantha Price, 30, from Pontypool, Wales, (inset, with Mia, younger daughter Jasmine, and partner Michael) was told her daughter Mia Crowley (left and right, on stage), now eight, had West syndrome – a rare form of epilepsy – when she was just a few months old. She and Mia's father, Michael, 33, were told the youngster would likely be left disabled as the condition can lead to severe learning difficulties and developmental delays. However, Mia has had a remarkable response to medication, which has brought her condition under control.
HEALTH NOTES: How women can find out their risk of developing ovarian cancer with an online algorithm
Find out how women can discover their risk of ovarian cancer and the potential reason Radio 2 DJ Jo Whiley is suffering fr om agonising shoulder pain.
'I was doing extreme dieting... I was obsessed with the models online': Steph Claire Smith and Laura Henshaw open up about their body dysmorphia - and these are the signs to watch for
Models Steph Claire Smith (left) and Laura Henshaw (right), from Melbourne, had a tumultuous relationship with food in the past and are now trying to inform others about the dangers of body dysmorphia. Clinical psychologist Cassandra Dunn defines body dysmorphia (BD) as a mental illness characterised by obsessive preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's physical appearance when those flaws are either not noticeable or are very slight to others. Affecting around two per cent of the population, people with BD most commonly possess a strong focus on the skin, hair or face. Nonetheless, it can include any aspect of physical appearance.
The meal prep mistakes you're making: Fitness star Kayla Itsines shares the five things you're doing wrong - and why you should NEVER make all your food for the week on one day
Whether you are looking to shift weight, build lean muscle, or just avoid your urge to hit up the local takeaway joint, meal prepping (left and right) has fast become one of the best ways to ensure you're eating healthily and saving money. But even if you think you've mastered how to prepare a Tupperware box of food in advance, you might still be making some common mistakes. From making all of the food you plan to eat for the week in one day to not mixing it up enough, fitness star Kayla Itsines (inset) recently shared the five meal prepping mistakes you need to avoid.
Bull rider, 16, who 'died' three times after being trampled in a rodeo is alive thanks to a surgeon who massaged his heart back to life with his own hands
Wyatt Bruesch, of Albion, Idaho, became the first person at Portneuf Medical Center this century to survive the rare, last-ditch open-chest operation trauma surgeons use for that specific injury. He suffered the same injury that killed Princess Diana when he was bucked off a bull on May 19, breaking a rib that pierced the vein connecting his heart to his lungs. The vessel is so wide - bigger than the width of a human thumb - that within 10 minutes of ripping it the chest becomes overwhelmed with so much blood that it is incredibly difficult to stem.
Family, friends and strangers give teenage girl the gift of life after raising £340,000: 14-year-old has battled cancer for three years and is finally given the all-clear following surgery in the US
Kira Noble (pictured left and right after her new treatment, and inset before the surgery), of Edinburgh, yesterday received the all-clear. Her family and friends raised hundreds of thousands of pounds to fly her to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre in New York last month. They removed her neuroblastoma, the same cancer that killed Bradley Lowery, in a seven-hour operation. Kira has already endured six gruelling rounds of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and major abdominal surgery in her fight against neuroblastoma.
The woman who claims she is a 'tragic doll': 27-year-old has porcelain-like skin as a result of a rare condition that causes her body to harden
Shirley Alvarez (pictured before her diagnosis, left, and in January, right), from Queens, New York, was diagnosed aged nine with systemic scleroderma - which can affect the entire body, including blood vessels. Within a matter of months, she became reliant on a wheelchair and quickly had to adapt to her new life. Ms Alvarez created a new persona called the 'tragic doll' to express how it feels to live with scleroderma. She said: 'The "tragic doll", is what I call myself. That is my persona, that is the way that I express myself.'
Mother gives birth to conjoined twins who share a heart and liver – but doctors say they won't separate the girls because one would die
Jennifer Pamela Martinez (right), 27, from Honduras, gave birth to twin girls Maria Fernandez and Maria Jose who were born joined at the chest and abdomen (left), but doctors say separation would kill one of them. The baby girls are being kept in hospital (inset) where they are able to eat but rely on extra oxygen to stay alive because their blood does not get enough oxygen naturally.
Trump's environment roll-backs may cause 80,000 more deaths a decade from lung diseases, Harvard study finds
David Cutler, a public-health economist, and Francesca Dominici, a biostatistician wrote that their figure is 'an extremely conservative estimate' in the essay published on Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. They argue that the changing policies could cause respiratory problems as well for more than one million people over a decade, many of them children. The essay, which is not a formal peer-reviewed study, has added to a growing debate about what many see as an assault by the Trump administration on policies regarding environmental health.
Would YOU pay £30,000 for a smile like these? Here five women explain why they splashed out on a shiny new set of pearly whites
What would you pay for the perfect smile? Judy Murray recently confessed that she spent £30,000 on 15 months of cosmetic dental treatment to give her a shiny set of pearly whites. The 58-year-old tennis coach, mother to Wimbledon champions Andy and Jamie, had her smile overhaul after becoming sick of comments that she always looked serious. She admitted she had always been scared of the dentist and reluctant to smile as she hadn’t looked after her teeth. ‘I made the decision to do something about it,’ she said. ‘It’s one of the best things I ever did.’ Here, five women tell Beth Hale why they, too, splashed out on £30,000 smiles . . .
Mother issues warning to other parents after her five-year-old son's rash turned out to be rare disease from a tick bite
Mason McNair, five (left and right), from LaGrange, Georgia, contracted a rare disease after he was bitten by a tick. He was put on antibiotics but then began experiencing fever, diarrhea and complained of pain in his abdomen. On the last day of the antibiotic, the five-year-old broke out in a rash from head to toe. Doctors told his mother (inset, with family) that it was likely a 'delayed reaction’ to the antibiotic but ,after some research, she found a condition that matched Mason’s symptoms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, a bacterial infection that is spread through tick bites, which, when left untreated, can lead to death.