United States House of Representatives

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See also: United States House of Representatives elections, 2018
The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as "the House," is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate.
Click on the map below to find your state's congressional delegation.


Partisan breakdown

Following the 2016 general election, the Democratic Party gained a total of six seats, resulting in a Republican majority of 241-194.[1] Since the election, vacancies have occurred. For more information on vacancies and special elections, click here

U.S. House Partisan Breakdown
Party As of June 2018 After the 2018 Election
     Democratic Party 193 Pending
     Republican Party 235 Pending
     Vacancies 7 0
Total 435 435

115th Congress

Policy issues

Throughout the course of the 115th Congress, we will be curating statements and reactions by members of Congress on a variety of different policy areas and topics. Click on a tile below to read about what members of the 115th Congress have said about the following issues.

Special elections

Special elections will be held during the 115th Congress to replace members of Congress who leave office for any reason. The table below displays a running list of special elections to the 115th United States Congress as they are announced.

Announced special elections

The table below lists the announced special elections to the 115th United States Congress:

District Prior Incumbent Primary Date General Election Candidates Election Date Winner Partisan Switch?
Michigan's 13th John Conyers Jr. August 7, 2018 Pending November 6, 2018 Pending Pending
Ohio's 12th Patrick Tiberi May 8, 2018 Democratic Party Danny O'Connor
Republican Party Troy Balderson
Green Party
Joe Manchik
Grey.png Jonathan Veley
August 7, 2018 Pending Pending
U.S. Senator from Minnesota Al Franken August 14, 2018 Pending November 6, 2018 Pending Pending
U.S. Senator from Mississippi Thad Cochran June 5, 2018 Pending November 6, 2018 Pending Pending
Texas' 27th Blake Farenthold N/A Democratic Party Raul (Roy) Barrera
Democratic Party Eric Holguin
Democratic Party Mike Westergren
Republican Party Bech Bruun
Republican Party Michael Cloud
Republican Party Marty Perez
Libertarian Party Daniel Tinus
Grey.png Judith Cutright
Grey.png Chris Suprun
June 30, 2018 Pending Pending

Prior special elections

District Prior Incumbent Primary Date General Election Candidates Election Date Winner Partisan Switch?
Kansas' 4th Mike Pompeo N/A Republican Party Ron Estes
Democratic Party Jim Thompson
Libertarian Party Chris Rockhold
April 11, 2017 Republican Party Ron Estes No
Montana's At-Large Ryan Zinke N/A Republican Party Greg Gianforte
Democratic Party Rob Quist
Libertarian Party Mark Wicks
May 25, 2017 Republican Party Greg Gianforte No
California's 34th Xavier Becerra April 4, 2017 Democratic Party Robert Lee Ahn
Democratic Party Jimmy Gomez
June 6, 2017 Democratic Party Jimmy Gomez No
Georgia's 6th Tom Price April 18, 2017[2] Democratic Party Jon Ossoff
Republican Party Karen Handel
June 20, 2017[3] Republican Party Karen Handel No
South Carolina's 5th Mick Mulvaney May 2, 2017 Democratic Party Archie Parnell
Republican Party Ralph Norman
Independent Five other candidates
June 20, 2017 Republican Party Ralph Norman No
U.S. Senator from Alabama Jeff Sessions August 15, 2017 Republican Party Roy Moore
Democratic Party Doug Jones
Grey.png Arlester McBride
December 12, 2017 Democratic Party Doug Jones Yes
Utah's 3rd Jason Chaffetz August 15, 2017 Republican Party John Curtis
Democratic Party Kathie Allen
Libertarian Party Joe Buchman
Independent_American_Party Jason Christensen
Independent Sean Whalen
Independent Jim Bennett
November 7, 2017 Republican Party John Curtis No
Pennsylvania's 18th Tim Murphy N/A Democratic Party Conor Lamb
Republican Party Rick Saccone
March 13, 2018 Democratic Party Conor Lamb Yes
Arizona's 8th Trent Franks February 27, 2018 Democratic Party Hiral Tipirneni
Republican Party Debbie Lesko
April 24, 2018 Republican Party Debbie Lesko No


See also: 115th United States Congress

There are several important leadership positions in the House of Representatives:

Speaker of the House Paul Ryan (R)
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D)
  • Speaker of the House: The Speaker is the presiding officer elected by the members of the House. The Speaker performs a number of functions, including: Administering the Oath of Office to House members, chairing and nominating chairs or certain committees, and appointing select members of various committees and House staff.
  • Majority and Minority Leaders: The party with the most members elects the majority leader and the other party elects a minority leader. The majority leader customarily schedules legislative business on the House floor, while the minority leader serves as a spokesperson for the minority party. The two leaders are selected at their respective party conference or caucus.
  • Majority and Minority Whips: Each party also elects a Whip, who acts as a middleman for communication between party leaders and normal members. The parties will also often create other similar positions to help with various communication duties.[4]


Portal:Legislative Branch
Members in the House are called representatives. Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to the size of its population but is entitled to at least one representative. There are currently 435 representatives, a number fixed by law since 1911. The most populous state, California, currently has 53 representatives. There are seven states with only one representative: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming.[5]

Each representative serves for a two-year term. There are no term limits.


According to the U.S. Constitution, representatives must meet the following requirements:[6]

  • At least 25 years old
  • A U.S. citizen for at least seven years
  • A resident of the state he or she represents
Senate amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

Additionally, all 50 states maintain requirements related to running for election. These filing requirements vary and can include:

  • A filing fee
  • A petition with a minimum number of valid signatures

Section 2:
Clause 1 : The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
Clause 2 : No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
Clause 3 : Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
Clause 4: When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
Clause 5: The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.[7]
The U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 2

House officers

There are four main house officer positions:

  • The Clerk of the House: The clerk is essentially the House record keeper.
  • The Sergeant at Arms: The Sergeant is the chief law enforcement officer for the House and is responsible for maintaining security and order in the House Chamber, the House wing of the U.S. Capitol, and House office buildings.
  • The Chief Administrative Officer: The Chief Administrative Officer is responsible for the administrative functions of the House, such as operating budget, procurement, payroll, and information technology
  • The Chaplain: The Chaplain customarily opens each meeting of Congress with a formal prayer. They also provide spiritual services and counseling to house members, family, and staff.[4]

Non-voting members

See also: United States congressional non-voting members

Besides the representative from each state, there are a small number of Delegates and a Resident Commission.

  • Delegates are representatives from Washington D.C., as well as American Samoa, Guam, The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the Virgin Islands. Delegates are able to perform many of the functions of a full representative, such as serve on committees. However, they are not able to vote during business as the Committee of the Whole or on final passage of legislation. Delegates serve twoyear terms.
  • The resident commissioner's functions are similar to the delegates, but the title is specifically for a representative from Puerto Rico. The resident commissioner serves a four year term. The Philippines also had a resident commissioner before its independence from the U.S. in 1946.[4]


There are 21 regular standing committees and one permanent select committee in the U.S. House. There are also several joint committees with the U.S. Senate. The committees are permanent panels governed by House chamber rules, with responsibility to consider bills and issues and to have general oversight relating to their areas of jurisdiction.[8][9][5]

Congressional committees (House)

United States House of Representatives Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources
United States House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations
United States House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means
United States House of Representatives Committee on Veterans' Affairs
United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
United States House of Representatives Committee on Small Business
United States House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
United States House of Representatives Committee on Rules
United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
United States House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources
United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary
United States House of Representatives Committee on Intelligence (Permanent Select)
United States House of Representatives Committee on House Administration
United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security
United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs
United States House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services
United States House of Representatives Committee on Ethics
United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce
United States House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce
United States House of Representatives Committee on Budget
United States House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services
United States House of Representatives Committee on Agriculture

Joint committees

Congressional committees (Joint)

United States Congress Joint Committee on Taxation    
United States Congress Joint Economic Committee    
United States Congress Joint Committee on the Library    
United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing    



See also: United States House of Representatives elections, 2018
U.S. House Partisan Breakdown
Party As of June 2018 After the 2018 Election
     Democratic Party 193 Pending
     Republican Party 235 Pending
     Vacancies 7 0
Total 435 435

Battleground races

See also: U.S. House battlegrounds, 2018

Since 1934, the party of a newly elected president has suffered an average loss of 23 seats in the House in the following midterm. The party of a newly elected president has gained seats in the House in the following midterm only twice since then; Democrats gained nine seats in 1934 following Franklin D. Roosevelt's first presidential election in 1932, and Republicans gained eight seats in 2002 following George W. Bush's election to the presidency in 2000. More House seats that are currently held by Republican incumbents are expected to be in play than in an average congressional election. On the other hand, Democratic seats that were won by Donald Trump in 2016 will also be among top targets in 2018.[10]

The following map identifies those races that are considered battleground elections. Mouse over a district for more detailed information. You can also zoom in for a closer look.

United States House Battleground Races
District Incumbent
Arizona's 1st Democratic Party Tom O'Halleran
Arizona's 2nd Republican Party Martha McSally
California's 10th Republican Party Jeff Denham
California's 22nd Republican Party Devin Nunes
California's 25th Republican Party Stephen Knight
California's 39th Republican Party Edward Royce
California's 48th Republican Party Dana Rohrabacher
California's 49th Republican Party Darrell Issa
Colorado's 6th Republican Party Mike Coffman
Connecticut's 5th Democratic Party Elizabeth Esty
Florida's 26th Republican Party Carlos Curbelo
Florida's 27th Republican Party Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Georgia's 6th Republican Party Karen Handel
Georgia's 7th Republican Party Rob Woodall
Illinois' 6th Republican Party Peter Roskam
Illinois' 12th Republican Party Mike Bost
Iowa's 1st Republican Party Rod Blum
Kansas' 2nd Republican Party Lynn Jenkins
Kansas' 3rd Republican Party Kevin Yoder
Kentucky's 6th Republican Party Andy Barr
Michigan's 11th Republican Party David Trott
Minnesota's 1st Democratic Party Tim Walz
Minnesota's 2nd Republican Party Jason Lewis
Minnesota's 3rd Republican Party Erik Paulsen
Minnesota's 8th Democratic Party Rick Nolan
Nebraska's 2nd Republican Party Don Bacon
Nevada's 3rd Democratic Party Jacky Rosen
Nevada's 4th Democratic Party Ruben Kihuen
New Hampshire's 1st Democratic Party Carol Shea-Porter
New Jersey's 2nd Republican Party Frank LoBiondo
New Jersey's 3rd Republican Party Tom MacArthur
New Jersey's 7th Republican Party Leonard Lance
New Jersey's 11th Republican Party Rodney Frelinghuysen
New Mexico's 2nd Republican Party Steve Pearce
New York's 19th Republican Party John Faso
New York's 22nd Republican Party Claudia Tenney
North Carolina's 9th Republican Party Robert Pittenger
Ohio's 12th (special) Republican Party Vacant
Pennsylvania's 1st Republican Party Brian Fitzpatrick
Pennsylvania's 7th Republican Party Vacant
Pennsylvania's 17th Democratic Party Conor Lamb / Republican Party Keith Rothfus
Texas' 7th Republican Party John Culberson
Texas' 23rd Republican Party Will Hurd
Texas' 27th (special) Republican Party Vacant
Utah's 4th Republican Party Mia Love
Virginia's 2nd Republican Party Scott Taylor
Virginia's 5th Republican Party Thomas Garrett
Virginia's 7th Republican Party David Brat
Virginia's 10th Republican Party Barbara Comstock
Washington's 8th Republican Party Dave Reichert
Wisconsin's 1st Republican Party Paul Ryan


See also: United States House of Representatives elections, 2016

Prior to the election, The Republican Party had the majority in the U.S. House. Republicans held 246 seats compared to Democrats' 186 seats, while three seats were vacant. The Republican Party's majority was slightly reduced in 2016, as Democrats picked up six seats.

U.S. House Partisan Breakdown
Party As of November 2016 After the 2016 Election
     Democratic Party 186 194
     Republican Party 246 241
     Vacant 3 0
Total 435 435


See also: United States House of Representatives elections, 2014 and U.S. House battleground districts, 2014

All 435 of the seats in the U.S. House were up for election in 2014. To regain control of the House, Democrats needed a pick-up of 15 seats. Instead, Republicans saw a net gain in seats. According to original analysis by Ballotpedia, only 26 congressional districts were predicted to be competitive in 2014.

U.S. House Partisan Breakdown
Party As of 2014 Election After the 2014 Election
     Democratic Party 201 188
     Republican Party 234 247
     Vacancy 0 0
Total 435 435


See also: U.S. House elections, 2012

Elections to the U.S. House were held on November 6, 2012. All 435 seats were up for election. In a year where Barack Obama won re-election by 126 electoral votes, the Republican Party maintained their control of the U.S. House, winning 234 seats. The Democrats did make some gains, winning 201 seats. This was up from the 193 seats they held prior to the election. This election marked only the fourth time in 100 years that the party that pulled the most total popular votes nationwide did not win control of the House.[11]

Wave elections (1918-2016)

Ballotpedia-Wave Election Analysis Banner.png

See also: Wave elections (1918-2016)

The term wave election is frequently used to describe an election cycle in which one party makes significant electoral gains. How many seats would Republicans have to lose for the 2018 midterm election to be considered a wave election?

Ballotpedia examined the results of the 50 election cycles that occurred between 1918 and 2016—spanning from President Woodrow Wilson's (D) second midterm in 1918 to Donald Trump's (R) first presidential election in 2016. We define wave elections as the 20 percent of elections in that period resulting in the greatest seat swings against the president's party.

Applying this definition to four different election groups (U.S. Senate, U.S. House, governorships and state legislatures) yields specific numbers of seats that Republicans would need to lose for 2018 to qualify as a wave election. Those are:

  • 48 U.S. House seats,
  • Seven U.S. Senate seats,
  • Seven gubernatorial seats, or
  • 494 state legislative seats.

Click here to read the full report.



Apportionment is the process by which seats in the House of Representatives are divided up among the states.[12]

The latest census and apportionment data (2010):[13]

State Population Number of House Seats from 2010 Change from 2000
Alabama 4,802,982 7 0


1 0
Arizona 6,412,700 9 1
Arkansas 2,926,229 4 0
California 37,341,989 53 0
Colorado 5,044,930 7 0
Connecticut 3,581,628 5 0
Delaware 900,877 1 0
Florida 18,900,773 27 2
Georgia 9,727,566 14 1
Hawaii 1,366,862 2 0
Idaho 1,573,499 2 0
Illinois 12,864,380 18 -1
Indiana 6,501,582 9 0
Iowa 3,053,787 4 -1
Kansas 2,863,813 4 0
Kentucky 4,350,606 6 0
Louisiana 4,553,962 6 -1
Maine 1,333,074 2 0
Maryland 5,789,929 8 0
Massachusetts 6,559,644 9 -1
Michigan 9,911,626 14 -1
Minnesota 5,314,879 8 0
Mississippi 2,978,240 4 0
Missouri 6,011,478 8 -1
Montana 994,416 1 0
Nebraska 1,831,825 3 0
Nevada 2,709,432 4 1
New Hampshire 1,321,445 2 0
New Jersey 8,807,501 12 -1
New Mexico 2,067,273 3 0
New York 19,421,055 27 -2
North Carolina 9,565,781 13 0
North Dakota 675,905 1 0
Ohio 11,568,495 16 -2
Oklahoma 3,764,882 5 0
Oregon 3,848,606 5 0
Pennsylvania 12,734,905 18 -1
Rhode Island 1,055,247 2 0
South Carolina 4,645,975 7 1
South Dakota 819,761 1 0
Tennessee 6,375,431 9 0
Texas 25,268,418 36 4
Utah 2,770,765 4 1
Vermont 630,337 1 0
Virginia 8,037,736 11 0
Washington 6,753,369 10 1
West Virginia 1,859,815 3 0
Wisconsin 5,698,230 8 0
Wyoming 568,300 1 0
TOTAL 309,183,463 435

The U.S. Census and the Amazing Apportionment Machine


As of 2018, most representatives are paid $174,000 per year. Majority and minority leaders receive $193,400, while the Speaker of the House receives $223,500.[14]

Some historical facts about the salary of U.S. House members:

  • In 1789, members of Congress received $6 per diem.[14]
  • In 1874, members of Congress earned $5,000 per year.[14]
  • In 1990, members of Congress earned $96,600 per year.[14]
  • From 2000-2006, the salary of a member of the U.S. House increased every year, going from $141,300 to $165,200.[14]

Voting with the party

The following data comes from OpenCongress, a website that tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of their party caucus.


  • The average (mean) Democrat voted with the party approximately 93.2 percent of the time.
  • The average (median) Democrat voted with the party approximately 93.3 percent of the time.
  • The top Democrat voted with the party approximately 97.0 percent of the time.
  • The bottom Democrat voted with the party approximately 60.6 percent of the time.


  • The average (mean) Republican voted with the party approximately 94.2 percent of the time.
  • The average (median) Republican voted with the party approximately 94.3 percent of the time.
  • The top Republican voted with the party approximately 98.2 percent of the time.
  • The bottom Republican voted with the party approximately 75.1 percent of the time.

Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

The average net worth of members of the Senate, based on data from OpenSecrets.org, is as follows:[17]

Year # in House Reports House Average House Std Dev
2010 525 $5,992,869 $31,436,123
2009 536 $5,106,476 $22,809,386
2008 490 $4,719,554 $20,389,871
2007 497 $5,661,643 $27,941,584
2006 487 $5,071,549 $25,944,515
2005 441 $4,511,705 $23,266,505
2004 475 $4,243,935 $17,715,187

Note: Report numbers may reflect incoming and outgoing members of Congress.

115th Congress: Demographics

The 115th Congress surpassed the 114th Congress as the most diverse Congress in the nation's history.

There are three African American, four Hispanic, and three Asian senators. There are also 21 women and one openly LGBTQ member of the Senate. Overall, 26 percent of the Senate is made up of women or minorities, and the remaining 74 percent is white men. There are 94 racial or ethnic minorities in the House and 83 women, as well as six openly LGBTQ members. Overall, 34 percent of the House is made up of women or minorities, and the remaining 66 percent is white men.[18]

Over 90 percent of Congress identify as Christians, while roughly six percent of members are Jewish. There are also three Buddhists, three Hindus, two Muslims, and one Unitarian Universalist. Only one member of Congress, Rep. Kyrsten Sinema (AZ-9), describes herself as unaffiliated with any religion.[19]

Current members


Name Party District
Bradley Byrne Ends.png Republican 1
Martha Roby Ends.png Republican 2
Mike Rogers Ends.png Republican 3
Robert Aderholt Ends.png Republican 4
Mo Brooks Ends.png Republican 5
Gary Palmer Ends.png Republican 6
Terri Sewell Electiondot.png Democratic 7


Don Young Ends.png Republican


Name Party District
Tom O'Halleran Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Martha McSally Ends.png Republican 2
Raul Grijalva Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Paul Gosar Ends.png Republican 4
Andy Biggs Ends.png Republican 5
David Schweikert Ends.png Republican 6
Ruben Gallego Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Debbie Lesko Ends.png Republican 8
Kyrsten Sinema Electiondot.png Democratic 9


Name Party District
Rick Crawford Ends.png Republican 1
French Hill Ends.png Republican 2
Steve Womack Ends.png Republican 3
Bruce Westerman Ends.png Republican 4


Name Party District
Doug La Malfa Ends.png Republican 1
Jared Huffman Electiondot.png Democratic 2
John Garamendi Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Tom McClintock Ends.png Republican 4
Mike Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Doris Matsui Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Ami Bera Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Paul Cook Ends.png Republican 8
Jerry McNerney Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Jeff Denham Ends.png Republican 10
Mark DeSaulnier Electiondot.png Democratic 11
Nancy Pelosi Electiondot.png Democratic 12
Barbara Lee Electiondot.png Democratic 13
Jackie Speier Electiondot.png Democratic 14
Eric Swalwell Electiondot.png Democratic 15
Jim Costa Electiondot.png Democratic 16
Ro Khanna Electiondot.png Democratic 17
Anna Eshoo Electiondot.png Democratic 18
Zoe Lofgren Electiondot.png Democratic 19
Jimmy Panetta Electiondot.png Democratic 20
David Valadao Ends.png Republican 21
Devin Nunes Ends.png Republican 22
Kevin McCarthy Ends.png Republican 23
Salud Carbajal Electiondot.png Democratic 24
Stephen Knight Ends.png Republican 25
Julia Brownley Electiondot.png Democratic 26
Judy Chu Electiondot.png Democratic 27
Adam Schiff Electiondot.png Democratic 28
Tony Cardenas Electiondot.png Democratic 29
Brad Sherman Electiondot.png Democratic 30
Pete Aguilar Electiondot.png Democratic 31
Grace Napolitano Electiondot.png Democratic 32
Ted Lieu Electiondot.png Democratic 33
Jimmy Gomez Electiondot.png Democratic 34
Norma Torres Electiondot.png Democratic 35
Raul Ruiz Electiondot.png Democratic 36
Karen Bass Electiondot.png Democratic 37
Linda Sanchez Electiondot.png Democratic 38
Edward Royce Ends.png Republican 39
Lucille Roybal-Allard Electiondot.png Democratic 40
Mark Takano Electiondot.png Democratic 41
Ken Calvert Ends.png Republican 42
Maxine Waters Electiondot.png Democratic 43
Nanette Barragan Electiondot.png Democratic 44
Mimi Walters Ends.png Republican 45
Lou Correa Electiondot.png Democratic 46
Alan Lowenthal Electiondot.png Democratic 47
Dana Rohrabacher Ends.png Republican 48
Darrell Issa Ends.png Republican 49
Duncan Hunter Ends.png Republican 50
Juan Vargas Electiondot.png Democratic 51
Scott Peters Electiondot.png Democratic 52
Susan Davis Electiondot.png Democratic 53


Name Party District
Diana DeGette Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Jared Polis Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Scott Tipton Ends.png Republican 3
Ken Buck Ends.png Republican 4
Doug Lamborn Ends.png Republican 5
Mike Coffman Ends.png Republican 6
Ed Perlmutter Electiondot.png Democratic 7


Name Party District
John Larson Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Joe Courtney Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Rosa DeLauro Electiondot.png Democratic 3
James Himes Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Elizabeth Esty Electiondot.png Democratic 5


Lisa Blunt Rochester Electiondot.png Democratic


Name Party District
Matt Gaetz Ends.png Republican 1
Neal Dunn Ends.png Republican 2
Ted Yoho Ends.png Republican 3
John Rutherford Ends.png Republican 4
Al Lawson Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Ron DeSantis Ends.png Republican 6
Stephanie Murphy Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Bill Posey Ends.png Republican 8
Darren Soto Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Val Demings Electiondot.png Democratic 10
Daniel Webster Ends.png Republican 11
Gus Bilirakis Ends.png Republican 12
Charlie Crist Electiondot.png Democratic 13
Kathy Castor Electiondot.png Democratic 14
Dennis Ross Ends.png Republican 15
Vern Buchanan Ends.png Republican 16
Thomas Rooney Ends.png Republican 17
Brian Mast Ends.png Republican 18
Francis Rooney Ends.png Republican 19
Alcee Hastings Electiondot.png Democratic 20
Lois Frankel Electiondot.png Democratic 21
Ted Deutch Electiondot.png Democratic 22
Debbie Wasserman Schultz Electiondot.png Democratic 23
Frederica Wilson Electiondot.png Democratic 24
Mario Diaz-Balart Ends.png Republican 25
Carlos Curbelo Ends.png Republican 26
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Ends.png Republican 27


Name Party District
Earl "Buddy" Carter Ends.png Republican 1
Sanford Bishop, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Drew Ferguson Ends.png Republican 3
Hank Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 4
John Lewis Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Karen Handel Ends.png Republican 6
Rob Woodall Ends.png Republican 7
Austin Scott Ends.png Republican 8
Doug Collins Ends.png Republican 9
Jody Hice Ends.png Republican 10
Barry Loudermilk Ends.png Republican 11
Rick Allen Ends.png Republican 12
David Scott Electiondot.png Democratic 13
Tom Graves Ends.png Republican 14


Name Party District
Colleen Hanabusa Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Tulsi Gabbard Electiondot.png Democratic 2


Name Party District
Raul Labrador Ends.png Republican 1
Michael Simpson Ends.png Republican 2


Name Party District
Bobby Rush Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Robin Kelly Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Daniel Lipinski Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Luis Gutierrez Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Mike Quigley Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Peter Roskam Ends.png Republican 6
Danny K. Davis Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Raja Krishnamoorthi Electiondot.png Democratic 8
Janice Schakowsky Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Brad Schneider Electiondot.png Democratic 10
Bill Foster Electiondot.png Democratic 11
Mike Bost Ends.png Republican 12
Rodney Davis Ends.png Republican 13
Randy Hultgren Ends.png Republican 14
John Shimkus Ends.png Republican 15
Adam Kinzinger Ends.png Republican 16
Cheri Bustos Electiondot.png Democratic 17
Darin LaHood Ends.png Republican 18


Name Party District
Peter Visclosky Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Jackie Walorski Ends.png Republican 2
Jim Banks Ends.png Republican 3
Todd Rokita Ends.png Republican 4
Susan Brooks Ends.png Republican 5
Luke Messer Ends.png Republican 6
Andre Carson Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Larry Bucshon Ends.png Republican 8
Trey Hollingsworth Ends.png Republican 9


Name Party District
Rod Blum Ends.png Republican 1
Dave Loebsack Electiondot.png Democratic 2
David Young Ends.png Republican 3
Steve King Ends.png Republican 4


Name Party District
Roger Marshall Ends.png Republican 1
Lynn Jenkins Ends.png Republican 2
Kevin Yoder Ends.png Republican 3
Ron Estes Ends.png Republican 4


Name Party District
James Comer Ends.png Republican 1
Brett Guthrie Ends.png Republican 2
John Yarmuth Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Thomas Massie Ends.png Republican 4
Hal Rogers Ends.png Republican 5
Andy Barr Ends.png Republican 6


Name Party District
Steve Scalise Ends.png Republican 1
Cedric Richmond Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Clay Higgins Ends.png Republican 3
Mike Johnson Ends.png Republican 4
Ralph Abraham Ends.png Republican 5
Garret Graves Ends.png Republican 6


Name Party District
Chellie Pingree Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Bruce Poliquin Ends.png Republican 2


Name Party District
Andy Harris Ends.png Republican 1
Dutch Ruppersberger Electiondot.png Democratic 2
John Sarbanes Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Anthony Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Steny Hoyer Electiondot.png Democratic 5
John Delaney Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Elijah Cummings Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Jamie Raskin Electiondot.png Democratic 8


Name Party District
Richard Neal Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Jim McGovern Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Niki Tsongas Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Joseph Kennedy III Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Katherine Clark Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Seth Moulton Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Michael Capuano Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Stephen Lynch Electiondot.png Democratic 8
William Keating Electiondot.png Democratic 9


Name Party District
Jack Bergman Ends.png Republican 1
Bill Huizenga Ends.png Republican 2
Justin Amash Ends.png Republican 3
John Moolenaar Ends.png Republican 4
Dan Kildee Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Fred Upton Ends.png Republican 6
Tim Walberg Ends.png Republican 7
Mike Bishop Ends.png Republican 8
Sander Levin Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Paul Mitchell Ends.png Republican 10
David Trott Ends.png Republican 11
Debbie Dingell Electiondot.png Democratic 12
Vacant 13
Brenda Lawrence Electiondot.png Democratic 14


Name Party District
Tim Walz Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Jason Lewis Ends.png Republican 2
Erik Paulsen Ends.png Republican 3
Betty McCollum Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Keith Ellison Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Tom Emmer Ends.png Republican 6
Collin Peterson Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Rick Nolan Electiondot.png Democratic 8


Name Party District
Trent Kelly Ends.png Republican 1
Bennie Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Gregg Harper Ends.png Republican 3
Steven Palazzo Ends.png Republican 4


Name Party District
William Lacy Clay Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Ann Wagner Ends.png Republican 2
Blaine Luetkemeyer Ends.png Republican 3
Vicky Hartzler Ends.png Republican 4
Emanuel Cleaver Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Sam Graves Ends.png Republican 6
Billy Long Ends.png Republican 7
Jason Smith Ends.png Republican 8


Greg Gianforte Ends.png Republican


Name Party District
Jeff Fortenberry Ends.png Republican 1
Don Bacon Ends.png Republican 2
Adrian Smith Ends.png Republican 3


Name Party District
Dina Titus Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Mark Amodei Ends.png Republican 2
Jacky Rosen Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Ruben Kihuen Electiondot.png Democratic 4

New Hampshire

Name Party District
Carol Shea-Porter Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Ann McLane Kuster Electiondot.png Democratic 2

New Jersey

Name Party District
Donald Norcross Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Frank LoBiondo Ends.png Republican 2
Tom MacArthur Ends.png Republican 3
Chris Smith Ends.png Republican 4
Josh Gottheimer Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Frank Pallone Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Leonard Lance Ends.png Republican 7
Albio Sires Electiondot.png Democratic 8
Bill Pascrell Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Donald Payne Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 10
Rodney Frelinghuysen Ends.png Republican 11
Bonnie Watson Coleman Electiondot.png Democratic 12

New Mexico

Name Party District
Michelle Lujan Grisham Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Steve Pearce Ends.png Republican 2
Ben Ray Lujan Electiondot.png Democratic 3

New York

Name Party District
Lee Zeldin Ends.png Republican 1
Peter King Ends.png Republican 2
Tom Suozzi Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Kathleen Rice Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Gregory Meeks Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Grace Meng Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Nydia Velazquez Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Hakeem Jeffries Electiondot.png Democratic 8
Yvette Clarke Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Jerrold Nadler Electiondot.png Democratic 10
Daniel Donovan Ends.png Republican 11
Carolyn Maloney Electiondot.png Democratic 12
Adriano Espaillat Electiondot.png Democratic 13
Joseph Crowley Electiondot.png Democratic 14
Jose Serrano Electiondot.png Democratic 15
Eliot Engel Electiondot.png Democratic 16
Nita Lowey Electiondot.png Democratic 17
Sean Maloney Electiondot.png Democratic 18
John Faso Ends.png Republican 19
Paul Tonko Electiondot.png Democratic 20
Elise Stefanik Ends.png Republican 21
Claudia Tenney Ends.png Republican 22
Tom Reed Ends.png Republican 23
John Katko Ends.png Republican 24
Vacant 25
Brian Higgins Electiondot.png Democratic 26
Chris Collins Ends.png Republican 27

North Carolina

Name Party District
G.K. Butterfield Electiondot.png Democratic 1
George Holding Ends.png Republican 2
Walter Jones Ends.png Republican 3
David Price Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Virginia Foxx Ends.png Republican 5
Mark Walker Ends.png Republican 6
David Rouzer Ends.png Republican 7
Richard Hudson Ends.png Republican 8
Robert Pittenger Ends.png Republican 9
Patrick McHenry Ends.png Republican 10
Mark Meadows Ends.png Republican 11
Alma Adams Electiondot.png Democratic 12
Ted Budd Ends.png Republican 13

North Dakota

Kevin Cramer Ends.png Republican


Name Party District
Steve Chabot Ends.png Republican 1
Brad Wenstrup Ends.png Republican 2
Joyce Beatty Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Jim Jordan Ends.png Republican 4
Bob Latta Ends.png Republican 5
Bill Johnson Ends.png Republican 6
Bob Gibbs Ends.png Republican 7
Warren Davidson Ends.png Republican 8
Marcy Kaptur Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Michael Turner Ends.png Republican 10
Marcia Fudge Electiondot.png Democratic 11
Vacant 12
Tim Ryan Electiondot.png Democratic 13
David Joyce Ends.png Republican 14
Steve Stivers Ends.png Republican 15
Jim Renacci Ends.png Republican 16


Name Party District
Vacant 1
Markwayne Mullin Ends.png Republican 2
Frank Lucas Ends.png Republican 3
Tom Cole Ends.png Republican 4
Steve Russell Ends.png Republican 5


Name Party District
Suzanne Bonamici Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Greg Walden Ends.png Republican 2
Earl Blumenauer Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Peter DeFazio Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Kurt Schrader Electiondot.png Democratic 5


Name Party District
Robert Brady Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Dwight Evans Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Mike Kelly Ends.png Republican 3
Scott Perry Ends.png Republican 4
Glenn Thompson Ends.png Republican 5
Ryan Costello Ends.png Republican 6
Vacant 7
Brian Fitzpatrick Ends.png Republican 8
Bill Shuster Ends.png Republican 9
Tom Marino Ends.png Republican 10
Lou Barletta Ends.png Republican 11
Keith Rothfus Ends.png Republican 12
Brendan Boyle Electiondot.png Democratic 13
Michael Doyle Electiondot.png Democratic 14
Vacant 15
Lloyd Smucker Ends.png Republican 16
Matt Cartwright Electiondot.png Democratic 17
Conor Lamb Electiondot.png Democratic 18

Rhode Island

Name Party District
David Cicilline Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Jim Langevin Electiondot.png Democratic 2

South Carolina

Name Party District
Mark Sanford Ends.png Republican 1
Joe Wilson Ends.png Republican 2
Jeff Duncan Ends.png Republican 3
Trey Gowdy Ends.png Republican 4
Ralph Norman Ends.png Republican 5
James Clyburn Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Tom Rice Ends.png Republican 7

South Dakota

Kristi Noem Ends.png Republican


Name Party District
Phil Roe Ends.png Republican 1
John Duncan, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2
Charles Fleischmann Ends.png Republican 3
Scott DesJarlais Ends.png Republican 4
Jim Cooper Electiondot.png Democratic 5
Diane Black Ends.png Republican 6
Marsha Blackburn Ends.png Republican 7
David Kustoff Ends.png Republican 8
Steve Cohen Electiondot.png Democratic 9


Name Party District
Louie Gohmert Ends.png Republican 1
Ted Poe Ends.png Republican 2
Sam Johnson Ends.png Republican 3
John Ratcliffe Ends.png Republican 4
Jeb Hensarling Ends.png Republican 5
Joe Barton Ends.png Republican 6
John Culberson Ends.png Republican 7
Kevin Brady Ends.png Republican 8
Al Green Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Michael McCaul Ends.png Republican 10
Mike Conaway Ends.png Republican 11
Kay Granger Ends.png Republican 12
Mac Thornberry Ends.png Republican 13
Randy Weber Ends.png Republican 14
Vicente Gonzalez Electiondot.png Democratic 15
Beto O'Rourke Electiondot.png Democratic 16
Bill Flores Ends.png Republican 17
Sheila Jackson Lee Electiondot.png Democratic 18
Jodey Arrington Ends.png Republican 19
Joaquin Castro Electiondot.png Democratic 20
Lamar Smith Ends.png Republican 21
Pete Olson Ends.png Republican 22
Will Hurd Ends.png Republican 23
Kenny Marchant Ends.png Republican 24
Roger Williams Ends.png Republican 25
Michael Burgess Ends.png Republican 26
Vacant 27
Henry Cuellar Electiondot.png Democratic 28
Gene Green Electiondot.png Democratic 29
Eddie Bernice Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 30
John Carter Ends.png Republican 31
Pete Sessions Ends.png Republican 32
Marc Veasey Electiondot.png Democratic 33
Filemon Vela Electiondot.png Democratic 34
Lloyd Doggett Electiondot.png Democratic 35
Brian Babin Ends.png Republican 36


Name Party District
Rob Bishop Ends.png Republican 1
Chris Stewart Ends.png Republican 2
John Curtis Ends.png Republican 3
Mia Love Ends.png Republican 4


Peter Welch Electiondot.png Democratic


Name Party District
Rob Wittman Ends.png Republican 1
Scott Taylor Ends.png Republican 2
Bobby Scott Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Donald McEachin Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Tom Garrett Ends.png Republican 5
Bob Goodlatte Ends.png Republican 6
David Brat Ends.png Republican 7
Don Beyer Electiondot.png Democratic 8
Morgan Griffith Ends.png Republican 9
Barbara Comstock Ends.png Republican 10
Gerald Connolly Electiondot.png Democratic 11


Name Party District
Suzan DelBene Electiondot.png Democratic 1
Rick Larsen Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Jaime Herrera Beutler Ends.png Republican 3
Dan Newhouse Ends.png Republican 4
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Ends.png Republican 5
Derek Kilmer Electiondot.png Democratic 6
Pramila Jayapal Electiondot.png Democratic 7
Dave Reichert Ends.png Republican 8
Adam Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 9
Denny Heck Electiondot.png Democratic 10

West Virginia

Name Party District
David McKinley Ends.png Republican 1
Alex Mooney Ends.png Republican 2
Evan Jenkins Ends.png Republican 3


Name Party District
Paul Ryan Ends.png Republican 1
Mark Pocan Electiondot.png Democratic 2
Ron Kind Electiondot.png Democratic 3
Gwen Moore Electiondot.png Democratic 4
Jim Sensenbrenner Ends.png Republican 5
Glenn Grothman Ends.png Republican 6
Sean Duffy Ends.png Republican 7
Mike Gallagher Ends.png Republican 8


Liz Cheney Ends.png Republican

See also

External links

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  1. The New York Times, "House Election Results: G.O.P. Keeps Control," accessed November 15, 2016
  2. While technically a general election, the April 18 election was functionally a top-two primary because no candidate received the 50 percent of the vote required to win the race outright.
  3. June 20, 2017, runoff election between Republican Karen Handel and Democrat Jon Ossoff.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, "Member FAQs," April 19, 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 The U.S. House of Representatives, "Learn About," accessed February 10, 2013
  6. U.S. House Official Website, "Learn," accessed October 12, 2011
  7. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  8. Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee FAQs," April 19, 2012
  9. The U.S. House of Representatives, "Committees," April 19, 2012
  10. The American Presidency Project, "Seats in Congress Gained/Lost by the President's Party in Mid-Term Elections," accessed February 6, 2017
  11. Bloomberg, "Republicans Win Congress as Democrats Get Most Votes," March 18, 2013
  12. Dictionary.com, "Apportionment"
  13. U.S. Census Bureau, "Table 1. Apportionment Population and Number of Representatives, By State: 2010 Census," September 7, 2011
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 U.S. House, "Salaries," accessed May 29, 2012
  15. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed May 16, 2014
  16. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed May 16, 2014
  17. OpenSecrets, "Personal Finances: Overview," accessed July 22, 2013
  18. Daily KOS, "Check out our comprehensive 115th Congress guide, with election data, demographics, and member stats," January 3, 2017
  19. U.S. News, "The 115th Congress by Party, Race, Gender and Religion," January 5, 2017