Health News

Updated: 18:20 EDT

This is the heartwarming moment a toddler who spent her whole life in the hospital was allowed to go home for the first time (left). Two-year-old Mae Koslow-Vogel, from Somerville, Massachusetts, had spent her life with a trach hooked up to a ventilator at Boston Children's Hospital due to child interstitial lung disease - a rare, genetic lung disease that left her unable to breathe on her own (top right). In September 2017, a match was found and Mae underwent surgery. After a period of recovery, she was finally able to breathe on her own and was cleared to go home (bottom right). In an interview with Daily Mail Online, Koslow and Vogel opened up about what it was like to see their daughter walk through those doors.

First aid expert reveals her ultimate guide to identifying common bites

EXCLUSIVE: British first aid expert and qualified nurse Emma Hammett reveals her guide to common insect bites and stings, explaining how to tell different insects' marks apart and relieve them. She tells how wasp and bee stings (top left) or itchy chigger bites (bottom left) are often not cause for concern unless someone is allergic, but mosquito bites (bottom right) or flea bites (top right) could develop into something more serious.

The victim, in her mid-50s, was walking to get something from her car outside the home where she works in Orange County, California, when the bees descended.

Officials investigating spike in cancers on Long Island 

New York health officials are investigating a spike in cancer incidence in three Long Island counties. The State Department of Health found statistically significant rates of leukemia, bladder, lung and thyroid cancers in Centereach, Farmingville and Selden in just four years. Using data from the New York State Cancer Registry, which tracks cancer prevalence in the state, an average of 18,000 cases of cancer per year were found on Long Island between 2011 and 2015. That means cases on Long Island made up more than 16 percent of all the cases diagnosed in New York each year.

FILE - In this June 28, 2018, file photo, Dr. Robert Redfield Jr., director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, poses at the agency's headquarters in Atlanta. The new head of the nation's top public health agency says the U.S. opioid will be one of his main priorities, and it turns out there is a personal reason.   (AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

Dr Robert Redfield revealed the incident in a speech on Thursday and said that the opioid epidemic is one of the top priorities of the CDC, calling it 'the public health crisis of our time'.

Researchers at University of Pennsylvania and Syracuse University found when a Type 2 diabetes drug is modified with vitamin B-12 it could reduce vomiting rates by up to 78 per cent.

Experiments on fruit flies bred to make more of the protein by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, had healthier hearts and lived for a third longer.

Man caught killer infection from rats urine after swimming in Bath

Billy-Joe Humphries (right) is recovering after receiving emergency treatment after going for a dip in Warleigh Weir (left), a popular swim spot near Bath. Doctors confirmed he caught Weil's disease, which can be spread through rat urine and lead to life-threatening organ failure. The bug is thought to have killed at least four people in Britain since 2009, including a former Olympian, and left many more with life-changing issues. Mr Humphries has taken to Facebook to give other youngsters a heads up about the little-known danger of Weil's, with the school summer holidays fast approaching.

Adam Barsouk is a research assistant at the University of Pittsburgh Hillman Cancer Center. He warns too many of us skip precautions to protect us from cancer during summer.

Researchers from the University of TĂĽbingen in Germany say telling people to think about how healthy their food is could influence them to choose to eat less and help control their calorie intake.

Dr Janice Juraska, of the University of Illinois, said she was shocked by how clear the impact was, and she would now urge pregnant women to avoid plastics and fragrances of any kind.

The researchers in California believe receiving constant digital updates while the brain is rapidly developing makes teenagers find it hard to give anything their full attention.

Doctors published the case report in the New England Journal of Medicine. The workers were all employed by a winery in Rhineland-Palatinate.

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control is warning that tourists in Gran Canaria have been infected with the Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria, which can cause pneumonia.

Over-the-counter charcoal and whitening toothpastes are eroding enamel

Dr Rhona Eskander, a dentist in London, warns that using fashionable activated charcoal and fluoride-free toothpastes could actually do more damage than good to people's teeth. She tells MailOnline how one of her patients wore away the enamel on her teeth when trying to scrub off stains (pictured top), and she needed veneers to repair the damage (bottom).

Olivia Cooper, 31, from Buckinghamshire, was admitted to hospital for 12 months as a teenager. She said her turning point came when she realised she wanted her own family.

Somai, 55, a farmer from Basti in Uttar Pradesh, northern India, had a three-and-a-half hour operation to remove a huge 1.4kg non-cancerous tumour from his neck after suffering for years.

Health policy researcher describes his OWN costly and confusing experience of childbirth

Simon F Haeder (left) teaches health policy in the Department of Political Sciences at West Virginia University. He tried to prepare as much as possible for his wife's second pregnancy with their son Lukas (bottom right) to pre-empt all the costs and confusion that all Americans face. But, he says, the nonsensical charges unraveled so fast he couldn't keep up. Among other things (pictured on their bill, top right) they were charged $7,000 for one minute use of a room, $150 for every time a nurse took a glance at their baby, and $26,755 for tests. They could not use a tax-favored flexible spending account because pregnancy is not deemed a 'major life event'. Here he explains their ordeal in detail, and how it corresponds with others'.

Mandy Sacher speaks to FEMAIL on how to get out of a food rut

If you and your family find yourselves sitting down to the same meals week in, week out, it might be that you're in a food rut. And according to celebrity nutritionist and best-selling food author, Mandy Sacher (left and right), while this may be boring, it also leads to your children actively disliking their favourite foods. Here, speaking to FEMAIL, Mandy reveals how you can get your family out of a food rut, and her simple tricks to help your fussy eaters enjoy everything (inset, stock image).

A 16-year study by US researchers from the universities of Nevada and Michigan has found that arguments may raise stress hormones, which could cause problems down the line

Dundee University tracked the survival of around 2,700 people whose FOTB test showed up as positive over a period of 16 years. Their findings were published in the journal Gut.

Consumer watchdog Which? has found some slime products contain potentially unsafe levels of the chemical boron, which in excessive levels causes bouts of diarrhoea, vomiting and cramps.

Juliana Shalek reveals the foods you should avoid while pregnant

Soft cheeses, raw eggs, sashimi and alcohol are some of the obvious foods most expectant mothers already know to avoid. But it seems there are many more foods pregnant women should be cautious of, including raw sprouts, canned vegetables and even a glass of wine. Speaking to Australia's MyDomaine, nutritionist Juliana Shalek revealed the surprising foods you should think twice if you're pregnant.

Lack of iron is the most common vitamin and mineral deficiency in the UK — at least four million Britons are affected, including one in three hospital patients. Are you one of them?

When Kate Orson, from Glasgow, developed abnormal cervical cells, she had a procedure called large loop excision of the transformation zone - which changed her body forever...

It’s been one of the longest heatwaves for decades, but inevitably that means a surge in cases of painful sunburn. So, if you're suffering, are you treating it correctly?

The device, which you breathe through normally, keeps the airway open during sleep to prevent sleep apnoea, a condition that causes snoring. But would you try it?

NHS Health Heroes: The surgeon who's helped 100 children walk

John Goodden, a consultant neurologist from Leeds, is the latest medical professional to be nominated for our NHS Health Heroes award. This is his incredible story. Ben Harcourt-Sharpe will never forget a school trip to the seaside when he was seven. As the other children played on the sand, Ben, who has diplegia, a form of cerebral palsy which causes constant tightness and stiffness in the muscles, sat with a teaching assistant on a sweltering bus because staff couldn’t get his wheelchair down to the beach. The day he met Mr Goodden, who has a special interest in a complex surgical procedure proven to help children with cerebral palsy, Ben says his life �changed for ever’ (Ben is pictured with his mother Joanne, father Rob and sister Eleanor)

Doctors in Salford have built a special lamp with 32 different bulbs, which emit infrared, red or ultraviolet light — together they are thought to speed up healing through different mechanisms.

The Daily Mail's resident GP answers your health concerns. This week, he focuses on a conditional called occipital neuralgia and the treatments for eating disorder anorexia nervosa.

More than half the health boards in England refuse NHS funding for the 45-minute procedure unless patients are in enough agony to �impede working life’ or �everyday activities’.

Catching biomarkers for cancer in a blood test often comes down to luck. But Stanford researchers have developed a magnetic wire that would attract broken-off cells like a fridge magnet.

The children destined to die, turn blind or fight a lifetime of ailments

EXCLUSIVE: Rare genetic diseases that receive little scientific funding have robbed Megan (bottom left), twins Luis and Kian (right), Jackson (top left) and Kaileb, from different parts of England, of normal upbringings. Three are unlikely to survive for much longer, one is slowly being robbed of his vision and another relies on round-the-clock care from her parents. MailOnline is today revealing their daily battles, and the despair of their heartbroken parents, who fear their lives could be cut short at any moment, as part of an annual fundraising campaign. Jeans for Genes Day hopes to fund charity work and provide grants to organisations hoping to transform the lives of children battling genetic disorders.

After being fitted with a pacemaker for heart failure, Pat Wilkinson, from Gloucester, was not expected to live for long. But now, thanks to a brand new treatment, she has a fresh lease of life.

Researchers at Aberdeen University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences led the rodent study, considered the largest of its kind. It was published in the journal Cell Metabolism.

Olivia Remes, a mental health researcher at the University of Cambridge, explains even non-lonely people can feel lonely after spending time with lonely people. But there are ways to change your mindset.

Dark urine is a sign of dehydration and this colour chart developed by UK sports drink company iPro Sport reveals whether or not you need to drink more water to keep healthy in hot weather.

4-month-old boy dies of meningitis coming into contact with an unvaccinated person

Four-month-old Killy Schultz had a fever after coming home from daycare in June. When his fever didn't break and he began developing a rash, his parents, from Chesterfield, Virginia, rushed him to the hospital. After running several tests, doctors at St Mary's Hospital in Richmond, Virginia, told them that Killy had contracted meningitis, an infection that affects the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (right). Killy was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit and, just 24 hours after his first symptoms appeared, he passed away. Doctors told Killy's parents that the baby likely contracted the infection from an asymptomatic carrier who hadn't received the meningitis vaccine. Now they hope to turn their tragedy into a message of awareness about the importance of vaccinations.

University Hospital Zurich experts analysed semen samples from 7,068 men undergoing fertility treatment to make the conclusion, published in the journal Chronobiology International.

UK-based wellness experts Nadia Narain and her sister Katia Narain Phillips reveal 11 top tips for feeling better in your own skin as they launch their new book, Self-Care for the Real World.

A new study, led by Ohio State University, has found that boys who have more self-control are less likely to be obese but that for girls, all the will power is not enough to prevent the risk of obesity.

WARNING, GRAPHIC CONTENT: The footage was filmed in Nghe An, a province in the north of the country, around 186 miles (300km) south of the capital Hanoi.

Woman, 29, has lumps sliced off her ears by Dr Pimple Popper after piercings left her

Amber, 29, from Los Angeles, (pictured left) developed keloid scars on both her earlobes after having piercings which healed badly. Dr Sandra Lee, aka Dr Pimple Popper, cut off the growths in her new show (pictured right), and says it has to be done delicately because keloids (inset), which are formed of overgrown scar tissue, can grow back out of damaged skin.

A study conducted by Prof Kevin Moore of the Royal Free Hospital in London followed three groups of women over the course of a month where they all gave up alcohol as part of a Channel 4 show.

Private clinics are tempting Britain’s ten million arthritis sufferers with a procedure called Lipogems which removes fat from a patient’s stomach and injects it into joints in the hope of regenerating cells.

Cancer survivor afraid his facial prosthetic may fall off in public

WARNING, GRAPHIC CONTENT: Sylvain Pharand (pictured left before his battle, inset during, and right after, fitted with his facial prosthetic), from Montreal, was told he had just six months to live when doctors told him a cyst in his left nostril was sinus and lymph node cancer. However, after a gruelling decade-long battle that involved around 125 sessions of radiotherapy, the father beat his cancer. But the 55-year-old, who once had a gaping hole in his face, has been left without a nose, left eye and cheek because of his traumatic ordeal. He was fitted with a facial prosthetic two years ago, but the heavy piece held on with glue regularly falls-off, causing him to feel ostracised in public.

For the past few weeks I’ve written about ways to age-proof your body. This week is all about the vital importance of keeping your blood sugar levels in check, writes DR MICHAEL MOSLEY.

MATT ROBERTS this week advises a 70-year-old man who is seeking advise about doing high-intensity interval training while on a bicycle, picture posed by model.

Mother-of-three, 32, dies days after giving birth to her son due to a pregnancy-related

A 35-year-old mother has died a week after giving birth to her third child due to a pregnancy-related infection. Lindsay Crosby, of Simsbury, Connecticut, had her first son, Nolan, on June 24. Eight days later, on July 2, she fell ill and was taken by ambulance to hospital, where she was diagnosed with group A Steptococcus and sepsis. On the afternoon of July 4, Lindsay passed away surrounded by her husband Evan, newborn Nolan, and daughters Finlay, five, and Sigrid, three (pictured together).

While he’s faced harsh criticism from some for leading the boys into the cave, to many Thais Ekapol Chanthawong, the 25-year-old coach of the Wild Boars team, is no less a hero than the rescuers.

Avocados are packed with fiber, potassium, vitamin C, and healthy fat that helps to lower your bad cholesterol levels. But one avocado is 300 calories, and you can get the benefits with much less.

How to prevent carbon monoxide in your home

In a domestic setting, sources of CO include gas heaters (with and without flues), gas stoves, wood or charcoal heaters, tobacco smoke, and infiltration of car exhaust from attached garages. Emissions in enclosed and unventilated domestic spaces can, and do, cause fatalities and hospitalizations. Christine Cowie, an air quality researcher at the University of Sydney, breaks down the risks of carbon monoxide poisoning and how to reduce those risks in your kitchen.

A recent survey found millions of us eat our emotions, and 60 percent don't know how to quit the habit. Psychologist Dr Meg Arroll explains how to work out your specific needs.

Researchers from the University of Sydney found that snacking on the popular citrus fruit reduces people's risk of developing age-related macular degeneration, which affects central vision.

Virginia teenager suffers blistering third-degree burns on his face and body after touching a toxic plant while weeding the garden for cash

Alex Childress, 17, who is gardening for his summer job in Fredericksburg, Virginia, saw a weed on Tuesday that looked like it should be pulled out. Unbeknownst to him, it was giant hogweed (file image, bottom right), an incredibly toxic plant that can cause blindness, burns and blistering with just one touch. When he arrived home and got in the shower, 'the skin on his face was basically peeling away and peeling off' (pictured, top right). His mother, a nurse, exclaimed at the sight of his waxy and peeling skin, and took him straight to the hospital where he became the first person ever diagnosed with a hogweed burn at Virginia Commonwealth University medical center (pictured, left, recovering days later).

The report commissioned by Andrew Cuomo found the drug does induce laziness, may damage the lungs and may exacerbate mental illnesses, but that the benefits outweigh the harms.

Researchers from Bristol University claim the increasing pressures of modern life are 'amplified' by pregnancy. Chronic stress, sleep deprivation and eating habits may also be to blame.

Experts say more people are struggling to sleep as the weather remains hot in the UK, because there are specific temperatures at which our bodies sleep best - they recommend freezing water bottles.

UK-based nutritionist Rick Hay reveals his secrets to staying sweat-free during hot summer days, and says eating light, refreshing meals and fruits is key to keeping your body cool.

Have YOU got type A blood? You're more likely to be bitten by a tick

Researchers in the Czech Republic uncovered proof ticks, which can carry the bacteria that causes Lyme disease, may prefer type A blood. Supermodel Bella Hadid has often spoken about her battle with Lyme.

Data from NHS England reveals two thirds of hospital trusts across the country are failing to meet targets of treating 92 per cent of patients within 18 weeks of them being referred by a doctor.

Condition left a New York teacher needing 19 hours of sleep A DAY

For six years, Kristen Devanna (right), 27, from Long Island, New York, suffered cracked skin, constantly feeling cold and fatigue so severe she needed to sleep within an hour of waking up (pictured inset battling fatigue). She was finally diagnosed with Hashimoto's disease in 2013. Despite seeing countless doctors, the literature teacher was unable to find a treatment that managed her condition, with medication and dietary changes being ineffective. She therefore took it upon herself to slowly rebuild her strength by working out in the gym regularly (pictured left after a session) and, as a result, has more energy than she has had in years.

Researchers from Paris 13 University found men and women who eat a healthy diet are significantly less likely to suffer from the symptoms of asthma, whether they have the condition already or not.

Footballers who could convincingly simulate or exaggerate pain such as Neymar (pictured) may have had a survival advantage, according to research from the University of Sussex.

Blinking when you hear a sudden loud noise is a natural reflex caused by the body trying to protect itself from falling or flying objects, according to a scientist at the University of Melbourne in Australia.

When looking at 25,000 GCSE students at 140 different schools across the UK, pupils that were using miniature chalkboards to answer questions performed much better academically (stock)

New York mother cares for her baby with Harlequin ichthyosis

Anna (right), from New York, suffers from Harlequin ichthyosis, which causes her red skin to shed every day, as well as putting the youngster at risk of life-threatening infections and respiratory failure. Mother-of-three Jennie (pictured in inset with her daughter as a newborn), 33, applies lotion to Anna's skin at least every six hours and has given up work as a farmer to care for her full time. Being in water makes Anna (left) more comfortable and less likely to scratch herself.

WARNING, GRAPHIC CONTENT: The woman is believed to be from Paimers, in the south west of France, 43 miles (69km) south of Toulouse. The tale was published in BMJ Case Reports.

Blogger becomes first UK woman to get a ÂŁ6K robotic hair transplant

EXCLUSIVE: Samantha Dewhurst, 25, from Manchester, explained how she first noticed her forehead area getting larger about 18 months ago, due to her hairline moving backwards (left, before the treatment). She attributes this hair loss to wearing a helmet while horse riding (top), explaining how scraping her locks back into a helmet leads to 'massive pressure on the hairline'. She said she is delighted with the results a month after the treatment (bottom), which she explained would help boost her confidence.

WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT. Sandra Lee, a famous internet dermatologist known as Dr Pimple Popper, met Melissa from Sioux Falls in South Dakota to remove a gigantic lipoma from her shoulder.

Boy, 5, remembered in tear-jerking hilarious obituary he wrote for himself

Garrett Michael Matthias (pictured) was diagnosed with an incredibly rare form of cancer, Stage 4 Alveolar Fusion Negative Rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS), in September last year. It had spread so far from his skull, hitting his cranial nerve and inner ear, that doctors told his parents Emilie and Ryan (pictured, inset, with Garrett and their daughter Delphina) there was no hope of saving him. Devastated, the couple started preparing for the end, which included asking him a series of questions so they would remember him in his own words. He died on June 6. Now, those words have been printed in the obituaries of their local funeral home in Van Meter, Iowa, ahead of his funeral on Saturday - and within days have become an internet sensation.

Researchers from Shahid Sadoughi University in Yazd, Iran, found that the popular milkshake allows athletes to intensely exercise for around six minutes longer than sports drink without tiring.

This comes after the Oxford University John Radcliffe and Churchill hospitals had four mishaps in May and June. One incident saw surgeons inserting an endoscopy into the wrong patient.

Head-hits are known to increase the risk of mental health issues and disorders like CTE which causes dementia. But a new South Carolina study shows that risk goes up in athletes with ADHD.

A new CDC report found that one in seven US children have hypertension. New guidelines released last year reclassified 800,000 children as having high blood pressure.

Women are making more of an effort than men, and richer people are more likely to make their weight a priority than lower-income people, the new CDC report found.

PT, 39, forgot this entire family after a cardiac arrest from overtraining stopped his

Garth Suthurst's (pictured left with his partner Sorrel Lewis, 36) heart stopped beating for more than 20 minutes on June 1. The 39-year-old fitness fanatic (inset), who is from Manchester but lives in Marbella, defied the odds after being just an eight per cent chance of survival. Although his family were elated when the father-of-one opened his eyes, their joy quickly turned to heartbreak when he was unable to recognise any of them. After a 35 day stint in hospital (right), Mr Suthurst has been allowed to return to home, with doctors saying he only survived due to him being so fit.

211,000  NHS patients have been waiting 6 MONTHS for treatment

Some 4.08 million patients in May were waiting to start treatment - the highest total since 4.19 million in August 2007, according to figures released today by NHS England.

Australia's fitting expert Esther Labi revealed how working out without a fitness bra can lead to pain and strain under the breasts, sagging and stretchmarks.

Southampton General Hospital researchers assessed 16,485 British adults over a three-year period to make the conclusion, published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research.

Researchers from Anglia Ruskin University found women from regions where alcohol consumption is high have greater iron levels in their bodies and are more likely to die from heart issues.

A 35-year-old French woman went to hospital complaining of feeling weak and the sensation of electric shocks in her legs, and was told she had tapeworm larvae infecting her spine.

According to an NHS email seen by journalists the health service is 'unlikely' to be able to extend the visas of trainee doctors from outside Europe, and is calling on private practices to step in.

Olympic gold medalist skier Kikkan Randall, 35, reveals breast cancer diagnosis

Olympic gold medalist Kikkan Randall has revealed that she's been diagnosed with breast cancer. The 35-year-old cross-country skier, known for her pink-highlighted hair, took to social media on Tuesday (right) to reveal the news. She has begun her first round of chemotherapy on Monday at the Providence Cancer Center in Anchorage, Alaska, and will receive chemotherapy every three weeks. Randall says the prognosis is good because it was 'caught early'. Randall has competed in five Olympic Winter Games, delivering the first gold medal for the US in cross-country skiing at at the Pyeongchang Games in February (inset) with her teammate Jessica Diggins. She is also the most-decorated American cross-country skier in history, winning 14 individual World Cup Races.

Researchers from Imperial College London found that for every 10 cigarettes smoked a day, the risk of suffering from atrial fibrillation, which is a cause of stroke, increases by 14 per cent.

Previous studies have shown benefits of 'getting bad things off your chest' in diary form. But a new study by Northumbria University shows that focusing on the positive reduces stress.

Swinburne University of Technology researchers tested cinnamaldehyde's ability to break up biofilms - which act as a shield against antibiotics - that form over bacteria to help it spread.

Girl who missed years of school fighting cancer is voted prom queen

Charlotte Jenkins, 16, from Stockport in Greater Manchester battled against a rare form of acute myeloid leukaemia to be able to sit her GCSEs and go to her end of school prom where her classmates voted her prom queen (right). After months of gruelling chemotherapy (pictured left), Charlotte lost her hair (pictured inset) and was left disabled but she is now in remission from the disease.

Cambridge University researchers discovered the sex of a baby controls levels of a metabolite that plays an important role in all bodily cells in the pregnant mother's blood.

Researchers from the University of Texas, Houston, found that eating full-fat dairy actually reduces the risk of dying from stroke by 42 percent. Yet guidelines recommend low-fat options.

Woman's urine infection turned out to be bladder cancer

Julie Morawaka, 55, a bank manager from Great Wakering in Essex, had her bladder, womb and part of her vagina removed after what she thought was a urine infection turned out to be bladder cancer. She was taken into hospital (pictured left) and kept in intensive care for two days after a 12 hour operation, then sent home on Christmas Eve. The op has left her with a catheter and she says her sex life as become difficult since (pictured right, Julie with partner Mike).

Maisie Doswell, 14, from Rye, East Sussex, is one of just 30-to-40 people in the world to suffer from Myhre syndrome, which caused her to grow pubic hair at six and start her period at seven.

Plastic surgeon on how Kylie Jenner's lip fillers are dissolved

Last week, Kylie Jenner posted a photo to Instagam (pictured), which revealed in the comments that she had her lip fillers removed. She has not revealed what fillers she used or what she used to dissolve them but Dr David Rapaport, a board-certified plastic surgeon in New York City, told Daily Mail Online that the process can be done via a one-time injection. The majority of fillers used in the lips are made of hyaluronic acid (HA) and the reverse injection contains an enzyme called hyaluronidase, which naturally dissolved HA.

The University of Pittsburgh study found that farmers are using feed that contains a type of synthetic flame retardant imported from countries 'without advanced food safety regulations'.

Tech workers have admitted to going on cocaine binges, checking their Apple Watches to monitor their state. But those devices only check heart rate, while cocaine triggers other effects.

Kings College London experts led the study, which involved scientists from German and Spanish universities. The findings were published in the Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics.

Researchers at Binghamton University in New York say people who live farther from the equator or who sleep more during the day are more likely to develop obsessive compulsive disorder.

Footballers who head the ball are at risk of balance problems because the impacts damage

Researchers from the University of Delaware in the US say repeatedly heading footballs can cause brain damage which can affect people's balance, thinking skills and memory. Researchers say when the ball bounces off the skull it can cause structural changes in the white matter of the brain, which affect the way the brain functions.

About one in five people are diagnosed with some form of skin cancer in their lifetime, and 100,000 Americans will be diagnosed with malignant melanoma, the most dangerous kind, in 2018.

Victoria woman diagnosed with breast cancer while pregnant at age 29

Liana Purser was diagnosed with Triple Negative Breast Cancer just one week after hearing her baby's heartbeat for the first time. As a fit and healthy young woman with no risk factors or genetic history of the disease, the 29-year-old's world was turned upside down as she faced the reality of undergoing chemotherapy while pregnant. Speaking to Daily Mail Australia, Ms Purser, from Victoria, shared her experience of battling cancer while preparing to become a mother.

Researchers from University College London found that women are only more likely to develop such conditions after IVF if they have other risk factors for them, such as a family history of cancer.

A national happiness survey has revealed that 45 to 59-year-olds are the most miserable in the country. Young educated, married people are thought to be among the happiest.

A new study, led by the University of Alabama, has found that both black men and women had a 1.5 to two times higher risk for hypertension compared with their white peers.

Scientists from Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center in Chicago found a link between high blood pressure and brain tangles, but taking blood pressure medications did not make any difference.

California woman says she was denied a manicure because of her Lupus

Jeniffer Dreyer Brown, from Laguna Niguel, California posted a Facebook video (left) in which she explained that she was left embarrassed and in tears after she was denied a manicure at a nail salon on Friday due to her scars from lupus. Lupus is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body's immune system to attack your own tissues and organs. Exposure to sunlight may trigger skin lesions in those who have lupus, the same condition Brown experienced when she visited the salon. The manicurists refused to serve Brown, citing her blistered skin as the reason. An attorney for Happy Nails (inset) said the employees likely did not know that lupus is not contagious.

A man asked users of an online forum if they also have so-called 'p*** shivers' after his girlfriend told him releasing urine causes her to experience shivers 'from her spine to her head'.

Bologna University scientists led the study of nearly 1,150 volunteers, believed to be the first long-term analysis of the diet's impact of bone health in older adults.

Researchers from the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, claim that colour X-rays allow doctors to identify markers of diseases, such as raised fat and calcium levels.

Researchers from the Autonomous University of Barcelona found that injecting a hormone, known as FGF21, causes weight loss and greater insulin sensitivity in rodents.

Hemsworth mother releases scan of a HUGE fracture in her son's skull

Vicki Riley is issuing the warning after her 13-year-old son, Jack, (pictured together right) was knocked off his bike and nearly died in the arms of an off-duty policewoman near his home. The teenager was riding with friends when he was involved in the accident earlier this month, in which he landed head first and was knocked unconscious. Jack (a picture of his skull after his surgery inset), of Hemsworth in West Yorkshire, sustained an incredibly serious skull fracture as a result of not wearing his helmet. He was taken to hospital by helicopter and rushed into theatre for surgery, where doctors spent five hours fixing the break. Now recovering at home, Ms Riley has released a horrific scan (left) showing the extent of his injuries, to shock other parents into action.

EXCLUSIVE Researchers from the Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, found that compounds in jujube fruits programme lung, breast and prostate cancer cells to kill themselves in the lab.

Megan Lee, a psychology tutor at Southern Cross University, warns restrictive lifestyles fuel obsession that lead to weight gain and breaks down healthier habits that will control your waistline.

Tiny baseball fan throws out MLB first pitches with robotic hand

Hailey Dawson, an 8-year-old from Las Vegas (top right, with her parents and brother), was born with Poland Syndrome, a rare disorder in which people are born with missing or underdeveloped muscles on one side of the body. She does not have a right pectoral muscle, which led to the underdevelopment of her right hand, which is missing three fingers (bottom right). That hasn't slowed her down, however, and her mother contacted the engineering team at UNLV to create a robotic hand - which she's using to throw out pitches at every Major League ballpark across the country

It is a curiosity but not a question you're likely to ask your doctor - Kim Murphy, a researcher from Monash University in Australia, explains why green snot means your immune system's working.

Public Health England figures show 26,745 have been struck down by scarlet fever already this year, after 27 just weeks. Cases of measles are twice as high as last year.

The 'little scarecrow' with an untameable mane: Youngster has uncombable hair syndrome

Holly Wright (left), four, from Northallerton, North Yorkshire, has uncombable hair syndrome, which is thought to affect only 100 people worldwide and counts Albert Einstein as a sufferer. The youngster's thick, wiry frizz resembles the tresses of Boris Johnson (right).

A healthy diet doesn't always mean you need to give up your favourite foods. Australian dietitian Dr Joanna McMillan reveals chocolate and wine are just some you can eat for a longer life.

Researchers from Harvard University in Massachusetts have developed a new optical illusion that will have you questioning the difference between blue and purple.

Mom explains why she shared photo of her daughter's final moments

Casey Dagget, from Fairport, New York, is opening up about her decision to share a heartbreaking photo of the final moments of her five-year-old daughter, Zoey, before she passed away from cancer on July 4 (left). 'I shared it because even though it's a painful moment it's a beautiful moment in our eyes,' she said. Zoey (right) was diagnosed with an inoperable brain tumor known as Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) in July 2016 after she took a fall at park and was limping afterward. She underwent immunotherapy treatment that originally shrunk the cancerous cells, but they soon returned. No other drugs worked and Zoey's symptoms started to worsen in June 2017. Casey said the family spent their daughter's final day watching her favorite movies and singing different songs. She hopes the photo gives hope to other fighting the same disease.

Researchers at Leeds University tested more than 300 children aged four to 11 with a series of computer tasks and found pupils with good coordination were months ahead of their peers.

Mother-to-be shares a photo of her hairy stomach during pregnancy

The list of possible pregnancy side effects are endless. From excess sweating to black belly buttons, enlarged breasts, a sore tailbone, and even moving teeth, it varies for every pregnant woman, and certainly doesn't end there. It turns out hairy bellies can also pop up - which is exactly what journalist, Monique Bowley (right and stomach, left), is experiencing. The hairy surprise came along as early as her first trimester, but hasn't yet shifted, some 25 weeks later.

The paper by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham looked at data on 2,000 people over 12 years and found supplements had no impact at all on heart health.

The research by McGill University shows that a short jog or cycle ride helps to lock-in your memory of what you just learned by increasing brain connectivity and efficiency.

Horrific video shows mosquitoes trying to reach human skin through a net - so how DO you repel them? Two experts offer their top tips

Horrifying video has captured mosquitoes trying to reach and bite human skin through a net. The clip, filmed by a biologist from the University of Melbourne in Australia, shows the insects repeatedly trying to pierce the net with their proboscises, or mouths. According to the CDC, 2018 is set to be the worst yet for illnesses transmitted from mosquito bites, so how can you repel those pesky bugs? Daily Mail Online spoke to two experts about what you can do to protect yourself. They recommend using repellents with ingredients approved by the EPA including DEET, oil of lemon eucalyptus, picaridin and IR3535. Gadgets such as sonic devices and 'bug-repellent' bracelets are ineffective. For clothing, they say to wear loose long sleeves and long pants with socks that you can tuck the pants into.

Australian researchers purposely bred around 20 million non-biting male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes for the experiment. The killer insects were infected with Wolbachia bacteria, which renders them sterile.

Researchers at Washington University in St Louis are starting a trial to examine whether reducing people's calorie intake could help to relieve their multiple sclerosis symptoms.

Scientists at the University of Washington have shown we could target a neuron rather than estrogen levels with drugs. Hormone replacement therapy reduces hot flashes but increases stroke risk.

NJ man may lose all his limbs to flesh-eating bacteria after crab-fishing

WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT Angel Perez, 60, of Millville, Jersey, was catching crabs last week off the Maurice River (right). The next day, the lower half of his right leg was in severe pain and swelling. Within hours, both arms and legs had swelled in size and blisters had formed all over his body. He was rushed to Cooper University Hospital (left) where he was diagnosed with Vibrio necrotizing fasciitis, a flesh-eating bacteria found in warm coastal waters. His daughter says the infection has spread to all of her father's limbs and his blood, and his arms and legs have turned black in color (inset, leg). Doctors have put Perez on antibiotics and are waiting to see if responds. If he doesn't, they may have to amputate all of his limbs.

Dr Petrina Craine, an emergency medicine resident physician in Oakland, California, warned speleonosis, or cave disease, can cause death, in extreme circumstances.

An unnamed woman, believed to be from the UK, took advantage of the leap year tradition and popped the question to her boyfriend one February 29. While in her vagina, the egg got stuck.

Woman's tells of how her itchy skin turned out to be cancer

Lauren Chiarello, 33 (left and right), from New York City, was experiencing severe itchy skin back in 2007. After visiting several doctors and undergoing a battery of tests, she discovered she had Hodgkin's lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system that affects white blood cells. She underwent chemotherapy and was in remission by August 2008. However, in January 2009, she discovered her cancer had returned. This time, she underwent radiation, a stem-cell transplant and high-dose chemotherapy in order to treat the cancer. After being declared cancer-free in May 2009, she was inspired to become a fitness instructor, hosting classes that raise money for cancer research and in hopes of spreading information about the warning signs to look out for before it's too late.

A woman went to A&E; at North Middlesex University Hospital in North London after she blew her nose so hard it bled and her eye became painful and swollen because she had broken her eye socket.

Researchers at the University of California say a chemical from curry powder - curcumin - can potentially make cancer drugs more powerful and slow the growth of cancerous tumours.

'He would be out of his depth in a puddle if it ever rained again': Twitter users deliver their scathing verdict on the appointment of Matt Hancock as new Health and Social Care Secretary

Jeremy Hunt (right) last night became the new Foreign Secretary, spelling the end of the longest-serving Health Secretary. Former Culture Secretary Matt Hancock (left) took over the reign at the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) in the cabinet reshuffle. Social media erupted at the news, as Prime Minister Theresa May moved to steady the ship as she continues to fight for her political life. Mr Hunt's reign has seen him weather a series of political storms and also some of the worst performance statistics on record. Twitter users described Mr Hunt's promotion as the 'best birthday present' for the NHS, following its celebrations for its 70th year of existence last week. Others shared GIFs of nurses celebrating in a corridor, jokingly captioned with their relief of Mr Hunt's departure.

Neither exposure to dust from the site, nor depression explained the elevated risk, researchers note in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Married couples are less likely to suffer from broken bones in their old age, a study has found, and experts think it might be because they are better at taking care of their health and live less risky lives.

UK girl born without an eye has one created from her own STOMACH FAT

Three-year-old Myah Hauxwell (left, pictured before recent surgery, and right, before she was given the prosthetic eyes), from Mansfield, Nottingham, was born with microphthalmia, or small eye syndrome, which has left her blind in one eye. Doctors fitted her with a prosthetic when the youngster was just one-year-old, however, the weight of it caused one side of her face to collapse. Worried the drooping may become permanent and cause Myah daily pain, medics fitted her with a second prosthetic made out of lightweight 1mm-thick stomach fat on June 27. Although the four-hour operation to fit the prosthetic (inset) was a success, Myah, who will always be partially blind, will require a new eye at least every two years as she continues to grow.

Many people struggle with dieting and find they don't lose weight as quickly or as effectively as they had hoped. Psychologist Louise Atkinson writes for Healthista to explain why your diet isn't working.

The tiny metal tube is a type of stent, very similar to those implanted in thousands of people in the UK every year to open up clogged arteries.

FEMAIL rounds up signs that a dish has a lot of calories. Diners shouldn't assume salads are the healthiest option, since toppings and dressing can make them more calorie than burgers.

Nearly a third of trainee doctors in the UK are exhausted before they even start work, and a quarter feel burnt out by their jobs, according to a poll by the General Medical Council.

How a mother saved her son from sepsis

When Oliver Leather (left with his mother Victoria, and right in hospital), from Cheltenham, cut his knee during pre-season rugby training, the 1cm gash on the inside of his left leg, caused by a player's stud, looked like a run-of-the-mill sports injury. It later developed into a near-deadly case of sepsis. His mother, Victoria, recognised the symptoms as that of 'silent killer' sepsis

Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, believe the interactions with acquaintances protect against stress and encourage people to lead healthier lifestyles.

A mother has taken to parenting forum Netmums to ask for advice after her husband accused her of risking their unborn baby's health because she drank two glasses of wine in one night.

Leading doctors have called for women to be allowed to take abortion pills at home. Currently, women are required to take the two tablets in a clinic or hospital supervised by a nurse.

NHS England and the Department of Health and Social Care has accepted an immediate suspension of vaginal mesh for the procedure, called for by Baroness Julia Cumberlege.

Sexologist Dr Nikki Goldstein on how to make a 'sleep break-up' work

Snoring, different snooze patterns, insomnia and blanket stealing... the pesky bedtime habits are causing disruption between the sheets. And so it's no wonder sleep-deprived couples are considering a night apart by disappearing into their own bedrooms so they can enjoy a good shut eye. Nearly 200,000 Australian couples are now sleeping in separate beds to get away from their partner's distracting habits, a new study has found. Sydney's sexologist Dr Nikki Goldstein said sleeping in separate bedrooms can be good for your relationship if you approach it the right way.

Palliative sedation is when a patient who is terminally is given enough sedatives to render them unconscious. Although it is legal in all 50 states, it is controversial and some liken it euthanasia.

The Yale University researchers insist their measurements offer the most accurate and easy-to-interpret result of any study to date since they used factors measured in an annual physical.

A new study conducted by the Mayo Clinic and the National Institute on Aging has found that two existing drugs could extend your lifespan by getting rid of cells that excrete toxic chemicals in the body.

The woman called the emergency services at 3pm on Monday from her home in Madrid saying she had been cleaning for two hours and felt faint. She was found in cardiac arrest and later declared dead.

SECRETS OF AN A-LIST BODY: How to get Sandra Bullock’s waistline

Bullock reportedly works out for an hour a day, six days a week, also packing in yoga, conditioning work and Pilates. Here's how you can replicate her shape.

To give your health an extra boost, put the vegetable peeler back in the drawer - for those skins, stalks and scrappy bits we chop off fruit and vegetables are often the healthiest bits of all.

High-tech cancer treatment that saved Ashya King is in Britain

Simon Hardacre, from Gloucestershire, was treated at the Rutherford Cancer Centre in Newport, South Wales, which started giving patients proton beam therapy in April. Other private centres are being built at Liverpool and Reading.

The Zurich ETH University research suggests that when people make love in a colder climate their children will be blessed by carrying more of a substance called brown fat.

The King's College London study - funded by official bodies including the Food Standards Agency and Medical Research Council - could lead to a change in infant feeding guidelines.

A new study from the University of Washington and the University of Surrey has found that working night shift disrupts the peripheral clocks found in your body's tissues such as the liver and pancreas.

Dentists must restrict the use of mercury amalgam fillings in children under 15, and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, because they are 'vulnerable groups'. Here's why...

Surgeon who works day and night to help women in pain

Dr Sohier Elneil, from London, is the latest medical professional to be nominated for our annual NHS Health Heroes award. This is her extraordinary story...

Researchers at Kaiser Permanente and Emory University studied 100,000 people for the first ever study on the risk of hormone therapy in transgender men and women.

Researchers from Oxford University found that injecting a protein after heart attacks significantly reduces the amount of damaged heart muscle and allows the organ to pump as normal.

Surgeon to the stars Dr Kristi Funk reveals secrets of keeping your breasts healthy for

As a breast cancer surgeon, who has helped tens of thousands of women navigate breast health issues - including stars like Angelina Jolie and Sheryl Crow - I have seen that we can reduce our breast cancer risk in achievable and dramatic ways.That's why I've written my book - Breasts: An Owner's Manual. Rigorous science and first-hand experience back up everything I know to be true about breast cancer risk reduction and care. I've operated on breasts for 22 years and was Director of Patient Education at the Breast Center at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles for seven years. In that time I delved into risk reduction and discovered all sorts of lifestyle game changers.

The Daily Mail's resident GP answers your health concerns. This week, he focuses on excessive gas and the devastation of being diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.

Tocilizumab, a drug that targets a chemical responsible for inflammation, could help countless people with giant cell arteritis (GCA).

Retired magician shares his solitary journey with MALE breast cancer

The odds of a man getting breast cancer are one in 1,000. Retired magician Khevin Barnes (right) became that 'one' when he was diagnosed with the disease in 2014. The cancer rarely strikes men, and often proves deadly for them because it gets caught too late, but his wife, Gaga (left of right), told him to have the 'tiny bump' in his left breast tissue checked out. Within a month, Khevin was given a mastectomy (inset), but opted out of chemotherapy. Four years later, the 68-year-old is thriving in Arizona and proudly posing shirtless and writing to raise awareness about the cancer he once thought he couldn't get.

Anna Beale, a PhD candidate in cardiology at Monash University, and Shane Nanayakkara, a cardiologist at Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, explain what a normal heart rate is.

The findings by British and Canadian scientists could be a game-changer for the hard-to-treat cancer, allowing doctors to monitor patients' risks in the same way that polyps can be red flags for colon cancers.

Rescued Thai cave boys could face a lifetime of traumatic memories

Dr Jennifer Wild, a consultant clinical psychologist at the Oxford Centre for Anxiety Disorders & Trauma, said such scenarios may bring back traumatic memories for the football team.

The Lancet - considered one of the most-well known journals - made the rare step of taking down both studies authored by the 59-year-old Italian Paolo Macchiarini.

The updated guidelines are scheduled to be presented to all WHO member states at their annual assembly in May 2019. It is aimed the new classifications will come into effect in 2022.

Nutritionist shares the foods you should eat and avoid at night

Everyone loves an after dinner snack, but there are a number of popular treats that are significantly impacting the quality of your sleep. Australian dietitian, Susie Burrell, revealed in a blog post that there are certain foods people should eat if they want to get a good night's rest and particular meals that they should avoid.

Researchers from the University of Barcelona found that donning a virtual-reality headset that makes users look like the famous physicist causes them to score better on cognitive tests.

Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology created a therapy that only targets immune cells that work to fight off tumours and therefore avoids the side effects of treating all cells.

Greek boys are the most obese, reveals EU-funded report

EU-funded researchers created a map to show the worrying rates of childhood obesity across the continent. Rates of obesity in boys are highest in Greece, where more than a third of 11 year olds are either obese or overweight. Ireland, Denmark and the Netherlands have the lowest rates, ranging from between 13 and 15 per cent. Obesity in childhood can light the fuse for a lifetime of deadly ailments, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

NHS Trusts are buying four-packs of whiteboard markers for up to £2.10 when they could be purchased on the High Street for £1.04, according to Freedom of Information disclosures.

Sarah Ann Matthews, who had Alzheimers and was 91 when she died, allegedly sustained injuries due to negligence at the Mersey Parks care home in Toxteth, Liverpool.

Today's installment is a ten-point plan of well-proven ways to ensure you keep a youthful mind - and perhaps even stave off dementia.

WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT Kamal Prajapat, 25, was returning home from a wedding at around 12.15am on Friday when a loaded lorry hit his car in Ajmer, India, while attempting to overtake.

Mini European kiwi berries called Nergi fruit arrive in UK

Nergi fruit (left and right on toast) will launch in three major supermarkets from September in the UK, including at M&S.; They have been grown in Asia for 1,000 years but have only recently come to Europe. High in fibre, they contain just 52 calories per 100g and have lots of vitamin C and they are considered 'nutrient-dense'. But two nutritionists say that they cannot be classed as a 'superfood' because eating a lot of them won't give you miracle health benefits.

The cardiac team at University Southampton Hospital

UK doctors have become the first in the world to implant a new pacemaker which can be monitored by the patient's smartphone using Bluetooth technology.

A British study of 1.4 million patients in 22 countries, which found strong evidence that those who see the same doctor at each appointment are far less likely to die than those who don't.


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