and Hannah Clark Baker of Halifax Co., VA. and Garrard Co., KY.
Cleveland, Colquitt, Cooksey, Colvin, Corley, Fuqua. Gardner, Gifford,
Green, Griffith, Hale, Hamlett, Hanks, Hay, Herron, Hicks,
House, Hubbard, Huff, Huffman, Hungate, Ison, Kendall, Kilburn,
Laughlin, Lee, Litterel (al), Lyon, McGhee, McMannis, Moore, Ogg,
Rice, Robards, Shinn, Shipman, Skaggs, Sneed, Stone, Steele, Sturges,
Taylor, Tandy,Votaw, Warren, Wright.
those women and men who married into this Baker line in the 1700s,
1800s and early 1900s.
Recent names are not included.
than 80,000 people
have visited this site
since its inauguration in August 1998
Web Site Awards
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Click on Surname for extensive list
June 2009, we lost two dear members of this family:
Thomas Everett Baker, a native of Louisville, KY.
Professor, Stephen F. Austin College, Sherman, TX.
Stone, Oswego, OR., an avid Baker/Rice/Stone genealogist
Clickon title to
to the section.)
Early History of This Baker Line
Generations of this line, #1 through # 5
E-Mail Lists (For posting queries)
Genealogical Sources on the Net
On-Line Genealogy Newsletters
List of My BAKER "Cousins" with thanks to all of them who
contributed information to my tree
with Notes from Kentucky's Frontier History
Family in Virginia:
Baker, as of now,
is first found in Surry Co., VA. We as yet have no idea where nor when
he was born. There appears to have been at least five Martin
in Colonial VA.; at least two of those, however, may have been the same
man living in different locations. Also several Martin Bakers are
listed as passengers on ships arriving from England from the early to
mid 1700s. Nothing more is known about them. Records are often
non-existant because thirty nine VA. court houses were either burned by
the British in the War of 1812 or burned, at least in part, by accident
Martin moved from Surry Co. to Brunswick Co. around 1763. During that time, he married
Hannah Ann Clark(e).
No marriage bond
has been found
for them. Nor do we know much
about her family. We do
she appears in
records as Hannah, sometimes as Ann. In court records,
both names are used. She
brother, Francis, who later
moved to Kentucky. Nothing more
has been learned about him because his is such a common name.
There are many Francis Clarks in early KY.
In Brunswick Co., Martin is
several times in the Church of England's vestry minutes as having made
repairs on the glebe (parsonage); thus it is probable that he
was a member of
the Church of England at that time.
From Brunswick, Martin and Hannah moved
Halifax Co., VA. about 1775 (Court records in Brunswick Co. confirm
this). There the
family lived on Miry Creek according to an early map. By the time the family lived in
Co., however, they may have become Baptists because the marriages of
their children do not appear to have have been performed by Anglican
ministers since there is no mention of the family in the detailed
there. In most of the colonial period, Baptist ministers were forbidden
to practice religion by The Church of England
(the official church of VA.), and many were jailed. Even so, in the
Colony of Virginia,
Baptist ministers were preaching before the 1770s, and many secretly married
couples but kept no records.
Martin's oldest daughter,
Susannah, born in 1755, (source:
military pension application) married Ransom(e) Colquitt Co. in Halifax Co. in 1785. (Both Ransome
and Susannah received Revolutionary
War pensions. Ransome in his application lists many Revolutionary War
battles in which he fought; he lost the use of one arm from a musket
shot and also one eye.) He twice enlisted in the
Virginia Continental Line.
Susannah and Ransom Colquitt had
five children, and many of their descendants have been found. Susannah died in Kanawha Co., VA. (later W. VA.)
in the spring of 1845. Her will is posted on the Kanawha County
descendants of daughter, Anna, who had married and moved to Texas, have
been located. Apparently
Henrietta died soon
after marriage; she and William may have had a daughter, Susannah R.,
named in one court document as being an orphan. Nothing more is
known about her.
was a witness at
of her sister, Susannah and Ransome Colquitt in Halifax Co. (Court
records). The couple soon moved just over the border to Rockingham,
N.C. Later in 1815 in KY., records show also that
Ransome was the bondsman in the marriage of his daughter, Cassandra
Cabot Colquitt to James'
Martin, who was her first cousin! Letters to the family from
Martin Baker Stone, a grandson
of Martin, who moved to Santiago, Chile, S.A. state that indeed, cousin
Henrietta Maria married
Hamlett in 1786 according to Halifax Court
records. Son, James
Fuqua, daughter of William Fuqua.
Another daughter, Elizabeth,
died at age 18. There likely was an oldest son, John, who
remained in Brunswick Co. where he married a Harris. Susannah named a
brother, John, in her will.
Move to Kentucky:
About 1788, Martin
moved with son, James and his wife, Elizabeth, to Garrard
VA., they sold their household belongings to
and son-in-law, William Hamlett. Since Halifax Co. is on the N.C.
border, in all probability, they walked and/or rode horseback via The
Wilderness Road and then through Cumberland Gap. In the 1780s, it was
only a trail,
not wide enough for a wagon. It was the only land route
KY. at that time.
All of the river routes were too far to the north to be
feasable for a family from Southern VA. to use. They
most likely traveled with a sizable group because Indian attacks still
were frequent. KY., in fact, was known then as "The Bloody Land."
They may have traveled with a group of
the influx of settlers during this period in Garrard Co. were nearly
VA. Baptists moving west to seek religious freedom.
They resented having to pay taxes in VA. to support the state church,
The Church of England (later the Episcopal Church). Could that be why
Martin and his family moved? Indeed later generations were
Baptists. The grandson of this Martin, also named Martin, was active in the Baptist Church in Garrard Co.
received or purchased
a KY. land grant of 1,200 acres in Anderson Co.,
but somehow lost it. As yet we do not know
In Lincoln Co. (Later: Garrard Co.), the family lived on Sugar
Creek, a few miles from
where Martin and James ran a gristmill. Martin died in
1820, leaving a
and an estate of $200. Both Martin and Hannah are thought to
in Garrard Co., but their grave sites are unknown.
By 1843, son, James,
in Anderson Co.
, where he deeded land there to son, Beverly, and his
wife, Isabel Sneed. He also owned land in Mercer Co. He
died in 1845
and is likely bured in Anderson or Mercer Counties, though neither
burial site nor last will and testament has been found for
him. So far, the name of his wife
been proved beyond a doubt. (There were about four Elizabeth Fuquas in
Colonial VA.) Records state that a James Baker did marry an Elizabeth
Fuqua in Charlotte Co., VA. This Elizabeth inherited two slaves
from her father, William and a few years later, James sold two slaves
by the same name in Garrard Co., KY. But some researchers claim that it
our James Baker who married Elizabeth Fuqua.
late Joan Colbert Gioe published a booklet of
Garrard Co. vital statistics in which she named husband and wife,
and Elizabeth Fuqua Baker," nine times as the parents of
nine newborns. But, sadly, she
did not include
the sources for her information, and so far they
have not been located. Not all of those children have been traced; some
likely died young.
There is also an indication that James may have had a second wife
late in life.
Bakers Move West:
By the 1830s, members of this Baker family began moving once more.
After the death of is first wife, Martin II married Eliza Rice, a
sister of the wife of his brother, Thomas, and then they moved to
MO. Some of his children moved to TX. and to CA. Today more
of Martin have been located in many states and even
Chile and Argentina, South America.
Results: Recently, two male descendants of
Martin Baker have had their DNA tested by Family Tree DNA, and the
results prove that this Baker family is related to the
Humphrey Baker line. Humphrey came first to Maryland from
Stourbridge, Worchester, England
indentured servant and after six years, settled in Virginia where he
was married to an Anna, last name unknown. Eventually,
he too moved
to Kentucky. So far, his exact kinship to Martin has not been
there are many possibilities. If you are
interested in knowing
more about the use of DNA testing to determine family
connections, see the
below shows the route
that the early settlers had to take from Virginia through the
Gap (The dotted red line).
More than 70,000
had trudged through the gap before Kentucky became a state in 1792.
Great Valley Road went south through
and later, at some still uncertain point, became known as the
Road. The trail went south and then west into the northern
edge of Tennessee and back up into Kentucky. Garrard Co. is
located west of Logan's Fort (The town, Stanford). Logan's Fort
no longer exists.
most likely the route that Martin and
his family took. They would
have traveled north and west from Halifax County to
connect with the trail. At Logan's Fort, they would have gone
west to Garrard Co. There is some indication that James and his
family went immediately to Garrard Co., KY., but that Martin and his
wife remained in Tennessee for a year or more before continuing to
Garrard Co. where they lived for the reminder of their lives.
The Notch in the Appalachian Chain
Known as Cumberland Gap
These mountains are not high, but, as you can see, the sides are
View of the Gap and the trail from atop the mountain
You can see why this chain also is called the Smoky Mountains
Today Cumberland Gap is a national park with a visitors
detailing the difficulties of the early trek. The original
trail has been restored
so that hikers may follow in the footsteps of
For autos, a four lane highway now goes through a tunnel in the
Gap National Park Web Page
far, more than 2,850
of Martin's have been located in many states---from KY. to CA., and
in Chile, and Argentina, South America. (Martin Baker Stone and his
James Tully Stone, both born in KY., moved to Chile before 1900 to
bridges for the government. James later moved to Argentina.)
Please note that not all
generations of the
are listed here; generations # 6, 7, 8, and 9 are not included in
order to omit the living. (You may contact me if you wish me to send
those generations privately.)
there are more than a dozen descendants of this Baker line researching
the family. Though
we Baker descendants
always careful to seek documentation, there still can be no
that all of the information contained herein is correct.
records often show conflicting information, as well as variations in
spelling of names. Nor have all data sources been included here
order to save space.
genelogical research, no fact is ever an absolute!
E. A. Kaspar
the lives and subculture of the "Borderers" (the group to which this
Baker line likely belonged) from Great Britain, as well
as other group of early English settlers, is ALBION'S SEED: FOUR
FOLKWAYS IN AMERICA by David Hackett Fischer, Oxford University Press,
1989, available in paperback or hard cover.
early American Migration routes, see William Dollarhide's book,
TO AMERICAN MIGRATION ROUTES 1735-1815. Published by Heritage Quest in
Bountiful, Utah, 1997, in paperback.
research, verification and reverification are a must!
have any additional information regarding this Baker line, or if you
further information please contact:
Iris Baker Wilson
Genealogy---it's only an
to call up tree : Baker
1 through # 5
have asked them BEFORE they died!
Baker Web Pages Listing this
(I am not
responsible for the
validity nor reliability of documentation on these sites.)
you have a
web page for this Baker line, please send me your URL.
Partin's line via James, Beverly and Charles
in this gene pool!
is such a
there are probably hundreds of unrelated Baker lines in
U.S. (Just in
Virginia, there were at
least 5 Martin Bakers and
others were in MD. and PA.!) Continued
may someday connect some of the lines, but most were never
been the staff of life, there were many bread bakers all
Europe whose occupations eventually became their surnames. The name,
Baker, is from the Saxon word, "becan," meaning to
dry with heat.
The 1990 U.S. Census listed 427,501 Bakers. In the 1700s, 10,358
Bakers were in the Colonies/states, and in the 1600s in the Colonies
there were 3,055 Bakers! (According to the web page Bakers: One
Is it any wonder that pursuing
Baker ancestors is a daunting task!
Have you ever
noticed in your
research, how many thousands of our ancestors
came over on the
hide and seek. They hide; I seek!
Specific E-Mail Lists
for posting queries
Every family tree
lemons, some nuts and some bad apples!
Genealogical Sources on the Net
in the trees!
List of Genealogical Sites---more than 255,000+ Links
Tree Maker's GenForum
Eastman's Genealogy Newsletter
Search Engine: I Found It, etc
Project Home Page
Genealogy Chat Room: open 24 hours a Day, 7 Days a Week
of Virginia (Excellent source for VA. genealogy)
said, "Seek and ye
find" was NOT a genealogist!
On-Line Genealogical Newsletters
Genealogy Column for Ancestry
Family Tree Magazine
Footnote (by subscription)
Everton's Genealogical Helper
Blog for Family Tree Maker
in mind that
genealogy is mythology!
to the memory of Edith Baker Kaspar, Martin and Hannah's
who spent much of her life searching for his origins and his
wish to express my thanks to all of my Baker cousins around the U.S.
have contributed genealogical information for my file. Many of
I have met only on the Net and hope to meet in person. All
the following are descended from Martin and Hannah's son, James.
Preston (Baker dau. in
& Susan McCracken
Clint & Martha
gave me the autobiography
of my Great Aunt, Julia Baker)
firmly believe that many of my ancestors
have been in the Witness Protection Program!
For this Web page, my thanks to
Copyright 1998, E. A. Kaspar,
all rights reserved
I used to have a life,
then I started