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The Cloisters. Basilica Of Saint Paul-Without-The-Walls, Rome. Author: Dnalor 01. Licence (CC-BY-SA 3.0). Wikimedia Commons.

Friday, 18 September 2020

Ember Friday In September.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Ember Friday in September.

Station at The Twelve Apostles.

Violet Vestments.


Iona Abbey,
Scotland.


As on the other Ember Fridays during the year, The Station is held at the Church of The Holy Apostles, in Rome.

The Epistle reminds us of the words of the Prophet, Osee, to Israel: "Be Converted to The Lord thy God, since thy iniquity has caused thee to fall." And Osee announces that The Almighty, seeing the spirit of Prayer and Penance of the Israelites, will heal their bruises and turn away His anger from them.



Basilica of The Twelve Apostles,
Rome, Italy.
Photo: 20 July 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: SteO153.
(Wikimedia Commons)

A fine harvest of olives, wheat, and wine; that is to say, the riches of The Autumnal Season, consecrated to God by The September Ember Days; Blessings from on high are thus promised symbolically to The Chosen People.

What God did for repentant Israel, The Saviour did for Mary Magdalen, who, says the Gospel, "was pardoned many sins because she had loved much" (Gospel). And The Church Ordains her Priests during these days of Penance, so that they may repeat throughout the Centuries their Master's example, and pardon those who repent.

Mass: Laetétur cor.
Second Collect: A cunctis.
Third Collect: At the option of the Priest.
Common Preface.



THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL



THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL

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Saint Joseph Of Cupertino. Confessor. Feast Day, Today, 18 September.



Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Joseph of Cupertino.
   Confessor.
   Feast Day 18 September.

Double.

White Vestments.


English: Saint Joseph of Cupertino is lifted in flight
at the sight of The Basilica of Loreto
Italiano: S. Giuseppe da Copertino si eleva in volo
alla vista della Basilica di Loreto.
Artist: Ludovico Mazzanti (1686-1775).
Date: 18th-Century.
Current location: Church of Saint Joseph of Cupertino, Osimo, Italy.
Source/Photographer:
(Wikimedia Commons)

A humble son of Saint Francis, whose Stigmata we Commemorated yesterday, Saint Joseph also glorifies The Cross of Jesus, which The Liturgy exalted, recently, on 14 September (The Exaltation of The Holy Cross).

Like the Seraphic Patriarch, he strove to remain attached to The Cross by absolute Poverty, heroic Obedience, and Virginal Purity.

Such was his spirit of sacrifice and Prayer, that he accepted with Holy Patience and great serenity to be misunderstood and calumniated (Offertory). Wherefore, God, Who exalts the humble, caused him to pass from the rank of Brother to that of Clerk and to be made a Priest.

He wrought such Miracles that he implored Heaven to withdraw from him the remarkable powers with which he was endowed. He died a Holy Death at Osimo, Italy, in 1663.

Mass: Diléctio Dei.
Gospel: Loquebátur Jesus.


The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Joseph of Cupertino, O.F.M. Conv. (Italian: Giuseppe da Copertino) (17 June 1603 – 18 September 1663) was an Italian Conventual Franciscan Friar who is honoured as a Christian Mystic and Saint. He was said to be prone to miraculous levitation and intense ecstatic visions that left him gaping.


English: The Nave,
Altarpiece: The Miracle of Saint Joseph of Cupertino.
Français: La partie droite de la nef de la
Tableau du retable: Le miracle de
Italiano: Il lato destro della navata della
Pala d'altare: Il miracolo di Giuseppe da Copertino da Giuseppe Nogari.
Photo: 30 May 2016.
Source: Own work.Author: Didier Descouens
(Wikimedia Commons)

Thursday, 17 September 2020

Ice-Cutter. Rat-Catcher. Lamp-Lighter. Bowling-Alley-Pinsetter. Switch-Board-Operator. Knocker-Upper. Jobs From Yesteryear.


This Article is taken from, and can be read in full at, SHARENATOR



Ice Cutters: These were men who cut the ice from frozen lakes. Once cut up, they would transfer their product to the ice delivery men. These ice cutters worked in extreme conditions. Most of them were happy when more people started using the refrigerator for keeping their food safe.



Rat-Catchers: Keeping the rat population under control was practised in Europe to prevent the spread of diseases to man, most notoriously
The Black Plague, and to prevent damage to food supplies.



Lamplighter: Was a person who would go around the City, at night,
and light all the Lamps by hand. They usually held out a long Pole,
with a Wick on the end, to light the Street Lamps.



Bowling Alley Pinsetter: Before Bowling Alleys had machines to reset their Pins, there were people who did it, called “Pinsetters”. It was typically
a Teenagers job and paid very little.
Illustration: THE VINTAGE NEWS



Telephone operators, Seattle, Washington, U.S., 1952.
According to a City archivist, these were probably Seattle City Light employees.Item 24092, City Light Photographic Negatives
(Record Series 1204-01), Seattle Municipal Archives.
Date: 18 July 2008.
This image comes from the Seattle Municipal Archives, via Flickr.
Seattle, Washington State, United States of America.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Switchboard Operator: Up until three decades ago, Switchboard Operators were important players in the Telecommunications industry. They were needed to make Long Distance Calls and to manage Busy Circuits. But, with the advent of Digitised Telecommunications, Switchboard Operators had to find new jobs. These days, making Long Distance Calls can be done on your Mobile Phone.



Knocker-Upper: A Knocker-Upper's job was to rouse sleeping people,
so they could get to work on time. The Knocker-Upper used a Truncheon, or short, heavy Stick, to knock on the clients' doors, or a long, and light, Stick, often made of Bamboo, to reach windows on higher floors. At least one of them used a Pea-Shooter. In return, the Knocker-Upper would be paid a few Pence (Cents) a week. The Knocker-Upper would not leave a client's window
until they were sure that the client was awake.


“Time to get up !!!”.


Making sure that the Client gets up in time for work.

The Impression Of The Stigmata of Saint Francis. Confessor. Feast Day 17 September.




English: Saint Francis of Assisi.
Polski: Św. Franciszek z Asyżu.
Artist: Cigoli (1559–1613).
Date: 1597-1599.
Current location: Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

The Impression of The Stigmata of Saint Francis.
   Confessor.
   Feast Day 17 September.

Double.

White Vestments.

Two years before his death, Saint Francis retired to Mount Alverno, Italy, where he began a Fast of Forty Days in honour of Saint Michael The Archangel. And lo ! In the midst of his Meditations, he saw a figure, like a Seraphim, with six wings dazzling and burning, whose feet and hands were nailed to a Cross.

Aware that suffering is incompatible with the immortality of a Seraphic Spirit, he understood this to mean that he would become more like Jesus and bear his Cross after Him (Gospel), not by physical Martyrdom, but by a Mystical kindling of Divine Love.


English: Basilica of Saint Francis, Assisi, Italy.
Photo: 7 March 2009.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

And, in order that this Crucified Love might become an example to us all, five wounds, resembling those of Jesus on The Cross, appeared on his feet, hands, and side. From his side, blood flowed abundantly.

The facts were so fully authenticated, later, that Pope Benedict XI ordered them to be Commemorated every year, and Pope Paul V, to kindle in The Faithful The Love of Jesus Crucified, extended The Feast to the whole Church.

Mass: Mihi autem.
Proper Collects.
Gospel: Si quis vult.

Wednesday, 16 September 2020

Ember Wednesday In September.


Wednesday, 16 September 2020, is Ember Wednesday in September.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Ember Wednesday in September.

Station at Saint Mary-Major.

Violet Vestments.



Iona Abbey,
Scotland.

As on other Wednesdays in Ember Weeks, The Station is held at Saint Mary-Major.

The Prophet Amos had foretold in the 8th-Century B.C., the destruction of the Kingdom of Israel and its coming restoration (Lesson). Later on, indeed, Nehemias and Esdras brought back the captives from Babylon and rebuilt Jerusalem.

When this work was completed, they all assembled on the first day of the seventh month, when Esdras read to them The Law of Moses and said: "This is The Holy Day of The Lord, be not sad for The Joy of The Lord is our strength" (Epistle and Communion).


English: Basilica of Saint Mary-Major, Rome,
where The Mass is said on Ember Wednesday in September.
Photo: 23 May 2016.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Wednesday in September Ember Week, which month was formerly, as its name shows, the seventh month of the year in Roman times, recalls this joyous Anniversary, which was a figure of our redemption by Jesus; indeed, the Introit tells us to be thrilled with joy in God our protector.

This joy is accompanied by the Spirit of Penitence expressed in the Violet Vestments used, and The Church Prays that we, depriving ourselves of bodily nourishment, may also abstain from sins of the mind (Collect). The Gospel, indeed, speaks of the impure spirit, which can only be dispelled by Prayer and Fasting.

Having fallen into sin through our weakness, let us Pray and Fast, that God may give a remedy by His merciful help (Collect before The Lesson).

Mass: Exsultáte Deo.



The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

In The Liturgical Calendar of The Western Christian Churches, Ember Days are four separate sets of three days within the same week — specifically, the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday — roughly equidistant in the circuit of the year, that are set aside for Fasting and Prayer.

These days, set apart for special Prayer and Fasting, were considered especially suitable for The Ordination of Clergy. The Ember Days are known, in Latin, as the “Quatuor Anni Tempora” (the “Four Seasons Of The Year”), or, formerly, as the “Jejunia Quatuor Temporum” (“Fasts Of The Four Seasons”).

The four Quarterly Periods, during which The Ember Days fall, are called The Embertides.

The term “Ember Days” refers to three days set apart for Fasting, Abstinence, and Prayer, during each of the four Seasons of the year. The purpose of their introduction was to thank God for the gifts of nature, to teach men to make use of them in moderation, and to assist the needy.

Possibly occasioned by the agricultural feasts of ancient Rome, they came to be observed by Christians for the Sanctification of the different Seasons of the year. James G. Sabak argues that The Embertide Vigils were “ . . . not based on imitating agrarian models of Pre-Christian Roman practices, but, rather, on an eschatological rendering of the year, punctuated by The Solstices and The Equinoxes, and, thus, underscores the eschatological significance of all Liturgical Vigils in the City of Rome.”


THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL



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Saint Euphemia. Saint Lucy. Saint Geminianus. Martyrs. Feast Day 16 September.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Euphemia. Saint Lucy. Saint Geminianus.
   Martyrs.
   Feast Day 16 September.

Simple.

Red Vestments.


"At Chalcedon," says The Roman Martyrology, "the birth in Heaven of Saint Euphemia, Virgin and Martyr, who was condemned to the wild beasts." This happened in 307 A.D.

"At Rome, The Holy Martyrs Lucy, a noble lady, and Geminianus, who were beheaded by order of Emperor Diocletian, about 300 A.D.

Mass: Intret. Of several Martyrs.

Pope Saint Cornelius And Saint Cyprian. Martyrs. Feast Day 16 September.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Pope Saint Cornelius And Saint Cyprian.
   Martyrs.
   Feast Day 16 September.

Semi-Double.

Red Vestments.



English: Saint Cornelius. Pope and Martyr.
Deutsch: Ausstattung der ehemaligen Seitenaltäre der Meßkircher
St. Martinskirche, Standflügel: Heiliger Cornelius als Papst und Märtyrer.
Artist: Meister von Meßkirch (1500–1543).
Date: 1535-1540.
Current location: Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Germany.
Source/Photographer: Eingescannt aus: Anna Moraht-Fromm
und Hans Westhoff:
Der Meister von Meßkirch – Forschungen zur südwestdeutschen
Malerei des 16. Jahrhunderts, Ulm, 1997, S. 190.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Cornelius was a Roman and was Sovereign Pontiff under the Emperors Gallus and Volusian. He had to oppose Novatian, the first Anti-Pope. He took from the Catacomb of Saint Sebastian, where they had rested some forty years, the bodies of the Apostles Peter and Paul and Translated them to the places where they had suffered Martyrdom.

He was arrested by order of the Emperors and beheaded in 253 A.D.


English: Saint Cyprian. Bishop and Martyr.
Deutsch: Ausstattung der ehemaligen Seitenaltäre der Meßkircher
St. Martinskirche, Standflügel: als Bischof und Märtyrer.
Artist: Meister von Meßkirch (1500–1543).
Date: 1535-1540.
Current location: Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Germany.
Source/Photographer: Eingescannt aus: Anna Moraht-Fromm
und Hans Westhoff:
Der Meister von Meßkirch – Forschungen zur südwestdeutschen
Malerei des 16. Jahrhunderts, Ulm, 1997, S. 190.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Cyprian was a Barrister at Carthage, when he was converted to Christianity. A short time afterwards, he was Ordained a Priest and became Bishop of Carthage. "It would be superfluous," says Saint Jerome, "to speak of his genius, since his works are more brilliant than the Sun."

This illustrious Father of The Latin Church lived in one of the most troublous periods for The Church in Africa. He was Martyred five years after Saint Cornelius on the day when this Holy Pope's remains were Translated to Rome. That explains why their names are united by The Liturgy of The Canon of The Mass (First List).

Mass: Intret. Of Several Martyrs.
Commemoration of The Holy Martyrs: Saints Euphemia, Lucy, and Geminianus.

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

Saint Nicomedes. Martyr. Feast Day 15 September.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Nicomedes.
   Martyr.
   Feast Day 15 September.

Simple.

Red Vestments.



"At Rome," says The Roman Martyrology, "on The Nomentanian Way, the birth in Heaven of Blessed Nicomedes, Priest and Martyr."

Having said to those who tried to force him to sacrifice: "For me, I only sacrifice to The All-Powerful God, Who reigns in Heaven", he was beaten with thongs covered with Lead and, during this long torture, he gave up his Soul to God.

He died in the First-Century A.D., under the Emperor Domitian.

Mass: In virtúte.


The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Saint Nicomedes was a Martyr of unknown era, whose Feast is observed 15 September.

The Roman Martyrologium and the historical Martyrologies of Bede and his imitators place the Feast on this date. The Gregorian Sacramentary contains under the same date The Orations for his Mass. The name does not appear in the three oldest and most important Manuscripts of The Martyrologium Hieronymianum, but was inserted in later recensions ("Martyrol. Hieronymianum", ed. G. B. de Rossi-L. Duchesne, in Acta SS., November II, 121). The Saint is without doubt a Martyr of The Roman Church.


He was buried in a Catacomb on The Via Nomentana, near the Gate of that name. Three 7th-Century A.D. Itineraries make explicit reference to his grave, and Pope Adrian I restored the Church built over it (De Rossi, Roma Sotterranea, I, 178-79).

A Titular Church of Rome, mentioned in the 5th-Century A.D., was Dedicated to him (titulus S. Nicomedis). The Feast of The Dedication of his Church on 1 June, alongside the 15 September Feast of his Martyrdom, were included in The Sarum Rite Calendars, but only the 1 June Feast Day was carried over into The Anglican Book of Common Prayer as a “Lesser Holy Day” or “Black-Letter Day”.

Nothing is known of the circumstances of his death. The legend of the Martyrdom of Saints Nereus and Achilleus introduces him as a Presbyter and places his death at the end of the 1st-Century A.D. Other recensions of the Martyrdom of Saint Nicomedes ascribe the sentence of death to The Emperor Maximianus (beginning of the 4th-Century A.D.).

The Seven Sorrows Of The Blessed Virgin Mary. Feast Day 15 September.



The Seven Sorrows of The Virgin.
Artist: Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528).
Date: Circa 1496.
Current location: Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany.
Source/Photographer: Web Gallery of Art
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Seven Sorrows Of The Blessed Virgin Mary. Feast Day 15 September.


Text from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia,
unless otherwise stated.

The Seven Sorrows of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
   Feast Day 15 September.

Double of The Second-Class.

White Vestments.



English: Our Lady of Sorrows. 1816.
Español: Nuestra Señora de los Dolores. 1816.
Fernando Estévez de Salas, Parroquia de San Juan Bautista,
Villa de La Orotava.
Photo: 2 April 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: JosuHdez
(Wikimedia Commons)


Attribution of Floral Background:

Our Lady of Sorrows (Latin: “Beata Maria Virgo Perdolens”), The Sorrowful Mother, or, Mother of Sorrows (Latin: “Mater Dolorosa”, at times just “Dolorosa”), and Our Lady of The Seven Sorrows, or, Our Lady of The Seven Dolours, are names by which The Blessed Virgin Mary is referred to in relation to Sorrows in her Life.

As Mater Dolorosa, it is also a key subject for Marian Art in The Catholic Church.

The Seven Sorrows of Mary are a popular Roman Catholic Devotion. There are Devotional Prayers which consist of Meditations on her Seven Sorrows. Examples include The Servite Rosary, or The Chaplet of The Seven Sorrows of Our Lady.

Also, there is a corresponding Devotion to The Seven Joys of Mary. The term “Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary” refers to the combined Devotion of both The Immaculate Heart and The Seven Sorrows of Mary, as first used by The Franciscan Tertiary, Berthe Petit.


The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Illustration: SHUTTERSTOCK

The Seven Sorrows (or Dolours) are events in The Life of The Blessed Virgin Mary, which are a popular Devotion and are frequently depicted in art. It is a common Devotion for Catholics to say, daily, one Our Father and seven Hail Marys for each of The Seven Sorrows, which are:

The Prophecy of Simeon. (Luke 2:34-35), or, The Circumcision of Christ;
The Flight into Egypt. (Matthew 2:13);
The Loss of The Child Jesus in The Temple. (Luke 2:43-45);
Mary Meets Jesus on The Way to Calvary;
Jesus Dies on The Cross. (John 19:25);
Mary Receives The Body of Jesus in Her Arms. (Matthew 27:57-59);
The Body of Jesus Is Placed in The Tomb. (John 19:40-42).

These Seven Sorrows should not be confused with The Five Sorrowful Mysteries of The Rosary


“Mater Dolorosa With Open Hands”.
Artist: Titian (1490–1576).
Date: 1555.
Current location: Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain.
Source/Photographer: http://www.museodelprado.es/
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Feast of Our Lady of Sorrows was originated by a Provincial Synod of Cologne, in 1413, as a response to the iconoclast Hussites. It was designated for The Friday after The Third Sunday after Easter. It had the Title: “Commemoratio angustiæ et doloris Beatæ Mariæ Virginis”. Before the 16th-Century, The Feast was Celebrated only in parts of Northern Europe.


“Stabat Mater”
(The Mother Stood).
Composed by Pergolesi.
Available on YouTube at

Earlier, in 1233, seven youths in Tuscany, Italy, Founded The Servite Order (also known as “The Servite Friars”, or “The Order of The Servants of Mary”). Five years later, they took up “The Sorrows Of Mary, Standing Under The Cross”, as the principal Devotion of their Order.

Over the Centuries, several Devotions, and even Orders, arose around Meditation on Mary’s Sorrows. The Servites developed the two most common Devotions to Our Lady's Sorrows, namely The Rosary of The Seven Sorrows and The Black Scapular of The Seven Dolours of Mary.

The Black Scapular is a symbol of The Confraternity of Our Lady of Sorrows, which is associated with The Servite Order. Most devotional Scapulars have requirements regarding ornamentation or design. The Devotion of The Black Scapular requires only that it be made of Black Woollen Cloth.


English: “Our Lady, Who Softens Evil Hearts”.
Russian icon, 19th-Century.
Русский: Икона “Умягчение злых сердец”.
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

On 2 February, the same day as The Great Feast of The Meeting of The Lord, Orthodox Christians and Eastern Catholics Commemorate a wonder-working icon of The Theotokos (Mother of God), known as “The Softening of Evil Hearts” or “Simeon’s Prophecy”.

It depicts The Virgin Mary at the moment that Simeon the Righteous says: “Yea, a Sword shall pierce through thy own Soul, also . . .” (Luke 2:35). She stands with her hands upraised in Prayer, and Seven Swords pierce her Heart, indicative of The Seven Sorrows. This is one of the few Orthodox icons of The Theotokos which do not depict The Infant Jesus. The Refrain “Rejoice, much-sorrowing Mother of God, turn our sorrows into joy and soften the hearts of evil men !” is also used.

The first Altar to The Mater Dolorosa was set up in 1221 at the Monastery of Schönau. Especially in Mediterranean Countries, Parishioners traditionally carry statues of Our Lady of Sorrows in Processions on the days leading to Good Friday.

No Feast in her honour was included in Pope Saint Pius V's 1570 Tridentine Calendar. Vatican approval for the Celebration of a Feast, in honour of Our Lady of Sorrows, was first granted to The Servite Order in 1667.


English: Our Lady of Sorrows,
Español: Nuestra Señora de los Dolores. Capilla del Sagrario de la Iglesia Parroquial de Santa María del Alcor. El Viso del Alcor (Sevilla). Procesiona bajo palio en la tarde noche del Viernes Santo.
Photo: 8 December 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Ajjb
(Wikimedia Commons)

By inserting The Feast into The Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints, in 1814, Pope Pius VII extended the Celebration to the whole of The Latin Church. It was assigned to The Third Sunday in September. In 1913, Pope Saint Pius X moved The Feast to 15 September, the day after The Feast of The Cross. It is still observed on that date.

Another Feast, originating in the 17th-Century, was extended to the whole of The Latin Church in 1727. It was originally Celebrated on Friday in Passion Week, one week before Good Friday. In 1954, it still held the Rank of Major Double (slightly lower than the Rank of the 15 September Feast) in The General Roman Calendar.

Each Celebration was called a Feast of “The Seven Sorrows of The Blessed Virgin Mary”.

The 15 September Feast, that now combines and continues both of them, is known as “The Feast of Our Lady of Sorrows” (Beatæ Mariæ Virginis Perdolentis). The Sequence, known as Stabat Mater, may be sung at Mass on that day.


Archetypal Gothic Lady of Sorrows
circa 1455. Title: La descente de Croix, les larmes de Marie (detail).
Current location: Unterlinden Museum, France.
Source/Photographer: Own work, Alsace, Haut-Rhin, Colmar,
(Wikimedia Commons)

Our Lady of Sorrows, depicted as "Mater Dolorosa" (Mother of Sorrows), has been the subject of some key works of Roman Catholic Marian Art. Mater Dolorosa is one of the three common artistic representations of a sorrowful Virgin Mary, the other two being Stabat Mater (“The Mother Stood”) and Pietà.

In this iconography, Our Lady of Seven Sorrows is at times simply represented in a sad and anguished mode by herself, her expression being that of tears and sadness. In other representations, The Virgin Mary is depicted with Seven Swords in her Heart, a reference to the Prophecy of Simeon, at The Presentation.

Our Lady of Sorrows is The Patron Saint of:
Slovakia
The Congregation of Holy Cross
The village of Mola di Bari,
   and the Molise Region, Italy
The State of Mississippi, USA
Dolores, The Philippines
Lanzarote, Canary Islands
Mater Dolorosa (Berlin-Lankwitz)


Attribution of Floral Background:

The following Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.

Mary stood at the foot of The Cross, where Jesus was hanging (Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Sequence, Gospel) and, as Simeon had prophesied (Collect), a Sword of Sorrow pierced her Soul (Secret). Powerless, “she saw her Sweet Child desolate in the anguish of death, and she received His last breath” (Sequence).

The compassion, which her maternal heart felt at the foot of The Cross, obtained for her as its reward The Palm of Martyrdom without death (Communion).

This Feast was Celebrated with great solemnity by The Servites in the 17th-Century. In 1817, it was extended by Pope Pius VII to the whole Church, so as to recall the sufferings she [Editor: The Church] had undergone in the person of her exiled and captive head [Editor: Pope Pius VII], delivered by the protection of The Blessed Virgin.

Just as the first Feast of The Sorrows of Mary, in Passiontide, shows us how she had her share in The Sacrifice of Jesus, the second Feast, in The Season after Pentecost, tells us of all the compassion which the Mother of The Saviour feels for The Church, the Spouse of Jesus, who is Crucified in her turn and whose Devotion to The Sorrows of Mary increases in these calamitous times.

His Holiness, Pope Saint Pius X, in 1908, raised this Feast to the Rank of a Solemnity of The Second-Class.

Mass: Stabant juxta.
Commemoration: Saint Nicomedes (at Low Mass).
Sequence: Stabat Mater.
Creed: Is said.
Preface: Of The Blessed Virgin (Et te in Transfixióne).
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