List of Nazi concentration camps

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Major Nazi Concentration Camps and Camp Complexes

Name of the camp Country (today) Type of camp Operation time Estimated number of prisoners Estimated number of deaths Subcamps Webpage
Arbeitsdorf Germany Labour camp April 8, 1942 - October 11, 1942 min. 600
Auschwitz-Birkenau Poland Extermination and labor camp April 1940 - January 1945 400,000 1,100,000 - 1,500,000 list
Bełżec Poland Extermination camp March 1942 - June 1943   600,000
Bergen-Belsen Germany Collective point April 1943 - April 1945   70,000
Breendonk Belgium Prison and labour camp September 20, 1940 - September 1944 min. 3532 min. 391 none
Breitenau Germany "Eaely wild camp", then labor camp June 1933 - March 1934, 1940 - 1945 470; 8500  
Buchenwald Germany Labor camp July 1937 - April 1945 250,000 56,000 list
Chełmno Poland Extermination camp December 1941 - April 1943;

April 1944 - January 1945

  340,000
Dachau Germany Labor camp March 1933 - April 1945 200,000 min. 30,000 list
Falstad Norway Prison camp December 1941 - min. 205 none [1]
Flossenbürg Germany Labor camp May 1938 - April 1945 min. 100,000 30,000 list [2]
Gross-Rosen Germany Labor camp August 1940 - February 1945 125,000 40,000 list [3]
Herzogenbusch Holland Prison and transit camp ? list [4], [5]
Hinzert Germany Collective point and Labor camp July 1940 - March 1945 14,000 min. 302
Janówska Ukraine Extermination and labor camp September 1941 - November 1943    
Kaiserwald Latvia Labor camp March 1943 - September 1944    
Kauen
(Kaunas)
Lithuania Ghetto and internment camp Prawienischken [6]
Langenstein Zwieberge Germany Labor camp April 1944 - April 1945 5,000 2,000
Le Vernet France Internment camp 1939 - 1944    
Majdanek (KZ Lublin) Poland Extermination camp July 1941 - July 1944   min. 200,000
Maly Trostenets Belarus Extermination camp July 1941 - June 1944   200,000-500,000
Mauthausen-Gusen Austria Labor camp August 1938 - May 1945 195,000 min. 95,000
Mittelbau-Dora Germany Labor camp September 1943 - April 1945 60,000 min. 20,000
Natzweiler-Struthof France Labor camp May 1941 - September 1944 40,000 25,000
Neuengamme Germany Labor camp June 1940 - May 1945 106,000 55,000
Niederhagen (Wewelsburg) Germany Labor camp September 1941 - early 1943 3,900 1,285
Oranienburg Germany Collective point March 1933 - July 1934 3,000 min. 16
Osthofen Germany Collective point March 1933 - July 1934    
Plaszow Poland Labor camp December 1942 - January 1945 (min. 150,000) (min. 9,000)
Ravensbrück Germany Labor camp May 1939 - April 1945 150,000 (min. 90,000)
Sachsenhausen Germany Labor camp July 1936 - April 1945 min. 200,000 (100,000)
Sobibór Poland Extermination camp May 1942 - October 1943   250,000
Stutthof Poland Labor camp September 1939 - May 1945 110,000 65,000
Theresienstadt (Terezín) Czech Republic Transit camp and Ghetto November 1941 - May 1945 140,000 35,000
Treblinka Poland Extermination camp July 1942 - November 1943   min. 800,000
Warsaw Poland Labour and extermination camp 1942 - 1944 Up to 40,000 Up to 200,000
Westerbork Netherlands Collective point October 1939 - April 1945 102,000  


Klooga