01/9​Russian coronavirus vaccine 'Sputnik V' all set to release tomorrow; here is all we know about it

​Russian coronavirus vaccine 'Sputnik V' all set to release tomorrow; here is all we know about it

After numerous tests and trials, Russia is all set to register the world's first COVID vaccine tomorrow (August 12). One of the prime vaccine candidates from Russia, which has been developed by Gamaleya Research Institute in collaboration with the Russian Defence Ministry is all set to proceed to the next level of development, as per a statement issued by the country's deputy Health Minister, Oleg Gridnec.

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02/9​Experiment on me first, that’s fine with me: Philippine President

​Experiment on me first, that’s fine with me: Philippine President

While Russian President Putin's daughter has already been given the jab of Russia's COVID vaccine, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said that he had accepted the country's offer to get the first shot of vaccine as a gesture of gratitude.

“When the vaccine arrives, I will have myself injected in public. Experiment on me first, that’s fine with me," Duterte said in a briefing on Monday night. So far, the Philippines has 136,638 confirmed cases, which is the highest in South Asia.

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03/9​Phase III trials of Russia's COVID vaccine are being conducted simultaneously

​Phase III trials of Russia's COVID vaccine are being conducted simultaneously

While the Russian vaccine has been marred by controversies since the day its 'successful' completion of trials was announced, the vaccine trial has been moving in a steady manner. According to local agency reports, Russia's trials allowed for the civil use and inoculation of the vaccine while simultaneously conducting late-stage trials.

Epidemiologists and medical experts, including the WHO believe that such a move can put people at risk.

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04/9​Experts are doubtful of the safety and efficacy of the Russian vaccine

​Experts are doubtful of the safety and efficacy of the Russian vaccine

It should be noted that medical experts across the globe are sceptical about the safety levels of the coronavirus vaccine candidate dubbed 'Sputnik V', citing the accelerated rate at which the vaccine has been developed.

One of the global experts on infectious disease, Alexander Chepurnov said, "The danger is there in terms of the possibility of increasing the disease‘s severity with the wrong vaccine. With some diseases and for the coronavirus, this is already known that the infection can intensify with the presence of certain antibodies. So it should be known which antibodies the vaccine forms.”

So far, only a small pool of candidates have been tested on. Scientists, however, added that the first stage saw good and positive results.

As per the Bloomberg report, the vaccine will be available within three to seven days of the registration.

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05/9​More doubts and the lack of published trial documents loom large

​More doubts and the lack of published trial documents loom large

Unlike other candidates in the race, Russia has not published any findings from its vaccine trials. It was on July 13 that the reports about Russia claiming their two-part phase I trial was successful came out.

The WHO has also said that the country should follow the already established guidelines to make a safe and effective vaccine.

WHO spokesman Christian Lindmeier said at a press conference, "Sometimes individual researchers claim they have found something, which is of course, as such, great news. But between finding or having a clue of maybe having a vaccine that works, and having gone through all the stages, is a big difference."

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06/9​Russia's two vaccine candidates

​Russia's two vaccine candidates

Russia has two vaccine candidates, one being developed by Vektor State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology and second being developed by Gamaleya Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology along with theRussian Defence Ministry, which is to be registered tomorrow.

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07/9​How does the vaccine work

​How does the vaccine work

The head of the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) Kirill Dmitriev said, the people who were injected with the vaccine developed immunity on the 21st day after receiving the first dose. The immunity of these people doubled after receiving the second dose.

"I can tell you, from the first and second phase we have a hundred per cent of people developing immunity after day 21. It doubles after the second shot. Hundred per cent of animals were also protected (against the novel coronavirus)," said Dmitriev.

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08/9​How vaccines can be harmful

​How vaccines can be harmful

"Vaccines that are not properly tested can cause harm in many ways, from a negative impact on health to creating a false sense of security or undermining trust in vaccinations," said Thomas Bollyky, director of the global health program at the Council on Foreign Relations.

While the chief of Russia’s sanitary watchdog Anna Popova tried to reassure everyone in an interview by saying, "I have no doubts that the vaccine that is to reach people will be absolutely safe and, of course, efficient. And the immunity will be sustainable and lasting".

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09/9​Production of the vaccine starts in September

​Production of the vaccine starts in September

As per the Reuters report, the production of Russia vaccine will begin in September.

As per the Russian Health Minister, the mass production of the vaccine will begin by October and the vaccine will first be given to teachers and doctors.

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