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Identity, Authentication & Digital Certificates
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Clinton Administration Policy
  • Electronic Commerce Policy
  • Department of Commerce's Report: The Emerging Digital Economy, April 1998
  • White House Report: A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce, July 1997


  • McBride Baker and Coles Summary of Electronic Commerce and Digital Signature Legislation - Links to all State, Federal and International E-Commerce initiatives
  • Perkins Coie's Digital Signatures Law Center
  • The Essential Role of Trusted Third Parties in Electronic Commerce by A. Michael Froomkin
  • American Bar Association Section of Science and Technology Electronic Commerce Division


  • CDT Statement on IPv6
    Digital authentication systems are expected to become an essential part of doing business via the Internet. Based on a range of encryption techniques, digital signature systems allow people and organizations to electronically certify such features as their identity, their ability to pay, or the authenticity of an electronic document. Policies governing the collection of information for digital signatures, and the architecture and legal liabilities associated with these technologies, raise important privacy and consumer protection issues.
      CDT Comments on Draft Authentication Guidance for Federal Government - The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) recently issued its draft guidance on the Government Paperwork Elimination Act, a law that would expand the use of digital signatures and authentication in the Federal Government. The proposed guidance reflects OMB's growing understanding of the privacy issues involved. However, CDT would like to see the Guidance move further to ensure that agencies truly integrate privacy in their implementations of the law. July 1, 1999

    Privacy Concerns Remain Over Intel's Pentium III - Dominant chip maker Intel is moving forward with its new Pentium III chip with an identifying serial number that could be used to track computers across the Internet. CDT, other privacy advocates, and security experts have objected. CDT has asked equipment manufacturers for information about how they plan to implement the ID feature. Febuary 23, 1999

    - More Privacy and Consumer Groups Urge FTC to Act
    - Intel's Processor Serial Number Questions and Answers
    - Intel's list of OEMs selling Pentium III
    - IBM's response to CDT's letter to equipment manufacturers
    - Other Privacy Advocates boycott of Intel Website at
    Smart Cards at the Crossroads: Authenticator or Privacy Invader? - Published in "The Smart Card: Is Your Privacy Compromised?" At Home With Consumers Volume 19/Number 3/December 1998 February 3, 1999
    - Slide Presentation

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