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BROWN FISH OWL
Bubo (ketupa) zeylonensis

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Bubo (ketupa) zeylonensis leschenault - Brown Fish Owl

Description

Large, eared owl, rufous brown above heavily streaked with black or dark brown, paler whitish below with dark streaks and fine brown bars. White throat, yellow eyes and a rather indistinct facial disk.

Size

48-57cm, 1100-2500g

Range

SW Asia Minor across through Iran, Pakistan, the Indian sub-continent including Sri Lanka, most of mainland SE Asia.

Habitat

Open wooded country, lowland forest, mango groves and plantations always near water.

Food

Fish, frogs and crabs also mammals, birds and reptiles and occasionally carrion.

Breeding

November-March. 1-2 eggs, nest often in old stick nest of other birds also rocky ledges or clefts in banks. Incubation up to 38 days, young fledge after about 7 weeks.

Call

Deep "tu-hoo-hoo"

Status

Not globally threatened, generally uncommon in most areas although locally common in some areas. Probably extinct now in Israel.

Races

Latest DNA analysis indicates that the Fish Owls are just specialised Eagle Owls.

B.z.zeylonensis

Sri Lanka

B.z.leschenault

Indian sub-continent, Myanmar (except NE) and Thailand

B.z.semonowi

SW Asia Minor, Iraq, Iran and Pakistan

B.z.orientalis

NE Myanmar, Vietnam and SE China

 

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