Kic | Kish

Mesopotamia: The Sumerians and the Akkadians

Various times reckoned between 30,378 and 2230 BCE

 

 

Kish, ancient city of Mesopotamia, in the Euphrates valley, 8 mi (12.9 km) E of Babylon and 12 mi (19 km) east of the modern city of Hillah, Iraq. It was occupied from very ancient times, and its remains go back as far as the protoliterate period in Mesopotamia. In the early 3d millennium BC, Kish was a Semitic city. Although it was one of the provincial outposts of Sumerian civilization, it had a cultural style of its own. There is an excavated palace of Sargon I of Agade, a native of Kish, and a great temple built by Nebuchadnezzar and Nabonidus in the later Babylonian period. The site also yielded a complete sequence of pottery from the Sumerian period to that of Nebuchadnezzar.”  [1]

 

EARLY DYNASTIC II. According to the King Lists, the first dynasty after the Great Flood (recorded in the Gilgamesh Epic) was the 1st Dynasty of Kish. The last two kings, Enmebaragesi and his son Agga, are the first rulers attested in contemporary inscriptions. According to the King List, “kingship” (namlugal) then passed to the 1st Dynasty of Uruk, which included Enmerkar, Lugalbanda, and Gilgamesh, heroes of epic tradition, and finally to the 1st Dynasty of Ur. Epigraphic evidence, however, shows that these dynasties (and a dynasty at Mari) were all contemporary and date to c. 2700-2600 B.C.E. Many rulers known from contemporary inscriptions are not found in the King Lists.”  [2]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kings of the First Dynasty of Kic | Kish

 

 

 

 

 

As Reckoned by

L. C. Geerts [3]

As Reckoned by

H. L. Hoeh [4]

As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned by

Dubsar [6]

As Reckoned by

I. P. González [7]

Jucur

Ruled 1200 years

30,378-29,178 BCE

 

Ga-Ur

 

 

Kullassina‑bel

Ruled 6700 years

29,178 – 28,218 BCE

 

Gulla-Nidaba-Anna-Gad

 

 

Nanjiclicma

Ruled 670 (?) years

28,218 – 21,518 BCE

 

Pala-Kinatim

 

 

En‑tarah‑ana

Ruled 420 years

    3months, 3½ days

21,518 – 21,098 BCE

 

Nangish-Lishma

 

 

Babum

Ruled 300 years

21,098  20,798 BCE

 

Bahima

 

 

Puannum

Ruled 840 years

20,798 – 19,958 BCE

 

Buanun

 

 

Kalibum

Ruled 960 years

19,958 – 18,998 BCE

 

Kali-Bum

 

 

Kalumum

Ruled 840 years

18,998 – 18,158 BCE

 

Galumum

 

 

Zuqaqip/b

Ruled 900 years

18,158 – 17,258 BCE

 

Zukakin

 

 

Atab

Ruled 600 years

17,258 – 16,658 BCE

 

Atab

 

 

Macda

Ruled 840 years

16,658 – 15,818 BCE

 

Mashda

 

 

Arwium

Ruled 720 years

15,818 – 15,098 BCE

 

Arpu-Rim

fl. c. 2750

 

 

Etana

Ruled 1500 years

15,098 – 13,598 BCE

 

Etana

the Herdsman

fl. c. 2750

 

 

Baliih

Ruled 400 years

13,598 – 13,198 BCE

 

Balih

 

 

En-me-nuna

Ruled 660 years

13,198 – 12,538 BCE

 

En-Mennuna

 

 

Melem-Kic

Ruled 900 years

12,538 – 11,638 BCE

 

Melam-Kishi

 

 

Barsal-nuna

Ruled 1200 years

11,638 – 10,438 BCE

 

Bargal-Nuna

 

 

Zamug

Ruled 640 years

10,438 – 9798 BCE

 

Mes-Simug

 

 

Tizqar

Ruled 305 years

9798 – 9493 BCE

 

Tizkar

 

 

Ilku

Ruled 900 years

9493 – 8593 BCE

 

Il-Kum

 

 

Iltasadum

Ruled 1200 years

8593 – 7393 BCE

 

Il-Tasadum

to c.2615

 

 

En-men-barage-si

Ruled 900 years

7393 – 6493 BCE

 

Enmebaragisi

c. 2615-c. 2585

 

 

Aga

Ruled 900 years

6493 – 5868 BCE

 

Agga

fl. c. 2585

 

 

23 Kings ruled

24,510 years

3 months,

3 ½ days

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kings of the Second Dynasty of Kic | Kish

 

 

 

 

 

As Reckoned by

L. C. Geerts [3]

As Reckoned by

H. L. Hoeh [4]

As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned by

Dubsar [6]

As Reckoned by

I. P. González [7]

Susuda

Ruled 201 years

5868 – 5668 BCE

 

Mesalim

fl. c. < 2550

 

 

Dadasig

Ruled 1,310 years

5668 – 4358 BCE

 

Dadasig

 

 

Mamagal

Ruled 360 years

4358 – 3998 BCE

 

Mamagalla

 

 

Kalbum

Ruled 195 years

3998 – 3803 BCE

 

Galbum

 

 

Tuge

Ruled 300 years

3803 – 3503 BCE

 

Tug-E

 

 

Men-Nuna

Ruled 180 years

3503 – 3323 BCE

 

Mennunna

 

 

?

ruled 290 years

3323 – 3033 BCE

 

En-Bi-Ishtar

fl. c. 2450

 

 

Lugalju

Ruled 360 years

3033 – 2673 BCE

 

Lugalmu

 

 

 

 

Ibiera

 

 

 

8 Kings ruled

3,195 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kings of the Third Dynasty of Kic | Kish

 

 

 

 

 

As Reckoned by

L. C. Geerts [3]

As Reckoned by

H. L. Hoeh [4]

As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned by

Dubsar [6]

As Reckoned by

I. P. González [7]

Kug-Bau

Ruled 100 years

2673 – 2573 BCE

 

Ku-Baba (fem.)

 

 

1 King ruled

100 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kings of the Fourth Dynasty of Kic | Kish

 

 

 

 

 

As Reckoned by

L. C. Geerts [3]

As Reckoned by

H. L. Hoeh [4]

As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned by

Dubsar [6]

As Reckoned by

I. P. González [7]

Puzur-Suen

Ruled 25 years

2573 –2548 BCE

 

Puzur-Sin

 

 

Ur-zababa

Ruled 6 years

2548 – 2542 BCE

 

Ur-Zababa

fl. c. < 2370

 

 

Zimudar

Ruled 30 years

2542 – 2512 BCE

 

Simudar

 

 

Uß„i-watar

Ruled 7 years

2512 – 2505 BCE

 

Usi-Watar

 

 

Ectar-muti

Ruled 11 years

2505 – 2494 BCE

 

Ishtar-Muti

 

 

Icme- Camac

Ruled 11 years

2494 – 2483 BCE

 

Ishme-Shamash

 

 

Cu-ilicu

Ruled 15 years

2483 – 2468 BCE

 

 

 

 

Nanniya

Ruled 7 years

2468 – 2461 BCE

 

Nannia

fl. c. < 2230

 

 

8 Kings ruled

212 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

To Akkad

c. 2230-2191

 

 

 

 

To Guti

2191-c. 2130

 

 

 

 

To Amorites

. 2130-c. 1900

 

 

 

 

 

To Babylon

c. 1900-1595

 

 

 

 

To Assyria

1595-609

 

 

 

 

To Babylon

609-539

 

 

 

 

To Persia, etc.,

thereafter...

 

 

 

 

 

[1]   Kish”, Electronic Library (encyclopedia.com)

[2]   Stearns, Peter N., General Editor, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition, 2001, ISBN 0-395-65237-5.

[3]   Gerts, L. C., “The Sumerian king list”, Earth’s Ancient History: A Theory About Ancient Times, Chapter 12, 2002.

[4]   Hoeh, Herman L., “Dynasty of Isin”, Compendium of World History, Volume 1, Chapter 11, 1962.

[5]   Obsidian, “Ancient Mesopotamia: Kish”, Regnal Chronologies.

[6]   Dubsar, “A Cast of Characters: Kings of Sumer and Akkad”, Kar Nibru, The Nippur Quay!, 2002.

[7]   González, Isabel Prieto, “Reyes de   la  I Dinastía de Isin    (fechas a.C.)”, CRONOLOGÍA DE ORIENTE PRÓXIMO Y MEDIO, Terrae Antiqvae.

 

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