The Russian-raised Simon Kuznets was a student of W.C.Mitchell's at Columbia and subsequently a researcher at Mitchell's NBER. It was no surprise, then, that Kuznets took his master's creed to heart: that the painstaking collection of empirical data was a priority.
Kuznets's life work was the collection and organistion of the national income accounts of the United States (1934, 1941, 1946), an accomplishment parallelling that of Richard Stone and James Meade in Great Britain. Kuznets work fit hand in glove with two other developments at the time: the emergence of econometrics and the Keynesian Revolution, both of which found in Kuznets's data an important resource for their advancement.
Kuznets, however, was neither a Keynesian nor an econometrician - he took his cues from Mitchell's Institutionalism - as exemplified in his 1930 methodological pieces. As a result, his initial work was on the empirical analysis of business cycles (1930) - a 15-20 year cycle he identified was later attached to his name, the "Kuznets Cycle".
Kuznets was also one of the earliest workers on development economics, in particular collecting and analyzing the empirical characteristics of developing countries (1965, 1966, 1971, 1979). His major thesis, which argued that underdeveloped countries of today possess characteristics different from those that industrialized countries faced before they developed, helped put an end to the simplistic view that all countries went through the same "linear stages" in their history and launched the separate field of development economics - which now focused on the analysis of modern underdeveloped countries' distinct experiences.
Among his several discoveries which sparked important theoretical research programs was his discovery of the inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and economic growth (1955, 1963); he also discovered the patterns in savings-income behavior which launched the Life-Cycle-Permanant-Income Hypothesis of Modigliani and Friedman.
For all his patient yet crucial work, Kuznets won the Nobel Memorial in 1971. He was at Harvard at the time.
Major works of Simon Kuznets
Resources on Simon Kuznets