U.S. Department of Homeland Security
December 21, 2003
Threat Level Raised
Remarks by Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge
In Focus: Homeland Security
Washington, DC - SECRETARY RIDGE: "Good afternoon. Today, the
United States Government raised the national threat level from an
Elevated to High risk of terrorist attack -- or as more commonly known,
from a Yellow Code to an Orange Code.
We know from experience that the increased security that is
implemented when we raise the threat level, along with increased
vigilance, can help disrupt or deter terrorist attacks.
The U.S. intelligence community has received a substantial increase
in the volume of threat-related intelligence reports. These credible
sources suggest the possibility of attacks against the homeland around
the holiday season and beyond.
The strategic indicators, including al-Qaida's continued desire to
carry out attacks against our homeland, are perhaps greater now than at
any point since September 11th, 2001.
The information we have indicates that extremists abroad are
anticipating near-term attacks that they believe will either rival, or
exceed, the attacks that occurred in New York and the Pentagon and the
fields of Pennsylvania nearly two years ago.
Recent reporting reiterates and this is a constant stream of
reporting, that al-Qaida continues to consider using aircraft as a
weapon. And they are constantly evaluating procedures both in the
United States and elsewhere to find gaps in our security posture that
could be exploited. Our actions, our considerable actions, are
directed against their efforts.
We have not raised the threat level in this country for six months,
but I remind everyone we have raised it before. Homeland Security
professionals and security professionals at all levels of government,
federal, state or local, as well as the private sector, are hard at
work to increase security in your community, state and across the
Americans should know that along with this announcement comes
A specific plan goes into place as we speak. Most importantly, we
share specific information with those who need it and who can act upon
Already, I have spoken to the nation's governors, your Homeland
Security advisors, several mayors and other local officials and asked
them to review the security measures they currently have in place and
to increase protections to thwart terrorist attacks. And they are
In addition, we have made calls to officials from states and major
cities, and will continue to do so; throughout the past week reminding
them to be on heightened alert and now we have called upon them to
increase their levels of security.
Leaders in the private sector that control resources critical to
our country have -- they will be contacted today and provided with very
specific measures for them to take to protect those resources and the
communities in which those resources are located.
Where appropriate, we have also shared information with foreign
countries to enlist their help in combating these terrorist threats.
All Federal departments and agencies are implementing action plans
in response to the increase in the threat level.
We have enhanced security at our nation's airports and around other
transportation systems and infrastructure. We will re-deploy agents
and other resources at our borders to meet the current threat. There
will be more Coast Guard air and sea patrols off our shores, in our
ports, and escorting ships.
Now, obviously, I will not outline all of the actions that are
being taken to protect our citizens. We will not broadcast our plans
to the terrorists.
But extensive and considerable protections have been or soon will
be in place all across the country.
I can assure you that your government will stand at the ready, 24
hours a day, seven days a week, to stop terrorism during the holiday
season and beyond.
Now, in addition to knowing that Homeland Security professionals at
all levels are working to keep our communities safe, we do ask
individual Americans to do a few additional things during this time of
I have said many times before that homeland security begins at
home, and I guess that means I'm saying it again.
Your awareness and vigilance can help tremendously, so please use
your common sense and report suspicious packages, vehicles, or
activities to local law enforcement.
Go over your family emergency plans, and if you haven't developed
one by now, please do so.
These kinds of precautions we think just make good sense. I can
tell all of you from personal experience that those of us who were
affected for several days during the hurricane season were glad to have
done some advance planning to prepare.
Now, for those traveling during this holiday season let me thank
you in advance for putting up with some inconveniences.
As we learned during the Thanksgiving holiday, additional security
measures sometimes require additional patience.
But I think we did a pretty good job keeping things safe, and not
too slow, at our airports and we believe that with your cooperation,
the same will be true in the coming days and weeks.
And finally, no matter your faith or your culture, we know that now
is the time of year for very, very important personal and family and
community celebrations. So I encourage you to continue with your
holiday plans. Gather with your family and friends and enjoy the
spirit of the season.
There is no doubt that those of us fortunate to live in this
country have a lot to be thankful for, not the least of which is the
opportunity to live in the greatest country in the world.
America is a country that will not be bent by terror. America is a
country that will not be broken by fear. But instead, America is a
country blessed with citizens marked by goodwill and great resolve.
We will show the terrorists both during this holiday season
goodwill toward our fellow men, and readiness and resolve to protect
our families and our freedoms.
QUESTION: Can you detail some of the types of chatter that you're
talking about when you're saying you're getting more information about
threats during the holiday season? I know last week there was some
discussion of a female suicide bomber in New York City. Is this the
type of thing that you're hearing about?
SECRETARY RIDGE: Well, we -- first of all, we heard the reporting,
saw the reporting, about the suicide bomber. And that's something
we're obviously very concerned with because it is a tactic that's been
employed around the country, but we had no independent confirmation of
that particular reporting.
But nonetheless, we continue to hear, one, the interest in using
aircraft as a means of attack; two, there's continued discussion --
again, these are from credible sources about near-term attacks that
could either rival or exceed what we experienced on September 11th.
And I would say and reiterate that I think not only the volume of
reporting is up, but from several credible sources. So we take a look
at the scope of the reporting, the volume of the reporting, the
credibility of the reports, and say now is the time that we put into
plan, we put into action, the plans that we have developed during the
past several months.
It's been six months since we put these plans into effect, and we
just ramped them again.
QUESTION: Saying the chatter is up, the highest it's been since
September 11th, is a pretty dramatic statement, but how would you
compare it to, say, the Orange Alert that you called last February when
there were CIA reports saying an imminent attack was probably about to
happen and obviously didn't? But how would you compare it to that
time? Is the chatter more serious? Is it more intense?
SECRETARY RIDGE: I think the level -- again, I don't recall
numerically, quantitatively, that time, but any time the federal
government goes from Yellow to Orange or Orange back down to Yellow,
there's a consensus within the intelligence community that not only the
volume but the credibility and the kind of reporting merits us to
either raise or lower the level of threat.
So I think it's a -- it's more important to focus on the fact that
there is that consensus within the intelligence community that we go
QUESTION: In the past, there have been certain events though, such
as Iman Faris being arrested, that led to a sudden concern over the
Brooklyn Bridge being blown up, or the wires being cut.
Has there been some specific event in terms of somebody being
collared in recent weeks? Has it been the boat that was intercepted,
that had drugs and also several alleged al-Qaida members, by the Navy?
SECRETARY RIDGE: First of all, with regard to Iman Faris, I think
that highlights a very good point, and the key was -- it was reported
that it was he that said, "Gee, when America goes up and there's added
security or an added level of -- added levels of prevention, we're
inclined to deter or postpone those attacks," and that's one of the
reasons we do go up.
No, I think it is really the overall -- the credibility of sources
pointing toward near-term attacks in the United States. And it's
really the scope and the volume of the reporting and the number of
QUESTION: What about the boat interception with the al-Qaida
members? Did they provide any information that would have helped, sort
of, go into the mix here?
SECRETARY RIDGE: Well, you know, that's a process of
interrogation, and if and when they do, and if it's actionable, we
would share it with the right kind of people but not discuss it
QUESTION: With security already so high at the airports, why is
there continued concern about airplanes being used as weapons or bombs
being put on them? I mean, I think Americans would think our airports
are pretty secure right now.
SECRETARY RIDGE: I hope they do, because we think aviation is far,
far more secure from the curbside to the cockpit. I mean, they are
layered, comprehensive, defensive measures -- baggage screeners, which
are now professional. We've armed hundreds; we're going to arm
thousands, of pilots. We've got hardened cockpit doors. We've got
thousands of federal air marshals.
But again, since there is a recurring theme that we have heard
echoed again during the past couple of weeks, as part of the reason
that we go up, we have a substantial level of security at the airports,
but we can ramp it up a little bit more when we go to Orange and that's
precisely what we do.
But make no mistake about it; aviation is far more secure than it's
ever been in the history of the country.
QUESTION: Are you also hearing more about heightened problems for
Americans abroad and are you giving any warnings there, specifically?
SECRETARY RIDGE: Well, I think the -- any intelligence relating to
activity or heightened threat to Americans abroad, as you know, is
those -- those warnings are issued from the State Department and I'd
refer you to the State Department on those.
There have been a couple that have been out there, obviously, and
whether or not, based on the intelligence that we are reporting on that
as it relates to threats to the homeland, you'd have to -- I'd refer
you to the State Department to see if they're going to add any
additional warnings to the international sector.
QUESTION: You touched on this briefly, but what are the
implications for people that are traveling over the holidays? Are they
going to see different things at airports, at bus stations, etcetera?
SECRETARY RIDGE: I think you will -- they will undoubtedly see
additional security at airports. We are going to ask the traveling
public to do the same thing they did in helping us as they did during
Thanksgiving. We're not going to compromise security; we are going to
add more security.
But if they do a couple of things during the course of their
travel, they will expedite things. I mean, take all those items out of
your pocket and put them in that tray. Take the computer out of the
case. Take the coat off. There are a lot of little things that they
can do so we can move things along.
But if you've got travel plans, travel. I mean, we've had a lot of
people working on this for the past couple of days that had some travel
plans, and we encourage them and everybody else to travel.
QUESTION: What about traveling to New York City? I mean, that's
obviously a city that's been hit before. Are these threats directed at
specific American cities or is just incredibly broad over the entire
SECRETARY RIDGE: Well, first of all, I think it has been reported
before, and I think it comes as no surprise, that New York and
Washington have been, are, and undoubtedly always will be some of the
most high profile targets in this country.
Secondly, I think I've said before, I doubt if there's a city that
is better prepared, more on alert, or that's devoted more resources to
prevention and security than New York City. And they probably have a
lot of other mayors and police chiefs doing the same thing.
So, no, this is not specifically directed at New York. They are --
basically, they have always had an elevated state of security and
prevention. I mean, that's just how they -- their mayor chooses to
operate and, you know, Chief Kelly, Mayor Bloomberg, Governor Pataki --
they've committed the resources to make sure the citizens and visitors
are protected and they'll continue to do that.
QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, is the reason why you're making this a
national -- you're raising the threat level nationally, is it because
you don't have a specific or specifically targeted cities? You have,
again, just sort of chatter that's not really directed in any
SECRETARY RIDGE: Yeah, we have reviewed -- and again, it's not
surprising that some of the same venues come up. I mean, they're
always -- they talk about New York and Washington, and it's predictable
that if they are looking for a -- if they're talking about a terrorist
attack of the same or greater dimension than on 9/11, you more, I mean,
you naturally, I think, gravitate toward the larger urban areas.
And so to make sure that we enhance security across our major
metropolitan areas, we go up.
QUESTION: President Bush has said in the past that the war on
terror has greatly hampered al-Qaida's ability to communicate within
its network. What does it say that now you believe that the chatter is
at a greater point than any time since 9/11?
SECRETARY RIDGE: Well, first of all, I think the President's
assessment is correct. I mean, we've decapitated or imprisoned from
one-half to two-thirds of the known leadership. We have literally
taken off the table for their use probably a couple hundred million
dollars by freezing those assets. Those that were in leadership have
been dispersed so the communication is more difficult.
So, in reality, all those -- that may be the reason that it has
been so long -- I'm not going to speculate, but remember, we haven't
raised this level of alert for over a half a year.
But make no mistake about it, the President has said this is -- we
have to be into this -- we are in this for the long term, that in spite
of the extraordinary success of the military and the CIA, the
cooperation with our allies, the apprehension or death of a lot of the
principals and the freezing the assets, this is still an international
war, international terrorist cells including al-Qaida, and the fact
that we are picking up information that results in us going to Orange,
I think is a reflection of increased capacity, probably on our side,
not necessarily greater ability on theirs.
QUESTION: Do you have any indication that the chatter, increased
chatter, has anything to do with the capture of Saddam Hussein last
SECRETARY RIDGE: There's no nexus that I'd be prepared to draw
now. I mean, with our several fronts of the war on terror, and
capturing Saddam Hussein, is of great significance to this country's
international effort to combat terror. But we don't see any nexus with
regard to the reporting that causes us to raise -- any connection that
causes us to raise the threat level.
MR. ROERKASSY: Time for one more.
SECRETARY RIDGE: Yes.
QUESTION: With all the talk about going to Orange, was there ever
any discussion; was the level of chatter ever serious or high enough
that you thought of going to Red?
SECRETARY RIDGE: No, when we convened, those that we get together
and have the discussion about the quality of the information and the
kinds of actions we should take, whether or not we go up to Orange or
whether we just go to more specific actions, no. I mean, but again, I
think it's very important to note that ever since 9/11, from the early
morning hours when the President meets with the intelligence community
and the Attorney General and FBI Director and everybody else, there's
been a continued focus, not only on the war on terror abroad, but the
war on terror and its impact in the United States.
Twice a day, the intelligence community meets to review the
intelligence of the day and how it relates to intelligence that they've
acquired before. And so it's 24-7 since 9/11 and again, the
convergence of -- the quantity, the quality and the credibility and the
scope and the notion that they are near-term attacks of the scope that
is equal to or greater than those that occurred on 9/11, there is a
general consensus within the community, now is the time to go up.
We've got an action plan, specific things people are going to do at
the federal, state and local level. We'll give specific directions to
certain segments of the private sector. I mean, I just want Americans
to understand that we've got a lot -- we have literally thousands and
thousands of security, Homeland Security professionals out there who,
based on going to Orange, will do additional things.
There is an additional risk and we are going to do additional
things to combat the risk.
Thank you very much.
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