Syria a State of Terror
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Syrian Terrorism Against Lebanese
The Syrian army gradually invaded Lebanon starting early seventies by forming and training Syrian-Palestinian guerrillas called Sai'qa.
They started a civil war in Lebanon that led to a larger Syrian involvement in Lebanon. On October 13, 1990 the Syrian army completely occupied Lebanon capturing the Capital Beirut and the Presidential palace after air raids.
The Syrian forces have been committing all types of terrorism against the Lebanese people assassinating their leaders and massacring civilians for the past three decades. Syrians have formed, trained and sponsored terrorist groups that carried terrorist attacks against the Lebanese people, other Arab countries and Western interests in Lebanon and abroad.
Here is a part of what the Syrian Baath regime have been committing in occupied Lebanon:
(May 2002) Assassinating Anti Syrian-occupation Activists
Ramzi Irani's decomposing body was found in the boot of his own car in a run-down area of hotels and bars in the west of the Beirut on May 20, 2002.
Irani was kidnapped in broad daylight in the canter of Beirut 16:30 local time Tuesday the 7th of May 2002. Irani was a 36-year-old engineer but he was also the Lebanese University representative of the Student Committee of the L F.
(October 1990) Massacring Dany Chamoun and his Family
The Lebanese Leader Dany Chamoun was brutally killed with his wife and two children (5 & 7) after the Syrian completely occupied the capital Beirut.
(October 13, 1990) Beirut, Ministry of Defense and Presidential Palace Falls to Syrians :
The Syrians commit massacres, exile the Lebanese Primer and appoint a proxy regime in Lebanon
Syrian army enters East part of Beirut, and Syrian soldiers posing outside the Lebanese Presidential Palace, October 13, 1990
Red Cross victims .........................executed Lebanese troops............................... and civilian victims (October 13, 1990)
On October 13th, 1990, The Syrian forces launched an aerial and land attacks on the Lebanese presidential palace and the Lebanese army headquarters. The Lebanese army and the people supporting their government could not resist the vicious attack.
The Syrian troops took over the area committing massacres against the surrendering Lebanese troops and civilians. Hundreds of people were killed. More than a hundred Lebanese officers were shut dead with a bullet in their heads, after they surrendered themselves.
Hundreds of Lebanese soldiers, civilians and even priests were kidnapped and transferred to prisons in Syria. The Syrian regular troops and their proxy guerillas looted the residential and governmental possessions. The Syrian Intelligence services put their hands on the Lebanese Ministry of Defense and transferred its archive, equipment, computers, maps and strategic historic information.
The Syrian occupation forces appointed a Lebanese collaborator as a president who formed a pro-Syrian government in Lebanon, while the legitimate prime minister of Lebanon was sent to exile in France.
(November, 1989) Assassination of Rene Mouawad by Syria
In its attempts to oppose the Lebanese government, Syria tried to impose a proxy-government in the Lebanese regions under its occupation. Syria appointed Rene Mouawad as a President of the areas it occupies in Lebanon. When Mouawad tried to conceal with the Lebanese constitutional government a big dispute grew between him and the Syrian officers.
He was assassinated by blowing his car in the area occupied by the Syrian troops in western Beirut on November 22, 1989.
(May, 1989) Assassination of Mufti Khaled by Syria
Mufti Hassan Khaled, the highest Sunniy-Muslem clerk in Lebanon, was assassinated by the Syrian intelligence services after he confronted the Syrian with the UNESCO massacre. The Mufti indicated that the Syrians are shelling both the Christian and Muslim sides of Beirut to instigate a religious conflict.
(March 1989) Syria Massacring Lebanese civilians in UNESCO
The Syrian army used its heaviest Soviet-made artillery, Especially these equipped with 240 and 160 millimetres canons, to pound both the East and the West sides of Beirut, on March 14, 1989, in a response to the exceptional support of the Lebanese people for their constitutional government. Tens of Lebanese were killed in the onslaught especially in the UNESCO area.
( August 1987) Assassination of Mohammad Choucair by Syria
Dr. Mohammad Choucair, an advisor to Lebanese President Amine Gemayel was killed inside his home in the Syrian controlled part of West Beirut on August 2, 1987.
(November 1986) Syrian persecution of the residents of Tripoli
On November 22, 1986, the Syrian army kidnapped hundreds of civilians from the city of Tripoli (largest in Northern Lebanon) in retaliation for attacks against Syrian military and intelligence positions. The bodies of many who were kidnapped were found in the streets of Tripoli and its suburbs. A week later, the Syrian Special forces liquidated 34 residents of Tripoli on charges of "opposition to the Syrians."
(October 1986) Assassination of Sheikh Soubhi Saleh by Syria
Syria's agents murdered the head of the Islamic
Shiite Higher Council, Sheikh Soubhi Saleh, who was shot in broad daylight
on October 7, 1986.
(September 1982) Assassination of Lebanese President
(May 1982) Assassination of Father Phillipe Abou Sleiman
In their contineous attempts to divert the attention of their crimes in Lebanon, the Syrian regime maintained the policy of assassinating religious figures in the towns that are inhabited by mix of Christians and Muslims or Druze. On May 1, 1982 Father Phillipe Abou Sleiman, a priest in Aley, was killed.
(April 1982) Assasination of Sheikh Ahmad Assaf by Syria
Syrians kept assassinating whoever oppose its military intervention in Lebanon. In April 27, 1982 Syrian agents killed Sheikh Ahmad Assaf for his patriotic stands.
(April 1981) Syrian army brutally capture Zahle
On April 3, 1981, Thousands of Syrian troops and hundreds of their allies mounted a full-scale attack against the city of Zahle (Largest city in East Lebanon) in an attempt to control it. The city was under siege for four month till if fell to the Syrians. Hundreds of civilians casualties resulted while tens were abducted after the city was captured.
(April 1981) Syria massacres hundreds of students
Syrian artillery suddenly and furiously bombarded
East Beirut at a time when students were leaving schools to head home on April
2, 1981. Casualties and injuries were in the Hundreds.
(July 1980) Assassination of Riad Taha by Syria
The Syrian intelligence services killed Riad Taha, the head of the union of editors on July 22, 1980 in their persecution campaign against free journalism.
(February 1980) Assassination of Journalist Selim Lowzi by Syria
Working on silencing the criticism of the Syrian invasion of Lebanon, Syria persecuted and assassinated several Lebanese journalists. Journalist Selim Lowzi was kidnapped for nine days, but found dead in the forests of Aramoun, near a checkpoint for the Syrian Special Forces on February 24, 1980. Lowzi was known for his articles opposing the Syrian regime.
(February 1980) Syrian army brutally occupies Lebanese villages
On February 2, 1980, the Syrian special forces attacked the village of Knat. The villagers resisted for six days, but the Syrian forces were able to take over the village, using heavy bombardment with tanks and canons killing tens and destroying the village.
(1978) Beirut under Syrian artillery assault
On September 30, 1978, fierce battles took place between the Syrian army and the residents of East Beirut when the Syrian forces tried to advance into the area. Syria retaliated with heavy artillery leaving hundreds of innocent civilians dead and many more injured.
(June 1978) Syria Kidnapping and killing Lebanese civilians
On June 28, 1978 armed gunmen affiliated with the Syrian intelligence services attacked the villages of Ka'a, Ras Baalbeck and Jdeidet El Fekeha, kidnapping a tens of their residents. Many of them were found dead while a good number of them remain missing.
(November 1977) Syrian-sponsored groups attacks Lebanese village
On November 5, 1977 the Saheka forces attacked the village of Aishiyeh killing 41 of its residents and displacing most of the others.
(March, 1977) Assassination of Kamal Joumblat
Lebanese leader Kamal Jounblat was assassinated near a Syrian checkpoint on March 16, 1977, after publicly criticizing the Syrian invasion of Lebanon. After the Syrians attempts to spark a sectarian conflict between Christians and Druze in Chouf region failed, rather that unified the Lebanese against the Syrian military interference in Lebanon, Syria assassinated the Druze leader Jounblat and followed that by killing 250 Christian civilians in the city.
(January 1976) The Syrian formed and sponsored groups(Yarmouk & Sai'qa) attacking Damour city and massacring its residents, 582 were killed
The Syrian-formed Saheka Guerrillas and the Syrian-led Yarmouk Palestinian Guerrillas attacked the Christian town of Damour on January 21, 1976. 582 civilians were massacred, while the rest of the residents were uprooted from their town. Both Christian and Druze leaders tried in vain to stop the attack, but the Syrians went in their plans hoping to create a sectarian strife among the Lebanese in order to distract the attention to their invasion of the country.
1- Yarmouk & Sai'qa guerrillas round up a Lebanese family outside their burning home.
Women shut dead after being raped
A massacre of the whole family including babies
Yarmouk & Sai'qa forces celebrate the capture of the city
(October 1975) Syria-sponsored groups attacks Lebanese villages
9, 1975 Saheka forces attacked the Lebanese village of Tal Abbas in Akkar
killing 15 people and injuring many others. The local church was set on fire
with the hope of igniting religious strife between the residents.
(September 1975) Syria-sponsored groups attacks villages in Northern Lebanon
On September 10, 1975, Syrian-formed Saheka forces attacked the village of Der Ashash, in Northern Lebanon, killing three priests and causing its residents to flee. The following day, Saheka forces and guerrillas from the Syrian Baath Party attacked the village of Bet Mallat killing seven of its residents and kidnapping 10 others.
of Lebanese prisoners have died in Syrian prisons under torture. Till now
there are hundreds detained in Syria without any accusation or trial; some
of them have been there for 27 years.
A "Must Read" book: Syria's Terrorist War on Lebanon and the Peace Process