1998 U.S. embassy bombings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi
Bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi

On August 7, 1998, the United States embassies in the East African cities of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya were severely damaged in nearly simultaneous truck bomb attacks. The bombings killed 213 people in Nairobi and a dozen in Dar es Salaam. An estimated 4000 were injured in the Kenyan capital and 85 in Dar es Salaam. Almost all of the victims were African civilians, as well as several US diplomats.

The attacks were linked to local members of the al Qaeda terrorist network, headed by Osama bin Laden. It was this terrorist incident that first brought Bin Laden and Al Qaeda to international notoriety, and led to the FBI's placing him on the agency's Ten Most Wanted List.

While the attacks were aimed at Americans, the vast majority of the victims were Africans: twelve Americans (in Nairobi) and 32 Kenyan and eight Tanzanian Embassy employees were killed. The remainder of the dead were visitors, passers-by, or people in neighbouring buildings: the Nairobi embassy lay in a busy downtown location, although that in Dar es Salaam was remoter from the city centre.

In response to these bombings, on August 20 1998, U.S. President Clinton ordered cruise missile strikes on targets in Sudan and Afghanistan.

Investigations into the embassy bombings were conducted by the FBI and Kenyan and Tanzanian authorities. A list of suspects was drawn up and several men were charged with complicity in the bombings. In an event that angered many involved in the investigation, a court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declared on November 20, 1998 that Osama bin Laden was a "a man without a sin" in regard to the bombing.

Table of contents

Conspirators still at large

Conspirators in custody

Conspirators that are believed to be dead

External Links

[4 embassy bombers get life http://edition.cnn.com/2001/LAW/10/19/embassy.bombings] [Transcripts of Sentencing Phase of Embassy Bombers Trial http://news.findlaw.com/cnn/docs/binladen/usbinldn101801.pdf]

See also terrorism, terrorist incidents.

Personal tools