Garner Family History, part 2

Next in the line of descent toward Bradley and Erin Garner is Thomas Garner2, one of the sons of John Garner1 of Northumberland and Westmoreland Counties in Virginia. He was probably born about 1670 and lived until 1726. His first home away from his father's house was in Stafford County, Virginia, which had been formed from Westmoreland County, the seat of his parents' home. He had moved a considerable distance west of the family, but still lived in the Northern Neck, that area between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers. He probably moved to that area around 1700; he was a witness to a will in Stafford County on September 10, 1700. Robert Bennett Bean in The Peopling of Virginia (Boston, 1938), pp. 74-92, states that a Garner was among the earliest settlers of Fauquier County, divided off from Stafford-Prince William Counties in 1759. By 1715 Thomas Garner owned around 2000 acres in the area of Tinpot and Licking Runs, he being the original grantee of certain parcels of land received from Lady Fairfax, sole proprietor of the Northern Neck. (Northern Neck Land Grant Book A, p. 137; p. 144, p. 138) Thomas Garner married Mary Bushnell, daughter of Charles Bushnell. Thomas died in the Summer of 1726, his will being dated June 8, 1726. A copy of the will is stored with some litigation papers in the basement of the Fauquier County Courthouse:


Thomas2 and Mary Bushnell Garner had children:

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Parish Garner3(Thomas2 John1)

Parish Garner3 was born in Stafford County, Virginia in an area that later became Fauquier County. He married Margaret Sturdy, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Sturdy, on January 2, 1742, according to the Overwharton Parish Register. It seems that for many years, Parish and Charles shared the land they inherited from their father without heed to boundaries, but on March 20, 175?, they requested a survey and subdivision into two 400-acre plots. In May of 1764, Parish and Margaret Garner sold their 400 acres to Thomas Helm and moved to Orange County, North Carolina, to a site about 18 miles from Hillsboro, the county seat. It is possible that they lived for a while in Southside Virginia, probably in Prince Edward County, because Parish's son, Sturdy Garner4, claims in his application for a Revolutionary War pension that he "went home " to join the army his third term of service, mustering at Prince Edward Courthouse. There was a Garner family living in nearby Pittsylvania County in l767; a Thomas and a James were listed as tithables in that year. During Parish and Margaret's residence near Hillsboro, they owned around 400 acres on "Reedy Fork of Haw River." It is assumed that Parish Garner died some time between 1790 and 1800, since he is enumerated in the 1790 census but not in 1800.
It is claimed that Parish Garner was one of the Regulators, a radical group of North Carolina Colonists who rebelled against England"s oppressive trade and taxation policies as early as 1770 in the Battle of Alamance. Parish and Margaret (Sturdy) Garner had children:

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JAMES GARNER 4 ( PARISH3 , THOMAS2 ,JOHN1 )
James Garner4 was born in Overwharton Parish, Prince William County, Virginia, November 25, 1742. In Maryland, he married ca. 1764-66 Elizabeth Straumit, born 1750, died 1814. The couple lived in Maryland through Revolutionary times; Charles County Census of 1775-78 lists James garner in Durham Parish. James and Elizabeth moved to Ninety-six District, S. C. before February 17, 1787, the date when James has surveyed a tract of 12 1/2 acres of land "situate...on waters of Bush River." James Garner died in Pendleton District, S. C. in 1794. By that time, there were many related Garner families in the same district. The census records and land records of the period 1790-1 800 show that Sturdy, Lewis and Enoch, other sons of Parish3, had also come to South Carolina. James' wife, Elizabeth, was the administrator of his estate; the account of his moveable property was returned January 18, 1795:
...
One Still & sum Vessels
One Barrshare plow
One Jackplow
Two Cows & Calves
Two Heifers
One Cow and Calf
Two Cows and uearlings
One horse call'd Satin
Tow old horses
Three Hogs
Bed, Bedquilt & Bedstead
Bed & Bedstead
One glass & towel
One gun Barrel
Three Sickles
One Linen wheel
One D (ditto, i. e., "linen wheel")
One woolen D
Two axes, a matlock & Drawing knife
Tow pots, oven & Skillet & pot Rack
One Iron Bound Hhd
A Parcel of Pewter
Sum Delphware
One Coffee pot
a Stone Jugg
One 7 gallon Cagg
A Table, Churn & Slay
One pot & Hooks
Two Sows & Nine Shotes

The amount of the Estate &86.19.5. Thomas Garner5, James and Elizabeth' s fourth child, was named a co-administrator of the estate, with his mother, Larkin Nash and David Stringer.
James and Elizabeth (Straumit) Garner had children:

1. Bradley Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2 John1) b. 1768, Md. As a young man, he moved to Louisiana Territory then to Texas. Had at least one son:

2. Lucy Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1) b. 1771, prob. Md; m. William Hillhouse in S. C. ; moved to Arkansas; known children:

3. James Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1) b. in Md. 1773/74, was sent to school in Baltimore by his Uncle ________ Straumit. James accompanied his parents to Pendleton /Ninety-Six District, S. C. ca. 1787 where he married Jane Nelson, b. 1777, 5. C. to Dr. Robert and Rebecca ( Barrett) Nelson. Dr. Robert Nelson was born in Virginia before 1745, died in Greenville, S. C., 1808. Rebecca (Barrett) Nelson lived until 1824. Jane (Nelson) Gar n er died in Lawrence County, Arkansas 1818. James Garner5 is supposed to have been murdered by a man named Tattman who was accused of killing James' son-in-law, Dr. Adam Ritchie, husband of James' daughter Rebecca. Tattman escaped custody of the law and James G rner started in pursuit of the accused killer and never returned. James and Jane (Nelson) Garner had children:


4. Thomas Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1775 (perhaps as early as 1770), Virginia, m. Elizabeth Thompson (dtr. of Joseph and Molly Thompson of Pendleton District, S. C.), was co-administrator of father's estate in 1794, still living in Pendleton District, S. C. 1815, when father's estate was finally settled after death of Elizabeth (Straumit) Garner, his mother.Thomas and Elizabeth had at least one daughter:

5. Mary Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1778.
6. Elizabeth Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1782.
7. John Garner 5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1788. This family history follows this line.
8.William Garner 5 ( James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1791, just three years before his father died.

See Garner Family History, Part 1, Part 3 and Part 4

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SOURCES FOR GARNER FAMILY HISTORY
1.For an account of the descendants of all these Garner families, see Ruth Ritchie, The Garner-Keene Families of Northern Neck, Virginia, who is the source of this information on the Garners unless other sources are mentioned.
2.Bean, R. Bennett. The Peopling of Virginia. Boston, 1938, p. 74.
3 Withers, George Edward III, personal communication from Richmond, Va.
4._______________ History of Pittsylvania County, p. 285. 5.Application for pension by Sturdy Garner. National Archives. 6.Morgan, James Logan. Personal communication based on his compilation of marriage records of Lawrence County, Arkansas.
7.Goodspeed Publishing Company. Biograpnical History of Northeast Arkansas. 1889, pp. 742-43. 9.Morgan, James Logan. Personal communication based on his compilation of abstracts from newspapers of Northeast Arkansas in the 1820's.
10.Copy of marriage certificate on file in Garner family archives in my personal possession.

See Garner Family History, Part 1, Part 3 and Part 4