***To my eldest son John Garner 400 acres of land. lying on Tinpot Run in Rappahannock where my plantation is,.... between my son Thomas and my son John and to his heirs, wanting heirs to son Parish if he has no heirs to son Charles, if he has no heirs to son James Garner. To son John ... 3 cows 3 young cattle, a feather bed, a bolster, rugg, 2 blankets, 6 hogs of 2 years, also 6 hogs of 3 years, one iron pot, but not to have possession until he becomes of age of twenty-one, without his mother's consent. To my son Thomas 400 acres lying below my son John's... 3 cows, 3 calves, 3 barrows of 3 years, 3 brooding sows, an iron pot, one feather bed, one bolster, a rugg 2 blankets, when 21 years of age. To my son Vincent a tract of about 400 acres of land beginning at the corner of Mr. James Withers, at Livking Run, running west to Thomas Welch, ... a feather bed, a bolster, a Rugg, 2 blankets, 3 cows and calves, 3 young cattle, 3 barrows of 3 years, 3 brooding sows and one iron pot. To my son Parish Garner 400 acres lying on Licking Run running west to Tinpot Run in Rappahannock, joining the land of my son John, ... 3 cows 3 calves, 3 young cattle 3 barrows 3 sows and one iron pot. To son Charles 400 acres of land on Licking Run over the Rappa- hannock River west to my son John's, ...
(also a stock of household things like his brothers). To my son James 400 acres of land running to the Rappa-hannock River and joining my son John's, ... (other things like his brothers). To my daughter Susanna Garner 2 cows, 3 calves ... (etc.) To my loving wife Mary all of the remaining part of my estate movable and unmovable, the dwelling plantation she how lives on for her life then to my son James...
Thomas2 and Mary Bushnell Garner had children:
1. John Garner3
2. Thomas Garner3
3. Vincent Garner3
4. Parish Garner3: this family history follows this line
5. Charles Garner3
6. James Garner3
7. Susanna Garner3
Parish Garner3(Thomas2 John1)
Parish Garner3 was born in Stafford County, Virginia in an area that later became Fauquier County. He married Margaret Sturdy, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Sturdy, on January 2, 1742, according to the Overwharton Parish Register. It seems that for many years, Parish and Charles shared the land they inherited from their father without heed to boundaries, but on March 20, 175?, they requested a survey and subdivision into two 400-acre plots. In May of 1764, Parish and Margaret Garner sold their 400 acres to Thomas Helm and moved to Orange County, North Carolina, to a site about 18 miles from Hillsboro, the county seat. It is possible that they lived for a while in Southside Virginia, probably in Prince Edward County, because Parish's son, Sturdy Garner4, claims in his application for a Revolutionary War pension that he "went home " to join the army his third term of service, mustering at Prince Edward Courthouse. There was a Garner family living in nearby Pittsylvania County in l767; a Thomas and a James were listed as tithables in that year. During Parish and Margaret's residence near Hillsboro, they owned around 400 acres on "Reedy Fork of Haw River." It is assumed that Parish Garner died some time between 1790 and 1800, since he is enumerated in the 1790 census but not in 1800.
It is claimed that Parish Garner was one of the Regulators, a radical group of North Carolina Colonists who rebelled against England"s oppressive trade and taxation policies as early as 1770 in the Battle of Alamance. Parish and Margaret (Sturdy) Garner had children:
1. James Garner4, b. November 25, 1742 Overwharton Parish, Va.; this family history follows this line
2. Thomas Garner4 b. August 25, 1744 Stafford County, Va.; m. Susannah _____; lived on Reedy Fork of Haw River in Orange County, N. C. "on line of Parish Garner" as of July 10, 1788; held land in Guilford County, N. C. until 1789.
3. Lewis Garner4 probably accompanied James and Sturdy, his brothers, to the Carolinas.
4. Enoch Garner4 is also listed on Pendleton District, S. C. Census 1790-1800.
5. Sturdy Garner4 b. 1762, Fauquier County, Va; d. 1844, Madison County, Alabama; m. Sarah Smith ca. 1787; this family history also includes a fuller account of Sturdy and some of his descendants
JAMES GARNER 4 ( PARISH3 , THOMAS2 ,JOHN1 )
James Garner4 was born in Overwharton Parish, Prince William County, Virginia, November 25, 1742. In Maryland, he married ca. 1764-66 Elizabeth Straumit, born 1750, died 1814. The couple lived in Maryland through Revolutionary times; Charles County Census of 1775-78 lists James garner in Durham Parish. James and Elizabeth moved to Ninety-six District, S. C. before February 17, 1787, the date when James has surveyed a tract of 12 1/2 acres of land "situate...on waters of Bush River." James Garner died in Pendleton District, S. C. in 1794. By that time, there were many related Garner families in the same district. The census records and land records of the period 1790-1 800 show that Sturdy, Lewis and Enoch, other sons of Parish3, had also come to South Carolina. James' wife, Elizabeth, was the administrator of his estate; the account of his moveable property was returned January 18, 1795:
One Still & sum Vessels
One Barrshare plow
Two Cows & Calves
One Cow and Calf
Two Cows and uearlings
One horse call'd Satin
Tow old horses
Bed, Bedquilt & Bedstead
Bed & Bedstead
One glass & towel
One gun Barrel
One Linen wheel
One D (ditto, i. e., "linen wheel")
One woolen D
Two axes, a matlock & Drawing knife
Tow pots, oven & Skillet & pot Rack
One Iron Bound Hhd
A Parcel of Pewter
One Coffee pot
a Stone Jugg
One 7 gallon Cagg
A Table, Churn & Slay
One pot & Hooks
Two Sows & Nine Shotes
The amount of the Estate &86.19.5. Thomas Garner5, James and Elizabeth' s fourth child, was named a co-administrator of the estate, with his mother, Larkin Nash and David Stringer.
James and Elizabeth (Straumit) Garner had children:
1. Bradley Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2 John1) b. 1768, Md. As a young man, he moved to Louisiana Territory then to Texas. Had at least one son:
1. A. Thomas Jefferson Garner , fought in Texas Revolution, received bounty land in 1847.
2. Lucy Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1) b. 1771, prob. Md; m. William Hillhouse in S. C. ; moved to Arkansas; known children:
2. A. Mason Hillhouse m. Dr. Vaughn, a Frenchman, and lived in Natchitoches Louisiana. Mason 5 Hillhouse's cousin, Elizabeth Garner6, daughter of James5 and Jane (Nelson) Garner, met and married Charles Brome Humphry at Mason Hilbouse's home in 1828.
2. B. John Hillhouse6
2. C. Margaret Hillhouse6 m. John Bauman, lived in Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, later moved to Shelby County, Texas. Margaret (Hilihouse) Bauman died in 1 830, leaving two minor daughters: 2. C. (1) Margaret Bauman7 and another daughter.
3. James Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1) b. in Md. 1773/74, was sent to school in Baltimore by his Uncle ________ Straumit. James accompanied his parents to Pendleton /Ninety-Six District, S. C. ca. 1787 where he married Jane Nelson, b. 1777, 5. C. to Dr. Robert and Rebecca ( Barrett) Nelson. Dr. Robert Nelson was born in Virginia before 1745, died in Greenville, S. C., 1808. Rebecca (Barrett) Nelson lived until 1824. Jane (Nelson) Gar n er died in Lawrence County, Arkansas 1818. James Garner5 is supposed to have been murdered by a man named Tattman who was accused of killing James' son-in-law, Dr. Adam Ritchie, husband of James' daughter Rebecca. Tattman escaped custody of the law and James G rner started in pursuit of the accused killer and never returned. James and Jane (Nelson) Garner had children:
3. A. Rebecca Garner , b. 1797, m. Dr. Adam Ritchie 1818, a postmaster in Davidsonville, Lawrence County, arkansas. Dr. Ritchie was supposedly robbed and murdered by a man named Tattman in 1821. Rebecca married Andrew Chaffin within a few months after Ritchie's death. Chaffin also disappeared on his way to Texas. The next year, 1824, Rebecca (Garner) Ritchie Chaffin married Nathaniel Bateman, who died after 1833. Rebecca had children from all three husbands:
3. A. (1) William Mason Romaine Ritchie7, b. March 19, 1819; (2)Margaret Jane Ritchie7, b. April 27, 1820, m. _____Riley (3) Columbus Ritchie7, died in infancy; (4) Ann Chaffin7, b. 1822; (5) Nathaniel Murry Bateman7, b. February 8, 1827; (6) James Garner Bateman7, b. December 24, 1830; (7) John Bateman7, b. February, 1833.
3. B. Mary (Polly) Garner6, m. Abner Askew who died 1824. In 1826 Mary (Garner) Askew married Asram Tidwell, who died 1836. In 1837 Mary married William Moran. Mary had children from all three husbands:
3. B. (1) Field Askew7 , b. 1817,d. 1835; (2) John Askew7, b. March 24, 1819; (3) Nelson Askew7 b. 1821; (4) Elizabeth Askew7, b. 1822 (5) Jane Askew7, b. 1824, died soon after; (6) Roland Tidwell7, died in infancy; (7) Eliza Tidwell , m. ______Kiser; (8) Cynthia Tidwell 7, died in infancy; (9) William Moran7, died in infancy; (10) Josephine Moran 7, m. _______Smith.
3. C. Nancy Garner6 , b. 1801, possibly died in infancy.
3. D. Jane Garner6 , b. 1802, S. C. ; d. 1817.
3. E. David Bushnell Garner6 , b. 1805; was killed by Indians near Denison Texas in 1838.
3. F. Thomas Jefferson Garner6 b. 1806-7, died ca. 1846; m. Nancy Kellog ca. 1832. They had children:
3. F. (1) Elizabeth (Betsy) Garner7 , b. ca. 1834, brought up by her father's brother, Isaac Chauncey Garner6 (James5, James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1) and Elvira Garner Garner6 (Samuel5, Sturdy4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1) m. Jackson Hicks. Elizabeth Betsy Garner7 and Jackson Hicks had children:
3. F. (1) (a) William Hicks8 (b) Alice Hicks8 (c) Anna Hicks8 (d) Arabelle Hicks8 (e) Charles Hicks8 (f) John Hicks8 (g) Jackson Hicks8 (h) Mary Hicks8 (i) Sallie Hicks8 (j) Anderson Hicks8 (k) Chauncey Hicks8 (1) Franklin Hicks8
3. F. (2) William Romaine Garner7, also brought up by Isaac Chauncey Garner6 and Elvira (Garner)6 Garner, left three unknown children in Santa Cruz, California.
3. G. James Madison Garner6, b. in S. C. 1808/9, left no family.
3. H. Elizabeth Straumit Garner , b. in S. C. April 1, 1811, died September 20, 1880. She lived for a while in Natchitoches, Louisiana with her cousin Mason (Hillhouse) Vaughn. In 1828 she married Charles Brome Humphry from Isle Abbotts, near Taunton, Somersetshire, England, b. May 10, 1798, died March 14, 1877; immigrated to America 1815. They moved to Scott County, Arkansas where CharlesHumphry served in several public offices. Elizabeth Humphry Straumit (Garner)6 and Charles Brome Humphry had children:
3. H. (1) Mary Jane Humphry7 b. 1829, d. 1879 (2) William Humphry,7 b. 1831, died unmarried (3) Henrietta Humphry7, b. 1834, died 1888, m. 1853 William Wakefield Garner6 (Samuel5, Sturdy,4 Parish3, Thomas2, John1), (4) Joanna Cauthron Humphry7, b. 1836 (5) Henry C. Humphry7, b. 1838, died 1882, m. 1860 Belle Oldham (6) James Humphry7, b. 1841, died 1922, m. 1866 Agnes Shelton (7) Charles B. Humphry Jr.7, b. 1843, died 1916, m. 1870 Isabel Foote (8) Thomas Chauncy Humphry7, b. 1846, m. Anna Eliza McLeod of S C. (9) John Westley Humphry7,b. 1849, m. Sarah Winston (10) Elizabeth V. Humphry7, b. 1853, m. Jesse Pearson 1875
3. I. Theresa Caroline Garner6
3. J. Isaac Chauncey Garner6 , b. 1813, died 1855, m. Nov. 24, 1836 Sarah Williams in Lawrence County, Arkansas; m. again 1839 Elvira Garner6 (Samuel5, Sturdy4, Parish3; Thomas2, John1) b. Madison Co, Ala. , m. after Isaac's death William Ellington.
4. Thomas Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1775 (perhaps as early as 1770), Virginia, m. Elizabeth Thompson (dtr. of Joseph and Molly Thompson of Pendleton District, S. C.), was co-administrator of father's estate in 1794, still living in Pendleton District, S. C. 1815, when father's estate was finally settled after death of Elizabeth (Straumit) Garner, his mother.Thomas and Elizabeth had at least one daughter:
4.A. Nancy Garner6 (Thomas5,James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. ca. 1820, m. 1838 Clark M. Harris, Gwinnett County, GA, d. before 1850, buried Sardis Church, Gwinnett Co., GA (much of the information on Nancy Garner and her parents came via personal communication from David Bunton, Russellville, AR).
5. Mary Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1778.
6. Elizabeth Garner5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1782.
7. John Garner 5 (James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1788. This family history follows this line.
8.William Garner 5 ( James4, Parish3, Thomas2, John1), b. 1791, just three years before his father died.
Return to Surname Index
SOURCES FOR GARNER FAMILY HISTORY
1.For an account of the descendants of all these Garner families, see Ruth Ritchie, The Garner-Keene Families of Northern Neck, Virginia, who is the source of this information on the Garners unless other sources are mentioned.
2.Bean, R. Bennett. The Peopling of Virginia. Boston, 1938, p. 74.
3 Withers, George Edward III, personal communication from Richmond, Va.
4._______________ History of Pittsylvania County, p. 285. 5.Application for pension by Sturdy Garner. National Archives. 6.Morgan, James Logan. Personal communication based on his compilation of marriage records of Lawrence County, Arkansas.
7.Goodspeed Publishing Company. Biograpnical History of Northeast Arkansas. 1889, pp. 742-43. 9.Morgan, James Logan. Personal communication based on his compilation of abstracts from newspapers of Northeast Arkansas in the 1820's.
10.Copy of marriage certificate on file in Garner family archives in my personal possession.
See Garner Family History, Part 1, Part 3 and Part 4