Terebess Asia Online (TAO)
Index

Home

IMPORTANT NAMES IN THE HISTORY OF ZEN IN AMERICA

Soyen Shaku: abbot of Engakuji

1893 attended World Parliament of Religions, Chicago
1905 came again to U.S. (San Francisco)

D.T. Suzuki: student of Soyen Shaku

1897 came to U.S. to work with Paul Carus (LaSalle, Ill.)
1907 back to Japan
1911 married Beatrice Lane
1936 lectured in England, met Alan Watts
1939 came to U.S. (Hawaii, California)
1951 moved to New York, began seminars at Columbia (until 1957)
- students included Philip Kapleau, Erich Fromm, John Cage, Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac
1957 helped establish Cambridge Buddhist Association
1966 died

Nyogen Senzaki: student of Soyen Shaku

1905 came to U.S. with Soyen (SF, LA); established Mentorgarten and "floating zendo"
1955 returned to Japan, died 1958
Sokatsu Shaku: Soyen Shaku's teacher
1906 came to U.S. (San Francisco)

Sokei-an:

1906 came to U.S. with Sokatsu; 1916 moved to New York
1931 established Buddhist Society of America (later First Zen Institute)
1944 married Ruth Fuller Everett, Alan Watts' mother-in-law (she then became Ruth Fuller Sasaki)

Alan Watts:

1915 born (England)
1938 came to New York with wife and mother-in-law, Ruth Fuller Everett; all three worked closely with Sokei-an
1940s became Episcopal minister
1957 published The Way of Zen, followed by many other books on Zen and Taoism

Ruth Fuller Sasaki:

1944 married Sokei-an
1949 moved to Kyoto (Daitokuji), organized Rinzai translation project (translators included Philip Yampolsky, Seizan Yanagida, Burton Watson, Gary Snyder)

Shunryu Suzuki:

1959 came to U.S. as priest of Sokoji, or Soto Zen Mission, San Francisco
Founded Zen Center of San Francisco

Taizan Maezumi:

1956 came to U.S.
1968 founded Zen Center of Los Angeles
1995 died

Robert Aitken:

1942 met R.H. Blyth in POW camp in Japan, introduced to Zen
1950s studied with Nakagawa Soen and Yasutani-roshi in Japan and Nyogen Senzaki in LA
1959 founded Diamond Sangha, Honolulu

Gary Snyder:

1951 read D.T. Suzuki's Essays in Zen Buddhism
1952-55 studied Chinese and Japanese at UC Berkeley; met Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac
1956-65 in Japan (with short U.S. interlude in 1958); studied Zen at Daitokuji, Kyoto

Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg:

1951 attended D.T. Suzuki's talks at Columbia
1955 met Gary Snyder

Hakuun Yasutani:

Combined Soto and Rinzai methods; trained Eido and Maezumi

Eido Tai Shimano:

Roshi of Zen Studies Society, New York City

Thich Thien-an:

Vietnamese Lin-chi (Rinzai) master; founded International Buddhist Meditation Center (LA, late 1960s), and University of Oriental Studies (LA, 1973)

Thich Nhat-hanh:

1960s Founded Tiep Hien ("Interbeing") Order in Vietnam; "engaged Buddhism"
Now based in Plum Village, near Bordeaux, France

Richard Baker:

1971 succeeded Shunryu Suzuki as abbot of San Francisco Zen Center; forced out in 1983

Dainin Katagiri:

Assistant to Shunryu Suzuki at San Francisco Zen Center
1970 founded Minnesota Zen Meditation Center in Minneapolis

Tetsugen Glassman:

First dharma successor to Maezumi Roshi, Zen Center of Los Angeles
Founded Zen Community of New York and Zen Peacemaker Order