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Nepal: Basic Fact Sheet
Official Name:Kingdom of Nepal (Nepal Adhirajya)
Abbreviation NP
Capital Kathmandu
Head of State His Majesty King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (from June 2001)
Head of Government Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa (Since June 04,2003 )
Population 22367048 (1999 estimate)
Area 147,181 sq. km. (54,633 sq. mi.)
Time Zone 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT
Language Nepali (official)
Religion Hinduism and Buddhism
Unit of Currency Rupee
National Flag
National Emblems The rhododendron; a white cow; a green pheasant; two Gurkha soldiers, one carrying a khukri and a bow and an arrow and the other a modern rifle; peaks of the Himalaya Mountains; the moon and the sun, both with faces showing Hindu caste marks, two crossed Nepali flags and khukris; the footprints of Gorakhnath, the guardian deity of the Gurkhas; and the royal headdress. At the base of the design a red scroll carries the national motto in Sanskrit: "The Motherland Is Worth More than the Kingdom of Heaven."
National Anthem "May Glory Crown Our Illustrious Sovereign"
National Holidays National Day (Birthday of King): c. December 28
Prithvi Jayanti: c. January 11
Independence Day: c. February 18
Plus other Hindu and Buddhist festivals
National Calendar The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Phalgun, Chaitra. Saturday is the official weekly holiday.
Physical Quality of Life Index 36
Date of Unification 1768 (by Prithvi Narayan Shah)
Date of Constitution November 9, 1990
Weights and Measures Traditional measures are commonly used. The most important of these are ropani = 0.05 ha.(0.8 ac.); bigha = 0.1 ha.,(1.67 ac.); murhi = 72 kg.(160 lb.).
Per capita income $170 (FY92)
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