Yemen: The Dhamar Project
Investigations of the archaeological
context of Yemeni terraced agriculture have been conducted since 1994 in
conjunction with the Oriental Institute, Chicago, and Christopher Edens of the American Institute of Yemeni Studies (San'a). This investigation is providing a record of long
term environmental change, settlement and agriculture for a large area of the Yemen highlands
south of San'a. These verdant highlands, at altitudes
of more than 2000 m above sea level, show copious evidence for early farming
communities and small towns that provided the foundation for the development of
the Himyarite state which developed around the time
of the Roman empire. This
landscape project demonstrates with some clarity how human communities not only
reacted to environmental change, but also shaped the land to suit their own
purposes over a period of some 6000 years.
Christopher, T.J. Wilkinson, and G. Barratt. 2000. "Hammat
al-Qa: An early town in southern Arabia." Antiquity 74: 854-62.