The Church
on the threshold
"We deny that salvation is in any sense a human work. Human methods, techniques or strategies by themselves cannot accomplish this transformation. Faith is not produced by our unregenerated human nature."
The Cambridge Declaration of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals


The Five Solas of the Reformation
A Brief Statement
Gregg Strawbridge, Ph.D.

The Reformation - Has the Holy Spirit Moved On? NEW!
Pastor John Samson

The Reformation: Its Causes and Its Theology
by John Orlando

The 5 Solas of the Reformation Preached by Brett Baker

Five Pillars of the Reformation
Rev. Michael Ross
Sermon Series (audio)

Reformation Men and Theology by Dr. Jack L. Arnold

Remembering the Solas
Ben Merkle

Five Things Every Christian Should Know
By Rev. Peter J. Gadsden

The Five Solas are a summation of the doctrines of the Protestant Reformation.
by Wikipedia


Five SolasChrist AloneGrace AloneChrist AloneJustification through Fatih AloneScripture AloneChrist AloneGrace Alone
Recommended Books in Print on the Five Solas

Sola Scriptura:
The Erosion of Authority
Scripture alone is the inerrant rule of the church's life, but the evangelical church today has separated Scripture from its authoritative function. In practice, the church is guided, far too often, by the culture. Therapeutic technique, marketing strategies, and the beat of the entertainment world often have far more to say about what the church wants, how it functions and what it offers, than does the Word of God. Pastors have neglected their rightful oversight of worship, including the doctrinal content of the music. As biblical authority has been abandoned in practice, as its truths have faded from Christian consciousness, and as its doctrines have lost their saliency, the church has been increasingly emptied of its integrity, moral authority and direction.

Rather than adapting Christian faith to satisfy the felt needs of consumers, we must proclaim the law as the only measure of true righteousness and the gospel as the only announcement of saving truth. Biblical truth is indispensable to the church's understanding, nurture and discipline.

Scripture must take us beyond our perceived needs to our real needs and liberate us from seeing ourselves through the seductive images, cliches, promises and priorities of mass culture. It is only in the light of God's truth that we understand ourselves aright and see God's provision for our need. The Bible, therefore, must be taught and preached in the church. Sermons must be expositions of the Bible and its teachings, not expressions of the preacher's opinions or the ideas of the age. We must settle for nothing less than what God has given.

The work of the Holy Spirit in personal experience cannot be disengaged from Scripture. The Spirit does not speak in ways that are independent of Scripture. Apart from Scripture we would never have known of God's grace in Christ. The biblical Word, rather than spiritual experience, is the test of truth.

We reaffirm the inerrant Scripture to be the sole source of written divine revelation,which alone can bind the conscience. The Bible alone teaches all that is necessary for our salvation from sin and is the standard by which all Christian behavior must be measured.

We deny that any creed, council or individual may bind a Christian's conscience, that the Holy Spirit speaks independently of or contrary to what is set forth in the Bible, or that personal spiritual experience can ever be a vehicle of revelation.

From The Cambridge Declaration
of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals


Sola Scriptura by A.A. Hodge
Is Sola Scriptura a Protestant Concoction? by Dr. Greg Bahnsen
The Concept and Importance of Canonicity by Greg Bahnsen
Original Manuscripts, the Majority Text, and Translations
by W. Gary Crampton
New Testament Statements of Inspiration by Bernie L. Gillespie (pdf)
The Sufficiency of the Written Word
by Dr. John F. MacArthur, Jr
The Sufficiency of Scripture by John MacArthur
Traditionalism and Sola Scriptura Part I; Part II by John M. Frame
Does the Bible Teach Sola Scriptura? James White vs. Patrick Madrid (debate)
What Did the Early Church Believe About Scripture Alone? by William Webster
Sola Scriptura? by Brian Schwertley (e-book)
What Do We Mean by Sola Scriptura? by Dr. W. Robert Godfrey
Scripture Alone by Bernie L. Gillespie
Sola Scriptura by Kevin Efflandt on the cardinal doctrine of the Reformation.
Is the Doctrine of Sola Scriptura Really Biblical? by Tony Warren
The Authority of Scripture by Martyn Lloyd-Jones
The Inerrancy of the Autographa by Greg Bahnsen
Is the Bible the Only Revelation from God? by Greg Herrick, Ph.D.
The Protestant Rule Of Faith by Charles Hodge
The Scripture Sufficient Without Unwritten Tradition by Thomas Manton
Scripture and Tradition by Dr. Sinclair Ferguson
by Pastor John Samson
On Continuing Revelation by John Calvin
Does The Bible Teach Sola Scriptura? Gerry Matatics vs. James White -
Sola Scriptura in Dialogue James White
Law and Gospel by John M. Frame
A Theology of Opportunity: Sola Scriptura and the Great Commission by John Frame
Sola Scriptura by Wikipedia

Solus Christus
Latin meaning "of Christ alone." The reformed doctrine of the merit of salvation. Closely related to the doctrine of Solus Christus is the doctrine of imputation.

Solus Christus:
The Erosion of Christ-Centered Faith

As evangelical faith becomes secularized, its interests have been blurred with those of the culture. The result is a loss of absolute values, permissive individualism, and a substitution of wholeness for holiness, recovery for repentance, intuition for truth, feeling for belief, chance for providence, and immediate gratification for enduring hope. Christ and his cross have moved from the center of our vision.

We reaffirm that our salvation is accomplished by the mediatorial work of the historical Christ alone. His sinless life and substitutionary atonement alone are sufficient for our justification and reconciliation to the Father.

We deny that the gospel is preached if Christ's substitutionary work is not declared and faith in Christ and his work is not solicited.

From The Cambridge Declaration
of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals


Solus Christus by P. Andrew Sandlin
Preaching Christ Alone
by Michael S. Horton
Solus Christus and the Pastor from Christ Alone by Rod Rosenbladt
Is There More than One Way to God? by John Hendryx
Religious Stew by Gregory Koukl -
How Can Jesus be the Only Way to God? by Matt Perman
Solus Christus by Brett Baker
Redemption for lost to be Sought in Christ by John Calvin
Solus Christus
Christ Alone - Only Christ by Sam Hughey
Christologia: or a Declaration of the glorious Mystery of the Person of Christ--God and Man by John Owen
Solus Christus from N.T. Wright
The Moral Law Commands Faith in Christ Alone by Mark Horne
The Sufficiency of Christ Alone
by John MacArthur


Sola Gratia
Latin meaning "grace alone." The reformed doctrine of the basis of salvation.

Sola Gratia: The Erosion of The Gospel
Unwarranted confidence in human ability is a product of fallen human nature. This false confidence now fills the evangelical world; from the self-esteem gospel, to the health and wealth gospel, from those who have transformed the gospel into a product to be sold and sinners into consumers who want to buy, to others who treat Christian faith as being true simply because it works. This silences the doctrine of justification regardless of the official commitments of our churches.

God's grace in Christ is not merely necessary but is the sole efficient cause of salvation. We confess that human beings are born spiritually dead and are incapable even of cooperating with regenerating grace.

We reaffirm that in salvation we are rescued from God's wrath by his grace alone. It is the supernatural work of the Holy Spirit that brings us to Christ by releasing us from our bondage to sin and raising us from spiritual death to spiritual life.

We deny that salvation is in any sense a human work. Human methods, techniques or strategies by themselves cannot accomplish this transformation. Faith is not produced by our unregenerated human nature.

From The Cambridge Declaration
of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals

Key Passages Supporting "Grace Alone"
Grace Alone: An Evangelical Problem? by Kim Riddlebarger
"Sola Gratia" Ephesians 2:1-10
by Rev. Dr. Robert S. Rayburn
Salvation: Synergism or Sola Gratia?
by Charlie Martin
Do you REALLY Believe that Salvation is by Grace Alone?
by Jeffrey C. Nesbitt
Chain of Grace by John G. Reisinger
Sermon Manuscripts - Series: Saved by Grace by Dave Hatcher
Shocking Grace! by Frank Griffith
Justification is by Grace Alone by John Calvin
Conversion of the Will is the Effect of Divine Grace Inwardly Bestowed
by John Calvin
All of Grace by C.H. Spurgeon
Justification by Grace
by C.H. Spurgeon
The Pelagian Captivity of the Church By R. C. Sproul (.pdf)
Conversion of the Will is the Effect of Divine Grace Inwardly Bestowed by John Calvin
Sola Gratia Sam Hughey
The Bondage of the Will By Dr. Martin Luther (Book) **
Sola Gratia Acts 15:1-21 By P. G. Mathew, M.A., M.Div., Th.M.
What Grace Is by J. Douglas Macmillan
What Grace Does
by J. Douglas Macmillan
The Sovereignty of Grace
by J. Douglas Macmillan


Sola Fide
Latin meaning "faith alone." The reformed doctrine of the means of salvation.

Sola Fide: (Faith Alone)
The Erosion of The Chief Article

Justification is by grace alone through faith alone because of Christ alone. This is the article by which the church stands or falls. Today this article is often ignored, distorted or sometimes even denied by leaders, scholars and pastors who claim to be evangelical. Although fallen human nature has always recoiled from recognizing its need for Christ's imputed righteousness, modernity greatly fuels the fires of this discontent with the biblical Gospel. We have allowed this discontent to dictate the nature of our ministry and what it is we are preaching.

Many in the church growth movement believe that sociological understanding of those in the pew is as important to the success of the gospel as is the biblical truth which is proclaimed. As a result, theological convictions are frequently divorced from the work of the ministry. The marketing orientation in many churches takes this even further, erasing the distinction between the biblical Word and the world, robbing Christ's cross of its offense, and reducing Christian faith to the principles and methods which bring success to secular corporations.

While the theology of the cross may be believed, these movements are actually emptying it of its meaning. There is no gospel except that of Christ's substitution in our place whereby God imputed to him our sin and imputed to us his righteousness. Because he bore our judgment, we now walk in his grace as those who are forever pardoned, accepted and adopted as God's children. There is no basis for our acceptance before God except in Christ's saving work, not in our patriotism, churchly devotion or moral decency. The gospel declares what God has done for us in Christ. It is not about what we can do to reach him.

We reaffirm that justification is by grace alone through faith alone because of Christ alone. In justification Christ's righteousness is imputed to us as the only possible satisfaction of God's perfect justice.

We deny that justification rests on any merit to be found in us, or upon the grounds of an infusion of Christ's righteousness in us, or that an institution claiming to be a church that denies or condemns sola fide can be recognized as a legitimate church.

From The Cambridge Declaration
of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals

Sola Fide: The Reformed Doctrine of Justification
by J.I. Packer
Simul Iustus et Peccator At the same time righteous and a sinner
The Empty Hand of Faith by James White
Justification by Faith Alone by John Gerstner
The Doctrine of Justification by Faith by John Owen
Studies on Saving Faith by A.W. Pink
Simple Faith (A Misnomer) by W.E. Best
Justification by Faith Is the End of Boasting by John Piper
How Did We Come to Faith in Christ? by R. Scott Clark
The Fight For Sola Fide by Michael Spencer
Justification by Faith An Examination of the Biblical Doctrine of Salvation
by Brian Schwertley
Justification by Faith
by Charles Spurgeon
Justification by Faith Alone (The Relation of Faith to Justification)
By Dr. Joel R. Beeke
Saving Faith: How does Rome Define It? by William Webster
Sola Fide by Brett Baker
The Importance of Justification
By R. C. Sproul
Sola Fide: Does It Really Matter?
by Dr. John H. Armstrong
Of Justification by Faith by John Calvin (1509-1564)
Imputed Righteousness: The Evangelical Doctrine by R.C. Sproul
The Very Serious Matter of Imputed Righteousness by David H. Linden
Faith & Justification by Theodore Beza
Sola Fide: The Foundation of Protestantism and an Exegetical Look at Romans 4:4-8

Sola Dei Gloria
Latin meaning "For God's Glory alone."


Soli Deo Gloria:
The Erosion of God-Centered Worship

Wherever in the church biblical authority has been lost, Christ has been displaced, the gospel has been distorted, or faith has been perverted, it has always been for one reason: our interests have displaced God's and we are doing his work in our way. The loss of God's centrality in the life of today's church is common and lamentable. It is this loss that allows us to transform worship into entertainment, gospel preaching into marketing, believing into technique, being good into feeling good about ourselves, and faithfulness into being successful. As a result, God, Christ and the Bible have come to mean too little to us and rest too inconsequentially upon us.

God does not exist to satisfy human ambitions, cravings, the appetite for consumption, or our own private spiritual interests. We must focus on God in our worship, rather than the satisfaction of our personal needs. God is sovereign in worship; we are not. Our concern must be for God's kingdom, not our own empires, popularity or success.

We reaffirm that because salvation is of God and has been accomplished by God, it is for God's glory and that we must glorify him always. We must live our entire lives before the face of God, under the authority of God and for his glory alone.

We deny that we can properly glorify God if our worship is confused with entertainment, if we neglect either Law or Gospel in our preaching, or if self-improvement, self-esteem or self-fulfillment are allowed to become alternatives to the gospel.

From The Cambridge Declaration
of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals




What is the Chief End of Man?
by John Flavel
What is the Chief End of Man?
by Matthew Henry
Man's Chief End by the Rev. Thomas Watson
God created Us for His Glory
by John Piper
Romans 5:1-5 by John Piper
Is God for us or for Himself?
by John Piper
Of Man's Chief End and Happiness
by Thomas Boston
God Glorified in Man's Dependence
1 Corinthians 1:29, 30, 31 by Jonathan Edwards
Reformation for the Glory of God
by Samuel T. Logan. Jr.
Comparison of God-Centered and Man-Centered Worship (chart)l
Soli Deo Gloria by Brett Baker
God's Glory And Our Duty To Be Joyful by Rev. Bryn MacPhail
God’s Passion For His Glory Isaiah 42:1-9 by Rev. Bryn MacPhail
SOLI DEO GLORIA by Rev. Chuck De Groat
A Call For Reformation in the Contemporary Christian Music Industry 107 Theses by Steven John Camp