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supreme court historical society yearbook: 1983


Here Lies the Supreme Court: Gravesites of the Justices

George A. Christensen*

William Gladstone, the famous British Prime Minister, once said: "Show me the manner in which a Nation or community cares for its dead and I will measure with mathematical exactness the tender sympathies of its people, their respect for the laws of the land and their loyalty to high ideals." As our country prepares to celebrate the constitutional bicentennial, it is appropriate to honor the memory of the ninety-one deceased members of the Supreme Court of the United States.

The table which appears as an appendix to this article lists the final resting place of each justice and is the product of more than a year of active research. It represents the first attempt to provide a central source for this information. Some unanswered questions remain, and perhaps always will.

During the course of this study several interesting stories surfaced which seemed worthy of preservation. They are presented here for the benefit of those who share a particular interest in historical anecdotes concerning the Supreme Court.

Associate Justice James Wilson of Pennsylvania was the first member of the new republic's high bench to leave this world. The last years of Wilson's life were both tragic and pathetic. Hounded by creditors and imprisoned briefly for debt while riding circuit in New Jersey he sought refuge from his problems in Edenton, North Carolina, the home of fellow Supreme Court Justice James Iredell. Suffering from malaria, Wilson died following a stroke in 1798 in a dingy room at the Hornblow Tavern near the Edenton court house. He was buried without great ceremony in a private plot belonging to the family of Iredell's wife, Hannah Johnston.

Ironically, the second member of the Court to die was James Iredell and these two members of the original Court Wilson and Iredell—lay together in the same burial ground for more than 100 years. The City of Brotherly Love eventually reclaimed Wilson, a brilliant legal scholar and Constitutional Convention delegate; Wilson's body was removed in 1906 to the Second Street churchyard of Philadelphia's Christ Church.

A more difficult interment to trace than Wilson's to Philadelphia concerned "Abbey Mausoleum" in Arlington, Virginia where, according to 1942 newspaper accounts, Associate Justice George Sutherland had been buried following funeral services at the Washington Cathedral. The initial problem was simply locating the Mausoleum.

Largely abandoned, Abbey Mausoleum still exists, located immediately beside the Arlington National Cemetery According to local tradition, certain relatives of military personnel who were buried in the National Cemetery but who were not eligible themselves for burial there, purchased adjacent property in the 1920's and by private subscription erected the mausoleum. A monolithic, bunker-like structure, the building has space for more than 200 crypts and was originally graced with stained glass windows and skylight. Today the windows are broken and boarded up and the doors are locked.

The grounds of Abbey Mausoleum are now completely surrounded by federal property and the only means of access is through the U.S. Marine Corps establishment known as Henderson Hall. A few volunteer Marines now keep a watchful eye over the building, which is in its current depressing state as a result of prolonged and extensive vandalism.

Once having located the correct building, it was still necessary to verify that Justice Sutherland was in fact buried inside. Unfortunately Sutherland's presence could not be determined with certainty due to the damage and disarray of the interior. It was depressing to think that the proper, starchy and conservative Justice Sutherland could have come to such a sad and undignified end. On a hunch, three possible locations in the area where a transfer of his remains might have been made came to mind. Further investigation verified that Justice Sutherland had indeed been removed across the Potomac River in June 1958 to the Sanctuary Mausoleum at Cedar Hill Cemetery in Suitland, Maryland. Architecturally this mausoleum resembles from the outside an Angkor Wat afterthought. But inside, the atmosphere is calm and bright—very dignified and very proper.

Researching gravesite information for Associate Justices Moody Barbour, Chase, and Duvall, has caused some researchers to go prematurely gray William Moody proved hard to locate, not because he had been moved, but because his churchyard has been moved, in the sense that township boundaries had shifted since 1917 as a result of urban growth. Philip Barbour's grave in Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C. was difficult to find because the inscription on the monument has weathered poorly since 1841. In good light, the inscription can be made out, but only if the reader is less than two feet from the face of the memorial.

Samuel Chase has been buried in the same spot since 1811, but in today's Baltimore the name "St. Paul's Cemetery" designates a large, semi-rural cemetery southeast of the Inner Harbor. In Chase's lifetime, "St. Paul's Cemetery" referred to a downtown churchyard on West Lombard Street. Even more frustrating, "Old" St. Paul's presents only a blank, tall brick wall to public view on Lombard Street. The cemetery entrance, open only on Saturday mornings, is around the block on Redwood Street. The final resting place of Gabriel Duvall proved impossible to locate with certainty for the simple reason that no one knows exactly where he was buried.

Judge Duvall owned a large farm in Prince George's County Maryland roughly half-way between Annapolis and the new federal city on the Potomac. The Duvall estate, "Marietta," had its own family burial ground sited about one mile from the main house. The house, seemingly in excellent repair but not open to the public, still stands on a slight rise with a handome view of the Maryland countryside from the front porch. Most of the original estate has been sold and sub-divided and resold many times, so that the old Duvall family burial ground has become separated from the relatively small part of the estate which remains surrounding the main house.

In order to find the burial ground today a first time visitor should find a local guide, lest the visitor become forever lost in the wilds of Prince George's County If the Duvall family burial ground ever had a fence or discernible boundary no evidence remains. Three gravesites, lying close together are marked with clearly legible inscriptions; nothing else is Visible. A horizontal stone tomb cover, tilted and broken in half because a tree has grown through the brick enclosure of the grave, memorializes Mrs. Mary Gibbon, the mother of Judge Duvall's second wife. A simple gravestone in the center marks the burial of two very young Duvall grandchildren who died within days of each other. The children's father rests beside them beneath a very handsome monument inscribed to the memory of "Col. Edmund B. Duvall." Interestingly the surname on the children's headstone is twice spelled "Duvall."

The old judge outlived his only son by several years, and local tradition has it that Gabriel Duvall was buried somewhere in the vicinity of his son's grave; however, no grave marker or document remains to verify this contention. Justice Duvall's journal reveals that his second wife, Jane Gibbon, was buried beside her mother some ten years before his own death. It is also known that Edmund Duvall's wife wished to be buried beside her husband. Neither of the wives, however, were remembered with a lasting marker or inscription in the family graveyard.

"Marietta" was devised to Gabriel Duvall's two grandsons, both of whom were very fond of their doting grandfather. Therefore, it is not the case that no one was left in the family at the time of the judge's death who cared to—or could afford to—erect a stone memorial. Perhaps the judge desired no grave marker or monument for himself—a gesture of modesty or self-effacement that was not uncommon in the humble and trusting expectations of popular religion in his time. Perhaps a simple wooden marker was once placed upon his grave. If so, it has long since disappeared.

In contrast, Justice Bushrod Washington is memorialized by an impressive obelisk set in front of the family vault at Mount Vernon. Justice Washington died in Philadelphia in November, 1829, while riding circuit. His wife, Julia Ann Blackburn, was present when her husband died. It seems that "Anna" was always present and virtually never left the judge's side. Two days after Bushrod died, during the carriage ride home from Philadelphia for his funeral and interment, she died of grief. Still side by side, they are buried together in the vault area behind the tombs of George and Martha Washington.

Richmond, Virginia is uniquely blessed in terms of the historic dead who are buried there. Although Shockoe Hill Cemetery is in a now run-down section of Richmond, the cemetery itself and the well-marked family plot of Chief Justice John Marshall are very well cared for. In Hollywood Cemetery, overlooking the rapids of the James River, lie Associate Justice Peter V. Daniel, and Presidents James Monroe and John Tyler. The Confederacy's only president, Jefferson Davis, is also buried there. The life-sized bronze statue of Davis standing above his grave gazes across the quiet cemetery roadway to a large monument marked only with the surname of a prominent Richmond family—Grant.
Some members of the Court have been buried close to home, notably William Cushing, the first born of all Court members, who was buried in Scituate, Massachusetts. Others lie fairly far from home. The three Supreme Court appointees from California are all buried in the Washington, D.C. area. Both appointees from Alabama are buried elsewhere. One of these, John A. Campbell, is buried in a remote part of Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore. Green Mount is beautifully maintained, but Campbell's grave seems rarely if ever, visited. Most of the tourist traffic to Green Mount heads for the opposite corner of the cemetery where John Wilkes Booth lies in an unmarked grave in the Booth family plot.

William Paterson of New Jersey was on his way to Ballston Springs, New York to "take the waters" when he died at the Albany home of his daughter and Van Renssalaer son-in-law. Paterson was laid to rest in the Van Renssalaer family vault in 1806, and remained there until the city acquired the property and relocated the cemetery. For that reason, Albany Rural Cemetery in nearby Menands, New York now claims two Justices—Paterson and local-boy-made-good, Rufus W. Peckham—as well as President Chester A. Arthur.

Hundreds of people pass the unusual burial place of Justice Brandeis every day but only a few pause to nod respectfully in the direction of a memorial stone as they make their way to classes in torts or criminal procedure. Justice Brandeis—the "people's attorney"— and his wife were cremated, and their ashes are interred together beneath the portico of the Law School of the University of Louisville, in Louisville, Kentucky.

The State of Kentucky can boast of a total of seven Court members' graves. Finding Justice Thomas Todd originally presented some problems, as it was not clear that "State Cemetery" in Frankfort was synonymous with "Frankfort Cemetery" Robert Trimble is buried in the cemetery in Paris, Kentucky. Although his grave is handsomely marked by a twenty-five foot tall granite memorial, it took some time to verify its location because cemetery records had been destroyed in an office fire.

Citizens in Elkton, Kentucky fondly remember Justice McReynolds and they point out his home and local office with great pride and respect. McReynolds may not have been as well regarded by his colleagues on the Supreme Court bench. As one of his law clerks has written" . . . in 1946 he (McReynolds) died a very lonely death in a hospital—without a single friend or relative at his bedside. He was buried in Kentucky but no member of the Court attended his funeral though one employee of the Court travelled to Kentucky for the services." In an interesting aside, this clerk noted that in 1953, McReynolds' aged negro messenger—Harry Parker—died and the Chief Justice and four or five Justices attended his funeral.

It has become customary for a departed Justice to be accompanied to the grave by surviving members of the Court. The observance of this custom in March 1930 created a considerable logistical problem when Associate Justice Edward T. Sanford and former Chief Justice Taft both died on the same day Taft's demise was not unexpected and some preliminary planning had been done for suitable obsequies in the nation's capital following his passing. The death of Edward Terry Sanford, however, was not expected; with some fast changes of plans, Chief Justice Hughes and Justices McReynolds, Butler and Stone travelled to Knoxville, Tennessee for Sanford's funeral. According to a contemporary account in the New York Times, "they hurried to the station immediately following the services, and left on their special car for Washington to attend the funeral of former Chief Justice Taft tomorrow."

The death of Chief Justice Waite in 1888 created a sensation in the capital. When the Chief Justice became ill with a slight cold, no information was released to the public. No one thought that the illness was serious, and it was considered desirable to avoid alarming Mrs. Waite, whose own health was very delicate and who was in California at that time. When Morrison Waite developed pneumonia and died, the shock was all the greater for being unexpected. The entire front page of the Washington Post on the morning following his death was devoted to stories concerning the Chief Justice. Large crowds attended services held in the chamber of the House of Representatives, and all the Justices except Bradley and Matthews accompanied the body of their fallen leader on a special train to Toledo, Ohio. Mrs. Waite was rushed by train from Los Angeles to Kansas City where she was met by the family's doctor who escorted her on to Toledo, arriving just in time for final services and burial. The press reported that Chief Justice Waite would be buried in a family plot that he had purchased in Forest Hill Cemetery but for some unknown reason, he rests instead with a handsome monument over his grave in Toledo's Woodlawn Cemetery.

Justice David Brewer is easily located in Mount Muncie Cemetery in Lansing, Kansas. Justice Samuel Nelson's gravesite, however, was a different matter as all records for Lakewood Cemetery near Cooperstown, New York are now kept in the garage of the current superintendent. In Newark, Ohio, local citizens know that Justice William B. Woods and his brother, both Union Army Civil War generals, were buried at Greenlawn Cemetery The fact that William had served on the U. S. Supreme Court, however, was "news" in Newark. In Bloomington, Illinois, apparently all the citizens know and take pride in their heritage as represented in Evergreen Cemetery Justice David Davis rests there in honored peace, near Vice President Adlai Stevenson and his grandson and namesake. In contrast, not even the office at Calvary Cemetery in St. Paul, Minnesota could verify the burial there of Justice Pierce Butler; ultimately the pertinent information was obtained from the diocesan central office for Catholic cemeteries. Although many people believe that Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth is buried on the grounds of the Ellsworth Homestead in Windsor Connecticut, he lies in fact in the cemetery behind the First Congregational Church overlooking the Farmington River.

Many of the Justices' memorial monuments reveal a great deal about the character of the deceased Justices, or about the style and attitudes of their times. Prolixity was in vogue in tombstone inscriptions in 1800. It takes several minutes to read everything carved in John Blair's inscription in the Bruton Parish churchyard in Williamsburg, Virginia. On the other hand, only a stark "VAN DEVANTER" — nothing else —marks the family plot of the Justice in Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C. The fairly ornate gravestone in Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Washington, D.C. shared by Justice Joseph McKenna and his wife is inscribed "In Sacred and Loving Memory of Amanda Borneman McKenna as Wife and Mother" and, somewhat brusquely "In Memory of Our Father."

The concept of rural, "garden cemeteries" as places of peaceful and dignified repose "in the arms of nature," far from crowded and noisy towns and cramped churchyards, originated in Europe. The first and foremost example was Pere-Lachaise Cemetery established in Paris by Napoleonic decree in 1804. The first American garden cemetery was established at Mount Auburn in 1831 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, followed by Philadelphia's Laurel Hill (1836), Brooklyn's Green-Wood (1838), and, arguably Pittsburgh's Allegheny Cemetery (1844).

Mount Auburn Cemetery was dedicated with great civic pride and celebration, and one of the principal speakers on that occasion was Associate Justice Joseph Story Joseph Story is buried in Mount Auburn, as are scores of America's celebrated political, literary, religious, and military leaders. His grave is marked by a piece of sepulchral statuary executed by his son, William Wetmore Story.

Oak Hill Cemetery is in Georgetown, an intriguing section of the District of Columbia, and overlooks Rock Creek. Among the distinguished residents of Oak Hill Cemetery today one may find Chief Justice Edward Douglass White, Associate Justice Noah Swayne, and "almost-Justice" Edwin M. Stanton. Stanton's nomination by President Grant was confirmed by the Senate, but Stanton died suddenly on Christmas Eve, 1869, before he could be sworn in. Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase was also buried here, but after 14 years his body was transferred to Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati.

Without a doubt, the most intriguing Oak Hill related story concerns Justice Henry Baldwin. Baldwin's sister, Ruth, married Joel Barlow, a friend of Thomas Jefferson and a some-time author, diplomat and politician. At the suggestion of Jefferson, Joel Barlow purchased the Kalorama estate. The estate, though located in the District of Columbia, was once considered to be far out in the country, away from the mud and confusion of the raw, new federal city on the Potomac. Abraham Baldwin, U.S. Senator from Georgia and brother of Henry Baldwin and Ruth Baldwin Barlow, died in Washington, D.C. in March, 1807. The Barlows subsequently constructed a family burial vault on the grounds of their new estate, and had the body of Abraham Baldwin transferred from Rock Creek Cemetery to the new vault.

Several years later, Joel Barlow died in Europe while on a mission from President Madison to Napoleon; he was buried in Zarniwica, Poland. His widow returned to live at Kalorama, and in due course, she joined her brother in the family vault. The estate passed through bequest and purchase to Colonel George Bomford, who had married Clara Baldwin, the Justice's younger sister. At this time in his career, Henry Baldwin was a prominent and prosperous lawyer from western Pennsylvania. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives, and was executor of Ruth's will. In addition, he became young Henry Baldwin Bomford's well regarded uncle.

Kalorama, in the days of Barlow-Bomford ownership, and especially during the Republican administrations of Madison and Monroe, was the glittering hub of the social scene in the capital. Robert Fulton sailed model steam boats up and down Rock Creek with Joel Barlow and the Marquis de Lafayette came to call. Commodore and Mrs. Stephen Decatur were also close friends of the Bomfords. When Decatur was killed in an 1820 duel, he was buried in Kalorama vault in accordance with his widow's request. The naval hero remained there until 1846 when his remains were removed to St. Peter's churchyard in Philadelphia.

Henry Baldwin became a trusted advisor to Andrew Jackson in the 1820's and he was rewarded by "Old Hickory" with an appointment as an associate justice of the Supreme Court in 1830. Justice Baldwin subsequently suffered severe financial reverses; developing a reputation for political unreliability and mental instability the Justice was frequently referred to as "Crazy Henry" He died in Philadelphia in 1844 and was interred with his brother and sister in the Kalorama vault.

Kalorama passed from family hands in 1846, but the 91-acre estate survived essentially intact until about 1887. The family vault, very close to the intersection of Massachusetts and Florida Avenues, N.W. and no longer "in the countryside," was emptied in February 1892 and torn down. Abraham Baldwin was returned to Rock Creek Cemetery where he had originally been buried in 1807, and many of the other occupants of the Kalorama vault went with him. Henry Baldwin, however, was removed to a plot owned by his grandson in Washington's Oak Hill Cemetery where other family members were already buried. The Oak Hill Cemetery "Baldwin" plot diagram clearly shows a small rectangle apparently indicating where the Justice was buried, and cemetery lot records reflect his transfer from the Kalorama vault in 1892. There is however, no headstone or grave marker for Justice Henry Baldwin in the family plot. On the other hand, a large stone marker inscribed with his name and dates and those of his wife rests solidly and serenely in Greendale Cemetery in Meadville, Pennsylvania!

In 1866, the judge's widow, Sarah Ellicott Baldwin of Baltimore, died in Batavia, New York and was buried in Meadville, where she and Henry Baldwin had been married in 1805. There is no interment record in the cemetery book for Henry Baldwin at Greendale, but only for "Baldwin, Mrs. Judge." Therefore, it could be presumed that the stone in Meadville serves only as a memorial for the Justice and is an actual grave marker for only his wife. However, there is a local tradition in Meadville that Justice Henry Baldwin is buried there, and an undated, unannotated note in records of the Supreme Court Curator suggests the same. In Meadville, the Crawford County Historical Society Librarian advised that "there is no documentary evidence that proves that Judge Baldwin is buried in Meadville." A transfer to Meadville with interment beside his wife remains a possibility but absent further documentation it is most likely that he is still buried in Washington, D.C. at Oak Hill.

If the question of Justice Baldwin's location proved difficult, the questions concerning Justice William Johnson present even greater problems. Authoritative writers about the Court have assumed that Justice Johnson was buried in Saint Philip's churchyard—near the grave of John C. Calhoun—in his home town of Charleston, South Carolina. There is a large monument to William Johnson in that cemetery erected by his children; church records, however, do not show that he was ever interred at Saint Philip's.

The unsolved mystery of the missing judge begins in summer 1834 when William Johnson arrived in Brooklyn, New York. The following was printed in the New York Evening Star on August 5th:

The Hon. Judge Johnson, of South Carolina breathed his last, at Brooklyn, at one o'clock yesterday He had arrived here some weeks ago, for the purpose of placing himself under the charge of an eminent medical practitioner of this city having for some time suffered with an affliction of the jaw, to eradicate which it required he should undergo the most painful surgical operation. Dr. Mott, of this city was selected for the purpose, who expressed his opinion of the inability of the Judge to survive the operation. With a knowledge of the expression of the surgeon, he still determined upon placing himself under his hands; and without the aid of friends, or being bound, he submitted, with the utmost fortitude and calmness, to the most excruciating tortures; but in the course of half an hour after completion of the doctor's labors, he died of exhaustion, produced by the sudden reaction of the nerves, which had been excited to their utmost power in buoying up his mind throughout the whole of the operation.
The funeral of the Hon. Judge Johnson will take place from the house of Mr. Lewis, Corner of Columbia and Orange streets, Brooklyn Heights, at half past 4 to-morrow afternoon. The municipal and other authorities of the cities of New York and Brooklyn, and members of the bar, officers of the Army Navy and militia, and citizens and strangers, generally are respectfully invited to attend.

On August 7, 1834, the New-York American reported the following:

The procession moved from the residence of Zachariah Lewis, Esq., Brooklyn, down Nassau to Washington street, and down Washington street to St. Ann's church.. . The body was left in the church. It will be deposited in one of the vaults of the marble cemetery until winter, when it will be removed to South Carolina.
Apparently William Johnson's body was never seen again; in a genuine "miscarriage of justice," his remains were not returned to South Carolina!

Piecing together various bits of information, it appears that the old parish of St. Ann moved to a new location at Clinton and Livingston streets in 1867. The parish was relocated and merged in 1966 with the neighboring parish of Holy Trinity. Prior to 1800, a cemetery was laid out in "Wallabout," and a portion of the cemetery was allotted to "The Episcopal Church." Sometime in the 1830's, the city took over the land occupied by Wallabout Cemetery in condemnation proceedings to permit the establishment of Wallabout Market on the property A new burial plot, now known as The Evergreens Cemetery was provided by the city and a portion of the new cemetery was allotted to "The Episcopal Church" which at that time seems to have consisted only of St. Ann's Church and St. John's Church. In the 1890's the two churches brought a partition action in King's County dividing the Episcopal plot in The Evergreens Cemetery into two separate parcels. The "marble cemetery" mentioned by the New- York American may in fact have been the same "Wallabout Cemetery" but if Johnson was eventually reburied at "The Evergreens," no records exist to document which parish received the gravesite in the partition action of 1890. The truth is, no one really knows where William Johnson is buried today.

Twenty-four states and the District of Columbia are represented in the Table accompanying this article. In almanac terms, the grave farthest to the east is in Portland, Maine; south—Savannah, Georgia; north—St. Paul, Minnesota; and, west—Boulder, Colorado. The final resting places of nineteen former Court members are within a one hour drive of the present Supreme Court building. New York has the greatest number of Supreme Court gravesites—twelve, including the missing William Johnson. Virginia has nine; Washington, D.C. also has nine, unless Henry Baldwin was moved to Pennsylvania, after all; Ohio—eight; Kentucky—seven; Maryland and Massachusetts—six each.
Currently the cemeteries honored by the graves of more than one Supreme Court Justice are:

Arlington National Cemetery Arlington, Virginia 5
Mount Auburn Cemetery Cambridge, Mass. 4
Rock Creek Cemetery Washington, D.C. 4 Oak Hill Cemetery Washington, D.C 3
Spring Grove Cemetery Cincinnati, Ohio 3
Mount Olivet Cemetery Nashville, Tennessee 2
Albany Rural Cemetery Menands, New York 2

Several former members of the Court have remained quite neighborly with other Justices even after death. The four justices buried in Rock Creek Cemetery are essentially paired off. The Van Devanter family plot is within 40 yards of that of the senior John Marshall Harlan. The handsome memorials for the Chief Justice and Mrs. Harlan Fiske Stone are within 25 yards of the imposing black obelisk resting above the grave of Stephen Johnson Field.

In Arlington National Cemetery, Justice William 0. Douglas's grave lies near that of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Chief Justice William Howard Taft is buried in Arlington in a quiet, lovely section to the right of the main cemetery entrance. Up the hill, 200 yards or so behind the Taft monument, is a simple headstone, identical in size and shape to the tens of thousands of military headstones in Arlington. This particular simple grave marker is inscribed "Hugo Lafayette Black, Captain, U. S. Army" Between the graves of Justice Black and his first wife, a simple marble bench is conveniently placed for the contemplative visitor. On the front of the bench is inscribed a simple but eloquent tribute: "Here Lies a Good Man."

Ninety-one such "good men" who served as justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are listed in the following table. Printed for the first time in one place, this table provides complete burial site information as a matter of historical interest in a neglected area.

* * * * * * *

*The author is particularly grateful for the assistance and enthusiasm provided by Betsy Strawderman and Betty J. Clowers at the Supreme Court of the U.S.; George Kackley of Oak Hill Cemetery Georgetown, D.C.; Augustus T. Graydon of Columbia, South Carolina; Shirley Baltz of Bowie, Maryland; Edna Whitley of Paris, Kentucky; Evelyn Converse of Bloomington, Illinois; Michael Cardozo of Washington, D.C.; Wilbert F. Hesse of Brooklyn, New York; and, Richard Heckhaus of Rockville, Maryland, who inadvertently triggered this project.

* * * * * *



Approved From/By/Sequence

Court Service (See Note 1)


Date/Place of Birth

Date/Place of Death



Interment Location








14 January 1780/New Haven, CN

21 April 1844/Philadelphia, PA

Oak Hill Cemetery (See Note 2)

30th & R Streets, N.W.

Washington, DC

Philip Pendelton BARBOUR




25 May 1783/Orange County, VA

25 February 1841/Washington, DC

Congressional Cemetery

1801 E. Street, S.E.

Washington, DC

Hugo Lafayette BLACK

Alabama/Franklin Roosevelt/#76



27 February 1886/Harlan, Alabama

25 September 1971/Washington, DC

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, VA





? 1732/Williamsburg, VA

31 August 1800/Williamsburg, VA

Bruton Parish Churchyard

Williamsburg, VA



New York/Arthur/#48


9 March 1820/New York, NY

7 July 1893/Newport, RI

Green-Wood Cemetery

Fifth Avenue at 25th Street

Brooklyn, NY



New Jersey/Grant/#41


14 March 1813/Berne, New York

22 January 1892/Washington, DC



Mount Pleasant Cemetery

375 Broadway (Belleville Avenue)

Newark, NJ


Louis Dembitz BRANDEIS




13 November 1856/Louisville, KY

5 October 1941/Washington, DC

U. Louisville Law School Portico

3rd Street at Eastern Parkway

Louisville, KY

David Josiah BREWER

Kansas/B. Harrison/#51


20 January 1837/Smyrna, Asia Minor

Ottoman Empire (Izmir, Turkey)

28 March 1910/Washington, DC

Mount Muncie Cemetery (See Note 3)

RFD #2, Box 1

Leavenworth, KS


Henry Billings BROWN




2 March 1836/South Lee, MA

4 September 1913/Bronxville, NY

Elmwood Cemetery

1200 Elmwood Avenue

Detroit, MI

Harold Hitz BURTON




22 June 1888/Jamaica Plain, MA

28 October 1964/Washington, DC

Highland Park Cemetery

21400 Chagrin Boulevard

Cleveland, OH





17 March 1866/Northfield, MN

16 November 1939/Washington, DC

Calvary Cemetery (See Note 4)

753 Front Avenue

St. Paul, MN

James Francis BYRNES

South Carolina/F.D.R./#75



2 May 1879/Charleston, SC

9 April 1972/Columbia, SC


Trinity Cathedral graveyard

Sumter & Gervais Streets

Columbia, SC


John Archibald CAMPBELL

Alabama/Pierce #33



24 June 1811/Washington, GA

12 March 1889/Baltimore, MD

Green Mount Cemetery

Greenmount Avenue at Oliver Street

Columbia, SC

Benjamin Nathan CARDOZO

New York/Hoover/#75


24 May 1870/New York, NY

9 July 1938/Port Chester, NY

Cypress Hills Cemetery

(Shearith Israel Congregation)

Jamaica, Avenue at Crescent

Brooklyn, NY



Tennessee/Jackson--Van Buren/#26



ca. 1786/Pennsylvania (poss. Virginia)

30 May 1865/Nashville, TN

Mount Olivet Cemetery

1101 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN


Salmon Portland CHASE



13 January 1808/Cornish, NH

7 May 1873/New York, NY


Spring Grove Cemetery (See Note 5)

4521 Spring Grove Avenue

Cincinnati, OH


Samuel CHASE




17 April 1741/Somerset County, MD

19 June 1811/Baltimore, MD

St. Paul's Cemetery

700 West Lombard Street

Baltimore, MD


Tom Campbell CLARK




23 September 1899/Dallas, TX

13 June 1977/New York, NY

Restland Memorial Park

Greenville Avenue at Restland Road

Dallas, TX

John Hessin CLARKE




18 September 1857/Lisbon, OH

22 March 1945/San Diego, CA

Lisbon Cemetery

1 Elm Street

Lisbon, OH





18 August 1803/Rumney, NH

25 July 1881/Cornish, ME

Evergreen Cemetery

672 Stevens Avenue

Portland, ME


Benjamin Robbins CURTIS




4 November 1809/Watertown, MA

15 September 1874/Newport, RI

Mount Auburn Cemetery

580 Mount Auburn Street

Cambridge, MA




1 March 1732/Scituate, MA

13 September 1810/Scituate, MA

Family graveyard (now a state park)

Neal Gate Street, Greenbush

Scituate, MA

Peter Vivian DANIEL

Virginia/Van Buren/#28


24 April 1784/Stafford County, VA

31 May 1860/ Richmond, VA

Hollywood Cemetery

412 South Cherry Street

Richmond, VA






9 March 1815/Cecil County, MD

26 June 1886 Bloomington, IL


Evergreen Memorial Cemetery

302 East Miller Street

Bloomington, IL

William Rufus DAY

Ohio/T. Roosevelt/#59


17 April 1849/Ravenna, OH

9 July 1923/Mackinac Island, MI

West Lawn Cemetery

1919 7th Street, N.W.

Canton OH


William Orville DOUGLAS

Connecticut/F. Roosevelt/#79



16 October 1898/Maine, MN

19 January 1980/Washngton, DC

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, VA


Gabriel DUVALL



6 December 1752/Prince George's

County, MD

6 March 1844/Prince George's County, MD


(See Note 6)

Prince George's County, MD





29 April 1745/Windsor, CN

26 November 1807/Windsor, CN


Palisado Cemetery (See Note 7)

Across from Fyler House

96 Palisado Avenue

Windsor, CN


Stephen Johnson FIELD



4 November 1816/Haddam, CN

9 April 1899/Washington, DC

Rock Creek Cemetery

Rock Creek Church Rd. at Webster, N.W.

Washington, DC



Tennessee/L. Johnson/#95



19 June 1910/ Memphis, TN

5 April 1982/Washington, DC


Cremated.  No interment.





15 November 1882/Vienna, Austria

22 February 1965/Washington, DC

Mount Auburn Cemetery

580 Mount Auburn Street

Cambridge, MA

Melville Weston FULLER



11 February 1933/August, ME

4 July 1910/Sorento, ME

Graceland Cemetery

4001 North Clark Street

Chicago, IL


Horace GRAY



24 March 1828/Boston, MA

15 September 1902/Nahant, MA

Mount Auburn Cemetery

580 Mount Auburn Street

Cambridge, MA


Robert Cooper GRIER



5 March 1794/Cumberland County, PA

26 September 1870/Philadelphia, PA

West Laurel Hill Cemetery

215 Belmont Avenue

Bala-Cynwyd, PA


John Marshall HARLAN (I)



1 June 1833/Boyle County, KY

14 October 1911/Washington, DC

Rock Creek Cemetery

Rock Creek Church Rd., at Websters, N.W.

Washington, DC


John Marshall HARLAN (II)

New York/Eisenhower/#89


20 May 1899/Chicago, IL

29 December 1971/Washington, DC

Emmanuel Church Parish Cemetery

285 Lyons Plain Road

Weston, CN


Oliver Wendell HOLMES, Jr.

Massachusetts/T. Roosevelt/#58



8 March 1841/Boston, MA

6 March 1935/Washington, DC

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, VA



Charles Evans HUGHES

New York/Taft-Hoover/#62

(1910-1916) As Associate Justice

(1930-1941) as Chief Justice


11 April 1862/Glen Falls, NY

28 August 1948/Osterville, MA

The Woodlawn Cemetery

233rd Street and Webster Avenue

Bronx, NY



New York/Grant/#42


14 June 1810/Utica, NY

24 March 1886/Washington, DC

Forest Hill Cemetery

2201 Oneida Street

Utica, NY



North Carolina/Washington/#6


5 October 1751/Lewes, England

20 October 1799/Edenton, NC

Private Cemetery (See Note 8)

Hayes Plantation

Edenton, NC


Howell Edmunds JACKSON

Tennessee/B. Harrison/#54


8 April 1832/Paris, TN

8 August 1895/"West Meade," TN

Mount Olivet Cemetery (See Note 8)

1101 Lebanon Road

Nashville, TN


John JAY

New York/Washington/#1


12 December 1745/New York, NY

17 May 1829/Bedford, NY

Private Cemetery (See Note 10)

Boston Post Road

Rye, NY





4 November 1732/Calvert County, MD

26 October 1819/Frederick, MD

Mount Olivet Cemetery (See Note 11)

515 South Market Street

Frederick, MD



South Carolina/Jefferson/#14


27 December 1771/Charleston, SC

4 August 1834/Brooklyn, NY


Unknown (See Note 12)

Presumably buried in

Brooklyn, NY


Joseph Rucker LAMAR



14 October 1857/Albert County, GA

2 January 1916/Washington, DC

Summerville Cemetery

John's Road at Cumming Road

Augusta, GA


Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus LAMAR



17 September 1825/Eatonton, GA

23 January 1893/Vineville, GA

Riverside Cemetery

1301 Riverside Drive

Macon, GA


Henry Brockholst LIVINGSTON

New York/Jefferson/#15


25 November 1757/New York, NY

18 March 1823/Washington, DC

Summerville Cemetery

John's Road at Cumming Road

Augusta, GA


Horace Harmon LURTON




26 February 1844/Newport, KY

12 July 1914/Atlantic City, NJ

Greenwood Cemetery

984 Greenwood Avenue

Clarksville, TN



Virginia/J. Adams/#13


24 September 1755/Germantown, VA

6 July 1835/Philadelphia, PA


Shockoe Hill Cemetery

Hospital and Third Streets

Richmond, VA






21 July 1824/Cincinnati, Ohio

22 March 1889/Washington, DC

Spring Grove Cemetery

4521 Spring Grove Avenue

Cincinnati, OH


Joseph McKENNA



10 August 1843/Philadelphia, PA

21 November 1926/Washington, DC

Mount Olivet Cemetery

1300 Bladensburg Road, N.E.

Washington, DC



Alabama/Van Buren/#27



1 May 1780/Culpepper County, VA

19 July 1852/Louisville, KY

Care Hill Cemetery

701 Baxter Avenue

Louisville, KY




11 March 1785/Morris County, NJ

4 April 1861/Cincinnati, Ohio

Spring Grove Cemetery

4521 Spring Grove Avenue

Cincinnati, OH


James Clark McREYNOLDS



3 February 1862/Elkton, KY

24 August 1946/Washington, DC


Glenwood Cemetery

U.S. 181 at Pond River Road

Elkton, KY


Samuel Freeman MILLER




5 April 1816/Richmond, KY

13 October 1890/Washington, DC

Oakland Cemetery

18th and Carroll Streets

Keokuk, IA

Sherman MINTON



20 October 1890/Georgetown, IN

9 April 1965/New Albany, IN

Holy Trinity Catholic Cemetery

1507 Green Valley Road

New Albany, IN


William Henry MOODY

Massachusetts/T. Roosevelt/#60


23 December 1853/Newbury, MA

2 July 1917/Haverhill, MA

Byfield Parish Churchyard

(See Note 13)

Georgetown, MA


Alfred MOORE

North Carolina/J. Adams/#12



21 May 1755/New Hanover Co., NC

15 October 1810/Bladen Co., NC

St. Phillip's Churchyard (See Note 14)

Brunswick Town Historic Site

Southport, NC


Francis William MURPHY

Michigan/F. Roosevelt/#80


13 April 1890/Harbor Beach, MI

19 July 1949/Detroit, MI

Our Lady at Lake Huron Cemetery

State Highway 25 at Jinks Road

Sand Beach, MI



New York/Tyler/#29


10 November 1792/Hebron, NY

13 December 1873/Cooperstown, NY

Lakewood Cemetery

East Lake Road

Cooperstown, NY



New Jersey/Washington/#8


24 December 1745/County Antrim,


7 September 1806/Albany, NY



Albany Rural Cemetery (See Note 15)

Albany-Troy Road at Cemetery Ave.

Menands, NY

Rufus Wheeler PECKHAM

New York/Cleveland/#56



8 November 1838/Albany, NY

24 October 1909/Altamount, NY


Albany Rural Cemetery

Albany-Troy Road at Cemetery Ave.

Menands, NY


New Jersey/Taft/#65


5 February 1858/Morristown, NJ

9 December 1924/Washington, DC

Evergreen Cemetery

65 Martin Luther King Avenue

Morristown, NY


Stanley Forman REED

Kentucky/F. Roosevelt/#77


31 December 1884/Minerva, KY

2 April 1980/Huntington, NY

Maysville  Cemetery

Mason-Lewis Road at Dietrich's Lane

Maysville, KY


Owen Josephus ROBERTS




2 May 1875/Germantown, PA

17 May 1955/West Vincent Township, PA

St. Andrew's Cemetery

St. Andrews Lane (just west of intersection State Hwy 401 & 100)

West Vincent Township, PA



South Carolina/Washington/#2

(1789-1791) as Associate Justice

(1795) as Chief Justice


? September 1739/Charleston, SC

21 June 1800/Charleston, SC

Green Mountain Cemetery

290 20th Street

Boulder, CO

Edward Terry SANFORD




23 July 1865/Knoxville, TN

8 March 1930/Washington, DC

Greenwood Cemetery

3500 Tazewell Pike

Knoxville, TN


George SHIRAS, Jr.

Pennsylvania/B. Harrison/#53


26 January 1832/Pittsburgh, PA

2 August 1924/Pittsburgh, PA

Allegheny Cemetery

4734 Butler Street

Pittsburgh, PA


Harlan Fiske STONE

New York/Coolidge--F. Roosevelt/#73

(1925-1941) was Associate Justice

(1941-1946) as Chief Justice

11 October 1872/Chesterfield, NH

22 April 1946/Washington, DC

Rock Creek Cemetery

Rock Creek Church Road at Webster, N.W.

Washington, DC


Joseph STORY




18 September 1779/Marblehead, MA

10 September 1845/Cambridge, MA

Mount Auburn Cemetery

580 Mount Auburn Street

Cambridge, MA


William STRONG




6 May 1808/Somers, CT

19 August 1895/Lake Minnewassa, NY

Charles Evans Cemetery

119 Center Avenue

Reading, PA





25 March 1862/Stony Stratford, Eng.

18 July 1942/Stockbridge, MA

Cedar Hill Cemetery (See Note 16)

4111 Pennsylvania Avenue

Suitland, MD

Noah Haynes SWAYNE



27 December 1804/Frederick Co., VA

8 June 1884/New York, NY

Oak Hill Cemetery

30th and R Streets, N.W.

Washington, DC


William Howard TAFT




15 September 1857/Cincinnati, OH

8 March 1930/Washington, DC

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, VA


Roger Brooke TANEY



17 March 1777/Calvert Co., MD

12 October 1864/Washington, D.C.

St. John the Evangelist Cemetery

200 Block, East Third Street

Frederick, MD



New York/Monroe/#19


?17 January 1768/Dutchess Co., NY

18 December 1843/Poughkeepsie, NY

Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery (See Note 17)

South Avenue (Albany Post Road)

Poughkeepsie, NY


Thomas TODD




23 January 1765/Kiing & Queen Co., VA

7 February 1826/Frankfort, KY

Frankfort Cemetery (See Note 18)

215 East Main Street

Frankfort, KY



Kentucky/J.Q. Adams/#20



17 November 1776/Augusta County, VA

25 August 1828/Paris, KY


Paris Cemetery (See Note 19)

South Main Street

Paris, KY





17 April 1859/Marion, IN

8 February 1941/Washington, DC

Rock Creek Cemetery

Rock Creek Church Road at Webster, N.W.

Washington, DC


Frederick Moore VINSON



22 January 1890/Louisa, KY

8 September 1953/Washington, DC

Pinehill Cemetery

Off U.S. 23, top of hill

Louisa, KY


Morrison Remick WAITE



29 November 1816/Lyme, CN

23 March 1888/Washington, DC

Pinehill  Cemetery

Off U.S. 23, top of hill

Louisa, KY





19 March 1891/Los Angeles, CA

9 July 1974/Washington, DC

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, VA




Virginia/J. Adams/#11



5 June 1762/Westmoreland Co., VA

26 November 1828/Philadelphia, PA

Family Vault

Mount Vernon

Fairfax County, VA


James Moore WAYNE



Ca. 1790/Savanna, GA

5 July 1867/Washington, DC

Laurel Grove North Cemetery

802 West Anderson Street

Savannah, GA


Edward Douglass WHITE


(1894-1910) as Associate Justice

(1910-1921) as Chief Justice


3 November 1845/Lafourche Parish, LA

19 May 1921/Washington, DC

Oak Hill Cemetery (See Note 20)

30th and R Streets, N.W.

Washington, D.C.


Charles Evans WHITTAKER



22 February 1901/Troy, Kansas

26 November 1973/Kansas City, MO

Calvary Cemetery

6901 Troost Street

Kansas City, MO





14 September 1742/Caskardy,


21 August 1798/Edenton, NC

Christ Church (See Note 21)

Second Street Churchyard

Philadelphia, PA



New Hampshire/Polk/#30


22 December 1789/Francestown, NH

4 September 1851/Portsmouth, NH

Harmony Grove (South Cemetery)

Sagamore Street

Portsmouth, NH


William Burnham WOODS




3 August 1824/Newark, OH

14 May 1887Washington, DC

Cedar Hill Cemetery

275 North Cedar Street

Newark, OH



1. Terms of Court service are considered to begin only after the oath of judicial office is taken and the Justice is fully vested with and exercises the powers of a member of the U. S. Supreme Court.

2. Henry Baldwin was originally interred in the Kalorama vault on the estate owned by his brother-in-law. Baldwin's interment at Oak Hill Cemetery in Georgetown, D.C. in 1892 is supported by cemetery records; however, there is a possibility that he was subsequently transferred and reburied in Greendale Cemetery, Meadville, Pennsylvania.

3. Mount Muncie Cemetery is actually in Lansing, Kansas south of Leavenworth on State Highway #5, about _ mile east of U.S. Highway 73.

4. Calvary Cemetery could not provide exact plot location for the gravesite of Pierce Butler. He is buried in Lot 1, Block 4, Section 33 according to the central diocesan office for Catholic cemeteries.

5. Chief Justice Chase was buried until 1886 at Oak Hill Cemetery, Georgetown, D.C.

6. Duvall was born at "Darnell's Grove," his father's property in central Maryland. By purchase and land trades, Gabriel Duvall established his large "farm," which he named "Marietta," in Prince George's County. After Duvall's death, his two grandsons divided the property. "Marietta"; the family graveyard was included in the other parcel, known as "The Wigwam." The main house is still standing and is located about 2_ miles west of Bowie, Maryland on Bell Station Road, 0.3 miles north of State Highway #450. The Duvall family graveyard is 0.6 miles further north on Bell Station Road, then 0.3 miles east on an unmarked dirt road. Hire a guide! The Maryland Highway Department plans of multi-lane road which soon will whisk traffic past the western edge of the cemetery property. There is no gravestone or marker in the graveyard for Justice Duvall.

7. Palisado Cemetery is sometimes called "First Congressional Church" graveyard. The cemetery is actually owned by the First School Society of Windsor, Connecticut, and is directly across the street from Fyler House, 96 Palisado Avenue, Windsor, now occupied by the Windsor Historical Society.

8. Hayes Plantation remains private property. For permission to visit the burial ground, it is best to stop at the Edenton Visitors' Center in the Penelope Barker House at the foot of Broad Street.

9. "West Meade" homesite was formed from a portion of the Belle Meade plantation and stock farm, about six miles west of Nashville. Howell Jackson was first buried in the private cemetery at Belle Meade, but as transferred to Mount Olivet.

10. The Jay family private cemetery is located behind the building serving as Headquarters of the American Methodist Church on Boston Post Road, southwest of the Rye, New York railroad station. The family burial grounds are currently under the care of Dr. John Jay DuBois of Rye.

11. Thomas Johnson was originally buried in All Saints churchyard in Frederick before his removal to Mount Olivet.

12. The mystery of the missing Justice William Johnson is examined in detail in the article accompanying this Table.

13. According to the Town Clerk's office in Georgetown, Massachusetts the easiest access to Byfield Parish Church is "from Rte. 1 in Newbury, take the exist for Gov. Dummer Academy, stay right on that road and it will lead you to the small, quaint, and charming Byfield Parish Church. It is perhaps two miles from Rte, l. Lots of luck."

14. Alfred Moore was buried at Belfont plantation in Bladen County, North Carolina, home of his son-in-law, until his body as moved in 1910 to "Old Brunswick." Now part of Brunswick Town Historical Site, St. Philip's is on the west bank of the Fear River, approximately 20 miles south of Wilmington, then two miles east off River Road.

15. William Paterson was first buried in the Van Renssalaer family vault. when the vault was torn down, all burials there were transferred to Albany Rural Cemetery. The Paterson plot in Albany Rural contains the presumed remains of William Paterson, some confusion in identification arising due to a lack of complete, accurate records concerning interment locations within the Van Renssalaer vault.

16. Ge4orge Sutherland was moved to the Sanctuary of Truth Mausoleum at Cedar Hill Cemetery in June 1958 from Abbey Mausoleum, adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery across the Potomac River.

17. Smith Thompson was buried, and still is buried, in "Livingston's Private Cemetery." Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery was established in 1852 and grew, over time. In May 1914 the cemetery company purchased additional property which brought "Livington's Private Cemetery" within their care.

18. After the "State Cemetery" was established in Frankfort, Thomas Todd was moved from the family graveyard established on the property of his father-in-law, Henry Innes, on Elk Horn Creek near Frankfort.

19. As an aid to finding the Trimble monument, Mrs. Edna Whitely of Paris, Kentucky advised that "it is of dark red granite and very tall so that when the light is at a certain angle it is hard to read the inscription. He is next to the circular drive way and close to the burial place of U.S. Senator Garrett Davis (1837-1847), born 1801, died 1872."

20. There is a persistent controversy concerning the spelling of the middle name of Chief Justice White. Most evidence supports the spelling "Douglass." His full name is shown two times on markers in the family plot at Oak Hill Cemetery, and both times the middle name is here spelled "Douglas."

21. For 106 years James Wilson was buried near Edenton, North Carolina in the Hayes Plantation private family burial ground, beside fellow Justice James Iredell. Wilson was returned to Philadelphia in 1906.

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